The Value of Great Streets:
Safety, Mobility, Vitality
Istanbul, 26 August 2013
•  plaza •  Bike lane
Urbanity
Vitality
Great Streets – Great Cities
Mobility
Safety
Mobility
•  Basic Urban Form + Street Design
–  Death & injury are largest cost of
automobile transport for most cities
– rivaling ...
•  Strong benefit : cost ratio
•  Safety projects can outperform
pure mobility projects
•  Fast implementation with ordina...
•  Above: person-capacity per hour of a typical 3.5m lane
•  Walking and cycling save space – the scarcest urban resource
...
•  In New York City, bicycle
commuting rose as bike
network expanded from
2008 to 2013
•  Has risen by 300% since
2000.
Gr...
A Virtuous Cycle
•  Walking and biking
households spend
more locally than
drivers
•  Presence of local
businesses improves...
•  Projects are not
intuitive to all
businesses
•  Working closely with
groups of small
retailers or with
primary stakehol...
Pedestrian	
  space	
  and	
  bike	
  
connec7vity	
  at	
  a	
  transit	
  hub	
  and	
  park	
  
Union Square North, Man...
Pearl Street Plaza, Brooklyn
Retail	
  
Sales	
  up	
  
172%	
  
Locally-­‐designed	
  plaza	
  replaces	
  empty	
  aspha...
9th Avenue Protected Bike Lanes
Retail	
  
Sales	
  up	
  
49%	
  
Injuries	
  
down	
  
58%	
  
2,200	
  
bikes	
  per	
 ...
Palmer Street, Cambridge MA
Brighton New Road
Pedestrian	
  
volume	
  up	
  
62%	
  
Car	
  speeds	
  
down	
  to	
  20	
  
kph	
  
“Staying	
  
acQv...
West Palm Beach, Florida
Retail	
  
occupancy	
  
at	
  80%	
  
Downtown	
  revitaliza7on	
  with	
  safe	
  street	
  des...
Questions
Matthew Roe
matthewjafferoe@gmail.com
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The Value of Great Streets - Matthew Roe, New York City DOT

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Matthew Roe is a Senior Planning and Research Manager for the New York City Department of Transportation. This presentation from August 26, 2013 comes from a seminar on effective street design to improve safety and economic vitality. The seminar was hosted by EMBARQ Turkey at the Istanbul Technical University.

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The Value of Great Streets - Matthew Roe, New York City DOT

  1. 1. The Value of Great Streets: Safety, Mobility, Vitality Istanbul, 26 August 2013
  2. 2. •  plaza •  Bike lane Urbanity Vitality Great Streets – Great Cities Mobility Safety Mobility
  3. 3. •  Basic Urban Form + Street Design –  Death & injury are largest cost of automobile transport for most cities – rivaling congestion –  Traffic crashes are a leading cause of death worldwide, esp. young adults –  Dumbaugh & Rae found that traditional urban neighborhoods were safer than suburban areas with large, fast arterial streets –  1 in 5 of Turkey’s road deaths are pedestrians 10.8 3.3 13.4 1.6 0.0   10.0   20.0   US NYC Turkiye Istanbul Traffic Fatality Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants Safety Dense cities are much safer than car- oriented cities and rural areas
  4. 4. •  Strong benefit : cost ratio •  Safety projects can outperform pure mobility projects •  Fast implementation with ordinary materials •  Measurable results •  Most cost-effective to implement as a continuing citywide program Safety
  5. 5. •  Above: person-capacity per hour of a typical 3.5m lane •  Walking and cycling save space – the scarcest urban resource Graphic: Asian Development Bank Mobility
  6. 6. •  In New York City, bicycle commuting rose as bike network expanded from 2008 to 2013 •  Has risen by 300% since 2000. Graphic: NYC Dept. of Transportation Mobility Bicycling  grows  as  bike  networks  are  improved  
  7. 7. A Virtuous Cycle •  Walking and biking households spend more locally than drivers •  Presence of local businesses improves attraction of street •  Result: more and safer walking Improved   Street   Design   Improved   Safety   More   Walking/ Biking   Stronger   Local  Retail   Support  for   Street   Design   Economic Vitality
  8. 8. •  Projects are not intuitive to all businesses •  Working closely with groups of small retailers or with primary stakeholders can overcome these concerns Economic Vitality
  9. 9. Pedestrian  space  and  bike   connec7vity  at  a  transit  hub  and  park   Union Square North, Manhattan Retail vacancies cut in half Travel times unchanged Injury crashes down by 26% Source: NYC Dept. of Transportation
  10. 10. Pearl Street Plaza, Brooklyn Retail   Sales  up   172%   Locally-­‐designed  plaza  replaces  empty  asphalt,  providing  focal   point  for  a  neighborhood  in  transi7on  from  industrial  to  mixed-­‐use   Source: NYC Dept. of Transportation
  11. 11. 9th Avenue Protected Bike Lanes Retail   Sales  up   49%   Injuries   down   58%   2,200   bikes  per   day   Source: NYC Dept. of Transportation Protected  Bike  Lane  replaces  one  lane  of   mixed  traffic,  adding  pedestrian  refuges   and  greening  the  street.    
  12. 12. Palmer Street, Cambridge MA
  13. 13. Brighton New Road Pedestrian   volume  up   62%   Car  speeds   down  to  20   kph   “Staying   acQviQes”  up   600%   Source: Gehl Architects Shared  Street  design  allows  deliveries  and  bicycling  on  a  pedestrian-­‐ dominated  retail  street    
  14. 14. West Palm Beach, Florida Retail   occupancy   at  80%   Downtown  revitaliza7on  with  safe  street  designs  as  a  centerpiece  
  15. 15. Questions Matthew Roe matthewjafferoe@gmail.com

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