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Social forestry in 4 years


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Presented by Dr. Ir. Bambang Supriyanto, M.Sc. (Director General of Social Forestry and Environmental Partnership - Ministry of Environment and Forestry of the Republic of Indonesia) on "Signing of MoU on scientific and technical cooperation between FOERDIA, Ministry of Environment and Forestry of the Republic of Indonesia and CIFOR" (26 February 2019)

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Social forestry in 4 years

  1. 1. MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT ANDMINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTRYFORESTRY Dr. Ir. Bambang Supriyanto, M.Sc. Director General of Social Forestry and Environmental Partnership 1
  2. 2. MAP OF INDONESIA FOREST FUNCTIONS Forest Area: 63% of total land Total forest is 120.65 million ha 12.81 million Ha 26.79 million Ha 27.43 million Ha 10,62% 24,24% 22,21% 24,60% 18,33% HPK HP HPT HL KSA/KPA 29.25 million Ha 29.68 million Ha
  3. 3. FOREST IN INDONESIA: CHALLENGES • Forest cover in Indonesia is 120.7 million Ha (63.09% of total land in Indonesia) In which 42.2 million ha forest in Indonesia is allocated for timber concension, industrial plantation, and environmental services. It consists 40.5 million ha (95.8%) managed by private sectors while 1.7 million ha (4.2%) managed by community. • Total of human population under poverty surrounding/inside forest is 10.2 million (36.73% of total of human population under poverty in Indonesia) • To alleviate poverty in Indonesia, Government of Indonesia commits to increase 1.7 million ha (4.2%) to 12.7 million ha (30%) to be managed by community 3
  4. 4. Social Forestry is a system of forest management enforced inside or around state forest/forest rights/customary forest by local community/customary people as main actor to improve prosperity, environmental balance, and social-culture dynamics through Community Forest (HKm), Village Forest (HD), Forest People Plantation (HTR), Customary Forest (HA), Private Forest (HR), and Forestry Partnership (Ministerial Decree of Forestry Number 83 year 2016. Legal Access forLegal Access for CommunityCommunity Ministerial Decree of Foresry Number 83 year 2016 About Social Forestry October 25, 2016 IPHPS Ministerial Decree of Foresry Number 39 year 2017 About Social Forestry Implementation in PERHUTANI Working Area June 9, 2017 Applied only in Java SOCIAL FORESTRY 4
  5. 5. SMART OBJECTIVE Increasing land allocation for community to gain right in managing forest up to 10% of forest total in Indonesia (equal to 12.7 million ha) through Social Forestry SHORT-TERM OUTCOMES 1. System development and adaptation, enable to provide indicator of management area and development of social forestry business process; 2. Development of social capital; 3. Development of community access to microfinance institutions (BLU), community guidance, and market access for products MID-TERM OUTCOMES 1. Production centre of forest product; 2. alleviation of tenure conflict; 3. forest sustainability LONG-TERM OUTCOMES Establishing more than 10 thousands production centres of forest product community –based aims to increase employment rate and decrease poverty rate in 10 thousands villages around and inside forest Social Forestry Objectives 5
  6. 6. Social Forestry Addressed to Poverty and Unemployement Alleviation Forest People Plantation Private Forest Community Forest SOCIAL FORESTRY Village/Nagari Forest Forestry Partnership Customary Forest ELEMENTS DESCRIPTION ULTIMATE GOALS Keywords : Multiuse forest to decrease inequality INDICATORS 1) Gross Margin of Community/household 2) Employment 3) Economic Growth in Local Area and Gini Ratio MEANS 1) Forest management access, in form of licencing and partnership of capacity building to Forest Farmer Group 2) Investation VALUES 1) Forest utilization to improve welfare (Timber Forest Product, Non Timber Forest Product, Environmental Service) 2) Community participation 3) Respect to ecology, function of nature 4) Forest ponservation and protection, succession, and balance/homeostasis 5) Awareness of preservation, restoration, and rehabilitation IMPLEMENTATION Business Chain 1) Environmental Services/Ecotourism/Water Management 2) Agroforestry: paddy, corn, soybean, sugarcane 3) Silvoparture 4) Silvofishery 5) Biomass and Bioenergy (sunan hazelnut, sugarpalm, eucalyptus, calliandra, nyamplung, etc.) 6) NTFP: honey, rattan, root, etc. 7) Timber Industry Consequences (Investation, Technology, Community Institutional) 1)Permit and Legitimacy (requirements and the do’s and dont’s) 2)Territorial arrangement (conflict : use and status)/ tenure 3)Infrastructure 4)Revitalization of farmer group 5)Investation (State and Private) 6)Area review (limited) 7)Activist guidance 8)Apparatus monitoring 6
  7. 7. Total SF 2.5312.531..277277,,1313 HaHa ±± 601.892601.892 KKKK 55..454454 Unit SKUnit SK PermitPermit Updated January 31, 2019 TARGET &TARGET & ACHIEVEMENTACHIEVEMENT 7 1 HD 1.280.479,18 2 HKM 641.157,82 3 HTR 331.993,68 4 A. KULIN KK 223.876,52 B. IPHPS 25.483,59 5 HA 28.286,34 2.531.277,13 KEMITRAAN KEHUTANAN JUMLAH NO SKEMA LUAS (HA)
  8. 8. Criteria Indicator Input Output Institutional set-up Farmer group Cooperative/village enterprises Forest Management Long-term Development Plan Increased of forest cover Business Development • Business plan • Village center production • Increased income • Poverty alleviation 8
  9. 9. • Subsistance and in traditional way of thinking, so that community is set up as object instead of subject of development • Low business orientation • Institutional Forest Management • Sustainable Forest Management • Social enterpreneur Facilitators Mindset Change of Farmer - Facilitators Before Social Forestry Social Forestry Process Social Forestry Outcome 9
  10. 10. • Accelerating Social Forestry permit issuance  “Kerja bersama Jemput Bola”/working together to pick up community Social Forestry Proposal • Improving economic business and market access for Social Forestry Groups (Financial: Micro Economic, offtaker)  Facilitation and Link to Banks and market • Improving monitoring system android-based  through development of Social Forestry Navigation and Information System (Sistem Navigasi dan Informasi Perhutanan Sosial- SiNaV)-Samsung  SiNav (Public Participation; decision making) 10
  12. 12. AGROFORESTRY (i) - TUBAN Applying simple technology by postponing harvest for a month to result 1.5 higher price (wet corn: Rp 2,800/kg; dry corn: Rp 3,600/kg) 12
  13. 13. AGROFORESTRY (ii) - TUBAN Joy of a farmer in Tuban, East java “Sujiyem” at corn harvesting moment. She is supported microfinance aid from BNI about Rp 7 million/ha. She sells 5 tons for Rp 15 million. Her net income is Rp 8 million/3 months or Rp 2.67 million/month 13
  14. 14. AGROFORESTRY (iii) - TUBAN Saving from Teak Timber Product 14
  15. 15. SILVOFISHERIES (i) – LUBUK KERTANG Northern Part of Sumatera Island •Tenure conflict -> illegal cutting for palm oil by corporation (coastal countermeasures) •Community movement as a response of tidal flood which impacts to crops and infrastructure •Rehabilitation in 700 ha coastal area using mangrove 15
  16. 16. SILVOFISHERIES (ii) – LUBUK KERTANG • Healthy mangrove for shrimp, fish, and crab production -> applying local wisdom: harvest season, fish trap (bubu) using to harvest big fish only • Community is allowed to create pond with maximum size is 0.08 ha/household 16
  17. 17. SILVOFISHERIES (iii) – LUBUK KERTANG • Village fund to construct tourism’s infractructure 17
  18. 18. SILVOFISHERIES – PADANG TIKAR Kelulut honey is harvested 21 days along the year. Price: Rp 120,000/kg 18
  19. 19. SAATNYA UNTUK RAKYAT Gd. Manggala Wanabhakti Lantai 11 Jl. Gatot Subroto, Jakarta Pusat 102270 021-5737945 2018 19