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Achievements managing agro-pastoral rangelands-final by Mounir Louhaichi

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Achievements managing agro-pastoral rangelands-final by Mounir Louhaichi

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Achievements managing agro-pastoral rangelands-final by Mounir Louhaichi

  1. 1. 2013-2014 Achievements managing agro-pastoral rangelands in Jordanian Badia Mounir Louhaichi & Rana Muhaisen,
  2. 2. Activity summaries Activity Location Achievements Potential impact Promoting spineless cactus as a multi-purpose species in the dry areas Erak Mchaqqar - Introduction of new germplasm from Mexico, Tunisia, Italy, and Brazil - Dissemination at farm level - Adoption study initiated - Field day - Factsheet - At least 25 farmers had already planted cactus as a crop - Additional farmers are expected to adopt this practice - Additional income due to selling of fruits and/or saving in commercial feed resources Introduction of alley-cropping and/or inter cropping Erak Majdya Mchaqqar - Sites have been identified - Seedlings were produced and transplanted in the field (on station and on farm) - 15% increase in forage resources - Adoption of alley cropping practices Evaluation of the effect of WHT on vegetation cover and productivity on drought-resistant shrubs Majdya (IWLM Program) Measurement (data collection is complete) - Alleviate water and soil erosions - Increased rangeland productivity
  3. 3. Activity summaries Activity Location Achievements Potential impact Sustainable intensification of low lands in pastoral ecosystems Majdya -Site selected -WHT established -Testing dual purpose barley accessions - 30% increase in forage resources - Biodiversity conservation Restoration of salt affected rangelands Jordan - Assessment of selected halophytes under different salinity levels - Restoration of salt affected soils (Sebkha) in MENA region Capacity building NARS partners in Jordan Group training courses Field days Students Visiting scientists (ARIs) - Dissemination of technology at wider scale (training of trainers) - Higher adoption by farmers
  4. 4. Characteristics of Pastoral Ecosystems in Jordan Causes of rangeland degradation Consequences Erak - Karak Majidya - Mhareb Solutions TIPO
  5. 5. Cactus: a promising species
  6. 6. Enhancing the use of cactus (Opuntia focus indica) to promote better livelihoods of pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in arid areas of West Asia Country of Origin No Italy 46 Brazil 25 Tunisia 24 Mexico 13 Algeria 9 Morocco 6 New Mexico 6 Argentina 4 Others 18 Total 151 Cactus accessions were introduced from to Jordan A new shipment is on the way from Brazil Establishment of cactus gene field bank at NCARE Mchaqqar station with more than 150 accessions
  7. 7. Enhancing the use of cactus (Opuntia focus indica) to promote better livelihoods of pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in the dry areas Dissemination of cactus pads to farmers in Erak Erak - Jordan
  8. 8. Research Experiments on Cactus pear The Influence of soil volume (Root Confinement) on root and canopy growth, root turnover and canopy versus root ratio of Opuntia ficus-indica The influence of planting methods of Opuntia ficus-indica on root and canopy growth, root turnover and canopy – root ratio Adoption study for cactus in Erak (SEPRP & Jutta) Suitability map for outscaling cactus in West Asia (Geo-informatics, Sawsan and Kathryn)
  9. 9. Rangeland Rehabilitation through WHT & Shrub Plantations Erak Site Jordan
  10. 10. Alley-cropping Practices Sustainable intensification of lowlands in pastoral ecosystems • Water harvesting • Shrub plantation • Introduction of forage legumes
  11. 11. Sustainable intensification of lowlands in pastoral ecosystems November 2013 December 2013 January 2014 February 2014 September 2014 May 2014
  12. 12. Restoration of salt affected rangelands For salt affected soils: Selecting salt tolerant fodders... Kochia prostrata Mariana brevifolia Atriplex nummularia Salsola vermiculata Atriplex halimus Atriplex lentiformis
  13. 13. Restoration of salt affected rangelands Assessment of salinity tolerance mechanisms of selected halophytes under different salinity levels in Jordan 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Atriplex halimus Atriplex nummularia Atriplex lentiformis Maireana brevifolia Salsola vermiculata Artemisia herba-alba Total Dry Weight (kg) Low salinity High salinity
  14. 14. From this… …to this. Approach:  No quick fix solutions (time/space)  Multidisciplinary approach  Farmers, agronomists, animal nutritionists, ecologists, hydrologists and economists
  15. 15. Collaboration with IWLM Program: Evaluation of the effect of water harvesting interventions on vegetation cover and productivity on drought-resistant shrubs in Majidyya - Jordan
  16. 16. Mapping and monitoring rangeland vegetation using latest technology LIDAR: LIGHT DETECTION AND RANGING
  17. 17. Capacity Building Group training courses - Agro-ecological monitoring - Alley cropping Field days - Cactus - Grazing management Students - 2 MSc and 1 PhD - 1 internship Visiting scientists (ARIs) - Paolo Inglese (U of Palermo - Italy) - Douglas Johnson (OSU – USA) - Steve Petersen (BYU - USA) - Robert Washington (U of Tennessee – USA)
  18. 18. Capacity Building Group training course on agro ecological monitoring
  19. 19. Capacity Building Group Training on Agro-Forestry Practices Alley Cropping
  20. 20. Hima The Amman Declaration on Innovating Hima - May 2014 Hima is a comprehensive package of governance, conservation, science and markets that builds on and reinforces social, cultural and human capital.
  21. 21. Reinforcing best-bet grazing practices (DSIPS & IWLM) http://drylandsystems.cgiar.org/content/reinforcing-best-bet-grazing-practices
  22. 22. Investing in Rangelands: Agro-Ecological monitoring of Jordanian ‘action sites’ http://drylandsystems.cgiar.org/content/investing-rangelands-agro-ecological-monitoring-jordanian-% E2%80%98action-sites%E2%80%99#sthash.KfxCvj3R.dpuf

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