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 INTRODUCTION TO PRINTERS
 TYPES OF PRINTERS
 IMPACT PRINTERS
 DOT-MATRIX PRINTERS
 DAISY-WHEEL PRINTERS
 LINE PRINTERS
 DRUM PRINTERS
 CHAIN PRINTERS
 BAND PRINTERS
 NON-IMPACT PRINTERS
 INK-JET PRINTERS
 LASER PRINTERS
In computers, a printer is a device that accepts text and graphic
output from a computer and transfers the information to paper,
usually to standard size sheets of paper. Printers are sometimes
sold with computers, but more frequently are purchased
separately. Printers vary in size, speed, sophistication, and cost.
In general, more expensive printers are used for higher-
resolution color printing.
Personal computer printers can be distinguished as impact or non-
impact printers. Early impact printers worked something like an
automatic typewriter, with a key striking an inked impression on
paper for each printed character. The dot-matrix printer was a
popular low-cost personal computer printer. It's an impact printer
that strikes the paper a line at a time. The best-known non-
impact printers are the inkjet printer, of which several makes of
low-cost color printers are an example, and the laser printer. The
inkjet sprays ink from an ink cartridge at very close range to the
paper as it rolls by. The laser printer uses a laser beam reflected
from a mirror to attract ink (called toner ) to selected paper
areas as a sheet rolls over a drum.
 Impact printers
 Non-impact printers
An impact printer makes
contact with the paper. It
usually forms the print
image by pressing an
inked ribbon against the
paper using a hammer or
pins.
TYPES:
 DOT-MATRIX PRINTERS
 DAISY-WHEEL PRINTERS
 LINE PRINTERS
 DRUM PRINTERS
 CHAIN PRINTERS
 BAND PRINTERS
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printers

  • 3.  INTRODUCTION TO PRINTERS  TYPES OF PRINTERS  IMPACT PRINTERS  DOT-MATRIX PRINTERS  DAISY-WHEEL PRINTERS  LINE PRINTERS  DRUM PRINTERS  CHAIN PRINTERS  BAND PRINTERS  NON-IMPACT PRINTERS  INK-JET PRINTERS  LASER PRINTERS
  • 4. In computers, a printer is a device that accepts text and graphic output from a computer and transfers the information to paper, usually to standard size sheets of paper. Printers are sometimes sold with computers, but more frequently are purchased separately. Printers vary in size, speed, sophistication, and cost. In general, more expensive printers are used for higher- resolution color printing. Personal computer printers can be distinguished as impact or non- impact printers. Early impact printers worked something like an automatic typewriter, with a key striking an inked impression on paper for each printed character. The dot-matrix printer was a popular low-cost personal computer printer. It's an impact printer that strikes the paper a line at a time. The best-known non- impact printers are the inkjet printer, of which several makes of low-cost color printers are an example, and the laser printer. The inkjet sprays ink from an ink cartridge at very close range to the paper as it rolls by. The laser printer uses a laser beam reflected from a mirror to attract ink (called toner ) to selected paper areas as a sheet rolls over a drum.
  • 5.  Impact printers  Non-impact printers
  • 6. An impact printer makes contact with the paper. It usually forms the print image by pressing an inked ribbon against the paper using a hammer or pins. TYPES:  DOT-MATRIX PRINTERS  DAISY-WHEEL PRINTERS  LINE PRINTERS  DRUM PRINTERS  CHAIN PRINTERS  BAND PRINTERS
  • 7. The dot-matrix printer uses print heads containing from 9 to 24 pins. These pins produce patterns of dots on the paper to form the individual characters. The 24 pin dot-matrix printer produces more dots that a 9 pin dot-matrix printer, which results in much better quality and clearer characters. The general rule is: the more pins, the clearer the letters on the paper. The pins strike the ribbon individually as the print mechanism moves across the entire print line in both directions, i-e, from left to right, then right to left, and so on. The user can produce a color output with a dot-matrix printer (the user will change the black ribbon with a ribbon that has color stripes). Dot- matrix printers are inexpensive and typically print at speeds of 100-600 characters per second.
  • 8. In order to get the quality of type found on typewriters, a daisy-wheel impact printer can be used. It is called daisy-wheel printer because the print mechanism looks like a daisy; at the end of each “Petal” is a fully formed character which produces solid-line print. A hammer strikes a “petal” containing a character against the ribbon, and the character prints on the paper. Its speed is slow typically 25-55 characters per second.
  • 9. In business where enormous amount of material are printed, the character-at-a- time printers are too slow; therefore, these users need line-at-a-time printers. Line printers, or line-at-a-time printers, use special mechanism that can print a whole line at once; they can typically print the range of 1,200 to 6,000 lines per minute. Drum, chain, and band printers are line-at-a- time printers.
  • 10. A drum printer consists of a solid, cylindrical drum that has raised characters in bands on its surface. The number of print positions across the drum equals the number available on the page. This number typically ranges from 80-132 print positions. The drum rotates at a rapid speed. For each possible print position there is a print hammer located behind the paper. These hammers strike the paper, along the ink ribbon, against the proper character on the drum as it passes. One revolution of the drum is required to print each line. This means that all characters on the line are not printed at exactly the same time, but the time required to print the entire line is fast enough to call them line printers. Typical speeds of drum printers are in the range of 300 to 2000 lines per minute.
  • 11. A chain printer uses a chain of print characters wrapped around two pulleys. Like the drum printer, there is one hammer for each print position. Circuitry inside the printer detects when the correct character appears at the desired print location on the page. The hammer then strikes the page, pressing the paper against a ribbon and the character located at the desired print position. An impression of the character is left on the page. The chain keeps rotating until all the required print positions on the line have filled. Then the page moves up to print the next line. Speeds of chain printers range from 400 to 2500 characters per minute.
  • 12. A band printer operates similar to chain printer except it uses a band instead of a chain and has fewer hammers. Band printer has a steel band divided into five sections of 48 characters each. The hammers on a band printer are mounted on a cartridge that moves across the paper to the appropriate positions. Characters are rotated into place and struck by the hammers. Font styles can easily be changed by replacing a band or chain.
  • 13. Non-impact printers do not use a striking device to produce characters on the paper; and because these printers do not hammer against the paper they are much quieter. TYPES:  INK-JET PRINTERS  LASER PRINTERS
  • 14. A type of printer that works by spraying ionized ink at a sheet of paper. Magnetized plates in the ink's path direct the ink onto the paper in the desired shapes. Ink-jet printers are capable of producing high quality print approaching that produced by laser printers. A typical ink-jet printer provides a resolution of 300 dots per inch, although some newer models offer higher resolutions . In general, the price of ink-jet printers is lower than that of laser printers. However, they are also considerably slower. Another drawback of ink-jet printers is that they require a special type of ink that is apt to smudge on inexpensive copier paper . Because ink-jet printers require smaller mechanical parts than laser printers, they are especially popular as portable printers. In addition, color ink-jet printers provide an inexpensive way to print full-color documents.
  • 15. A laser printer works like a photocopy machine. Laser printers produce images on paper by directing a laser beam at a mirror which bounces the beam onto a drum. The drum has a special coating on it to which toner (an ink powder) sticks. Using patterns of small dots, a laser beam conveys information from the computer to a positively charged drum to become neutralized. From all those areas of drum which become neutralized, the toner detaches. As the paper rolls by the drum, the toner is transferred to the paper printing the letters or other graphics on the paper. A hot roller bonds the toner to the paper . Laser printers use buffers that store an entire page at a time. When a whole page is loaded, it will be printed. The speed of laser printers is high and they print quietly without producing much noise. Many home-use laser printers can print eight pages per minute, but faster and print approximately 21,000 lines per minute, or 437 pages per minute if each page contains 48 lines. When high speed laser printers were introduced they were expensive. Developments in the last few years have provided relatively low-cost laser printers for use in small businesses.