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CRP Dryland Systems Béni Khédache site
CRP Dryland Systems North Africa and West Asia
Annual Coordination and Planning Mee...
Outline
• Objectives of the activity
• Tasks for 2014
• Methodology
• Major achievements
• Results
– Olive oil sector in T...
Objectives of the activity
Diagnostic and selection of the relevant stakeholders (main players) in the value
chain of one ...
Tasks for 2014
Selection of the relevant crops/commodities
Literature review on the constraints and opportunities and
mapp...
Methodology
• Review of literature on of the relevant
stockholders in the value chain of the selected
product
• Workshops ...
• Focus group and contact
– Olive growers (farmers)
– Collectors and processors (mills)
– Traders
– Services providers
– I...
Major achievements
• Selection of the main relevant products
• Report summarizing the main results on the
diagnosis and se...
Major achievements& Results
• Selection of the main relevant products (olive
oil)
• Report summarizing the main results on...
Olive oil sector in Medenine
• The olive cropping system in Medenine
– The olive tree located in the open plains with a
de...
• 190,000 hectares representing 82.5% of the
total cultivable area
• 4 million olive trees (or 6.5% of Tunisia)
• The annu...
Olive sector in Medenine
Districts Area (ha) Number of olive
trees
Number of mills Crushing capacities
(T / jours)
Olive o...
Problems
• Harsh climate condition ( less than 200 mm)
• The land structure, which suffers from
excessive fragmentation
• ...
Production fluctuation
• Plantation, labour, irrigation, collect, sale of olives
and olive oil
Farmers
• Transformation of olive, Sale and purcha...
•Responsible for promoting agricultural projects at regional level,
implement state policies at regional level and help in...
• links between stakeholders at all levels of the olive oil sector as a
integrate sectoral approach by encouraging farmers...
Olive growers and
processors
Olive growers
Collectors and
traders
Collectors and
processors
Processors and oil
mills
Broke...
Works plan 2015• Objective:
– Analysis of the operations and operators
– Post harvest value chain strucure
– Financial ana...
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Value Chain Analysis

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Value chains of cash crops for enhancing market access to smallholder farmers

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Value Chain Analysis

  1. 1. CRP Dryland Systems Béni Khédache site CRP Dryland Systems North Africa and West Asia Annual Coordination and Planning Meeting Béni Khédache-Sidi Bouzid site Hotel Alhambra, Yasmine Hammamet, 17-18 November, 2014 Sghaier M., Abdeladhim M., Fetoui M., Licheheb N., Ouessar M. Value chains of cash crops for enhancing market access to small holder farmers and improved harvest and post- harvest technologies
  2. 2. Outline • Objectives of the activity • Tasks for 2014 • Methodology • Major achievements • Results – Olive oil sector in Tunisia – Olive oil sector in Medenine • Problems • Value chain map • Identification and description of main actors and operators • Works plan 2015
  3. 3. Objectives of the activity Diagnostic and selection of the relevant stakeholders (main players) in the value chain of one of the two selected crops: Producers, input providers, traders, agro- processing, regulators, quality, wholesalers, retailers, and consumers. Mapping the challenges for smallholder market access: Review of literature on institutional arrangements in collective marketing. Contribute on the improvement of the locally appropriate postharvest handling and processing options. Facilitate the development of stakeholder-driven strategies for improving the marketing efficiency, postharvest management and value addition for the selected commodity Assist stakeholders (men, women and youth) in implementing the strategies identified
  4. 4. Tasks for 2014 Selection of the relevant crops/commodities Literature review on the constraints and opportunities and mapping the challenges for smallholder market access: Review of literature on of the relevant stockholders in the value chain of the selected product Diagnostic and selection of the relevant stakeholders (main players) in the value chain of this selected crop: Producers, input providers, traders, agro-processing, regulators, quality, wholesalers, retailers, and consumers.
  5. 5. Methodology • Review of literature on of the relevant stockholders in the value chain of the selected product • Workshops and meeting with relevant stakeholders • Focus group • Survey
  6. 6. • Focus group and contact – Olive growers (farmers) – Collectors and processors (mills) – Traders – Services providers – IO – ONH – Administrations (CRDA, ODS, APIA, UA) – The Agricultural Development Programme (RDP, PGRN, FAIDA ...) – Research institutions (IRA and olive Institute)
  7. 7. Major achievements • Selection of the main relevant products • Report summarizing the main results on the diagnosis and selection of the relevant stakeholders (main players) in the value chain of one of the two selected products
  8. 8. Major achievements& Results • Selection of the main relevant products (olive oil) • Report summarizing the main results on the diagnosis and selection of the relevant stakeholders (main players) in the value chain of one of the two selected products – Identification and description of main actors and operators – Value chain map and structure
  9. 9. Olive oil sector in Medenine • The olive cropping system in Medenine – The olive tree located in the open plains with a density of 16-20 plants per hectare and a spacing that varies from 18 to 24 m – The foothills olive and mountains olive behind jessours: This type of ancestral plantations grown behind small water retention structures – The olive tree on the rangeland (Case of Hnich and Hmada): This cropping system, originally implemented on deep soils, was greatly expanded in the past to land previously used for grazing years
  10. 10. • 190,000 hectares representing 82.5% of the total cultivable area • 4 million olive trees (or 6.5% of Tunisia) • The annual average production of olive in (2000-2010) : 50,000 tons • Production of the last season (2012/2013) reaches 106,000 T
  11. 11. Olive sector in Medenine Districts Area (ha) Number of olive trees Number of mills Crushing capacities (T / jours) Olive oil production (T) Medenine Nord 9345 190500 5 50 600 Medenine Sud 13580 286100 18 250 2000 Sidi Makhlouf 22500 470160 13 150 2700 Ajim 8440 392100 8 90 300 Houmet Souk 4890 217400 14 200 1100 Midoun 4715 227800 3 50 900 Zarzis 62304 1256800 65 1600 9800 Benguardane 51504 875900 18 300 2600 Beni Khedache 12722 257700 13 60 1200 Total 190000 4174460 157 2750 21200
  12. 12. Problems • Harsh climate condition ( less than 200 mm) • The land structure, which suffers from excessive fragmentation • Lack of skilled labour • Lack of expertise for tree maintenance
  13. 13. Production fluctuation
  14. 14. • Plantation, labour, irrigation, collect, sale of olives and olive oil Farmers • Transformation of olive, Sale and purchase of olive oil Industrial processing • Organizing farmers • Experimental value chain (Labelling, marketing, processing packaging, organic olive oil, etc.) CBOs (SMSA) • The purchase and sale of olive and olive oilTraders • Integrating man and women farmers to the economic and social activities and involved them as full partners in the development process UTAP Direct operators Identification and description of main actors and operators
  15. 15. •Responsible for promoting agricultural projects at regional level, implement state policies at regional level and help investor’s projects •Responsible for preparing the technical package for all crops that can adapt to the climate of the region CRDA (commissariat of regional agriculture development) •Collecting all relevant information, conduct the necessary studies, propose measures that can be helpful of policy development •Participate in the development of plans and action programs to promote and boost private investment •Ensure achievement, harmonization of development plan ODS (South développement office) •promote private investment in the fields of agriculture, fisheries and related services •Identification of investment opportunities •The assistance and sponsoring •The training of young agricultural promoters APIA (Agency for Agricultural Investment Promotion) Supporting institutions
  16. 16. • links between stakeholders at all levels of the olive oil sector as a integrate sectoral approach by encouraging farmers, industrial and exporters for enhancing value added and make use of Tunisian oil olive • Facilitating dialogue between professionals and public administration to Encourage the promotion of the quality of olive oil and its marketing through the integration of professionals in the scientific and technological developments The national olive oil office (ONH) • Achieving the necessary research to agricultural development, protection of natural resources and to fight against desertification in arid and desert regions • Implementing of integrated development projects at national, sub regional, regional and international level • Facilitation and coordination of efforts of various intervenient involved in development and research activities in arid regions. Institute of Arid Regions (IRA) • Organize and perform all research, to improve the production and productivity of the olive sector and fruit trees in semi-arid areas • Ensuring the protection and preservation of natural resources • Conduct technical and economic studies • Contribute to the development of a strategy for the development of olive growing in semi-arid area • Dissemination and make use of research result Olive Institute
  17. 17. Olive growers and processors Olive growers Collectors and traders Collectors and processors Processors and oil mills Brokers Sfax Other exporters ONH Consumer Value chain Structure
  18. 18. Works plan 2015• Objective: – Analysis of the operations and operators – Post harvest value chain strucure – Financial analysis (distribution of the VA, ) – Etc. • Methods and tools – Surveys by questionnaire (operators, activities, price, cost, flux, VA, organization, structure, problems, challenges, expectations, etc.) – Informal tools (Focus groups, Gender, etc.) – Multi-stakeholders workshop (CBOs (SMSA, GDA), NGOs, processors, traders, exporters, etc.); • Reporting • Dissemination: Attending of scientific events – “Integrated Land and Water Resources Management In Drylands Under Climate Change”– ILDAC2015. Djerba, Tunisia, May 11-14th, 2015. http://www.ildac2015.tn/ – 16th Annual Global Development Conference, Ben Guerir, Morocco on 11-13 June, 2015. Conference http://www.gdn.int/html/page2.php?MID=3&SID=24&SSID=73&SCID=54 – Others to be identified.
  19. 19. Thank you

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