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124.11.2015
How to Respond to Increasing Cost
Pressure in Recycling -
REFFIBRE Project
Tools for Resource-EFficient use
of...
224.11.2015
Co-funded by
the European
Union
European Community’s Seventh
Framework Programme
Budget 4M€, funding from EC 2...
324.11.2015
Co-funded by
the European
Union
Our finite resources drive a global change
Finite raw material resources
Limit...
424.11.2015
Co-funded by
the European
Union
 Design out waste
 Optimise value chains
instead of processes
 Switch to en...
524.11.2015
Co-funded by
the European
Union
REFFIBRE – Main aims
Eco-design of resource efficient production chains of pap...
624.11.2015
Co-funded by
the European
Union
Impact
Improved conditions for eco-design for complete value chains of paper
a...
724.11.2015
Co-funded by
the European
Union
Fibre Flow Model with 4 loops
Household &
Sanitary
Technical
Papers
Consumptio...
824.11.2015
Co-funded by
the European
Union
Foreign trade of paper (Germany 2014)
40% from
countries with low
PfR utilizat...
924.11.2015
Co-funded by
the European
Union
Ash and Mean Fibre Age
Germany, The Netherlands and Austria; 2020 (Prediction)...
1024.11.2015
Co-funded by
the European
Union
Why is Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) important?
Risks of shifting the potential b...
1124.11.2015
Co-funded by
the European
Union
Handling recycling in LCA
Implications of recycling
 Inherent properties of ...
1224.11.2015
Co-funded by
the European
Union
* http://www.paperage.com/2014news/Europe_Paper_Recycling_Monitoring_Report20...
1324.11.2015
Landfilling : technology used mainly in past- resource recovery 0.0
Waste-to-energy: resource recovery 1.0
Am...
1424.11.2015
Side streams are turned into products.
New value chains are formed.
Side streams to products: resource recove...
1524.11.2015
Co-funded by
the European
Union
Acknowledgement
The research leading to these results has received funding fr...
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Case 2: How to Respond to increasing Cost Pressure in Recycling - Reffibre Project

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By Dr Ulla Forsström, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. This was presented during the Circular Economy info session, organised as part of European Paper Week 2015. More at http://www.cepi.org/epw

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Case 2: How to Respond to increasing Cost Pressure in Recycling - Reffibre Project

  1. 1. 124.11.2015 How to Respond to Increasing Cost Pressure in Recycling - REFFIBRE Project Tools for Resource-EFficient use of recycled FIBRE materials Ulla Forsström, VTT European Paper Week 2015 Brussels
  2. 2. 224.11.2015 Co-funded by the European Union European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme Budget 4M€, funding from EC 2.8 M€ Duration of the project: 1.11.2013-31.10.2016 http://reffibre.eu
  3. 3. 324.11.2015 Co-funded by the European Union Our finite resources drive a global change Finite raw material resources Limited energy availability Increasing rate of consumption Limited land resources for landfilling and zero waste policy
  4. 4. 424.11.2015 Co-funded by the European Union  Design out waste  Optimise value chains instead of processes  Switch to energy from waste fractions  Keep the materials at their highest value at all times  Implement circular material flows and cascading business models Bring your business to the next level
  5. 5. 524.11.2015 Co-funded by the European Union REFFIBRE – Main aims Eco-design of resource efficient production chains of paper & packaging materials requires modeling, calculation tools and knowledge. 1. Develop tools based on Raw materials: Paper for recycling (PfR), and Waste fractions from processing Products: Paper, board and novel by-products Process: Separation for Multi-product mill concept 2. Validate the results by several real-life demonstrations
  6. 6. 624.11.2015 Co-funded by the European Union Impact Improved conditions for eco-design for complete value chains of paper and board industry, converting industry and end users. Direct results at mills Impact Better runnability. Zero waste. Waste converted to novel products. Decrease overall waste production. Improve resource efficiency. Multiproduct mill concepts. Novel products. Increase competitiveness. LCA methodologies for pulp and paper applications, e.g., how to allocate the burdens between different life cycles. Confirm with a standardized methodology that the final impact on the environment is reduced.
  7. 7. 724.11.2015 Co-funded by the European Union Fibre Flow Model with 4 loops Household & Sanitary Technical Papers Consumption & collection  6 paper sectors  Newspapers  Other Graphic Papers  Case Materials  Carton Board  Household & Sanitary  Technical Papers  Nearly all of H&S and Technical Papers go to waste  Fibres migrate from one loop to another
  8. 8. 824.11.2015 Co-funded by the European Union Foreign trade of paper (Germany 2014) 40% from countries with low PfR utilization rate (SE, FI) 13.15 22.53 11.00 20.38 9.38 58% 42% 46% 54% Source: vdp Germany 2015
  9. 9. 924.11.2015 Co-funded by the European Union Ash and Mean Fibre Age Germany, The Netherlands and Austria; 2020 (Prediction) Scenario “EU” The work is unfinished and continues! 2020 PfR utilization rate of OGP production in 2020 increases (~40%) 5 Ash Fibre Age NP 16% 2,65 OGP 26% 1,51 CM 18% 3,41 OP 22% 2,58 Mixed 22% 2,32 OCC 21% 2,74 ONM 23% 1,84 Paper products PfR grades 2014 Ash Fibre Age NP 21% 2,76 OGP 30% 1,76 CM 22% 3,58 CB 25% 2,71 Mixed 26% 2,51 OCC 25% 2,91 ONM 27% 2,05 Paper products PfR grades
  10. 10. 1024.11.2015 Co-funded by the European Union Why is Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) important? Risks of shifting the potential burdens between different life cycle stages or individual processes can be recognized and possibly avoided by systematic overview (ISO 14040). Sustainability of a product should be ensured already in the product development phase (Eco-design). Environmental assessment should be integrated into material and product development already at an early stage.
  11. 11. 1124.11.2015 Co-funded by the European Union Handling recycling in LCA Implications of recycling  Inherent properties of materials in subsequent use are changed  Inputs & Outputs are to be shared by more than one product system in processes such as  Extraction & processing of raw materials  Final disposal of products  Solution: Apply an allocation factor
  12. 12. 1224.11.2015 Co-funded by the European Union * http://www.paperage.com/2014news/Europe_Paper_Recycling_Monitoring_Report2013.pdf Recycling in LCA studies – Allocation Based on the European fibre flow model** and CEPI statistics Germany, The Netherlands and Austria Industry average* vs. An allocation factor can be based on the number of subsequent uses of the recycled material. The work is unfinished and continues! Which data of the number of uses should be used? 3.5 or something else? 5 Ash Fibre Age NP 16% 2,65 OGP 26% 1,51 CM 18% 3,41 OP 22% 2,58 Mixed 22% 2,32 OCC 21% 2,74 ONM 23% 1,84 Paper products PfR grades ** http://reffibre.eu/events/reffibre-workshop-in-munich
  13. 13. 1324.11.2015 Landfilling : technology used mainly in past- resource recovery 0.0 Waste-to-energy: resource recovery 1.0 Amount of product is maximized, and waste is minimized. Waste is expensive (landfill) or low value (incineration) Situation today - Single product mills
  14. 14. 1424.11.2015 Side streams are turned into products. New value chains are formed. Side streams to products: resource recovery 2.0 Future – Multi-product mills
  15. 15. 1524.11.2015 Co-funded by the European Union Acknowledgement The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's Seventh Framework Programme under grant agreement n° 604187. http://reffibre.eu ulla.forsstrom@vtt.fi

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