Child Abuse and NeglectTraining for Educators, Part 2Child Abuse and Neglect: Signs and Symptoms     Fran Roberson, LCSW, ...
Child maltreatment includes:neglect, physical and emotional  abuse, and sexual abuse.
Signs and symptoms may include   Child’s Behavior      Caregiver’s Behavior
Neglect is failure toprovide for a child’s   basic needs.
Children’s behaviors may include:   Lack of confidence, concentration, and social    skills.   Little to no expectations...
Caregiver’s behavior may include: Little to no supervision of children  observable. Little attention to child’s needs, i...
84% of child abuse and  neglect cases are NEGLECT (Oklahoma 2008)          Substance abuseby a caregiver has been the grea...
Neglect is also the result of:   Threat of harm            Failure to provide   Failure to protect         adequate nut...
Physical abuse  is defined asinflicting a non-    accidental physical injury upon a child.
Children’s behavior may include:   Wary of physical contact with adults.   Apprehensive when other children cry.   Demo...
Caregiver’s behavior may include: Responds harshly and applies discipline  inappropriate to child’s age, transgression,  ...
Emotional abuseis any pattern of  behavior thatimpairs a child’s    emotional development or    sense of   self-worth.
Children’s behaviors may include: Appears overly compliant, passive,  undemanding. Is extremely aggressive, demanding, o...
Caregiver’s behavior may include: Blames or belittles child. Is cold and rejecting. Withholds love. Treats siblings un...
Emotional abuse co-exists  with others abuses.  Emotional abuse is difficult to     confirm in isolation.
Suspicion of abuse orneglect of children requires   a report to the ChildWelfare hotline or office in       your county.  ...
Sexual abuse is inappropriate adolescent or  adult sexualbehavior with a    child.
Children’s behaviors may include: Appears withdrawn or engages in fantasy  or infantile behavior. Has poor peer relation...
Children’s behaviors may include: Fear of a person or an intense dislike at  being left somewhere or with someone. Other...
Caregiver’s behavior may include: Extremely protective or jealous of child. Demonstrates favoritism of one child over  a...
Suspicion of abuse orneglect of children requires   a report to the ChildWelfare hotline or office in       your county.  ...
Domestic Violence         Domestic          violence hurts          kids . . .          whether they          see it,     ...
Children’s behaviors may include: Playing out of domestic conflicts repeatedly. Anxious when any disagreement occurs in ...
Caregiver’s behavior may include: One parent exhibiting controlling behaviors of other parent. One parent exhibiting fea...
Contact Fran Roberson at theCenter for Children and Families,  Inc. for further questions or            concerns.   frober...
Second segment can in ok 2009 for otac
Second segment can in ok 2009 for otac
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Second segment can in ok 2009 for otac

  1. 1. Child Abuse and NeglectTraining for Educators, Part 2Child Abuse and Neglect: Signs and Symptoms Fran Roberson, LCSW, LMFT Center for Children and Families, Inc. Norman, Oklahoma
  2. 2. Child maltreatment includes:neglect, physical and emotional abuse, and sexual abuse.
  3. 3. Signs and symptoms may include Child’s Behavior  Caregiver’s Behavior
  4. 4. Neglect is failure toprovide for a child’s basic needs.
  5. 5. Children’s behaviors may include: Lack of confidence, concentration, and social skills. Little to no expectations of care from caregivers. Expect to fail at tasks. Apathetic, demonstrating little hope in getting needs met. May be needy and dependent, clingy at times. Used to taking care of self and siblings. Hungry, and often hoards food for self or siblings.
  6. 6. Caregiver’s behavior may include: Little to no supervision of children observable. Little attention to child’s needs, i.e., clothing, food, attention. Apathetic and emotionally unavailable. May demonstrate victim posture. Communicates sense of hopelessness.
  7. 7. 84% of child abuse and neglect cases are NEGLECT (Oklahoma 2008) Substance abuseby a caregiver has been the greatest contributing factor to neglect in Oklahoma.
  8. 8. Neglect is also the result of: Threat of harm  Failure to provide Failure to protect adequate nutrition.  Abandonment Exposure to domestic violence  Failure to obtain medical attention. Inadequate or  Educational dangerous shelter  Failure to obtain Lack of supervision psychiatric attention. Inadequate physical  Inadequate clothing care  Failure to thrive
  9. 9. Physical abuse is defined asinflicting a non- accidental physical injury upon a child.
  10. 10. Children’s behavior may include: Wary of physical contact with adults. Apprehensive when other children cry. Demonstrates extremes in behavior (aggressiveness or withdrawal). Seems frightened of parents. Reports injury by parents or appears to be using adult language to explain and injury. Exhibits “frozen watchfulness”. Developmental delays in language, social skills, physical skills, and/or cognitive skills. May wear inappropriate clothing for the weather, i.e., long sleeves or coat in warm weather.
  11. 11. Caregiver’s behavior may include: Responds harshly and applies discipline inappropriate to child’s age, transgression, and condition. Offers illogical, unconvincing, contradictory, or no explanation of child’s injury. Significantly misperceives child and intention of child’s behaviors. Has excessively high expectations of child. Demonstrates lack of empathy for child.
  12. 12. Emotional abuseis any pattern of behavior thatimpairs a child’s emotional development or sense of self-worth.
  13. 13. Children’s behaviors may include: Appears overly compliant, passive, undemanding. Is extremely aggressive, demanding, or rageful Show overly adaptive behaviors, either inappropriately adult or inappropriately infantile.
  14. 14. Caregiver’s behavior may include: Blames or belittles child. Is cold and rejecting. Withholds love. Treats siblings unequally. Seems unconcerned about child’s problems.
  15. 15. Emotional abuse co-exists with others abuses. Emotional abuse is difficult to confirm in isolation.
  16. 16. Suspicion of abuse orneglect of children requires a report to the ChildWelfare hotline or office in your county. As teachers, counselors, or administrators, we only have to have “suspicion” based on our best observations and interactions. We do not have to confirm the abuse . .that is the state’s job!
  17. 17. Sexual abuse is inappropriate adolescent or adult sexualbehavior with a child.
  18. 18. Children’s behaviors may include: Appears withdrawn or engages in fantasy or infantile behavior. Has poor peer relationships. Is unwilling to participate in physical activities. Has recurrent nightmares or disturbed sleep patterns and fear of the dark. Displays unusual interest or knowledge of sexual matters, expresses affection in ways inappropriate for a child of that age.
  19. 19. Children’s behaviors may include: Fear of a person or an intense dislike at being left somewhere or with someone. Other behavioral signals such as loss of appetite, aggressive or disruptive behavior, withdrawal, running away, or delinquent behavior, failing in school. Approaches adults in a sexual manner. Demonstrates poor boundaries with adults, known and unknown to them. May wear many clothing layers.
  20. 20. Caregiver’s behavior may include: Extremely protective or jealous of child. Demonstrates favoritism of one child over another. Inappropriate boundaries with children. Evidence of role reversals. Cautious and concerned about what child has said to others.
  21. 21. Suspicion of abuse orneglect of children requires a report to the ChildWelfare hotline or office in your county. As teachers, counselors, or administrators, we only have to have “suspicion” based on our best observations and interactions. We do not have to confirm the abuse . .that is the state’s job!
  22. 22. Domestic Violence Domestic violence hurts kids . . . whether they see it, hear it, or sense it.
  23. 23. Children’s behaviors may include: Playing out of domestic conflicts repeatedly. Anxious when any disagreement occurs in their presence. Exhibits “frozen watchfulness”.
  24. 24. Caregiver’s behavior may include: One parent exhibiting controlling behaviors of other parent. One parent exhibiting fear behaviors toward the other parent.
  25. 25. Contact Fran Roberson at theCenter for Children and Families, Inc. for further questions or concerns. froberson@ccfinorman.org 405.364.1420

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