Reader response theory

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Reader response theory

  1. 1. Reader Response Theory Khadija Khadim Jawad Khan Niazi Waqar Azeem Inam ul Haq Nuzhat Parveen Sadaf Nazir Khawar Hussain (group 3)
  2. 2. Introduction Emerged in 1930 Primary focus on reading It is text based not author based “text and text alone” Also called as “Affective fallacy”
  3. 3. Leading Proponents Stanley Fish Wayne Booth Louise Rosenblatt
  4. 4. Theoretical Assumption Literature is a per formative art and each reading is a performance. The literary text possess no fixed and final meaning literary meaning is created by the interaction of the text and reader Reader is not passive but active Role of reader cannot be ignored
  5. 5. Salient features  Acknowledged importance of text and reader  Text relationship with reader  Reader is 3rd party  Reality exist in readers mind  Work is fully created when readers assimilate it  Text has not one inherent meaning but it depend on individual interpretation.
  6. 6. Types of responses Initial emotional response Interpretive Analysis Question Summary Arguing with author Inter textuality
  7. 7. Text Identity Imaginative literature is lived by reader 2 time reading of single text produces great insight in the reader mind Text alone is nothing as a unit but it completes is identity after the reader interpretation
  8. 8. Types of Reading Aesthetic Afferent Aesthetic reading for pleasure emotional focus literature. Efferent reading for information telephone book history text. In reader response theory reading must be aesthetic rather than afferent.
  9. 9. Kinds of Meaning in a Text Determinate Indeterminate  Determinate basically the facts in the text  Indeterminate are the “gaps” in the text which is filled by readers  In RR theory, indeterminate meaning are more focus
  10. 10. Kinds of Reader Implied Reader Actual Reader  Implied reader finds out the determinate meaning of the text  Actual reader fills the gap in the text and find out the indeterminate meaning of the text
  11. 11. Techniques of Reading  Reader extracts the meaning through Experiencing Hypothesizing Exploring Synthesizing
  12. 12. Benefits Broaden the horizon of mind Multiple interpretation Cultural study Encourage the students to make interpretations
  13. 13. Continued…. Dependence on the teachers is discouraged Students trust on their own Responses Students ability of responsibility and authority is increased Personal responses are valued Help reader to become better critical reader
  14. 14. limitations  Not every interpretation may be valid.  Students can also go beyond the interpretation levels.  Students can also disagree and argue with each others interpretations.
  15. 15. Enhancement of RR Literature circles General writing Peer writing group Open ended discussion
  16. 16. Comparison Reader Response Method Traditional Method Enhance Ideas Student dependent Student become tolerant Produces multiple interpretation Better critical reader Single idea Teacher dependent Teacher biasness Discourages enhancements of ideas No practice of mind
  17. 17. Conclusion  Reader response theory is the best theory which makes the reader and students to be active and to analysis a text by their own ways it achieved great importance in 19th century and for students and teacher it is the most reliable method of studying and teaching

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