Chapter 3: Cultural Conformity and Adaptation Holt Sociology
Starter  <ul><li>Piece of paper to turn in… </li></ul><ul><li>1. Look at the list on page 43.  What is being describe in t...
Asch Performance Test <ul><li>If you had Mr. Hunter for psychology, please move to the rear of the class.  </li></ul><ul><...
 
Starter  <ul><li>Piece of paper to turn in… </li></ul><ul><li>1. Brainstorm as many words using the prefix ‘self-’ (Americ...
Values <ul><li>Economic  Government </li></ul><ul><li>Decisions   Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Examples   Examples </li></ul>
Traditional American Values <ul><li>Sociologist Robin Williams identified a set of 15 values that are central to the Ameri...
Traditional Values (p. 44) <ul><li>Personal achievement </li></ul><ul><li>Individualism </li></ul><ul><li>Work </li></ul><...
Young Americans and Values (p. 47) <ul><li>Popcorn reading… </li></ul><ul><li>On other side of starter, get into groups of...
Starter to turn in: (1/26) <ul><li>What values (listed in this chapter) did the president use or cite in his speech last n...
Sources of Social Change (6) <ul><li>#1.  Values and Beliefs: </li></ul><ul><li>Values and beliefs  can be part of a great...
Sources of Social Change (6) <ul><li>#2.   </li></ul><ul><li>Technology  new ways of manipulating the environment.  </li><...
Sources of Social Change (6) <ul><li>#3.  Population: As populations change, so does culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: ...
Sources of Social Change (6) <ul><li>#4.  Diffusion: borrowed ideas, beliefs, and material objects from other cultures. </...
Sources of Social Change (6) <ul><li>#5.  Physical Environment: Abundant resources in a country/region vs. scarce resource...
Sources of Social Change (6) <ul><li>#6.  Wars and Conquests: not as common as other sources, BUT the fastest and most dra...
Goals for today: <ul><li>Identify and describe positive and negative sanctions.  Differentiate between formal and informal...
Sanctions (controlling behavior) <ul><li>Internalization  (how norms become a part of a person’s personality) </li></ul><u...
Sanctions (controlling behavior) <ul><li>Formal Sanctions, given by a formal organization or regulatory agency  (school, b...
Resistance to Change <ul><li>Ethnocentrism:  ‘buy American 1970’s’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘buy Japanese’ 2000’s ? </li></ul><ul...
Check for Understanding <ul><li>What are traditional and recent American values? </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the 2 methods ...
Assessment <ul><li>Written chapter test on Friday.  </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple choice and completion. </li></ul><ul><li>3 ...
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Ch. 3 cultural conformity and adaptation

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Sociology: The Study of Human Relationships Holt. A short 4 day unit.

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  • Ch. 3 cultural conformity and adaptation

    1. 1. Chapter 3: Cultural Conformity and Adaptation Holt Sociology
    2. 2. Starter <ul><li>Piece of paper to turn in… </li></ul><ul><li>1. Look at the list on page 43. What is being describe in this list? </li></ul><ul><li>2. Is this list a good example of how cultures change? </li></ul><ul><li>3. Be specific, how or what has changed since this list was penned? </li></ul>
    3. 3. Asch Performance Test <ul><li>If you had Mr. Hunter for psychology, please move to the rear of the class. </li></ul><ul><li>If you haven’t taken psych move to the front. </li></ul><ul><li>We will be looking at several optical illusions, and eye (right or left) dominance related to certain values. </li></ul>
    4. 5. Starter <ul><li>Piece of paper to turn in… </li></ul><ul><li>1. Brainstorm as many words using the prefix ‘self-’ (American) in common use today. </li></ul><ul><li>2. What do these words suggest about American culture? </li></ul>
    5. 6. Values <ul><li>Economic Government </li></ul><ul><li>Decisions Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Examples Examples </li></ul>
    6. 7. Traditional American Values <ul><li>Sociologist Robin Williams identified a set of 15 values that are central to the American way of life. </li></ul>
    7. 8. Traditional Values (p. 44) <ul><li>Personal achievement </li></ul><ul><li>Individualism </li></ul><ul><li>Work </li></ul><ul><li>Morality and Humanitarianism </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency and Practicality </li></ul><ul><li>6. Equality and Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>7. Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>8. Others </li></ul>
    8. 9. Young Americans and Values (p. 47) <ul><li>Popcorn reading… </li></ul><ul><li>On other side of starter, get into groups of 4 and answer the following questions: </li></ul><ul><li>What issues concern you most? </li></ul><ul><li>Do your values differ from your parents’ values? In what ways? </li></ul><ul><li>Should social values such as morality be taught in public school? </li></ul>
    9. 10. Starter to turn in: (1/26) <ul><li>What values (listed in this chapter) did the president use or cite in his speech last night? </li></ul><ul><li>How has the society of CHS changed in the past 3-4 years? (policies, attitudes, physical, trends, teams, clubs…) </li></ul>
    10. 11. Sources of Social Change (6) <ul><li>#1. Values and Beliefs: </li></ul><ul><li>Values and beliefs can be part of a greater ideology. An ideology is a system of beliefs or ideas that justifies the social, moral, religious, political or economic interests help by a group of society. </li></ul><ul><li>“ The reason why…” </li></ul><ul><li>Social Movement promotes social change… </li></ul>
    11. 12. Sources of Social Change (6) <ul><li>#2. </li></ul><ul><li>Technology new ways of manipulating the environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul>
    12. 13. Sources of Social Change (6) <ul><li>#3. Population: As populations change, so does culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: larger population = more competition </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Growing immigration = more outside cultural influences </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: Aging population, different focuses on lifestyles and use of resources (health care) </li></ul><ul><li>“ How has CHS population changed?” </li></ul>
    13. 14. Sources of Social Change (6) <ul><li>#4. Diffusion: borrowed ideas, beliefs, and material objects from other cultures. </li></ul>
    14. 15. Sources of Social Change (6) <ul><li>#5. Physical Environment: Abundant resources in a country/region vs. scarce resources in a region. </li></ul><ul><li>Natural disaster, As populations change, so does culture. </li></ul><ul><li>“ How has CHS population changed?” </li></ul>
    15. 16. Sources of Social Change (6) <ul><li>#6. Wars and Conquests: not as common as other sources, BUT the fastest and most dramatic source of change. </li></ul>
    16. 17. Goals for today: <ul><li>Identify and describe positive and negative sanctions. Differentiate between formal and informal sanctions. </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the 3 factors that cultures use to resist change. </li></ul><ul><li>Diagram the process of conformity from internalization to reinforced institutionalized behavior. </li></ul>
    17. 18. Sanctions (controlling behavior) <ul><li>Internalization (how norms become a part of a person’s personality) </li></ul><ul><li>Remember NORMS can be enforced +/- </li></ul><ul><li>Sanctions </li></ul><ul><li>Positive Sanctions (praise, $$, awards) </li></ul><ul><li>Negative Sanctions (teacher’s dirty looks) </li></ul>
    18. 19. Sanctions (controlling behavior) <ul><li>Formal Sanctions, given by a formal organization or regulatory agency (school, business, government) </li></ul><ul><li>Informal Sanctions </li></ul><ul><li>+ standing ovation, gifts, pat on the back </li></ul><ul><li>- frowns, gossip, insults, ostracism </li></ul>
    19. 20. Resistance to Change <ul><li>Ethnocentrism: ‘buy American 1970’s’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘buy Japanese’ 2000’s ? </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural lag: traditional school year (Sept-June), commutes? Schools and on-line classes? </li></ul><ul><li>Vested Interests: people happy with the status quo, and don’t want to change. </li></ul>
    20. 21. Check for Understanding <ul><li>What are traditional and recent American values? </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the 2 methods through which societies enforce norms. </li></ul><ul><li>How does government policy enforce cultural values and social norms? </li></ul><ul><li>What are movements, and what are their goals? </li></ul><ul><li>For what reasons do people resist change? </li></ul>
    21. 22. Assessment <ul><li>Written chapter test on Friday. </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple choice and completion. </li></ul><ul><li>3 short answer questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the study guide!! </li></ul>

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