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- are basic and fundamental beliefs that guide or
motivate attitudes or actions.
- They help us to determine what is important to
us.
- Describe the personal qualities we choose to
embody to guide our actions; the sort of
person wewant to be; the manner in which we
treat ourselves and others, and our interaction
with the world around us.
- They provide the general guidelines for conduct.
Values
- Specifies a relationship between a person and a goal.
- It is relational in the sense that what one person values
may not be what another person values even in the
same situation.
For example, a person who values honesty might blow the
whistle on financial wrongdoing by a superior whereas
another person who values loyalty may remain silent. This
is an example of values conflict. The honest person may
believe there are limits to loyalty and keeping quiet about a
wrongful act out of loyalty might harm others. The loyal
person may believe in the importance of keeping one’s
confidence even if it might harm others because of the
trusting relationship.
Values
- is good, desirable, or worthwhile.
- The motive behind purposeful action.
- They are the ends to which we act and come in
many forms.
- Personal values are personal beliefs about right
and wrong and may or may not be considered
moral.
- Cultural values are values accepted by religions
or societies and reflect what is important in each
context.
- Are essential to ethics.
Values
- Concerned with human actions, and the choice of
those actions.
- Evaluates those actions, and the values that
underlie them.
- Determines which values should be pursued, and
which shouldn't.
Those who value courage are willing to stand up for
what they believe, even in the face of strong
condemnation. Courage is a moral value when it deals
with right and wrong conduct.
Ethics
Some values stand up well over the test of time; they are
always good or rightful behavior. Honesty and kindness are
two such examples. It is difficult to imagine having a
satisfying relationship without them because they build trust
in relationships. There are always exceptions but they are
rare.
For example, if a criminal out to do harm to your friend
knocks on the door and asks whether you have seen the
friend, you’re probably not going to say yes and rationalize it
out of a sense of honesty. Here, the greater good, so to
speak, is to protect your friend from harm.
It is defined as the predicting the future
behavior of any individual or organization,
belief, mutuality and predictability are always
associate with trust.
Honesty
Integrity
Reliability
Loyalty
Values of Worthiness
- It is a facet of moral character that connotes positive and virtuous
attributes such as integrity, truthfulness, straightforwardness, including
straightforwardness of conduct, along with the absence of lying,
cheating, theft, etc. Honesty also involves being trustworthy, loyal, fair,
and sincere
Honesty in Communication
It is defined as not to hide any information for
the purpose of deceiving someone.
Honesty in Action
It is defined as not to get involved into the
process of cheating or any frauds
It is derived from the word integer’s (something
which cannot be in fraction)
Financial Integrity
It is defined as being consistent enough so that the
words spoken or and the actions performed remain
constant in similar situations.
Financial Integrity
A person holding the authority of post should not
use his/her post for the financial benefits of the self
or the family.
it is defined as ability to
unkeep the promises.
it is defined as ability to protect
the interests of someone beyond
the normal obligation
also called esteem, is a positive feeling or action
shown towards someone or something considered
important, or held in high esteem or regard. It
conveys a sense of admiration for good or valuable
qualities.
means you do the things you are supposed to do and
accept the results of your actions. A responsibility:
something you are expected to do.
Being responsible: doing the things you are
supposed to do. Accepting responsibility: taking the
praise or the blame for something you have done.
It is the provision of what is
necessary for the health, welfare,
maintenance, and protection of
someone or something.
is the concept in sociology, law and generally in
society, that something should be equal and not be a
contradiction to accepted standards. It's related to
justice in both the legal and sociological
sense. Fairness is also treating others equally or in a
way that is considered right or reasonable.
relationship between an individual and a state to
which the individual owes allegiance and in turn is
entitled to its protection. Citizenship implies the
status of freedom with accompanying responsibilities.
Citizens have certain rights, duties, and
responsibilities that are denied or only partially
extended to aliens and other noncitizens residing in
a country.
1. SENSORY VALUES – values that are objects of
sensory feelings, and their corresponding
subjective states are delight and pain.
2. VITAL VALUES – these values are noble and
vulgar. The feeling-stares of this modality include
all modes of the feeling of life: feelings of health,
sickness, aging, exhaustion, energy, vigorous and
other
3. SPIRITUAL VALUES – values correspond to
spiritual feelings.
1. UNIVERSALISM
 understanding, appreciation, tolerance and protection for
the welfare of all people and for nature.
2 . B E N E VO L E NC E
 preservation and enhancement of the welfare of people
with whom ones is in frequent personal contact.
3. TRADITION
 respect, commitment and acceptance of the customs and
ideas that traditional culture or religion provide the self.
Concept of Universal Values
Shalom H. Schwarts
Concept of Universal Values
Shalom H. Schwarts
4. SECURITY
 safety, harmony, and stability
5. POWER
 social status and prestige, control or dominance
over people and resources.
6. ACHIEVEMENT
 personal success through demonstrating
competence according to social standards.
Concept of Universal Values
Shalom H. Schwarts
7. HEDONISM
 pleasure and sensuous gratification for oneself.
8. STIMULATION
 excitement, novelty and challenge in life.
9. SELF-DIRECTION
 independent thought and action – choosing,
creating, exploring.
Concept of Universal Values
Shalom H. Schwarts
Happiness
Peace
Love
Freedom
Safety
Intelligence
Respect
Equality
justice
Basic Universal Human Values
Achieve peace of mind
Strengthen trust
Build a solid reputation
Reduce anxiety
Increase leadership effectiveness
Importance of having a strong
Moral Character
Build confidence
Become a positive role model
Live a purpose-driven life
Build a strong business
Importance of having a strong
Moral Character
Attract the trust and respect of other people
Allows you to influence others
Changes your perspective about failure
Sustains you through difficult times or
opposition
Improves your self-esteem, self-respect and
confidence
Creates a foundation for happy, healthy
Some Good Character traits to
Practice
Level 2
Conventional
morality
Level 3
Post-conventional
morality
Stage 1
Obedience and
punishment behavior
driven by avoiding
punishment
Stage 4
Authority: behavior
driven by obeying
authority and
conforming to social
order
Stage 6
Universal Ethics:
behavior driven by
internal moral
principles
Stage 3
Interpersonal:
behavior driven by
social approval
Stage 5
Social Contact:
behavior driven by
balance of social order
individual rights.
Level 1
Pre-Conventional
morality
Stage 2
Individual interest:
behaviour driven by
self-interest and
rewards
Stages of Moral Development
OFFLINE TASK
1. Name two universal values that we have
discussed that is you think needed in this modern
times. How will these values help oneself or our
country as a whole to regain its glory again?
2. On the personal note, name two universal values
that you think still need to developed on you and
how will you do it?

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7. Universal Values.pptx

  • 1.
  • 2. - are basic and fundamental beliefs that guide or motivate attitudes or actions. - They help us to determine what is important to us. - Describe the personal qualities we choose to embody to guide our actions; the sort of person wewant to be; the manner in which we treat ourselves and others, and our interaction with the world around us. - They provide the general guidelines for conduct. Values
  • 3. - Specifies a relationship between a person and a goal. - It is relational in the sense that what one person values may not be what another person values even in the same situation. For example, a person who values honesty might blow the whistle on financial wrongdoing by a superior whereas another person who values loyalty may remain silent. This is an example of values conflict. The honest person may believe there are limits to loyalty and keeping quiet about a wrongful act out of loyalty might harm others. The loyal person may believe in the importance of keeping one’s confidence even if it might harm others because of the trusting relationship. Values
  • 4. - is good, desirable, or worthwhile. - The motive behind purposeful action. - They are the ends to which we act and come in many forms. - Personal values are personal beliefs about right and wrong and may or may not be considered moral. - Cultural values are values accepted by religions or societies and reflect what is important in each context. - Are essential to ethics. Values
  • 5. - Concerned with human actions, and the choice of those actions. - Evaluates those actions, and the values that underlie them. - Determines which values should be pursued, and which shouldn't. Those who value courage are willing to stand up for what they believe, even in the face of strong condemnation. Courage is a moral value when it deals with right and wrong conduct. Ethics
  • 6. Some values stand up well over the test of time; they are always good or rightful behavior. Honesty and kindness are two such examples. It is difficult to imagine having a satisfying relationship without them because they build trust in relationships. There are always exceptions but they are rare. For example, if a criminal out to do harm to your friend knocks on the door and asks whether you have seen the friend, you’re probably not going to say yes and rationalize it out of a sense of honesty. Here, the greater good, so to speak, is to protect your friend from harm.
  • 7. It is defined as the predicting the future behavior of any individual or organization, belief, mutuality and predictability are always associate with trust.
  • 9. - It is a facet of moral character that connotes positive and virtuous attributes such as integrity, truthfulness, straightforwardness, including straightforwardness of conduct, along with the absence of lying, cheating, theft, etc. Honesty also involves being trustworthy, loyal, fair, and sincere
  • 10. Honesty in Communication It is defined as not to hide any information for the purpose of deceiving someone. Honesty in Action It is defined as not to get involved into the process of cheating or any frauds
  • 11. It is derived from the word integer’s (something which cannot be in fraction)
  • 12. Financial Integrity It is defined as being consistent enough so that the words spoken or and the actions performed remain constant in similar situations.
  • 13. Financial Integrity A person holding the authority of post should not use his/her post for the financial benefits of the self or the family.
  • 14. it is defined as ability to unkeep the promises.
  • 15. it is defined as ability to protect the interests of someone beyond the normal obligation
  • 16. also called esteem, is a positive feeling or action shown towards someone or something considered important, or held in high esteem or regard. It conveys a sense of admiration for good or valuable qualities.
  • 17. means you do the things you are supposed to do and accept the results of your actions. A responsibility: something you are expected to do. Being responsible: doing the things you are supposed to do. Accepting responsibility: taking the praise or the blame for something you have done.
  • 18. It is the provision of what is necessary for the health, welfare, maintenance, and protection of someone or something.
  • 19. is the concept in sociology, law and generally in society, that something should be equal and not be a contradiction to accepted standards. It's related to justice in both the legal and sociological sense. Fairness is also treating others equally or in a way that is considered right or reasonable.
  • 20. relationship between an individual and a state to which the individual owes allegiance and in turn is entitled to its protection. Citizenship implies the status of freedom with accompanying responsibilities. Citizens have certain rights, duties, and responsibilities that are denied or only partially extended to aliens and other noncitizens residing in a country.
  • 21. 1. SENSORY VALUES – values that are objects of sensory feelings, and their corresponding subjective states are delight and pain. 2. VITAL VALUES – these values are noble and vulgar. The feeling-stares of this modality include all modes of the feeling of life: feelings of health, sickness, aging, exhaustion, energy, vigorous and other 3. SPIRITUAL VALUES – values correspond to spiritual feelings.
  • 22. 1. UNIVERSALISM  understanding, appreciation, tolerance and protection for the welfare of all people and for nature. 2 . B E N E VO L E NC E  preservation and enhancement of the welfare of people with whom ones is in frequent personal contact. 3. TRADITION  respect, commitment and acceptance of the customs and ideas that traditional culture or religion provide the self. Concept of Universal Values Shalom H. Schwarts Concept of Universal Values Shalom H. Schwarts
  • 23. 4. SECURITY  safety, harmony, and stability 5. POWER  social status and prestige, control or dominance over people and resources. 6. ACHIEVEMENT  personal success through demonstrating competence according to social standards. Concept of Universal Values Shalom H. Schwarts
  • 24. 7. HEDONISM  pleasure and sensuous gratification for oneself. 8. STIMULATION  excitement, novelty and challenge in life. 9. SELF-DIRECTION  independent thought and action – choosing, creating, exploring. Concept of Universal Values Shalom H. Schwarts
  • 26. Achieve peace of mind Strengthen trust Build a solid reputation Reduce anxiety Increase leadership effectiveness Importance of having a strong Moral Character
  • 27. Build confidence Become a positive role model Live a purpose-driven life Build a strong business Importance of having a strong Moral Character
  • 28. Attract the trust and respect of other people Allows you to influence others Changes your perspective about failure Sustains you through difficult times or opposition Improves your self-esteem, self-respect and confidence Creates a foundation for happy, healthy Some Good Character traits to Practice
  • 29. Level 2 Conventional morality Level 3 Post-conventional morality Stage 1 Obedience and punishment behavior driven by avoiding punishment Stage 4 Authority: behavior driven by obeying authority and conforming to social order Stage 6 Universal Ethics: behavior driven by internal moral principles Stage 3 Interpersonal: behavior driven by social approval Stage 5 Social Contact: behavior driven by balance of social order individual rights. Level 1 Pre-Conventional morality Stage 2 Individual interest: behaviour driven by self-interest and rewards Stages of Moral Development
  • 30. OFFLINE TASK 1. Name two universal values that we have discussed that is you think needed in this modern times. How will these values help oneself or our country as a whole to regain its glory again? 2. On the personal note, name two universal values that you think still need to developed on you and how will you do it?