Running Head: GENDER RELATIONS AND CONFLICT 1 GENDER RELATIONS AND CONFLICT Name: Course: Professor Name: (January 19, 2012)
Running Head: GENDER RELATIONS AND CONFLICT 2 Gender Relations and Conflict: The three main issues about gender and conflict Women are less involved in war than men. On the contrary, they experience much painduring these conflicts. There are various issues, which concern gender conflicts. The first issue isinadequate security on women in cases where the rule of law has fallen. Two, there is normallywomen abuse by the armed groups. Lastly, there are also cases of women being abused bypersonnel security of the state. These issues are very important because women together with children constitute manyrefugees who run away from conflicts. Inadequate established community structure protectionand formal systems of justice make women very susceptible to abuse and exploitation whenfleeing areas of conflict. During transit, women are susceptible to border, armed groups andsmuggler attacks. Within the refugee camps, community and family conflicts exist. In somecases, aid workers end up abusing women. Additionally, women encounter devastating sexualviolence forms. These forms of violence are in some cases carried out to attain various politicalgoals. They are the first to be influenced by the breakdown of infrastructure. This is because oftheir attempt to maintain families together and take care of the injured. They may also, becompelled to start sexual exploitation to survive and help their families (Cook, 2006). The other three issues are the poor representation of women during formal processes ofpeace, inequitable and discriminatory legislations and some outdated customary practices such aswife inheritance and traditions. Poor representation of women during conflict resolutions has ledto failure to address the major concerns of women like post-conflict accountability, gender basedand sexual violence and the rights of women (Elshtain, 1987).
Running Head: GENDER RELATIONS AND CONFLICT 3 These issues are interconnected because their effects are normally felt even after the endof conflicts. These include cases of unwanted pregnancies, stigmatization and sexuallytransmitted infections.
Running Head: GENDER RELATIONS AND CONFLICT 4 ReferencesCook, B. (2006). Women and War: ABC-CLIO Publishers.Elshtain, B. (1987). Women and War. New York: University of Chicago Press. www://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/indwm/www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs239/en/Silber, N. (2008). Gender and Sectional Conflict. Boston: UNC Press Books.