Child Abuse and NeglectTraining for Educators, Part 1Child Abuse and Neglect in Oklahoma: What you Need to Know Fran Roberson, LCSW, LMFT Center for Children and Families, Inc. Norman, Oklahoma
In the United States, a child is reported abused orneglected every ten seconds.
In 2008, 11,714 children were confirmed to have been victimsof abuse or neglect in Oklahoma.
Child protective service agencies across our statereceive more than65,493 reports of suspected child abuse or neglect in 2008.
Categories of childmaltreatment include: neglect,physical and emotional abuse, and sexual abuse.
Neglect is failure to provide for achild’s basic needs.
In Oklahoma, neglectcontinues to be the highestsingle category of child maltreatment.
Substance abuse by a caregiver has been thegreatest factorcontributing to neglect in Oklahoma.
Neglect is also the result of:• Threat of harm • Failure to provide• Failure to protect adequate nutrition • Abandonment• Exposure to domestic violence • Failure to obtain medical attention• Inadequate or • Educational dangerous shelter • Failure to obtain• Lack of supervision psychiatric• Inadequate physical attention. care • Inadequate clothing • Failure to thrive
Physical abuse is defined as inflicting anon-accidentalphysical injuryupon a child.
Emotional abuseis any pattern of behavior that impairs a child’s emotional development or sense of self-worth.
Sexual abuse is inappropriate adolescent or adult sexualbehavior with a child.
Survivors of child abuse and neglect may be at greater riskfor problems later in life – such as low academic achievement, drug use, teen pregnancy, and criminal behavior; these problems affect not just thechild and family, but society as a whole.
ACE Study Adverse Childhood Experiences• Research by CDC and California’s Department of Preventive Medicine at Kaiser Permanente prompted by Dr. Vincent J. Felitti’s observations in the 1980’s work on weight loss program.• Research led to identification of ten experiences that children may have that negatively affect their health outcomes as adults.
Adult Health Outcomes: GreaterRisky Adult Behaviors that can lead to Common Causes of Death and Disability:• Alcoholism • Heart disease• Drug abuse • Cancer• Suicide attempts • Stroke• Smoking • Diabetes• Multiple sex partners • Mental Illness• Physical inactivity• Severe obesity (most common causes of death and disability in Oklahoma)
Adverse Childhood Experiences Study www.oica.org(Oklahoma Institute for Child Advocacy)
Confirmed Cases of Child Abuse and Neglect in 200890.00%80.00%70.00%60.00% Neglect50.00% Abuse40.00% Sexual Abuse30.00%20.00%10.00% 0.00%
In Oklahoma the age groupmost frequently abused or neglected is children three to six years of age.
Confirmed Child Abuse andNeglect in 2008 by Age of Child 12 yearsUnder 1 1-2 3-6 7-11 and year years years years older 18% 16.58% 26.37% 21.66% 17.39%
In 2007, 39 children died as aresult of child abuse or neglect in Oklahoma.
In 2006, 32children died in our state as aresult of abuse and neglect.
In Oklahoma, 18 of the 39child deaths in 2007 werechildren under one year of age. (27of these deaths occurred to children under the age of two years.)
• To report child abuse or neglect in Oklahoma call: 1.800.522.3511
Statistical information on child abuse and neglect can be found on the Oklahoma Department of Human Services and National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse & Neglect websites http://www.okdhs.org http://nccanch.acf.hhs.gov/
Contact Fran Roberson at theCenter for Children and Families, Inc. for further questions or concerns. email@example.com 405.364.1420