Development of Guidelines for Segregation, Collection and Safe Disposal of Hazardous waste (SACODI) Asia Pro Eco Programme Promoting sustainable solutions for the Environment between Europe and Asia The Asia Pro Eco Programme is one of a series of initiatives by the European Union designed to promote mutual benefit and understanding between the Member States and Asia. The Programme aims to improve environmental performance and technology partnership in economic sectors, and promote sustainable responsible investment.
Development of Guidelines for Segregation, Collection and Safe Disposal of Hazardous waste (SACODI) The Network Partners: • Technical University Dresden Germany • Environment Support Group, Bangalore India • Can Tho University Vietnam • University of Wales, Cardiff UK • Bremen University of Applied Sciences Germany
Development of Guidelines for Segregation, Collection and Safe Disposal of Hazardous waste (SACODI) OBJECTIVESOverall objectives• Promotion of environmental awareness• Improvement of environmental quality and the health situation in Asian countries• Change in the behaviour of those who generate hazardous waste in a way that they treat, transport and dispose it in an environmentally safe manner• Promotion of more resource-efficient products, processes and services (including waste minimising technologies and optimised product design, reuse and recycling) Facilitation of collaboration between countries of the EU and ASEAN member countries by transfer and exchange of knowledge through networked experienceSpecific objectives• Provision of detailed, up to date and practical information about hazardous waste management• Development of technical guidelines which helps to choose between different technologies to process and deposit dangerous and hazardous waste and to find an environmentally sustainable solution which is also economical and socially appropriate• Development of an training pack which helps improve understanding of the dangers associated with hazardous waste and the urgent need for proper handling, collection and disposal
Development of Guidelines for Segregation, Collection and Safe Disposal of Hazardous waste (SACODI)“Hazardous waste”means any wastewhich by reason ofany of its physical,chemical, reactive,toxic, flammable,explosive or corrosivecharacteristics causes danger or is likely tocause danger tohealth orenvironment, whetheralone or when incontact with otherwastes orsubstances.
Development of Guidelines for Segregation, Collection and Safe Disposal of Hazardous waste (SACODI)Sources• Industrial - Acids, alkalis, Caustic substances, solvents, heavy metals, dyes, oils, paints, etc.• Household - Batteries, paints, Cleaner solvents, detergents, used drugs etc• Agricultural - Pesticides, Insecticides, Fluorides etc• Medical - Needles, scalpels, Sharps, glassware, old drugs etc
Development of Guidelines for Segregation, Collection and Safe Disposal of Hazardous waste (SACODI)Legal provisions for Hazardous Waste Management• Environment (Protection) Act, 1986• Hazardous Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1989• Environment Impact Assessment Notification, `1994• Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules, 2001• Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000• Bio-Medical Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2003• Recycled Plastics Manufacture and Usage Rules, 1999• Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical Rules, 1989• Chemical Accidents (Emergency Planning, Preparedness, and Response) Rules, 1996• Rules for the Manufacture, Use, Import, Export and Storage of Hazardous Micro-Organisms Genetically Engineered Organisms or Cells, 1989• Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991• Others
Development of Guidelines for Segregation, Collection and Safe Disposal of Hazardous waste (SACODI) International Conventions Applicable in India• Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, March 1989• Rio Declaration on Environment and Development: The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, June 1992• Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, 2001• The International Maritime Organizations International Convention on the Prevention of Pollution of Ships, 1973 (MARPOL)• International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships Ballast Water and Sediments, 13 February 2004• Agenda 21 of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (Rio Declaration), 1992• Others
Development of Guidelines for Segregation, Collection and Safe Disposal of Hazardous waste (SACODI)• SACODI Kick Off meeting in Vietnam, included visits to metal casting units, fertilizer and detergent Industries
Development of Guidelines for Segregation, Collection and Safe Disposal of Hazardous waste (SACODI)Hazardous waste Management Practice in Germany was studied as part of the second meeting of partners at the Technical Univ. Dresden. This meeting involved site visits to paper mills, e-waste processing facilities and metal polishing units.
Development of Guidelines for Segregation, Collection and Safe Disposal of Hazardous waste (SACODI) CASE STUDIES KARNATAKA
WEST COAST PAPER MILLSA five decade oldpaper mills thatcontinues to pollutewith impunitydestroying thebiodiversity in KaliRiver and adverselyimpacting peoples’lives and livelihoods
RAICHUR THERMAL POWER PLANT• The process of coal combustion results in fly ash. Fly ash disposal requires large quantities of land, water, and energy. Its fine particles, if not managed well, by virtue of their weightlessness, become airborne. Huge quantities pose challenging problems, in the form of land usage, health hazards, and environmental dangers.• Present-day utilization of fly ash in India is at its infancy, and only an insignificant amount is being put to proper use or disposal. Also, very little is invested in most R&D with applications not being is commercially viable.• Fly ash has disastrous consequences on life and environment. Its known adverse impacts include allergic bronchitis, silicosis, and asthma. Besides, fly ash contaminates surface and ground water adversely affecting aquatic life. A key threat from fly ash is the release of large quantities of mercury, a hazardous heavy metal that affects the central nervous system.• RTPS practices are being documented to provide comparative technologies that could alleviate the huge problem of fly ash that it handles.
HANUMAN DYEING AND WEAVING INDUSTRY• Silk manufacture involves a variety of processes that involve the use of hazardous chemicals and their careful disposal• Significant improvements have made dyes more safer today, yet their breakdown products offer a major risk to human health and the environment.• The careful disposal of dyes and sludge is extremely important in the management of hazardous wastes created in silk production.• The lack of proper disposal facility forces industry to store the dried sludge which contains hazardous chemicals in its facility.
SOLARIS- Caustic Soda Industry• Karwar: The area has been receiving highly reactive and toxic chemical wastes from the caustic soda factory for over 20 years already.• The factory is still dumping toxic and corrosive waste into the sea in an almost ingenious manner and there are unpublished reports of very high mercury contamination in the region.• Given the fact that the area receives very heavy rainfall most of this toxic waste gets washed into nearby rivers and the sea.• Caustic soda factories are by and large shut down in the industrialised world.
Mavallipura- An illegal Dump site• Bangalore Mahanagara Palike (BMP - city’s municipal corporation) has been illegally and unscientifically dumping over 200 truckloads of waste every day since May 2003 on leased private land at Mavallipura, north of Bangalore.• Villagers who have been fighting this illegal dump have suffered serious health impacts.• The leachates from this illegal dump are slowly but surely finding their way into the Arkavathi river, which provides about 25% of Bangalore’s drinking water needs.• ESG has worked with the affected communities systematically and this has resulted in the KSPCB filing a criminal petition against the farmer who has leased the land. ESG is now working to expand the scope of this case to also include BMP as a defendant.• Water used for drinking and agriculture are found seriously contaminated including by heavy metals.• Lack of segregation of waste at source is a major cause for large volumes of garbage creating such problems.
Development of Guidelines for Segregation, Collection and Safe Disposal of Hazardous waste (SACODI)Hazardous Waste Landfill SiteIndustries in the State produce an enormous quantity of hazardous wastes, approximately about 80,000 tonnes every year. This has to be safely disposed to prevent environmental and health hazards..There aren’t any legal hazardous waste disposal sites, yet. One is coming up at Dobbespet near Nelamangala, North of Bangalore and the work has been much delayed due to various legal wrangles and local resistance.Till the setting up of the treatment facility, the industries should store the wastes in their premises safely. But not all industries follow the rules. Some industries illegally dump the wastes in private lands, water bodies, and near the highways.