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Dimensions of
Human
Sexuality
Myth
or
Fact
Human sexuality relates mainly to
biological functioning
(MYTH)
Human sexuality includes a biological
dimension but also includes psychological
and sociocultural dimensions.
(FACT)
Most people are well informed about
human sexuality.
(MYTH)
Unfortunately, most people still relatively
poor knowledge of sexuality. Therefore,
many myths about human sexuality still
exist.
(FACT)
Sexual “normality” is similar among
various cultures
(MYTH)
Sexual attitudes and behaviours differ
greatly among cultural groups. There is
no set standard for “normality”.
(FACT)
What is
human
sexuality?
When you think about human
sexuality, what do you think of?
Some form of physical contact?
Human reproduction?
Feelings when you see an attractive
person?
Human sexuality is all that and more.
Human Sexuality is a part
of you’re your total
personality. It involves the
interrelationship of
biological, psychological,
and sociocultural
dimensions
Encompassing the sexual
knowledge, beliefs, values,
and behaviours of
individuals.
The
Interactive
nature of
sexual
dimensions
A complex set of biological,
psychological, and
sociocultural variables
plays a role in all our sexual
interactions, it is a result of
many factors.
• Sexual arousal is physiological.
• Our body image and feelings of
self-worth may inhibit getting
involved is psychological.
• Religious beliefs affect our sexual
undertakings, as do legal and
ethical considerations.
Biological
dimensions
• The basis of understanding
sexuality is physiological
knowledge about how our bodies
work.
The greater your knowledge, the
more likely you are to take
responsibility for your sexual health.
• According to Fisher, humans
have a common nature, a set
of unconscious tendencies
that are encoded in our genes.
Though we are not aware of
these predispositions, they still
motivate our actions.
• The essence of sexuality is
biological (essentialism).
Essentialism is the belief that once
the cultural and historical aspects are
taken away, the essence of sexuality
is biological.
• Biological dimensions involved:
a. Physical appearance.
Development of physical sexual
characteristics.
b. Responses to sexual stimulation
c. Our growth and development in
general.
• The physiological differences
between the sexes help to lay
the groundwork for the
development of psychological
and social wellness, and our
gender strongly influences our
perceptions of sexual wellness.
Example:
“A man who carries a condom in his
wallet is _____________ and a
woman who carries condom in her
purse is ______________”.
“responsible”
“slut”
Multifaceted
dimensions
of gender
• Boys and girls are socialized to play in
different styles and usually learn to
prefer different sets of toys;
• Parents tended to do gender-specific
chores.
• Teenage boys are somehow allowed
to be sexually active.
• Girls are discouraged from such
activities (a concept of double
standard
Girls are encouraged to show
their emotions
Boys learn to suppress emotions
As a result, females generally
became more expressive verbally
than males.
• In a workplace, a woman often earns
less than a man earns (wage gap),
and often faces a tougher time
getting promoted into upper
management (glass ceiling)
• After a woman goes home, she
usually does more household chores
(second shift) than her spouse.
Why are such topics covered in a
human sexuality course?
Because our gender – who we are as
men and women and how we
experience ourselves as male and
female – is an essential component
of our sexuality.
Psychological
Dimensions
• A major psychological factor that
affects our sexual wellness is body
image.
- A positive body image lends itself
to a feeling of overall wellness
- A negative self-image can lead to
drug abuse (use of steroids or diet
pills) or even psychological
disorders (anorexia, bulimia eating
disorder, or muscle dysmorphia)
• A major psychological factor that
affects our sexual wellness is body
image.
- A positive body image lends itself
to a feeling of overall wellness
- A negative self-image can lead to
drug abuse (use of steroids or diet
pills) or even psychological
disorders (anorexia, bulimia eating
disorder, or muscle dysmorphia)
Sociocultural
Dimensions
• The sociocultural dimension of
sexuality is the sum of the cultural
influences that affect our thoughts
and actions.
• This dimension of sexuality is the
sum of the cultural influences that
affect our thoughts and actions,
both historical and contemporary.
• Tiefer in 1995 promotes the idea
of social constructionism which
proposes that sexual identities
and experiences are acquired
from and influenced and modified
by an ever-changing social
environment
People acquire and assemble
meanings, skills, and values from the
people around them.
Social
Influences on
our sexuality
• Religious and spiritual beliefs
influence feelings about morality,
sexual behaviour, premarital sexual
behaviour, adultery, divorce,
contraception, abortion, and
masturbation.
• It can also play a role in use or non-
use of medical services related to
sexuality.
1. Religious Influences
• Your ability to respect your sexual
partner’s cultural beliefs and
feelings will result in a higher level
of satisfaction for both of you.
• Distinguish between ethnic
background and ethnicity .
• Differences in culture form different
countries.
2. Multi-cultural Influences
• Low-income individuals often
thinking and acting differently than
middle-class individuals, being more
likely to engage in sexual intercourse
at an earlier marriage.
3. Socioeconomic Influences
• The poor have less access to proper
health care birth control, care during
pregnancy, day are for children, and
positive sexual role models.
3. Socioeconomic Influences
• The ethics of sexuality involves
questioning the way we treat
ourselves and other people.
4. Ethical Influences
• Examples of sexually oriented ethical
dilemmas include the following:
 Should I or should I not participate in a certain
sexual behaviour?
 Is it ethical to use a prostitute?
 Is it ethical not to disclose my full sexual
history to a new partner?
 Is it ethical to engage in sexual behaviours with
a person who is underage?
 Is it ethical to use a position of power to
obtain sexual partners.
4. Ethical Influences
• How we consider such questions
and ultimately decide what is right
and wrong profoundly shapes our
sexuality. Ethical decision making
underscores the importance of
taking responsibility for your sexual
wellness.
• The depictions of sexuality we
encounter in the media are there
mainly to entertain and sell
products. Consequently, the media
do not provide us with realistic
depictions.
5. Media Influences
• TV shows are filled with portrayals
of sexual activity and “double
meaning” comments.
• The music industry has countless
sexual images, words you hear
mostly have sexual content.
5. Media Influences
• Public policy affects our sexual
behaviour.
• Even political elections – including
choosing elected officials and voting
on ballot initiatives
• Political ramifications of election
results.
6. Political Influences
• Islam is the world’s fast-growing
religion, and its followers are called
Muslims.
• As with other religions, Muslims
have differing beliefs on many
aspects of sexuality
• Generally, Muslims oppose
intercourse before marriage, but
value it highly within marriage.
7. Islamic Influences
• Both genders are considered to have
high interest in sexual behaviour and
get great satisfaction from it.
• They are encouraged to show
modesty in public by wearing loose-
fitting, body-covering clothing
7. Islamic Influences

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3. Dimensions of human sexuality.pptx

  • 3. Human sexuality relates mainly to biological functioning (MYTH) Human sexuality includes a biological dimension but also includes psychological and sociocultural dimensions. (FACT)
  • 4. Most people are well informed about human sexuality. (MYTH) Unfortunately, most people still relatively poor knowledge of sexuality. Therefore, many myths about human sexuality still exist. (FACT)
  • 5. Sexual “normality” is similar among various cultures (MYTH) Sexual attitudes and behaviours differ greatly among cultural groups. There is no set standard for “normality”. (FACT)
  • 7. When you think about human sexuality, what do you think of? Some form of physical contact? Human reproduction? Feelings when you see an attractive person? Human sexuality is all that and more.
  • 8. Human Sexuality is a part of you’re your total personality. It involves the interrelationship of biological, psychological, and sociocultural dimensions
  • 9. Encompassing the sexual knowledge, beliefs, values, and behaviours of individuals.
  • 11. A complex set of biological, psychological, and sociocultural variables plays a role in all our sexual interactions, it is a result of many factors.
  • 12. • Sexual arousal is physiological. • Our body image and feelings of self-worth may inhibit getting involved is psychological. • Religious beliefs affect our sexual undertakings, as do legal and ethical considerations.
  • 14. • The basis of understanding sexuality is physiological knowledge about how our bodies work. The greater your knowledge, the more likely you are to take responsibility for your sexual health.
  • 15. • According to Fisher, humans have a common nature, a set of unconscious tendencies that are encoded in our genes. Though we are not aware of these predispositions, they still motivate our actions.
  • 16. • The essence of sexuality is biological (essentialism). Essentialism is the belief that once the cultural and historical aspects are taken away, the essence of sexuality is biological.
  • 17. • Biological dimensions involved: a. Physical appearance. Development of physical sexual characteristics. b. Responses to sexual stimulation c. Our growth and development in general.
  • 18. • The physiological differences between the sexes help to lay the groundwork for the development of psychological and social wellness, and our gender strongly influences our perceptions of sexual wellness.
  • 19. Example: “A man who carries a condom in his wallet is _____________ and a woman who carries condom in her purse is ______________”. “responsible” “slut”
  • 21. • Boys and girls are socialized to play in different styles and usually learn to prefer different sets of toys; • Parents tended to do gender-specific chores. • Teenage boys are somehow allowed to be sexually active. • Girls are discouraged from such activities (a concept of double standard
  • 22. Girls are encouraged to show their emotions Boys learn to suppress emotions As a result, females generally became more expressive verbally than males.
  • 23. • In a workplace, a woman often earns less than a man earns (wage gap), and often faces a tougher time getting promoted into upper management (glass ceiling) • After a woman goes home, she usually does more household chores (second shift) than her spouse.
  • 24. Why are such topics covered in a human sexuality course? Because our gender – who we are as men and women and how we experience ourselves as male and female – is an essential component of our sexuality.
  • 26. • A major psychological factor that affects our sexual wellness is body image. - A positive body image lends itself to a feeling of overall wellness - A negative self-image can lead to drug abuse (use of steroids or diet pills) or even psychological disorders (anorexia, bulimia eating disorder, or muscle dysmorphia)
  • 27. • A major psychological factor that affects our sexual wellness is body image. - A positive body image lends itself to a feeling of overall wellness - A negative self-image can lead to drug abuse (use of steroids or diet pills) or even psychological disorders (anorexia, bulimia eating disorder, or muscle dysmorphia)
  • 29. • The sociocultural dimension of sexuality is the sum of the cultural influences that affect our thoughts and actions. • This dimension of sexuality is the sum of the cultural influences that affect our thoughts and actions, both historical and contemporary.
  • 30. • Tiefer in 1995 promotes the idea of social constructionism which proposes that sexual identities and experiences are acquired from and influenced and modified by an ever-changing social environment People acquire and assemble meanings, skills, and values from the people around them.
  • 32. • Religious and spiritual beliefs influence feelings about morality, sexual behaviour, premarital sexual behaviour, adultery, divorce, contraception, abortion, and masturbation. • It can also play a role in use or non- use of medical services related to sexuality. 1. Religious Influences
  • 33. • Your ability to respect your sexual partner’s cultural beliefs and feelings will result in a higher level of satisfaction for both of you. • Distinguish between ethnic background and ethnicity . • Differences in culture form different countries. 2. Multi-cultural Influences
  • 34. • Low-income individuals often thinking and acting differently than middle-class individuals, being more likely to engage in sexual intercourse at an earlier marriage. 3. Socioeconomic Influences
  • 35. • The poor have less access to proper health care birth control, care during pregnancy, day are for children, and positive sexual role models. 3. Socioeconomic Influences
  • 36. • The ethics of sexuality involves questioning the way we treat ourselves and other people. 4. Ethical Influences
  • 37. • Examples of sexually oriented ethical dilemmas include the following:  Should I or should I not participate in a certain sexual behaviour?  Is it ethical to use a prostitute?  Is it ethical not to disclose my full sexual history to a new partner?  Is it ethical to engage in sexual behaviours with a person who is underage?  Is it ethical to use a position of power to obtain sexual partners. 4. Ethical Influences
  • 38. • How we consider such questions and ultimately decide what is right and wrong profoundly shapes our sexuality. Ethical decision making underscores the importance of taking responsibility for your sexual wellness.
  • 39. • The depictions of sexuality we encounter in the media are there mainly to entertain and sell products. Consequently, the media do not provide us with realistic depictions. 5. Media Influences
  • 40. • TV shows are filled with portrayals of sexual activity and “double meaning” comments. • The music industry has countless sexual images, words you hear mostly have sexual content. 5. Media Influences
  • 41. • Public policy affects our sexual behaviour. • Even political elections – including choosing elected officials and voting on ballot initiatives • Political ramifications of election results. 6. Political Influences
  • 42. • Islam is the world’s fast-growing religion, and its followers are called Muslims. • As with other religions, Muslims have differing beliefs on many aspects of sexuality • Generally, Muslims oppose intercourse before marriage, but value it highly within marriage. 7. Islamic Influences
  • 43. • Both genders are considered to have high interest in sexual behaviour and get great satisfaction from it. • They are encouraged to show modesty in public by wearing loose- fitting, body-covering clothing 7. Islamic Influences

Editor's Notes

  1. Ethnicity- the degree of identification an individual feels with a particular ethnic group
  2. ramification. a development that complicates a situation.