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eCampusOntario Open Practice

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Presentation used at University of Waterloo, Ontario on October 25, 2017.

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eCampusOntario Open Practice

  1. 1. 2 ontario David Porter, Ed.D. CEO, eCampusOntario davidp@ecampusontario.ca Twitter: @dendroglyph Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike License. Feel free to use, modify, reuse or redistribute any or all of this presentation.
  2. 2. 3 We wish to acknowledge the land on which this event takes place. We acknowledge that we are on the traditional territory of the Attawandaron (Neutral), Anishnaabeg, and Haudenosaunee peoples. Today, this meeting place, like many others across Ontario, is still home to many Indigenous people and we are grateful to have the opportunity to work and meet on this land. Acknowledgement
  3. 3. 4 Rethinking learning resources October 25, 2017
  4. 4. OUR NORMAL WORKING CONTEXT IS CHANGING
  5. 5. FASTER + FASTER OUR WORK IS HAPPENING beforea smoother state now responsiveness to change and emergent opportunities is the new normal
  6. 6. 8 Rethinking Needs to be at the core of our practice
  7. 7. Simon Bates, University of British Columbia. extend.ecampusontario.ca
  8. 8. 10 An immersive, experiential learning opportunity where the participants are challenged to teach and learn with different modes and formats, to create and collaborate using digital technology tools, and to discern what approaches may be used to design significant technology-enabled learning experiences. @ontarioextend https://extend.ecampusontario.ca #oextend
  9. 9. e4 •explore •engage •extend •empower Our mantra…
  10. 10. 13 Rethinking AS a Theme to guide our program designs Rethinking learning resources Rethinking the learning experience Rethinking recognition of learning
  11. 11. 14 ontario Rethinking Learning Resources What happens when we bring teaching and learning into the open?
  12. 12. Why OPEN ? Image by Craig Garner
  13. 13. PD-US via Wikimedia Commons “Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages…” Source: United Nations, 1948, Universal Declaration of Human Rights Article 26, paragraph 1 Universal Declaration of Human Rights It started in 1948
  14. 14. UNESCO http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/access-to-knowledge/ open-educational-resources/what-are-open-educational-resources-oers/ UNESCO “Open Educational Resources (OERs) are any type of educational materials that are in the public domain or introduced with an open license. The nature of these open materials means that anyone can legally and freely copy, use, adapt and re-share them.”
  15. 15. Open Education encompasses resources, tools and practices that are free of legal, financial and technical barriers and can be fully used, shared and adapted in the digital environment. Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition- sparcopen.org
  16. 16. 19 Grant freedoms instead of imposing restrictions Sharing is fundamental to teaching Collaboration is a good thing Assumptions about Openness
  17. 17. “…openness is the sole means by which education is effected. If a teacher is not sharing what he or she knows, there is no education happening. In fact, those educators who share the most thoroughly of themselves with the greatest proportion of their students are the ones we deem successful. Does every single student come out of a class in possession of the knowledge and skills the teacher tried to share? In other words, is the teacher a successful sharer? If so, then the teacher is a successful educator. If attempts at sharing fail, then the teacher is a poor educator. Education is sharing. Education is about being open.” Openness as Catalyst for an Education Reformation, David Wiley, EDUCAUSE Review, vol. 45, no. Educational 4 (July/August 2010): 14–20
  18. 18. 21 • The right to make,own and control copies of the contentRetain • The right to use the content in a wide range of waysReuse • The right to adapt, adjust, or modify the content itselfRevise • The right to combine the original or revised content with other open content to create something new Remix • The right to share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes with others Redistribute Source: David Wiley, http://opencontent.org/blog/archives/3221 March 5, 2014, CC-BY The 5Rs of openness
  19. 19. A simple, standardized way to grant copyright permissions to your creative work.
  20. 20. Some Rights Reserved Creative Commons logo by Creative Commons used under under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
  21. 21. Image from Copyright in Education & Internet in South African Law http://education-copyright.org/creative-commons/ Used under Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 South Africa license
  22. 22. 26 ontario Rethinking Learning Resources
  23. 23. And, free is more than just a good deal
  24. 24. 28 ontario The Big Idea of Open Giving instructional resources expanded power to enable learning and teaching, beyond being just free or low cost
  25. 25. 5 benefits to openness
  26. 26. 30 ontario Benefit #1: Full Legal Control • to customize • to localize • to personalize • to update • to translate • to remix Some Rights Reserved Creative Commons logo by Creative Commons used under under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
  27. 27. The more context a learning resources has, the more (and the more easily) a learner can learn from it. To make learning resources maximally reusable, learning objects should contain as little context as possible. The Reusability Paradox image by Wayne Mackintosh used under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY 3.0) Retrieved from http://wikieducator.org/File:Reusability_paradox.svg#filelinks Reusability Paradox
  28. 28. Shark! by guitarfish used under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 2.0 Generic license.
  29. 29. Sharks are a group of fish characterized by a cartilaginous skeleton, five to seven gill slits on the sides of the head, and pectoral fins that are not fused to the head. This is a modified image based on Shark! by guitarfish used under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 2.0 Generic license. Shark text from Wikipedia and used under a Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 3.0 license. This modified image is released under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 2.0 Generic license.
  30. 30. Symbiosis is the close and often long-term interaction between two or more different biological species This is a modified image based on Shark! by guitarfish used under Creative Commons Attribution Non- Commercial 2.0 Generic license. Symbiosis text from Wikipedia and used under a Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike 3.0 license. This modified image is released under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 2.0 Generic license.
  31. 31. “Therefore, pedagogical effectiveness and potential for reuse are completely at odds with one another, unless the end user is permitted to edit the learning resource.” Source: The Reusability Paradox, David Wiley, Connexions. http://cnx.org/content/m11898/latest/
  32. 32. Open thinking is spreading worldwide
  33. 33. Images from Oxfam.org CC-BY and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Daniel_Mietchen/Talks/World_Open_Educational_Resources_Congress_2012 /How_Open_Access_and_Open_Science_can_mutually_fertilize_with_Open_Educational_Resources CC-BY Why is this work happening? To increase access to higher education by reducing student costs To improve student learning by removing barriers to resources To give faculty more control over their instructional resources
  34. 34. Choices for students
  35. 35. Empowering faculty Who are the Open Rangers on your campus?
  36. 36. Beyond Free Benefit #2 Access to customized resources improves learning
  37. 37. New Studies and Data
  38. 38. Beyond Free Benefit #3 Open provides opportunities for authentic learning activities
  39. 39. 45 5.5 million views per month. ChemWiki most visited chemistry website in the world. Delmar Larsen offers extra credit to students who submit entries to an online Chemistry textbook. He assigns a rating system to new articles based on the author's expertise and experience, with articles moving up as they are edited and vetted. Sources: ChemWiki takes on costly textbooks UC Davis News, October 2013 UCD Hyperlink Newsletter October 2014
  40. 40. 46 Robin DeRosa Plymouth State University – New Hampshire The Open Anthology of Early American Literature “I launched the open textbook project over a summer, and because I teach at a public university where I had no easy access to graduate assistants or funding, I hired a bunch of undergrad students and recent alums, and paid them out of my own pocket to assist me. Turns out, most of them were willing to work for free (I didn’t let them, though what I paid was low because it was all I could spare), and turns out the whole endeavor of building the work turned out to be transformative to my own pedagogy and to the course that followed.”
  41. 41. Linking research with teaching
  42. 42. Beyond Free Benefit #4 Collegial collaboration
  43. 43. Peer Reviewed Resources My Adventures Adapting a Chemistry Textbook291/365 by thebarrowboy used under a CC-BY
  44. 44. Library sprints
  45. 45. Textbook sprints
  46. 46. Test bank sprints 2 Days 17 Psych Faculty 6 Institutions 850 Questions
  47. 47. 53Practice SIMs
  48. 48. 54
  49. 49. Beyond Free Benefit #5 Demonstration of the service mission institutions
  50. 50. Author: Mathieu Plourde: CC-BY-SA http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:MOOC_poster_mathplourde.jpg Making MOOCs truly open
  51. 51. 58 How does ontario benefit? Targeted open core content in a high impact subject Meaningful partnerships with other jurisdictions in Canada and the US A scalable OER solution which institutions can adopt as their own STUDENT SAVINGS PARTNERSHIPS SUSTAINABLE OER
  52. 52. 59 ontario Textbook and resource materials costs have increased 129% over 15 years: nearly 4 times inflation* Financial Consumer Agency of Canada (2014) advises post secondary students to budget $800-$1000 per year for required course materials* Student Affordability: the current landscape
  53. 53. 60
  54. 54. 61
  55. 55. 63 ontario Ontario Needs OER… Storage Distribution Authoring Incentivized review Training and support
  56. 56. Publish Many Write Once
  57. 57. 65
  58. 58. 66 ontario Beyond textbooks Teachers also need OPEN resources • Project files • Learning activities • Assessments • Homework help • Power point decks
  59. 59. 67 ontario • Connect with other jurisdictions to collaborate, share and pool resoucres • Position Ontario as a global leader in the OER movement Benefit #2: partnerships
  60. 60. 68 ontario • Governments, non-profits and foundations in North America have been funding OER development for the past decade. • OER is emerging as a strategic priority for institutions in Ontario. • Institutions must become the primary agents in the open publishing process. • This platform will give them the infrastructure they need to pursue open beyond government funding. Benefit #3: Sustainable oer
  61. 61. 69 Potential student savings: Nursing Average ancilliary fee at a university nursing program in Ontario $1,267* F E E S Students enrolled or registered in a Nursing program at an Ontario college or university in 2015-16 15,605* S T U D E N T S Estimated savings for Ontario nursing students 19 million S A V I N G S *See p. 12 for Citations
  62. 62. 70 The State University of New York. 64 institutions serving 1.3 million students. Dedicated to open via SUNY OER services SUNY Not-for-profit based out of Rice University. Experts in publishing open textbooks in STEM disciplines OPEN STAX Canadian leaders in Open Education. Creators of first Canadian open textbook library. Internationally recognized. BCCAMPUS Not-for-profit corporation that develops software and communities to forward open publishing, open webbooks, and open education. REBUS COMMUNITY Who are our partners?
  63. 63. This image is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. Attribution: Terry Goss But, beware of sharks in open waters
  64. 64. “Openwashing”
  65. 65. Openness in education is not a new idea — but it needs renewed expression in a digital era and broader application in higher education Openness is not just a historical development — it is a social, cultural and economic phenomenon Fundamentally, education is a human right — let’s make educational resources openly accessible in all formats Take away messages
  66. 66. Don’t reinvent it Adopt and adapt
  67. 67. Be OPEN! David Porter • davidp@ecampusontario.ca Slides reused, remixed, and re-engineered from original slides by David Porter BCIT.ca, Amanda Coolidge, BCcampus, and Clint Lalonde BCcampus.ca. Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike License. Feel free to use, modify, reuse or redistribute any or all of this presentation with attribution.
  68. 68. 76 Thank you VERY MUCH Questions?

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