Waste management

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  • outsourcing the disposal of waste to private contractors who would mechanise much ofthe operations
  •  Using the principle of Extended Producers’, Sellers’ and Users’ Responsibility, BMC and state government should fix obligations on manufacturers and traders of various categories of waste-generating products – such as automobiles, soft-drinks, fast foods & refreshments, packaging, etc. The government may also consider levying a suitable surcharge in the form of a ‘Green Tax’ or ‘Recycling Tax’ on these products, the accruals from which should go exclusively to a ‘Cleanliness Fund’. Additionally, manufacturers should be mandated to introduce pro-active schemes such as ‘Buyback’ of bags/ pouches/ PET bottles/ bread wrappers, etc.  
  • 109 slide pre waste
  •  should be mandated to become zero-garbage through compulsory bio-degradation of wet waste and disposal of dry waste to recycling businesses -- possibly with a tipping fee to push for minimization of their garbage going to landfills.  
  • Garbage disposal in slum areas presents a formidable challenge. the poor are being compelled to packing their garbage in used polybags and throwing it in nullahs and open drains. Greater institutional coordination between the BMC and various state and central government agencies that impact the life of Mumbai is indeed the need of the hour. The most workable approach seems to be house-to-house or cluster-wise collection, at specified timings, by ghanta gaadis and the seamless transportation of waste in municipal vehicles. Waste-pickers should be integrated into this operation, as has been successfully done in Pune. BMC should provide sheds and depots for sorting and processing of dry waste, so that waste-pickers can realize better value for the recyclable material.   
  • Waste management

    1. 1. Waste Management<br />
    2. 2. Team<br />Ashish Pendam<br />Awadhesh Kumar<br />Hemant Patil<br />Pranay Petkar<br />Shantanu Parihar<br />Vishal Raj<br />
    3. 3. Agenda<br />
    4. 4. Overview<br />
    5. 5. Generation of MSW in various countries<br />Source: Manual on Municipal Solid Waste Management, Govt. of Indi, 2000<br />
    6. 6. Composition of waste<br />
    7. 7. Current Practices in India<br />Waste generation: households, business, industry etc.<br />Final Disposal<br />Direct route (as in high income countries and some villages etc.)<br />Individual conveyance of ‘Primary Collection’ by waste collectors<br />Secondary collection<br />Recyclable waste bought by itinerant waste buyers and recyclers<br />Transfer Point<br />Sorting by waste pickers<br />Sorting by waste pickers<br />Recycling<br />
    8. 8. Stakeholders<br />Occasional roles<br />Common roles<br />
    9. 9. Issues involved<br />
    10. 10. Issues involved<br />
    11. 11. Major Impacts<br />
    12. 12. Objectives<br />
    13. 13. Proposed system: principles<br />
    14. 14. Waste hierarchy<br />
    15. 15. ISWM<br />
    16. 16. Life cycle Perspective<br />Reduction<br />Production<br />Natural Resources<br />Recycled Resources<br />Material Recycling<br />Reduction<br />Direct consumption<br />Consumption <br />(Products & Services)<br />Discarding<br />Proper reatment <br />& recovery<br />Sustainable consumption<br />Directly Recyled resources<br />Treatment<br />Final Disposal<br />Reuse<br />Proper disposal<br />
    17. 17. Residential<br />Hazardous Waste for Treatment & Disposal<br />Resources<br />Collection of Waste<br />Segregation of Waste<br />Recycling Waste<br />(organic & inorganic)<br />Waste Exchange<br />Discarded Waste<br />Final Disposal<br />Treatment Recovery Final Waste<br />Services (Healthcare, Laboratory, etc.)<br />Industrial & Commercial<br />Generation Source Perspective<br />3R<br />3R<br />3R<br />Methane & Heat<br />Energy<br />Plastics, wood, steel, paper, glass and compost/biogas<br />Sanitary Landfill, Incineration<br />
    18. 18. Stakeholders/Management<br />Effective regulations & financial mechanisms for generators, service providers & businesses<br />Technological innovations Efficiency & efficacy<br />Waste disposal regulations<br />3R<br />SWM Service Providers (Collection, segregation, transportation of recycling and non-recycling waste, treatment (sanitary landfill, incineration) and disposal)<br />Government (Local and national government departments)<br />Waste Generators (Residents, industries & services)<br />Collection transportation & segregation<br />Treatment & final disposal<br />Waste Generation<br />Businesses (To generate compost, energy and recycling materials/products)<br />Technological innovations & development<br />Recycling, composting and energy<br />
    19. 19. Waste Audit<br />
    20. 20. PPP model<br />
    21. 21. Need for PPP<br />
    22. 22. Govt. bodies<br />Equity Investors<br />Lenders<br />SWM <br />Special Purpose Vehicle<br />Private Operator<br />NGOs<br />Organizational Structure<br />Equity Share Capital<br />Concession + Land Lease Agreements<br />Equity <br />Share<br />Capital<br />Collection & Transfer <br /> Agreement<br />2. OMDA for landfills<br />Term Debt<br />Equity Share Capital<br />Partner for awareness<br />Collection in slums<br />
    23. 23. Operational Structure<br />
    24. 24. Government Bodies - Responsibilities<br />
    25. 25. Government Bodies- Benefits<br />
    26. 26. Private WM Company -Responsibilities<br />
    27. 27. Private WM Company- Benefits<br />
    28. 28. NGO- Responsibilities<br />
    29. 29. NGO- Benefits<br />
    30. 30. Organizational Restructuring<br />
    31. 31. Pilot Project for Mumbai<br />
    32. 32. Situation analysis<br />
    33. 33. Key details of Mumbai<br />
    34. 34. Magnitude of Waste Management<br />
    35. 35. Waste Data for Mumbai<br />
    36. 36. Waste Collection in Mumbai<br />Houses<br />Hotels<br />Commercial Units<br />Wheel Barrows<br />Ghanta Trucks<br />Hotel Trucks<br />Bins<br />Dumper Placers<br />Compactors<br />Transfer Stations<br />Bulk Refuse Carrier<br />Landfill<br />
    37. 37. Transfer Stations and Disposal site Locations in Mumbai<br />Kanjurmarg<br />
    38. 38. Crisis<br />
    39. 39. Opportunities<br />
    40. 40. Policy Measures<br />
    41. 41. 3R-Policy <br />
    42. 42. Producers responsibilities<br />
    43. 43. Zero Garbage Zones<br />
    44. 44. Operational Measures<br />
    45. 45. Collection & Transfer of waste<br />
    46. 46. Services<br />
    47. 47. Commercial Services<br />
    48. 48. Residential Services <br />
    49. 49. Services to Slums<br />
    50. 50. Truck Routing<br />
    51. 51. MIS - GPS for solid waste management<br />
    52. 52. MIS - GPS for solid waste management<br />Solid Waste Management (SWM)<br />MIS<br />GPS<br />City level data<br />Zone level data<br />Truck routes<br />City level data<br />Quantum of waste <br />Wet, Dry<br />City level route<br />Zone level data<br />Quantum of waste<br />Wet, Dry<br />Start collection point<br />Middle collection point<br />End collection point<br />Generation of reports<br />Daily, Weekly, Monthly<br />Quantum of waste<br />
    53. 53. Benefits of MIS-GPS<br />
    54. 54. Processing of waste<br />
    55. 55. Solid Waste Processing - Objectives<br />
    56. 56. Proposed plants for processing<br />
    57. 57. Composting<br />
    58. 58. Composting (Contd..) <br />
    59. 59. Proposed Bio-methanation Plant <br />
    60. 60. Benefits of Bio-methanation<br />
    61. 61. C&D Recycling Plant<br />
    62. 62. Recycling <br />
    63. 63. Fees & Taxes <br />
    64. 64. Revenue Sources<br />
    65. 65. Awareness & Generating Motivation<br />
    66. 66. Mindset - NIMBY<br />
    67. 67. Public education & involvement<br />ADOPTION<br />MAINTENANCE<br />TRIAL<br />AWARENESS<br />EVALUATION<br />INTEREST<br />News release, news articles, <br />guest spots on radio, flyers,<br />Posters, billboards, commercials,<br />
    68. 68. Curriculum<br />
    69. 69. On Air time<br />
    70. 70. Promotion<br />
    71. 71. Social Networking Websites<br />
    72. 72. Cleanliness drives<br />
    73. 73. Thank You<br />

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