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East and Southern Africa Flagship Key highlights of our work so far-Polly Ericksen


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East and Southern Africa Flagship Key highlights of our work so far-Polly Eriksen

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East and Southern Africa Flagship Key highlights of our work so far-Polly Ericksen

  1. 1. East and Southern Africa Flagship Key highlights of our work so far Prepared by Siboniso Moyo and Mohammed Said Presented by Polly Ericksen CRP-DS Science and Implementation Workshop 30th June – 4th July, 2014 Holiday Inn Hotel - Amman, Jordan 1
  2. 2. Resilience areas Land pressure, increasing human population, diminishing access to resources, weak policy frameworks, under developed/lack of markets, low livestock productivity Increased vulnerability to shocks such as drought, price increases and conflict Response Develop enabling policies Develop resilience enhancing mechanisms
  3. 3. Intensification areas High population densities, small plot sizes, low soil fertility, labour constraints, heterogeneity of land pressure and farmer preferences Opportunities for intensification of agriculture exist, technologies need to respond to markets, IPs and value chain enhancement are key Agricultural intensification can substantially contribute to reduce household and increase food security
  4. 4. Resilient livelihoods Wealth and well being Food access Natural Resources Management Gender Empowerm ent Capacity to Innovate Contribution to IDOs In Pastoral, Agro-Pastoral, Crop based and Mixed crop x livestock systems
  5. 5. 5 East and Southern Africa Flagship Action Sites
  6. 6. 7 Chama Angonia Lundazi Chipata Petauke Katete Chadiza Tsangano Zumbo Mutarara Chora-Bassa Magoe Maravia Chiuta Macanga ICRISAT CIAT CIAT CIP ICRAF Bioversity CIAT CIP CIP Dedza Nsanje Tholo Zomba Chiradzulu Mulanje Machinga Common Action Site in the Chinyanja Triangle
  7. 7. 8 Source: ASARECA Report; KRDP/ASAL DM Galla goats indigenous breed for milk and meat in West Pokot Reclaimed farm (African Foxtail grass) from invasive prosopis julifora Sale of fatten livestock fed on African Foxtail grass
  8. 8. Main research questions • What are resilience enhancing options? • Where are the hot spots of land degradation and how best to tackle this? • Do integrated crop and livestock systems minimise environmental impacts, reduce risk and enhance resilience? • What are the major determinants of technology adoption by smallholder farmers? • What are the best bet technology options that can be recommended for adoption by smallholder farmers?
  9. 9. Main research questions • What are the dynamic drivers of change in the status of agricultural biodiversity resources in integrated crop livestock systems? • What is the soil health status of landscapes and its implication on sustainable intensification? • How to make low input small scale farming productive, profitable and resource efficient? • What are the decision support tools which will help intensification of integrated agricultural water management interventions?
  10. 10. Tools and methods • Development of vulnerability frameworks • Characterisation of food systems and identification of entry points • Characterisation of agricultural biodiversity resources • Understanding research gaps and gap filling • Developing integrated systems approach to land and water use for productivity and income • Developing resilience enhancing options and testing best bet technologies
  11. 11. Tools and methods • Baseline surveys, agronomic and socio-economic surveys • Participatory value chain analysis and development of interventions • Test extension approaches for NRM, land use plans, governances and tenure security • Innovation platforms for stakeholder engagement • Integrated systems simulation modelling, remote sensing and geospatial analysis • Developing capacity of farmer associations and cooperatives
  12. 12. Scale of operation • Household (individual surveys) • Plot level • Farm level • Community level (FGDs, participatory mapping) • Landscape (rangeland ecology, NRM, water management) • Ecosystem, biomass (range and biodiversity assessments and modelling)
  13. 13. Collaboration frameworks and Partnerships • Bioversity, CIAT, CIP, ICARDA, ICRAF, ICRISAT, ILRI, IWMI and SSA-CP • Currently there is a regional focus • Partnerships formed around bilateral projects • All CGIAR Centres in DS/ESA; • NARS; • Farmers, Extension Services; • Private Sector; • Universities and colleges; and • NGO Partners in target sites • Policy makers – in various countries
  14. 14. Key Achievements (1) • Four Innovation Platforms (IPs) established in mixed crop-livestock systems • Nine major technologies tested and put into use eg. - mechanised and non-mechanised CA; - intercropping maize with legumes; - cultivation of improved forage varieties; - Seed multiplication • Partnerships developed and some strengthened • Capacity building – eg. training of farmers, extension staff, MSc students and the project teams.
  15. 15. Key Achievements (2) • Soil and landscape health assessment conducted in the Chinyanja Triangle. • Review on agricultural water management interventions for the Chinyanja Triangle. • Revision of Empirical Model upon which Index Based Livestock Insurance contracts are based. • Wildlife and conservation Management Bill 2013 was passed in Kenya. • Work with K NDMA on EWS system. • Generated knowledge, tools and data (eg. lessons distilled on IPs and NGO partnerships to improve livestock value chains)
  16. 16. Key Achievements (3) • Publications, policy briefs and policy engagements (revision of policy) and media materials • Conference papers on various topics on sustainable intensification of agriculture. • Consultative process to compile and synthesise knowledge on trees and resilience in the drylands of Africa. • Special publication on pastoral farming systems and food security in Sub-Saharan Africa priorities for science and policy • Special publication on Pro-poor co-investment in environmental services in Africa and Asia: a theory of change
  17. 17. Successes • Developed appropriate technologies • Introduced improved management practices • Generated data on several areas (eg. soils, landscapes, and household typologies) • Forged partnerships with local organisations which helped with implementation • Engaged stakeholders identification of constraints and opportunities • Generated publications on conceptualizing and measuring resilience in drylands, • Generated publications on sustainable intensification and on trees. • Conducted a number of capacity building initiatives
  18. 18. Challenges (1) • Understanding complexity of systems and implications for research and development. • Developing and tailoring the management technologies to a diverse group of large numbers of smallholder farmers. • There are barriers to adoption of technologies which are beyond Science and require investments (capacities and infrastructure) in the drylands. • Limited capacity to implement systems research (trans disciplinary research across organizations and partners)
  19. 19. Challenges (2) • CG Centres in the FP not yet working closely in implementing an integrated systems approach at the action site level. • New to joint planning • Centre issues result in focal points without authority to follow up on deliverables in some cases
  20. 20. Areas for improvement • Adopt systems approach, and make use of synergies • Engage relevant stakeholders from the beginning. • More attention and involvement of policy and decision makers. • Improve Centre coordination and communication (joint planning). • Develop joint proposal to support the work of the FPs (currently plans do not match the available resources). • Improve reporting mechanisms. • Disburse funds in good time.
  21. 21. What would we do differently? • Define the goal of each FP clearly from the beginning. • FPs should have the funding initially not Centres. • Activities should be accompanied by resources. • Allocate enough time and resources to do the work. • Define and agree areas for joint resource mobilisation (filling the gaps). • Improve mechanisms for inter centre coordination (funds, communication).
  22. 22. • Thank you for your attention