Doing a Literature Review - Part 3

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Doing a Literature Review - Part 3

  1. 1. Literature Survey, Literature Comprehension, & Literature Review
  2. 2. Literature Comprehension
  3. 3. Literature Comprehension <ul><li>The literature comprehension is the process of reading and understanding the research found in the survey process. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Literature Comprehension <ul><li>You’ve found 50 papers, now what are you going to do with them ? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Literature Comprehension <ul><li>You’ve found 50 papers, now what are you going to do with them ? </li></ul><ul><li>The first thing to do is to divide them into piles based on sub-topics within your research, so some papers might be about the overall themes and others might be about specific issues. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Literature Comprehension <ul><li>Now start to read them, I suggest ten sittings, reading five papers in each sitting. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Literature Comprehension <ul><li>You will be freaked out after reading the first five papers, you will be deluged with new terminology, models and approaches. </li></ul><ul><li>The important thing is to hang in there, don’t get overwhelmed by it all, just read them, and make a note of all new terms, models and approaches… </li></ul>
  8. 8. Literature Comprehension <ul><li>… in your notebook </li></ul>
  9. 9. Literature Comprehension <ul><li>Don’t get overwhelmed by it all, the more papers you read, the less new terms you will be encountering, the more of an expert you will become. </li></ul><ul><li>You are also adding to your keyword search list. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Literature Comprehension <ul><li>The first ten papers are the worst, once you are over that hurdle, you will find the rest much easier. </li></ul><ul><li>Also in your notebook write down any nice phrases used in the papers, any interesting approaches to the experiments and any nice display of results. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Literature Comprehension <ul><li>Also don’t be afraid to ask for help – from your supervisor or other people. </li></ul><ul><li>The process of reading and trying to understand complex research can sometimes be a discouraging one, but a systematic approach to tackling this is best. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Literature Comprehension <ul><li>Part of the process might be that you have to do a simple replica of an experiment described in the research to fully understand it. </li></ul><ul><li>That’s alright, because with all the simulation and prototyping software now available, that’s not as hard as it used to be. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Literature Comprehension <ul><li>Active Reading: </li></ul><ul><li>It is very important to read new research in an active manner, you shouldn’t just skim read the material, but understand what you are reading, as you are reading it. </li></ul><ul><li>It may be necessary to re-read a sentence, one phrase at a time, or one word at a time until the meaning is evident. </li></ul><ul><li>It may be the case that you will have to consult some reference source to confirm the meaning of terminology, this being the case, it is only logical to keep reference material close to hand (textbooks, the internet, dictionaries, etc.) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Literature Comprehension <ul><li>To help you in this process, I’ve created a checksheet with some friends that have questions you should consider after reading a paper: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.comp.dit.ie/dgordon/CheckSheets/ScienceArticleCheckSheet.doc </li></ul>
  15. 15. Literature Comprehension <ul><li>THE QUESTIONS ARE: </li></ul><ul><li>What type of article is it? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the main issue/problem being discussed? </li></ul><ul><li>Skim read – what could your dissertation gain by including this article? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the article’s contribution to knowledge? </li></ul><ul><li>How can this information be integrated into your review? </li></ul><ul><li>Compare and contrast to similar articles – for or against/ or an extension of the literature? </li></ul><ul><li>Are there recommendations for further research? </li></ul><ul><li>Where is the article placed in your field? Famous author? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the article well written, interesting and easy to read? </li></ul><ul><li>Is there a clear research question – can it be tested? </li></ul><ul><li>What methods are used to carry out research </li></ul><ul><li>Is the design appropriate for testing the stated hypothesis? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the limitations of the design/research methods? </li></ul><ul><li>Are there aspects of the design that could be applied to your work? </li></ul><ul><li>Are the results well displayed and clear? </li></ul><ul><li>Are the results in keeping with the design? </li></ul><ul><li>Are the implications of the study clear? </li></ul><ul><li>Have the results been appropriately discussed? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Literature Review Research Question Experiment Results Also for each paper consider the relationship between the Research Question, the Experiment, and the Results.
  17. 17. Literature Comprehension <ul><li>A typical research paper (from a conference or journal) consists of the following parts; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Title, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abstract, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Methodology, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Results and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bibliography. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Literature Comprehension <ul><li>Literature Map </li></ul><ul><li>You are going to have to put some structure on the literature, one suggestion is to create a literature map. </li></ul><ul><li>Write the title of your research on top, and the main topics relevant to your research underneath, now associate the papers you are reading with each of the topics. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Literature Map
  20. 20. Literature Map

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