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EVRYTHNG: Concepts, technologies and applications for connecting physical objects to the Web - ICWE

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Check out the presentation from Co-Founder Dominique Guinard and Research Developer Iker Larizgoitia Abad, from the 14th International Conference on Web Engineering ICWE 2014.

Published in: Internet, Technology, Design
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EVRYTHNG: Concepts, technologies and applications for connecting physical objects to the Web - ICWE

  1. 1. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 ICWE 01.07.14 Iker Larizgoitia Research Developer Dom Guinard CTO & Co-founder Web of Things: Concepts, technologies and applications for connecting physical objects to the Web © EVRYTHNG Limited | 2014 @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings
  2. 2. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 What’s on the menu? §  Introduction §  Web of Things §  EVRYTHNG’s Web of Things –  Technologies –  Connected products –  Case studies §  Current Research §  Showcases –  Connected Products: Cross selling product demo –  Connected Devices: Street Lamp –  WoT-a-mashup + Node-RED –  COMPOSE and Scanthng integration for Smart Products
  3. 3. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 INTRODUCTION
  4. 4. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014
  5. 5. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 The Internet of Things Era EVRYTHNG Started here! Nest goes Google Web of Things Internet of Things 1999
  6. 6. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 The Internet of Things Era In 2020, Over 30 Billion Connected Devices Will Be In Use Source: IBM Investor Briefing ‘Making Markets: Smarter Planet’ Source: Cisco One trillion connected devices by 2015. Source: Gartner
  7. 7. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Who are the Things in the IoT? Connected Devices Hands-on coming later Connected Products
  8. 8. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Smart Machines and Appliances Monitor Diagnose Predict Recommend
  9. 9. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Smart Health
  10. 10. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 The charge will be completed by 2:15am. Is that OK? See you tomorrow. Smart cars “ ”
  11. 11. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Smart health for plants
  12. 12. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Wifi Hockey Light
  13. 13. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Smart Home Valleywag’s Sam Biddle tweeted: “If your house is burning down, you’ll now get gmail ads for fire extinguishers.”
  14. 14. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 New connected business models Real-time risk-adjusted, pay-as-you-go insurance.
  15. 15. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 New connected interfaces
  16. 16. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Smart things for simpler, more social lives
  17. 17. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 You won’t need to hunt anxiously for your missing shoes in the morning, you’ll Google them. “ ” Source: Bruce Sterling, ‘Shaping Things’ Real objects part of the real-time web
  18. 18. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Source: Bruce Sterling, ‘Shaping Things’ Real objects part of the real-time web Things that are persist & discoverable online, query-able, permission aware, relationship aware & actuate-able via the Web.
  19. 19. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 WEB OF THINGS
  20. 20. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Web of Things Internet of Things Web of Things vs. Internet of Things How do we connect things to the Internet? How do we connect applications & things? Applications? §  OSI Layer 7 + : -) §  HTTP, REST, JSON §  Social nets, semantics §  Mashups Networking? §  OSI Layer 4 – §  IPv6lowpan, EPC, WiFi, BLE Zigbee / 800.15.04 “Uniquely identifiable objects and their virtual representations in an Internet-like structure” §  Auto-ID Labs (K. Ashton, S. Sarma, F. Mattern) ~ 1999 “Application architecture for physical objects” §  D. Guinard, V. Trifa, E. Wilde, D. Raggett ~ 2007
  21. 21. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Connected Smart Objects Mayhem… A very large ecosystem of smart things, complex application development
  22. 22. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Connecting Objects to the Web Web of Things Platform Connected Devices Sensors Tagged Products Data from and about a diversity of products can connect with applications in a consistent and persistent way. RESTful APIs & Application Tools Persistent URI & URLs The EVRYTHNG Engine An Active Digital Identity™ for every thing App Space
  23. 23. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Simplifying Application Development in the Internet of Things [flickr.com/photos/docman] Web of Things Application Architecture Bridging the gap between things and applications.
  24. 24. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Web of Things Application Architecture http://webofthings.org/publications
  25. 25. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Device Accessibility Layer §  How do we make smart things accessible on the Web? §  Generic design process for smart things as Web resources: –  Based on RESTand Resource Oriented Architectures –  Extend with Pub/Sub •  E.g., MQTT, XMPP, CoAP
  26. 26. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Web-Enabling Smart Things Resource Design Representation Design Interface Design Implementation Strategy •  Based on REST and Resource Oriented Architecture. GET, POST, PUT, DELETE, OPTIONS Content Negotiation, Status Codes
  27. 27. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 •  Identify Resources: –  Any component of an application that needs to be used and addressed. •  Link resources together Resource Design Representation Design Interface Design Implementation Strategy
  28. 28. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 •  Smart things should offer different representations: –  HTML for browsability –  JSON for mashups Resource Design Representation Design Interface Design Implementation Strategy { "resource": { "methods":["GET"], "name":"Temperature", "links":["/feed", "/rules"], "content": [ { "description":"Current Temperature", "name":"Current Ambient Temperature", "value":"24.0", "unit": "celsius“ } ] } }
  29. 29. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Resource Design Representation Design Interface Design Implementation Strategy §  Leverage content negotiation: –  Accept: application/json §  Use the HTTP Verbs extensively: –  GET, PUT, POST, OPTIONS, DELETE –  GET /genericNodes/2/sensors/temperature –  PUT /genericNodes/2/actuators /led/1 §  Map status codes: –  200 OK, 201 Created, 400 Bad Request, etc. §  The presented design process can be automated API
  30. 30. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Resource Design Representation Design Interface Design Implementation Strategy Mediated (Smart Gateways) •  The API is served via mediator(s): –  Mobile phone –  Smart Gateways (e.g., CISCO iOX, Intel IoT Gateway, Open WRT) –  EVRYTHNG API §  The API is served by the device itself: •  IP connectivity •  6lowpan •  CoAP •  Ethernet + PoE •  GSM •  Etc. •  + Webserver Direct access
  31. 31. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Resource Design Representation Design Interface Design Implementation Strategy
  32. 32. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Findability Layer •  Once smart things are accessible on the Web, how do we enable users to find the right service for their application? •  Enabling Smart Things to be indexed by search engines (lightweight semantic metadata: microdata, schema.org, JSON-LD) •  Local lookup and discovery infrastructure
  33. 33. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Swagger The goal of Swagger™ is to define a standard, language-agnostic interface to REST APIs which allows both humans and computers to discover and understand the capabilities of the service without access to source code, documentation, or through network traffic inspection. When properly defined via Swagger, a consumer can understand and interact with the remote service with a minimal amount of implementation logic. Similar to what interfaces have done for lower-level programming, Swagger removes the guesswork in calling the service.
  34. 34. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Swagger Example
  35. 35. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Sharing Layer •  Once smart things are accessible and findable on the Web, how do we share them? •  Sharing implies security issues have to be addressed. •  As much end to end as possible. •  Novel approach “Social Web of Things”
  36. 36. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Social Access Controller (SAC) §  Existing systems: –  Require dedicated access control lists (e.g., HTTP Digest or Basic Authentication, ACL… ) §  OR …Leverage social graphs of social networks: –  Are walled-gardens [Ber2009] –  Allow sharing data, not services §  Social Access Controller as proxy between clients and smart things [Ber2009] Tim Berners-Lee. Twenty years: Looking forward, looking back. WWW 2009
  37. 37. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Social Access Controller (SAC)
  38. 38. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Sharing in Friends and Things http://SOCIAL-ACCSES-CONTROLLER-URL/ gateways/GATEWAYURL/ /resources/sunspots/spot1/sensors/temperature
  39. 39. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Composition Layer •  Once smart things are accessible, findable, shareable on the Web, how do we enable their easy composition by non-specialists, into new applications? •  Physical Mashups
  40. 40. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 From Web 2.0 Mashups to Physical Mashups §  Web 2.0 Mashups: –  “Web applications generated by combining […] disparate Web sources […] to create useful new services” [Yu2008] –  Ad-hoc applications accessible to a larger public §  Physical Mashups: –  Composite Web applications involving smart things and virtual Web services –  Three development approaches [Yu2008] Yu, J., Benatallah, B., Casati, F., & Daniel, F. Understanding Mashup Development. IEEE Internet Computing
  41. 41. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Energie Visible: An Energy-Aware Mashup •  Developers: –  Smart Meters as a RESTful Web API: –  Mashup with any language supporting HTTP •  Users: –  Used by several families around the world (Energie Visible)
  42. 42. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 EPC Mashup Dashboard: RFID Business Intelligence •  Developers: –  RFID Readers & Data in a black-board approach –  Wizard-based creation of Widgets –  Merging Web data and real-world RFID data •  Users: –  Simple Web page providing real-time business intelligence –  Deployed at the SAP future store
  43. 43. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Electronic Article Surveillance as a Physical Mashup 15.08.201143 Dominiq [Naef2009] Naef, L. ClickScript a visual programming language in the browser. Master Thesis, ETH Zurich [Gui2010d] Guinard, D., Floerkemeier, C., & Sarma, S. Cloud Computing, REST and Mashups to Simplify RFID Applications, WoT 2011
  44. 44. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Physical Mashups WoT-a-mashup github.com/webofthings/ wot-a-mashup Condition if bought or not RFID reader ERP EPCIS Camera and websocket push
  45. 45. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Physical Mashups – nodered.org nodered.org Node-RED is an application based on node.js, a server side JavaScript platform that uses an event-driven, non-blocking I/O model suited to creating data-intensive, real- time applications that run across distributed devices. For a device or a service to work with Node-RED there needs to be a node.js library or module capable of talking to them. But the number of compatible services and devices is extensive, thanks in part to a tendency for many modern platforms to expose their data and functional via open APIs that accept HTTP requests.
  46. 46. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Complete Web of Things Application Architecture
  47. 47. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Web of Things Follow up §  Blog: www.webofthings.com §  Software: www.webofthings.com/projects §  Publications: www.webofthings.com/publications
  48. 48. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 W3C Community Group §  http://www.w3.org/community/wot/
  49. 49. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 EVRYTHNG
  50. 50. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 How It Works WATCH VIDEO HERE: http://bitly.com/77secs
  51. 51. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 CH.LINKEDIN.COM/IN/CONNECTEDBEING Unique ID is the key www.facebook.com/[Andy’sNikonD50]
  52. 52. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 EVRYTHNG’s Vision The Web is the global application integration platform. Every Thing Connected : Every physical object with an identity on the Web.
  53. 53. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 The consumer experience 1. Product ID Product has unique identity tag or identified at an SKU-level using image recognition or barcode. 2. Personal ID Consumer connects using mobile device and social network login, mobile number or CRM Identity. 3. Personalization Our smart product profile delivers contextual & relationship-based Web experiences and captures analytics. 1. Product ID Product has unique identity tag or identified at an SKU-level using image recognition or barcode. 2. Personal ID Consumer connects using mobile device and social network login, mobile number or CRM Identity. 3. Personalization Our smart product profile delivers contextual & relationship-based Web experiences and captures analytics. Product Profile 2D Barcode NFC Tag Image recognition Barcode Embedded Chip Rules, Analytics n Data Aggregation n Real-Time Response
  54. 54. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Making a guitar ‘smart’ Buy Activate Augment Check-in Manuals/ How-Tos Info, news Offers/ upgrades (Geo) Social Analytics Branded services Product Apps Making a guitar smart
  55. 55. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 EVRYTHNG’s Web of Things Approach RESTful APIs & Application Tools Persistent URI & URLs The EVRYTHNG Engine An Active Digital Identity™ for every thing Active Digital Identities™ - online identities for physical things. Technology : REST web services protocol, light-weight and highly scalable, programmable, standards-based
  56. 56. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 EVRYTHNG ENGINE for the WoT Object ADI Connecting social network and product IDs. Object data exchange with enterprise systems Apps interact with object data. scanned to access ADIs. Connected products talk direct to ADIs. Products with smart tags or embedded chips. From a developer standpoint, the EVRYTHNG ENGINE aims to provide a comprehensive set of Web services, data models and tools to make building Web of Things applications fast and easy. §  Abstraction of product or device connectivity from application interaction for Web APIs. §  Flexible data structures for individual THNGs, large-scale data store, temporal data-sets. §  Real-time programming and analytics. §  Scalable, on-demand and federated platform as a service online environment. §  Fine-grained access control, at a THNG-attribute level. §  Open to integration with enterprise and 3rd party Web services through standards- based Web protocols.
  57. 57. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 EVRYTHNG ENGINE for the WoT §  Connected Devices communicate with the ENGINE via HTTP/HTTPs using REST calls §  Wrapper Libraries manage device specific interfaces, actuations & ENGINE polling §  Device data is stored by the ENGINE with temporal properties §  Applications communicate with Device ADIs via REST APIs & JSON data formats EVRYTHNG.js Wrapper BLE Sensor NFC Sensor WSNs EVRYTHNG Android iOS SDK Mbed Wrapper Arudino Wrapper ARM Mbed Arduino Flyport Wrapper FlyPort Raspberry Pi HTTP Library Others REST call over HTTP / HTTPs Visualization via Portal 3rd Party Applications AppAppAppAppApp REST + JSON APIs Development roadmap includes implementation of outbound messaging for ENGINE / device push and actuation. EVRYTHNG ENGINE •  Device data stored as Temporal Properties •  Device & application actions with ENGINE rules trigger events •  Secure access control
  58. 58. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 TECHNOLOGY
  59. 59. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 EVERYTHNG API in a Nutshell §  Products: –  SKU §  Thngs: –  Item level §  Properties: –  Temporal values §  Products & Thngs: –  Identified by a short URL: tn.gg/JH8Bdf5v | .qr §  Actions on Thngs & Products: –  Checkin, scan, etc. §  User management –  Social profiles –  Auth §  Custom fields: –  Extension points https://dev.evrythng.com/documentation/api
  60. 60. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 REST-based Environment All EVRYTHNG APIs offer REST endpoints : §  Scalable, stateless protocol §  Lightweight Web-service standard §  Embedded and mobile devices friendly §  API supports all languages => HTTP is a REST implementation §  Services can call each-other internally using REST Access control is managed inherently at the API layer for each individual object and service : §  Thng-access service with domain specific language support (DSL) §  Unique access control component & security component based on REST §  HTTPs supported
  61. 61. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Identity Management Crypto-secure unique identities for any product : §  Alphanumeric strings with persistent URIs §  QR and NFC compatible §  Batch and on-demand generate tools Short URL & dynamic re-direction services : §  Short code and URL generator for SMS, QR and URL generation §  Dynamically programmable re-direction directly linked to the EVRYTHNG ENGINE™ Rules Engine Wrappers providing support for connected devices : §  Boot-strap and auto-instantiation §  API key security management for device / ENGINE communication EVRYTHNG provides extensive services to generate, manage and operate product identities.
  62. 62. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Connected Device Support §  Connected Devices communicate with the ENGINE via HTTP/ HTTPs using REST calls §  Wrapper Libraries manage device specific interfaces, actuations & ENGINE polling §  Applications communicate with Device ADIs via REST APIs & JSON data formats §  Under development :::Pub/sub protocols support with MQTT and Websockets, etc. Connected devices communicate with the EVRYTHNG ENGINE to feed data and actuate based on events driven by their Active Digital Identities™. EVRYTHNG.js Wrapper BLE Sensor NFC Sensor WSNs EVRYTHNG Android iOS SDK Mbed Wrapper Arudino Wrapper ARM Mbed Arduino Flyport Wrapper FlyPort RspbryPi HTTP Library Others
  63. 63. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Rules Engine Action / reaction model : §  Rules Engine responds to Action events generated externally or internally §  Hierarchy of rules manageable, applying multiple variables e.g. user identity, location, product type, event history, state, algorithm §  Reaction package generated by the ENGINE driving application or devices events Extensible, customizable : §  System and user defined Actions §  Capabilities to incorporate external data sources Server-side defined rules to drive application events or product actuation based on complex user actions and product states.
  64. 64. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Analytics & Visualization §  Setup projects and associated rules and products §  Define and administer products and individual identities §  Manage users §  Visual rules editor §  Visualize individual things and project analytics §  Manage user generated content Dashboard environment supports business decision making with analytics visualization, and administration for product, application and security management.
  65. 65. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 CONNECTED PRODUCTS
  66. 66. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Our world is being tagged today!
  67. 67. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Bootstrap Technologies Mediated Directly connected QR NFC 1D Connectivity / Required Power Image Rec BLE EPC WSN & 6lowpan WSN Sigfox, Neul, et.c WSN & 800.15.04 ibeacon WSN & Wifi WSN & 3G
  68. 68. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Level 1: QR Codes §  Royality-free encoding algorithm (Toyota’s Denso Wave) §  40 different levels §  4 error correction levels §  Add a logo! §  Standardized content: URLs, v-card, etc.
  69. 69. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Level 2: NFC: Because touching feels better §  13.56 MHz, “Touch” technology §  Driven by NFC Forum (Google, Nokia, Intel, Visa, etc.) §  NDEF: Data standard (URLs, Text, Poster, etc.) §  Supported on Android since 2.3+[Image courtesy of Timo Arnall www.elasticspaces.com]
  70. 70. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Lowering the costs: printed NFC •  NFC tags can be printed (Thinfilm) –  Lowers the costs by •  Sensors can be added to the tags –  E.g., Thinfilm temperature sensor
  71. 71. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Level 3: EPC: Don’t touch me! §  Electronic Product Code §  96 bits world-wide unique product identifier & standards §  Commercial attribution of codes (GS1) §  EPC can be written to NFC tags §  EPC Gen2 tags enable distant reading §  EPC likes Java: §  fosstrak.org
  72. 72. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Say Hello to BLE: Bluetooth 4.0 Bluetooth (<4.0) Buetooth Low Energy (4.0) Radio power max 100 mW max 10 mW Range max 100 m <50 m Band- width up to 3 Mbit/s up to 1 Mbit/s Boot- strap 100 ms 6 ms •  Not quite NFC, not quite EPC, not quite WSN, best of all? –  Low-power => long battery life (years) –  Active => reading from a distance
  73. 73. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 BLE BT 4.0 : Examples §  Lot’s of applications: –  Smart lost&found –  Active tagging –  Sports trackers –  Smart watches –  Wireless payments –  etc. §  However $$$ > NFC, Barcodes, EPC [sticknfind.com] [thetileapp.com] [getpeeble.com] [jawbone.com]
  74. 74. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 02 01 1a 1a ff 4c 00 02 15 e2 c5 6d b5 df fb 48 d2 b0 60 d0 f5 a7 10 96 e0 00 00 00 00 c5 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 “ ” iBeacons != BLE
  75. 75. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 iBeacons §  Not (yet) a standard Bluetooth profile –  Sort of an active NFC –  Several iBeacons providers §  Usage –  Micro-location based services –  Ideal bootstrap or call to action
  76. 76. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Resolving the bootstrap problem: SCANTHNG QR Code – Reads all QR Codes, exactly the same as any QR reader app available to download. Rich Media – Can be used to trigger rich HTML5 animated, personal experiences, or Augmented Reality 1D Barcode – Can also use existing on- pack barcodes as a unique identifier to deliver online experiences IoT boostrap problem: how do you get people to scan products? SCANTHNG is an in-browser product recognition SDK (pat. pending) Image Recognition – Can be programmed to use product packaging as a trigger to the web.
  77. 77. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 The EVT Toolbox Web / Mobile Web EVRYTHNG.js Wrapper EVRYTHNG Android Wrapper Embedded Mbed, Arduino, etc. Wrappers EVRYTHNG Java Wrapper Portal Thng, Products creator Analytics Actions visualizer Social Profiles Properties visualizer Customized Views ADI generator Mobile Scan-thng Engine APIs Thngs, Products, Collections API Auth + Security (Social nets) API Users + social profiles API Rules configurator Rule engine Temporal properties API Anayltics API Dynamic + contextual redirection
  78. 78. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 The EVRYTHNG Open API §  Give your things a digital identity: –  Products friendly (QR & NFC) –  Sensors friendly (ADK/ADB, BLE) §  Mgt/testing/vizu portal §  Lightweight REST API §  SDKs for: –  Android –  JS –  Arduino (community) –  .Net –  Flyport (community) –  Etc. [dev.evrythng.com]
  79. 79. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 CASE STUDIES
  80. 80. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Connecting some of the worlds best brands
  81. 81. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Case study on Connected Products: Father’s Day •  Marketing campaign for father’s day in Brazil/ Chile/Venezuela/ Australia/Vietnam, etc. –  Built on top of the EVRYTHNG API –  Mobile Web and Desktop apps •  500k+ whisky bottles tagged with unique QR codes
  82. 82. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014
  83. 83. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Results RESULTS:'24'ARTICLES'&'' ROI'='342%' ' % '76,853'' '339,382'' Investment' Return' Investment'vs.'Return'(R$)' 342%' +more%generated%PR%buzz:%342%%PR%ROI%% §  72% sales increase from previous year in Brazil! §  ROI metrics ahead of target. §  Brand equity measures successfully delivered. §  Rolling out in 4 other markets 2013/14.
  84. 84. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Case study on Connected Devices: Dom Perignon at The Savoy Hotel https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=MnTeR7X6H-k •  Physical button placed in room orders a bottle of champagne. –  Physical device based on Open Picus –  Built on top of the EVRYTHNG API
  85. 85. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 CURRENT RESEARCH
  86. 86. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 W3C Workshop last week §  Core Technologies –  What are the foundational technologies and how will these be expected to evolve? §  Domain Challenges –  What are the challenges for particular domains of use and how would open standards help? §  From Things to the Web of Things –  What runtime environment is needed for services on devices. –  The role of scripting from microcontrollers to super computers. –  What kinds of APIs are needed for implementing device drivers? –  What is needed for locally installed applications and services. –  How to bridge firewalls and network address translation? –  How to address provisioning and management of devices and services? –  How to describe and bind services into a web of coupled services? http://www.w3.org/2014/02/wot/
  87. 87. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 W3C Workshop last week §  The Role of Semantics –  Interpreting sensor input, and determining how to control actuators is very much dependent on the context and access to accurate up to date information, for instance, descriptions of people, places, tasks and things. –  Semantics are key to ensuring interoperability, e.g. as a basis for describing physical units. What is needed to encourage use of common vocabularies and how should these be standardized? –  What is the relationship between services and the Web of data? §  Security, Trust and Privacy –  Systems of identifiers for people, devices, services and applications. –  The role of identity providers in enabling the Web of Trust. –  Proactive measures such as encryption, authentication, access control, and approaches for handling privacy and provenance. –  Retroactive measures such as monitoring, defense in depth, graceful degradation in the presence of faults, and mechanisms for isolating and limiting the effects of attacks. –  Social relationships between people, devices, services and applications.
  88. 88. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 W3C Workshop last week §  User Interfaces –  What is needed for the next generation of user interfaces for the Web of Things? §  Scalability –  What are the challenges and potential solutions for scalable services, and how do these vary according to the domain of use? –  Extracting meaning from progressive interpretation of ambiguous or noisy data in combination with access to contextual information, including goals and current priorities. –  Mapping high level intent to coordinated and synchronized control of actuators. §  Open Markets –  What is needed to enable open markets of services, e.g. payments, discovery, reviews, reputation, developer tools and so forth?
  89. 89. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Collaborative Open Market to Place Objects at your Service
  90. 90. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Open and Scalable Marketplace infrastructure Internet of Things Internet of Services from Smart Objects to Servicesto Applications & Store FROM the Internet of Things TO the Internet of Services… COMPOSE Project
  91. 91. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 COMPOSE Ease the task of developers creating applications based on Internet-connected smart objects - Easily: o  register and absorb data from smart objects o  access historical and real-time data o  provide analytics services on incoming data o  send notifications based on incoming data o  control smart objects (PubSub) o  discover and re-use existing building blocks o  combine existing building blocks o  build new applications o  deploy new applications - Cloud deployment – CloudFoundry - Do all the above in a secure manner PaaS and MarketPlace for IoT
  92. 92. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 COMPOSE Platform in a nutshell
  93. 93. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 COMPOSE: Stream Processing §  Provide simple data processing logic •  JSON for definition •  Descriptive language •  For each CSO code is injected in STORM bolts •  JavaScript for processing logic (no loops – finite computation) §  Design principles •  Event-driven •  Lock-free •  Stream-oriented –  Sources can be: •  SOs •  Other CSOs COMPOSE  Consor-um   93   SO CSO Location WO Inside GeoFence? UserID Discard CSO SO Sunny I want to be notified of users near my location on a suny day! Location Inside GeoFence and Sunny?
  94. 94. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 COMPOSE: Stream Processing COMPOSE  Consor-um   94   { "groups": { "group1": { "soIds": [ "1393322724658c4f69d27627f496bbb6fadf64bb65f4c", "13933230199264843a282ca8c471e962b4c61c53dadf5" ], "stream": "location" }, "group2": { "soIds": [ "139332303660140b55563e1b34751a9496ecffb0c64a5", "139332304556888d068cef3e645fd803bb4d2a60a15ea" ], "stream": "location" } }, … }
  95. 95. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 COMPOSE: Stream Processing "streams": { "proximity": { "pre-filter": "{$group1.}!=null && {$group2.}!=null", "channels": { "p": { "current-value": "Math.sqrt(Math.pow({$group1.channels.latitude.current- value} - {$group2.channels.latitude.current-value}, 2) + Math.pow({$group1.channels.longitude.current-value} - {$group2.channels.longitude.current- value}, 2))", "type": "number" } }, "post-filter": "{$proximity.} == null || {$proximity.channels.p.current-value} != {$result.channels.p.current-value}" }, "near": { "channels": { "n": { "current-value": "{$proximity.channels.p.current-value} <= 0.0001", "type": "boolean" } }, "post-filter": "{$near.} == null || {$near.channels.n.current-value} != {$result.channels.n.current-value}" } }
  96. 96. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 COMPOSE: Security and Privacy •  Unified and integrated security architecture –  Identity management –  Policy specifications •  Data provenance •  Trust and reputation •  Secure information flow –  Analysis and monitoring –  Instrumentation and reconfiguration
  97. 97. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 COMPOSE PUB/SUB §  Support for MQTT and STOMP –  servIoTicy allows for the interaction with the platform through protocols that are not HTTP/REST. –  Support for MQTT and STOMP. §  They can be used in three different forms –  For cient/server interaction with servIoTicy, emulating the behaviour of the REST API –  For data streams subscriptions: A client can subscribe to a data stream and receive all the updates being send to a SO stream. –  For actuations: requesting actions on devices. Actuations allow for the invocation of remote action on a device connected to the platform.
  98. 98. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 COMPOSE The Open Source parts https://github.com/compose-euservIoTicy IoT streaming made easy COMPOSE SDKs http://www.servioticy.com http://www.gluethings.com
  99. 99. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Available software servIoTicy -  RESTful API for storing/retrieving sensor data (api.servioticy.com) -  MQTT and STOMP binding to REST -  ElasticSearch queries http://www.servioticy.com glue.things -  Create users/Register smart objects -  NodeRED visual workflow editor http://www.gluethings.com COMPOSE SDK -  Node.js & JavaScript libraries -  Native Android Library -  Cross platform (Titanium Appcelerator) -  Devices Libraries (Arduino, Flyport, SparkCores) https://github.com/compose-eu
  100. 100. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 SHOW TIME
  101. 101. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Connected Products Demo §  Idea: Cross selling products 1.  Scan one can of soda 2.  Get content 3.  Share on facebook 4.  Scan one savoury snack right after 5.  Get a reward 6.  Get social and share the reward with a friend!
  102. 102. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Connected Devices Demo §  Idea: Smart Street Lamp 1.  Street lamps come with NFC tags 2.  Scan lamp 3.  Get real time information 4.  Get actuation possibilities 5.  Get additional services (reporting status) 6.  Dashboard
  103. 103. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 COMPOSE SMART PRODUCT INTERACTION §  Create the virtual identity of a product §  Make it recognizable §  Define streams of information to capture and configuration §  User interaction
  104. 104. @EVRYTHNG | @webofthings© Evrythng Limited | 2014 Dominique Guinard Co-Founder & CTO dom@evrythng.com skype: mr_dom128 Thank you Iker Larizgoitia Research Developer iker@evrythng.com skype: iker.larizgoitia

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