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Types of Printers (working and use).pdf

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1
Printer
Printer Definition
 A printer produces
a paper copy of
information
generated by a
computer.
2
3
Printers
Impact Printers Non-Impact Printers
Daisy
wheel
Dot-
Wheel
Inkjet Thermal Laser
Dot-
Chain
4
“Impact Printer”
 1. These printers have a
mechanism that touches
the paper to create an
image. 2. Produces text
and images when tiny
wire pins on print head
strike the ink ribbon by
physically contacting the
paper
5
Impact Non-Impact
Produces text and images when tiny wire
pins on print head strike the ink ribbon by
physically contacting the paper
Produces text and graphics on
paper without actually striking the
paper(no physically contact to
paper)
Uses ink ribbon Uses ink spray
Print quality lower in some types High quality of output, capable of
printing fine and smooth details
Low printing speed Reasonably fast
Generally noise because of the striking
activity
Low noise because there is no striking
mechanism
Not commonly used today Most commonly used printer today
6
“Dot Matrix Printer”
 The term dot matrix
refers to the process of
placing dots to form an
image.
 This is the cheapest and
the most noisy printer
and has a low print
quality. Dot Matrix were
1st introduced by
Centronics in 1970.

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Types of Printers (working and use).pdf

  • 2. Printer Definition  A printer produces a paper copy of information generated by a computer. 2
  • 3. 3 Printers Impact Printers Non-Impact Printers Daisy wheel Dot- Wheel Inkjet Thermal Laser Dot- Chain
  • 4. 4 “Impact Printer”  1. These printers have a mechanism that touches the paper to create an image. 2. Produces text and images when tiny wire pins on print head strike the ink ribbon by physically contacting the paper
  • 5. 5 Impact Non-Impact Produces text and images when tiny wire pins on print head strike the ink ribbon by physically contacting the paper Produces text and graphics on paper without actually striking the paper(no physically contact to paper) Uses ink ribbon Uses ink spray Print quality lower in some types High quality of output, capable of printing fine and smooth details Low printing speed Reasonably fast Generally noise because of the striking activity Low noise because there is no striking mechanism Not commonly used today Most commonly used printer today
  • 6. 6 “Dot Matrix Printer”  The term dot matrix refers to the process of placing dots to form an image.  This is the cheapest and the most noisy printer and has a low print quality. Dot Matrix were 1st introduced by Centronics in 1970.
  • 7. 7 “A typical dot matrix output”
  • 8. 8 “Advantages/Dis-advatages of Dot-Matrix”  Advantages:  (1) In-expensive.  (2) Low per page cost.  (3) Energy efficient.  Dis-advantages:  (1) Noisy  (2) Low resolution  (3) Limited fonts flexibility  (4) Poor quality graphics output.
  • 9. 9 “Daisy Wheel Printer”  A daisy wheel printer is basically an impact printer consisting of a wheel and attached extensions on which molded metal characters are mounted. A daisy wheel printer produces letter quality print and it can’t produce graphics output.
  • 10. 10 How Daisy wheel printer works?  In a daisy wheel printer, a hammer presses the wheel against a ribbon which in turn makes an ink stain on the paper in the form of a character mounted on the wheel extensions.  These printers are very noisy as there occur great movement during the printing. Its printing speed is also very slow ,i.e. less than 90cps.
  • 11. 11 “Ink-Jet Printer”  It is a non-impact printer producing a high quality print. A standard Inkjet printer has a resolution of 300dpi. Newer models have further improved dpi. Inkjet printers were introduced in the later half of 1980s and are very popular owing to their extra-ordinary performance.
  • 12. 12 How Inkjet Printer works?  (1) Print head having four ink cartridges moves .  (2) Software instructs where to apply dots of ink, which color and what quantity to use.  (3) Electrical pulses are sent to the resistors behind each nozzle.  (4) Vapor bubbles of ink are formed by resistors and the ink is forced to the paper through nozzles.  (5) A matrix of dots forms characters and pictures. Color cartridge showing inkjet nozzles.
  • 13. 13 Advantages/ Dis-advantages  Advantages:  (1) High resolution output.  (2) Energy efficient.  (3) Many options to select.  Dis-advantages:  (1) Expensive.  (2) Special paper required for higher resolution output.  (3) Time consuming in case of graphics printing.
  • 14. 14 Thermal Printer  Thermal printers are in- expensive printers mostly used in fax machines. The Thermal printers are further classified into two types.  (1) Electro thermal printers:  (2) Thermal Wax printers: A fax machine using a thermal printer
  • 15. 15 “Laser Printer”  Laser printers use very advanced technology and produce a high quality output. Laser printers can also produce high quality graphics images.  Resolution is 600 to 1200dpi.
  • 16. 16 “Plotter”  A large scale printer which is very accurate in producing engineering drawings and architectural blueprints.  Two types of plotters are flatbed and drum.  Flatbed plotters are horizontally aligned while drum plotters are vertically positioned.
  • 17. 17 “Printers for different users”  To choose a printer from a printer’s family following considerations are to be made.  (1) What’s the budget?  (2) Is color needed or just black& white?  (3) What is the Volume of the output?  (4) How important is the quality of the output?  (5) What special features are needed?  (6) Is the printer is to be used by a single user or a whole network?
  • 18. 18 “Printer for Home users”  For home users, the quality of the print and the price of the printer both matter. So a better choice in such case is a portable color Inkjet printer.  If the budget of the user is good enough then the best choice is a personal laser printer which enhances both the speed and quality of the print.
  • 19. 19 “Small and medium offices”  For small and medium scale offices a better option is a multi-function printer which is an integrated device fulfilling various requirement of the office.  For better output, a laser printer is the best choice.
  • 20. 20 “Printers for banks, large business organizations and companies”  In banks, large size business environments and companies printers with networking capabilities should be preferred which can increase productivity and reduce the cost without compromising on the quality. Of course laser printer is quite suitable choice but multi-functional printer and inkjet printer can also play vital role.
  • 21. 21 “Conclusion”  In fact computer world is incomplete without printers in the modern age of technology. A printer is one of the basic needs of every computer user and one can not utilize computer resources properly in the absence of a quality printer.
  • 22. 22 “References”  Books:  (1) Fundamentals of Electronic Data Processing. By: S.Jaiswal  (2) COMPUTERS. By: Larry Long/Nancy Long.  (3) Using Information Technology. (Course book)  Websites:  http://redhat.com/docs/manuals  http://doit.ort.org/course/output/307.htm  http://deverace.com/printers_types.html  http://howstuffworks.com  http://prenhall.com/long