outsourcing the disposal of waste to private contractors who would mechanise much ofthe operations
Using the principle of Extended Producers’, Sellers’ and Users’ Responsibility, BMC and state government should fix obligations on manufacturers and traders of various categories of waste-generating products – such as automobiles, soft-drinks, fast foods & refreshments, packaging, etc. The government may also consider levying a suitable surcharge in the form of a ‘Green Tax’ or ‘Recycling Tax’ on these products, the accruals from which should go exclusively to a ‘Cleanliness Fund’. Additionally, manufacturers should be mandated to introduce pro-active schemes such as ‘Buyback’ of bags/ pouches/ PET bottles/ bread wrappers, etc.
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should be mandated to become zero-garbage through compulsory bio-degradation of wet waste and disposal of dry waste to recycling businesses -- possibly with a tipping fee to push for minimization of their garbage going to landfills.
Garbage disposal in slum areas presents a formidable challenge. the poor are being compelled to packing their garbage in used polybags and throwing it in nullahs and open drains. Greater institutional coordination between the BMC and various state and central government agencies that impact the life of Mumbai is indeed the need of the hour. The most workable approach seems to be house-to-house or cluster-wise collection, at specified timings, by ghanta gaadis and the seamless transportation of waste in municipal vehicles. Waste-pickers should be integrated into this operation, as has been successfully done in Pune. BMC should provide sheds and depots for sorting and processing of dry waste, so that waste-pickers can realize better value for the recyclable material.
Current Practices in India<br />Waste generation: households, business, industry etc.<br />Final Disposal<br />Direct route (as in high income countries and some villages etc.)<br />Individual conveyance of ‘Primary Collection’ by waste collectors<br />Secondary collection<br />Recyclable waste bought by itinerant waste buyers and recyclers<br />Transfer Point<br />Sorting by waste pickers<br />Sorting by waste pickers<br />Recycling<br />