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OVERVIEW
The complexity of Filipino culture is
compounded as this has been exposed to
continuous and various streams of culture
from without.
This influences were not passively
absorbed in to the Filipino culture but
assimilated in a selective way , and this
process of a acculturation varied from
region to region .
CONTRIBUTORY FACTORS TO
FILIPINO CULTURE
The Filipino culture is a summation of
indigenous forces and foreign
influences that had come to bear
upon the people in varying degrees
during the last centuries . These
foreign influences that contributed in
the shaping of a Filipino culture are
as follows:
The Malays
The basic component of Filipino culture is
the Malay temperament which could best
be described by “niceness and
pleasantness” to others rather than by
virtue of law abiding features. In its
fluidness of culture , the Malay family clan
or unit is the world’s best security
system.
Chinese
* Filial piety between parents and
children , the flexibility to go along with
other people and the "sageliness
within and the kingliness without" of
the Filipino is believed to be due to
Chinese influence.
• The Hindu influence
The most pervasive in the Filipino belief
system . For instance is the prediction of
Filipino newspaper readers for horoscope
and fortune- telling sections.
• The Indian influence
Indian influence is found in the languages
mode of dressing, architectural art, folk,
beliefs, brass and copperware.
//
The Spanish heritage
It is reflective of more developed
societies at their point of contact ,
broadened the outlook of the Filipino .
Spain introduced a community oriented
rather than a family- oriented religion in
the form of Christianity . It contributed
to an elite class . A social and political
organization, according to western
institutions, was brought into the
Philippines.
The Americans
The united states further broadened this
heritage by introducing a democracy that
called for individual liberty and equality as
well as a national political community to
which everybody was supposed to
participate through national suffrage.
The Filipino has thereby a foothold in
many cultural spheres: the Malay, the
Anglo-Saxon, the Hispanic, the Hindu-
Islamic and even the Chinese.
A.Name some Filipino traits and characteristics
that is influenced by the following
contributory races in our culture. Briefly
explain whether it is negative or positive
trait.
1.The Malays
2.Chinese
3.Hindu
4.Indian
5.Spanish
6.Americans
The Filipino culture’s existence and
development is viewed and interpreted in many
ways. Some of them are:
THE FILIPINO CULTURAL PERSPECTIVES
1. The Traditional Concept
The traditionalist holds that Filipino culture was
developed due to the conglomeration of the
physical, intellectual, moral, and spiritual aspects.
It assumes that underneath the independent and
widely divergent culture as shown in their way of
life, there is an underlying basic root of unity that
holds the cultural tree together and infuses one
clear, distinct substance through its veins. This
includes their art of living, philosophy in life,
attitudes toward God, nature and fellowmen.
THE FILIPINO CULTURAL PERSPECTIVES
2.The Nationalistic View
This concept regards culture as the
summation of the needs of the people, the
description of their past and present
condition, an expression of their values,
thoughts and emotions, and the depiction of
their historic struggles to liberate
themselves. True national culture is
inextricably linked to the people’s needs,
ideas, emotions, and practices.
THE FILIPINO CULTURAL PERSPECTIVES
3. Cultural Dualism
This theory maintains that the Philippines is a
transitional society dominated on one side by the
traditional culture and on the other side by the
modern culture. The norms and values of these
two forces inevitably oppose each other leading to
conflicts in the life of individual. Because of the
conflict brought by the various foreign influences
into the Philippines, the Filipinos have to engage
into a selective integration and modification of
foreign influences into a distinct Filipino culture.
THE FILIPINO CULTURAL PERSPECTIVES
THE FILIPINO CULTURE
 Belief System
Filipinos are religious. They believe so much
in supernatural powers and view themselves
as only a speck in this wide universe. This
Filipino belief in the supernatural powers
taught them to trust prayers rather than hard
work in the realization of their dreams.
Success is considered a blessing from above,
a result of good luck and faith. It also taught
him to value traits like perseverance, patience,
and endurance.
Good is considered relative. What is
considered good to one may not be good to
another happiness and success differ from
one person to another.
Elders, parents, and superiors are respected
and obeyed hospitality is one practice
Filipinos believe in because it is their way of
implementing through golden rule: “Do
unto others what you want others to do
unto you”.
 Value System
Cultural values are shared assumption of what is
right, good, or important. Values actually guide man’s
behavior and action as he relates himself in most
situations in life.
The Filipino values can best be seen from the
aspects of personal and social relationships.
Personally, the Filipinos value more their honor and
status than anything else. Majority of them takes care
of their honor (karangalan) rather than wealth.
In decision making, the Filipinos usually consult
and take into consideration the consensus of the family
members as the feelings of those who are to be
affected.
Socially, the Filipinos give more emphasis on
social relationships. This can be seen through the
hospitality they give to their visitors and friends. They
love to mingle with people particularly with friends and
relatives. They engage themselves in mutual
cooperation, which is best pictured through the
“bayanihan”.
In terms of emotion, the Filipinos are friendly. They
smile at people, even with strangers when they are
approach. They are warm and simple. Women in the
Philippines are highly regarded and respected and can
be relied upon when it comes to family affairs.
THE FILIPINO VALUES
1. Utang-na-loob
• It is a technique of reciprocity of debt of gratitude
to others within the family circle or primary group,
sometimes unlimited in nature, emotional rather
than financial or rational. It is a sign of marginal
economy where no place is available for bargaining,
formal agreements, written contracts, specific
rights, and responsibilities.
Inability to repay “utang-na-loob” will result in
the
individual being labeled as “walang utang-na-
loob” or “walang-hiya”.
2. Pakikisama
* This is closely related to utang-na-loob. It
is the value of belongingness and loyalty to
the small in-group with sensitivity to the
feelings of others on the principle of “give
and take.” Pakikisama is a folk concept of
good public relations and avoidance of
conflict with the leader or majority of the
groups.
3. Hiya
This controls to a large extent the behavior of
the individual and most likely, is generally
dependent on what others will think, say, and
do. Because of hiya, a Filipino cannot say
“NO” even if it is against his will to do what is
being requested.
3. Bahala na
A common expression among Filipinos in this
rest on the fatalistic outlook and strong
dependence on the “spirits’ who will take care
of everything if they are really meant for a
person.
4. Authoritarianism –
It is the dependence of Filipinos in a
paternalistic rather than in a stern way upon
the elders of the family, upon their boss, if
employed, and upon people in authority as
their father figure.
5. Individualism
It is a pattern of behavior which characterizes
the Filipino as a self-centered. The desire to
make a name for himself becomes the
primary motivation for success.
6. Amor-propio
It is the individuals highly emotional
reaction to protect his honor and dignity
when they are threatened or questioned
and to retaliate. Common forms of amor-
propio are “helehelebago quire,” or
“pakipot” which shows at the outset a
person initially refusing an offer even if he
really wants very much to accept it.
A. Write down the similar thoughts that of the Golden Rule of
Confucius:
• From the Bible
• From Haddith
• Golden Rule of Christianity (Immanuel Kant)
B. What are the two Great Commandments taught by Christ?
C. Enumerate the Eightfold Path of Buddhism
D. Enumerate the 5 Pillars of Islam
E. What is Freedom?
F. Differentiate Human Acts and Acts of Human.
G. What is Culture?
H. In what way does culture influenced Moral Development?
I. Give 3 Filipino values that is in a way both negative and
positive in nature.

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5. filipino values and culture.pptx

  • 1.
  • 2. OVERVIEW The complexity of Filipino culture is compounded as this has been exposed to continuous and various streams of culture from without. This influences were not passively absorbed in to the Filipino culture but assimilated in a selective way , and this process of a acculturation varied from region to region .
  • 3. CONTRIBUTORY FACTORS TO FILIPINO CULTURE The Filipino culture is a summation of indigenous forces and foreign influences that had come to bear upon the people in varying degrees during the last centuries . These foreign influences that contributed in the shaping of a Filipino culture are as follows:
  • 4. The Malays The basic component of Filipino culture is the Malay temperament which could best be described by “niceness and pleasantness” to others rather than by virtue of law abiding features. In its fluidness of culture , the Malay family clan or unit is the world’s best security system.
  • 5. Chinese * Filial piety between parents and children , the flexibility to go along with other people and the "sageliness within and the kingliness without" of the Filipino is believed to be due to Chinese influence.
  • 6. • The Hindu influence The most pervasive in the Filipino belief system . For instance is the prediction of Filipino newspaper readers for horoscope and fortune- telling sections. • The Indian influence Indian influence is found in the languages mode of dressing, architectural art, folk, beliefs, brass and copperware. //
  • 7. The Spanish heritage It is reflective of more developed societies at their point of contact , broadened the outlook of the Filipino . Spain introduced a community oriented rather than a family- oriented religion in the form of Christianity . It contributed to an elite class . A social and political organization, according to western institutions, was brought into the Philippines.
  • 8. The Americans The united states further broadened this heritage by introducing a democracy that called for individual liberty and equality as well as a national political community to which everybody was supposed to participate through national suffrage. The Filipino has thereby a foothold in many cultural spheres: the Malay, the Anglo-Saxon, the Hispanic, the Hindu- Islamic and even the Chinese.
  • 9. A.Name some Filipino traits and characteristics that is influenced by the following contributory races in our culture. Briefly explain whether it is negative or positive trait. 1.The Malays 2.Chinese 3.Hindu 4.Indian 5.Spanish 6.Americans
  • 10. The Filipino culture’s existence and development is viewed and interpreted in many ways. Some of them are: THE FILIPINO CULTURAL PERSPECTIVES
  • 11. 1. The Traditional Concept The traditionalist holds that Filipino culture was developed due to the conglomeration of the physical, intellectual, moral, and spiritual aspects. It assumes that underneath the independent and widely divergent culture as shown in their way of life, there is an underlying basic root of unity that holds the cultural tree together and infuses one clear, distinct substance through its veins. This includes their art of living, philosophy in life, attitudes toward God, nature and fellowmen. THE FILIPINO CULTURAL PERSPECTIVES
  • 12. 2.The Nationalistic View This concept regards culture as the summation of the needs of the people, the description of their past and present condition, an expression of their values, thoughts and emotions, and the depiction of their historic struggles to liberate themselves. True national culture is inextricably linked to the people’s needs, ideas, emotions, and practices. THE FILIPINO CULTURAL PERSPECTIVES
  • 13. 3. Cultural Dualism This theory maintains that the Philippines is a transitional society dominated on one side by the traditional culture and on the other side by the modern culture. The norms and values of these two forces inevitably oppose each other leading to conflicts in the life of individual. Because of the conflict brought by the various foreign influences into the Philippines, the Filipinos have to engage into a selective integration and modification of foreign influences into a distinct Filipino culture. THE FILIPINO CULTURAL PERSPECTIVES
  • 14. THE FILIPINO CULTURE  Belief System Filipinos are religious. They believe so much in supernatural powers and view themselves as only a speck in this wide universe. This Filipino belief in the supernatural powers taught them to trust prayers rather than hard work in the realization of their dreams. Success is considered a blessing from above, a result of good luck and faith. It also taught him to value traits like perseverance, patience, and endurance.
  • 15. Good is considered relative. What is considered good to one may not be good to another happiness and success differ from one person to another. Elders, parents, and superiors are respected and obeyed hospitality is one practice Filipinos believe in because it is their way of implementing through golden rule: “Do unto others what you want others to do unto you”.
  • 16.  Value System Cultural values are shared assumption of what is right, good, or important. Values actually guide man’s behavior and action as he relates himself in most situations in life. The Filipino values can best be seen from the aspects of personal and social relationships. Personally, the Filipinos value more their honor and status than anything else. Majority of them takes care of their honor (karangalan) rather than wealth. In decision making, the Filipinos usually consult and take into consideration the consensus of the family members as the feelings of those who are to be affected.
  • 17. Socially, the Filipinos give more emphasis on social relationships. This can be seen through the hospitality they give to their visitors and friends. They love to mingle with people particularly with friends and relatives. They engage themselves in mutual cooperation, which is best pictured through the “bayanihan”. In terms of emotion, the Filipinos are friendly. They smile at people, even with strangers when they are approach. They are warm and simple. Women in the Philippines are highly regarded and respected and can be relied upon when it comes to family affairs.
  • 19. 1. Utang-na-loob • It is a technique of reciprocity of debt of gratitude to others within the family circle or primary group, sometimes unlimited in nature, emotional rather than financial or rational. It is a sign of marginal economy where no place is available for bargaining, formal agreements, written contracts, specific rights, and responsibilities. Inability to repay “utang-na-loob” will result in the individual being labeled as “walang utang-na- loob” or “walang-hiya”.
  • 20. 2. Pakikisama * This is closely related to utang-na-loob. It is the value of belongingness and loyalty to the small in-group with sensitivity to the feelings of others on the principle of “give and take.” Pakikisama is a folk concept of good public relations and avoidance of conflict with the leader or majority of the groups.
  • 21. 3. Hiya This controls to a large extent the behavior of the individual and most likely, is generally dependent on what others will think, say, and do. Because of hiya, a Filipino cannot say “NO” even if it is against his will to do what is being requested.
  • 22. 3. Bahala na A common expression among Filipinos in this rest on the fatalistic outlook and strong dependence on the “spirits’ who will take care of everything if they are really meant for a person.
  • 23. 4. Authoritarianism – It is the dependence of Filipinos in a paternalistic rather than in a stern way upon the elders of the family, upon their boss, if employed, and upon people in authority as their father figure.
  • 24. 5. Individualism It is a pattern of behavior which characterizes the Filipino as a self-centered. The desire to make a name for himself becomes the primary motivation for success.
  • 25. 6. Amor-propio It is the individuals highly emotional reaction to protect his honor and dignity when they are threatened or questioned and to retaliate. Common forms of amor- propio are “helehelebago quire,” or “pakipot” which shows at the outset a person initially refusing an offer even if he really wants very much to accept it.
  • 26. A. Write down the similar thoughts that of the Golden Rule of Confucius: • From the Bible • From Haddith • Golden Rule of Christianity (Immanuel Kant) B. What are the two Great Commandments taught by Christ? C. Enumerate the Eightfold Path of Buddhism D. Enumerate the 5 Pillars of Islam E. What is Freedom? F. Differentiate Human Acts and Acts of Human. G. What is Culture? H. In what way does culture influenced Moral Development? I. Give 3 Filipino values that is in a way both negative and positive in nature.