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 Useful Art as Medicine and Agriculture
 Imitative Art as Poetry and Painting
“Shadow of Shadows”
The world of senses
Mere representation of reality
 Example of Carpenter (bed)
The world, as we see it, is a mere copy. The poet,
who creates on the basis of this world, id basing his
creation on a copy. [copy of a copy]
 Plato considers poetry to be a copy of nature
as it is, Aristotle gives it a scope of being
concerned with what ought to be or what can
be.
 CREATIVITY
 Art imitates not merely the appearances or
externals of the world . Art does with the very
essence of the things. There is a creative
reproduction of the external world in
accordance with the artist’s idea.
 Imitation of Ideal Reality
Basic element or deeper reality
 Poetry is more prone towards Music, as
Hamilton Fyfe observes a composer of a
pastoral symphony does not try to make
noise like pigs and chickens, but creates a
special atmosphere in his artistic skill.
 It is in this sense that a poet communicates
his emotion by imitating or recreating life.
 Poetry is an imitation of the deep inner
feelings and ideas of man.
 The Medium of Poetic Imitation
 The Object of Poetic Imitation
 The Manner of Poetic Imitation
 The painter’s medium of imitation is colour
and form. The poet’s is rhythm and harmony.
 Poetry is nearer to music than to painting, as
it too, imitates through rhythm and harmony.
To this it adds language as well.
 The linking of poetry and music is significant,
as it suggests that poetry is something above
mere mimicry.
 Tragedy is the imitation of an ACTION.
 Men in ACTION
 Involves both outward as well as inner activity
 Body and Mind
Physicality and Psychology
 Narrative Poetry: speaking in the same
person.
 Narrative Poetry: speaking in an assumed
role.
 Dramatic
 Poetry has no place for the irrelevant.
 The material has to be pruned

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Aristotle’s theory of imitation

  • 1.
  • 2.  Useful Art as Medicine and Agriculture  Imitative Art as Poetry and Painting “Shadow of Shadows” The world of senses Mere representation of reality  Example of Carpenter (bed) The world, as we see it, is a mere copy. The poet, who creates on the basis of this world, id basing his creation on a copy. [copy of a copy]
  • 3.  Plato considers poetry to be a copy of nature as it is, Aristotle gives it a scope of being concerned with what ought to be or what can be.  CREATIVITY
  • 4.  Art imitates not merely the appearances or externals of the world . Art does with the very essence of the things. There is a creative reproduction of the external world in accordance with the artist’s idea.  Imitation of Ideal Reality Basic element or deeper reality
  • 5.  Poetry is more prone towards Music, as Hamilton Fyfe observes a composer of a pastoral symphony does not try to make noise like pigs and chickens, but creates a special atmosphere in his artistic skill.  It is in this sense that a poet communicates his emotion by imitating or recreating life.  Poetry is an imitation of the deep inner feelings and ideas of man.
  • 6.  The Medium of Poetic Imitation  The Object of Poetic Imitation  The Manner of Poetic Imitation
  • 7.  The painter’s medium of imitation is colour and form. The poet’s is rhythm and harmony.  Poetry is nearer to music than to painting, as it too, imitates through rhythm and harmony. To this it adds language as well.  The linking of poetry and music is significant, as it suggests that poetry is something above mere mimicry.
  • 8.  Tragedy is the imitation of an ACTION.  Men in ACTION  Involves both outward as well as inner activity  Body and Mind Physicality and Psychology
  • 9.  Narrative Poetry: speaking in the same person.  Narrative Poetry: speaking in an assumed role.  Dramatic
  • 10.  Poetry has no place for the irrelevant.  The material has to be pruned