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  1. 1. H U R I Y O M U H U D I N , M A D I N A H U S S E I N , A N DF A D U M O I B R A H I MCulture ExchangeSomalia
  2. 2. Objectives Learn about the school and home culture ofSomalia Discuss the experience of families living inthe US as immigrants Discuss what we can do to better serve ourEL and NELB Families.
  3. 3. Geography and Population• Population of 10 million (many moreSomalis in surrounding countries)• Bordered by Ethiopiaand Kenya
  4. 4. Current Situation Since the Civil War began in the late 80’s and early90’s, there has been very little infrastructure inSomalia. Right now there is no highway system, no publicschools, etc… A new Government is trying to improve theconditions in the country, but it is a huge struggle
  5. 5. Basic Information Northern Somalia was originally colonized by theBritish. It is largely desert, and is slightly moredeveloped and has an economy based on business. Southern Somalia was originally colonized by Italy.It is less developed and is based more on agriculture.Mogadishu
  6. 6. Family Structure Family is very important, and extended families sticktogether. They live very close to each other, and often inthe same home. Once women are married, they usually move out to starttheir own home, but men stay in the family home even aftermarriage. In most situations, the men work and the women raise thechildren and take care of the home. In wealthierfamilies, the women may work and the family will hire ananny/maid, or rely on family members to help with thechildren.
  7. 7. General School Information Attendance is not mandatory Only big cities had public schools (now there are nopublic schools) Six hours a day (7 AM – 1 PM) No Kindergarten Students sometimes start at different ages, but theyalways start as 1st graders 40 students in one class Structured as Elementary, Middle, and High School(4 years each)
  8. 8. General School Information No transportation No school lunch, but you can buy snacks No libraries in schools, but the cities have public libraries They give you textbooks, but they stay at school Very teacher centered—all direct instruction Students stay in their own class, and the teacher rotatesto the different classes Responsibility of the school to discipline the child. No homework is ever given in Somalia. Only involved in school when situations are very serious.
  9. 9. MNPS Students Very few (approximately 5%-10%) of the students weserve have ever lived in Somalia. Approximately 50% were born in the U.S. Other students lived in Refugee camps and cities (ina few cases) in either Kenya or Ethiopia.Dadaab Refugee Camp
  10. 10. Special Education/Student Services Any student with any type of special need or learningdelay does not attend school Report cards issued twice a year Students are retained if they fail a class—it doesn’tmatter how old they are.
  11. 11. Bantu Somalis Bantu tribe is from the South, and has a history ofbeing an overlooked ethnic minority. There are many Bantu Somalis who live in Nashvilleand whose children attend MNPS schools. There are differences in how these families approachschool and culture.
  12. 12. Cultural Differences Communication Exchange of money (both here and to Somalia)
  13. 13. Quick Language LessonHello A salam alaikumHow are you? Saay ta hiGood Ve ahnMy name is ___________ Maga iego ___________Thank you Mahad sanidWelcome So da whoNice to meet Bara show wan axint