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Policies: Land Consolidation and Fragmentation


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Policies: Land Consolidation and Fragmentation

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Policies: Land Consolidation and Fragmentation

  1. 1. CRP Dryland Systems Béni Khédache site CRP Dryland Systems North Africa and West Asia Annual Coordination and Planning Meeting Béni Khédache-Sidi Bouzid site Hotel Alhambra, Yasmine Hammamet, 17-18 November, 2014 Fetoui M., Abdeladhim M., Sghaier M., Licheheb N., Ouessar M. POLICIES LAND CONSOLIDATION AND FRAGMENTATION IN BENI KHEDACHE SITE
  2. 2. This research is based on the following facts: 1) The land use policies in Tunisia were accompanied, especially in the dry lands, by profound changes which affected the social and economic dynamics of local populations (sedentarization, privatization and fragmentation of land, decline of pastoral activities and rangelands, agricultural development, extension of irrigated perimeters and changes in uses of natural resources). 2) The fragmentation of land, as consequence of land privatization and land heritage, is considered as a brake on development 3) The decision of the Tunisian government to embark into a land consolidation strategy, as a way to improve efficiency, equity, rural development, food security and conservation of natural resources, is not yet assessed. 1. RESEARCH QUESTIONS AND OBJECTIVES
  3. 3. Related to these conditions and in the framework of CRP1.1 project, this work attempts to assess and understand how land fragmentation and consolidation contribute to agricultural productivity, sustainability of natural resources, rural heritage and livelihoods. Specific objectives of the work are: - Study the history and the evolution of land use policies and especially the land privatization in the south-east of Tunisia -Assess the impacts of land privatization on actual production systems in BK site - Analyze the problems of land fragmentation and the differences in significant benefits between small and big farms - Assess and monitor the land consolidation experience in the study zone and its impact on land productivity, livelihoods and the sustainability of the production system in general 1. RESEARCH QUESTIONS AND OBJECTIVES
  4. 4. The methodological approach is based on :  Valorization of the previous research programs and projects  to analyse the land use policies and the major agro-pastoral dynamics and the changes in production systems WAHIA, JEFFARA, DESURVEY, LUPIS, AFROMAISON, etc.  Information taken directly from the study field Basic survey : to characterize the production systems and the differences between small and big farms in BK site : 127 households  Thematic survey: to assess the experience of land consolidation in the south east : targeted group 2. METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH AND TOOLS
  5. 5.  Meetings and workshops with local and development actors  to have information about the land status and evolution in the study zone, management of the rangelands and private lands  Cartographic treatments and modeling to build a cartographic support that enrich the analyzes of production systems in the study area.  Local, regional and national statistics  Such as the national census of population 2. METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH AND TOOLS
  6. 6. ACTIVITIES 2014 B. Analyzing the evolution of land status in BK site This study is carried out according to three time periods corresponding to the major changes in land status (1901-1964, 1964-1974 and 1974-2014). (meetings with key actors DAF, mapping) History, lows, governance, etc., especially the land privatization (documentation, previous research projects) A. Presentation of land use policies on Tunisia
  7. 7. C. Assessment of the impacts of land status changes : major trends of evolution and characterization of the production systems Socio-demographic characterization (population density, age, scolarisation rate, activity rate) Structure and stratification of the land property (land property, heritage, average area by farm, number of plots by farm, etc.) Land and farm management (agriculture strategies, crop choices, practices) Land productivity and crop production (by type of farms: 1 plot, 2 plots, etc.) Income generation possibilities (diversification of economic activities, contributions,) (field investigation, 127 surveys)
  8. 8.  in term of :  land and farm management, labor  land productivity  opportunities and income generation possibilities D- Analyzing the problem of land fragmentation and differences in significant benefits between small and big farms
  9. 9.  In the small farms: The major part of the farm is allowed to agriculture (87% of the area)  Great parts of big farms (43 %) : pastoral vocation  In term of land and farm management  In the small farms: The agricultural strategies and activities are less pronounced (priority), farmers are less motivated to practice agriculture  Despite of the area allowed to agriculture (50% in big farms), farmers in this case are much more motivated to practice agriculture (because of facilities, material, access to credits, etc.) so that they have agriculture as principal activity BUT : 87 80 50 67 58 43 12 18 43 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 < 2 ha 2-5 ha > 5 ha Fruit trees (%) cereals (%) Rangelands (%) 45 55 100 59 49 58 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 < 2 ha 2-5 ha > 5 ha % of households (principal activity = agriculture) % of time allowed toagriculture
  10. 10.  In term of land productivity and crop production  Small and big farms produce less of olive oil (respectively 23 and 53 l/ha) than the medium farms (67 l/ha), The same constatation that the meduim farms are more productive in cereals Question : if medium farms are more efficient in term of productivity (taking on account the conditions and opportunities) ?  Important constatation which can help decision in the land consolidation projects ! 53,3 L/ha 67,2 L/ha 23,3 L/ha 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 < 2 ha 2-5 ha > 5 ha Olive oil productivity (liters/ha) 0,7 qx/ha 1 qx/ha 0,4 qx/ha 0 0,2 0,4 0,6 0,8 1 1,2 < 2 ha 2-5 ha > 5 ha Cereal productivity (qx/ha)
  11. 11.  In term of income generation possibilities The same constatation concerning the income and this may be related to non-farm activities and their contribution in the income generation in the case of medium farms 640 41 1267 780 47 1100 550 63 2100 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 Farm income (TND/ha) Livestock income (TND/head) Non-farm income (TND/ha) < 2 ha 2-5 ha > 5 ha
  12. 12. WORK PLAN Action I: Assessing impact of land fragmentation and differences in benefits with big farms -Finalization of data analysis -Reporting -Dissemination :publications, conferences, open days, etc.
  13. 13. Action II: land consolidation plan in Tunisia and Medenine and its impacts on agropastoral systems in jeffara Objective: understand how land consolidation experience in Tunisia contributes to agricultural productivity, sustainability of natural resources, rural heritage and livelihoods Actions : -Presentation of land consolidation project in Tunisia, -Meeting with key actors, -Field surveys -Data analysis and modeling - Reporting, -Dissemination WORK PLAN
  14. 14. THANK YOU