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The Emergence of E-Bikes on Asian Roads
Katrin Eisenbeiß8/13/2014
>550 million two- and three-wheelers in Asia by 2035
Growth rates in India and China: ~11% p.a.
Success of 2- & 3-wheelers...
2005: 10 million
1998: 40,000
E-Bikes Sales in China
8/13/2014 Katrin Eisenbeiß
3
Less labor-intensive than cycling or walking
Door-to-door mobility
Independent from schedules and routes
Flexible in conge...
Rapid population growth
Congestion in mixed traffic
Loss of productive time
Poor Public Transport
8/13/2014 Katrin Eisenbe...
Long walking distances to stations
High fares
Long waiting time in crowded station
Overcrowded vehicles
Poor Public Transp...
Middle-income households
Trips under 10km
Efficient and Cost-effective
8/13/2014 Katrin Eisenbeiß
Photo credits: Zhou Jia,...
Cost-effectiveness
8/13/2014 Katrin Eisenbeiß
Unit Cost Rate of Impact
Cost per 100 pax-km (in US$)
E-Bike Bus Car
Purchas...
No Direct Urban Air Pollution
8/13/2014 Katrin Eisenbeiß
China: government ban for gasoline-powered two-
wheelers
No tailp...
Emissions
8/13/2014 Katrin Eisenbeiß
Energy
Use
(kWh/100
pax-km)
CO2
(g/pax-km)
SO2
(g/pax-km)
PM
(g/pax-km)
NOX
(g/pax-km...
No distinction between different types of e-bikes
Road Transportation Safety Law classifies e-bikes as
non-motorized vehic...
Road Safety
8/13/2014 Katrin Eisenbeiß
Source: changed according to Yao and Wu, 2011
31.3%
24.5%
21.8%
30.2%
26.2%
28.1%
2...
Increase of e-bike related fatalities by almost six times
between 2004 and 2008
Road Safety
8/13/2014 Katrin Eisenbeiß
13
Definitions and Data for different types of e-bikes
Safety regulations
More renewable energies for power generation
Regula...
Katrin Eisenbeiß
k.eisenbeiss@gmx.de
@KEisenbei
katrin.eisenbeiss
Contact
15
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The Emergence of E-Bikes on Asian Roads - Katrin Eisenbeiß - EMBARQ

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An overview of electric bikes in Asia. There are estimated to be more than 550 million two- and three-wheelers in Asia by 2035. The slides looked at the popularity of e-bike in Asia, its costs and benefits, and compared its emission and safety levels with other modes of transport.

Read more about e-bikes on TheCityFix.com: http://bit.ly/1jfH6B1

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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The Emergence of E-Bikes on Asian Roads - Katrin Eisenbeiß - EMBARQ

  1. 1. The Emergence of E-Bikes on Asian Roads Katrin Eisenbeiß8/13/2014
  2. 2. >550 million two- and three-wheelers in Asia by 2035 Growth rates in India and China: ~11% p.a. Success of 2- & 3-wheelers in Asia 8/13/2014 Katrin Eisenbeiß Photo credits: Benoit Colin, EMBARQ Bangalore, India 2
  3. 3. 2005: 10 million 1998: 40,000 E-Bikes Sales in China 8/13/2014 Katrin Eisenbeiß 3
  4. 4. Less labor-intensive than cycling or walking Door-to-door mobility Independent from schedules and routes Flexible in congested roads Faster than alternatives Less space requirements for parking than four-wheelers Convenient, Independent and Fast 8/13/2014 Katrin Eisenbeiß Bangkok, Thailand 4
  5. 5. Rapid population growth Congestion in mixed traffic Loss of productive time Poor Public Transport 8/13/2014 Katrin Eisenbeiß 5
  6. 6. Long walking distances to stations High fares Long waiting time in crowded station Overcrowded vehicles Poor Public Transport 8/13/2014 Katrin Eisenbeiß 6
  7. 7. Middle-income households Trips under 10km Efficient and Cost-effective 8/13/2014 Katrin Eisenbeiß Photo credits: Zhou Jia, EMBARQ Hangzhou, China 7
  8. 8. Cost-effectiveness 8/13/2014 Katrin Eisenbeiß Unit Cost Rate of Impact Cost per 100 pax-km (in US$) E-Bike Bus Car Purchase price 0.50 0.17 5.21 Battery Costs 34/battery 10,000km/battery 0.34 Electricity (use phase only) 0.08/kWh 1.3kWh/100km 0.10 Gasoline (use phase only) 0.56/L 7.9L/100km 4.42 Fare 0.19-0.38 per trip 4.4km/trip 6.50 Travel Time 9.70 20.62 9.30 Total cost per 100 passenger kilometer traveled 12.42 27.53 30.40 Source: changed according to Cherry, 2007 8
  9. 9. No Direct Urban Air Pollution 8/13/2014 Katrin Eisenbeiß China: government ban for gasoline-powered two- wheelers No tailpipe emissions from e-bikes Source of emissions is outside city 9
  10. 10. Emissions 8/13/2014 Katrin Eisenbeiß Energy Use (kWh/100 pax-km) CO2 (g/pax-km) SO2 (g/pax-km) PM (g/pax-km) NOX (g/pax-km) Lead (g/pax-km) Car 140 306 0.689 0.277 1.32 0.299 Bus 13.06 48.4 0.022 0.065 0.270 0.005 BSEB* 6.12 22.08 0.123 0.125 0.027 0.710 SSEB** 8.42 30.44 0.164 0.175 0.020 1.013 *BSEB = bicycle-style electric bike **SSEB = scooter-style electric bike Source: changed according to Cherry, 2007 10
  11. 11. No distinction between different types of e-bikes Road Transportation Safety Law classifies e-bikes as non-motorized vehicles Lack of safety regulations (e.g. helmet enforcement, licensing, speed limits…) Road Safety 8/13/2014 Katrin Eisenbeiß Shanghai, China 11
  12. 12. Road Safety 8/13/2014 Katrin Eisenbeiß Source: changed according to Yao and Wu, 2011 31.3% 24.5% 21.8% 30.2% 26.2% 28.1% 23.8% 26.3% 30.6% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% Gender Driver license E-bike type Riding experience E-bike drivers with a history of at-fault accident during the previous year in Beijing and Hangzhou (2011) 12
  13. 13. Increase of e-bike related fatalities by almost six times between 2004 and 2008 Road Safety 8/13/2014 Katrin Eisenbeiß 13
  14. 14. Definitions and Data for different types of e-bikes Safety regulations More renewable energies for power generation Regulations and incentives for battery disposal/recycling Improvements in PT and NMT that address mobility needs (reliability, affordability, connectivity, efficiency, safety) What do we need? 8/13/2014 Katrin Eisenbeiß 14
  15. 15. Katrin Eisenbeiß k.eisenbeiss@gmx.de @KEisenbei katrin.eisenbeiss Contact 15

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