190 plants exempted from Biodiversity Act as NTC_ 17_10_12_CBD
190 Plants removed from the purview of the Biological Diversity Act 2002 as Normally Traded commodities Environment Support Group 1572, Sapthagiri, 100 feet Ring Road, Banashankari 2nd Stage, Bangalore-70 Tel:91-80-26713559/60 www.esgindia.org
190 plants declared Normally Traded Commodities• In 2010, MoEF and NBA notified 190 plants as Normally Traded Commodities per Sec 40 of BD Act, without any compliance with the Principle of Prior and Informed Consent• On review, we discovered at least 15 plants were critically endangered, or threatened, a fact confirmed by IUCN.• Trade is a major cause for extinction of species.• The NTC list is thus comprehensively violative of various national and international regulations.
More species on IUCN Red List• The case of a fish Puntius denisonii, also known as Miss Kerala, is indicative of the threat that exists to species from trade.• Miss Kerala, discovered as a collector’s item in the 1996 Rome Aquarium Congress, has by 2010 come close to extinction due to commercial trade.• IUCN has now placed it on the Red List - nearing extinction.• Similarly, unfettered trade in endangered plants could drive them into extinction.
Is NTC clause a gateway to species extinction?• "India Losing Rare Medicinal Plants", published on the front page of The Asian Age, 14th February, 2010, in which Jairam Ramesh is quoted to have said that "a five-year moratorium should be placed on the export of all raw materials in order to save these plants from extinction” while admitting “annually, Rs. 800 crores worth of rare medicinal plants are being exported in raw form. These plants then get re-imported back into the country as medicines which are sold at much higher prices.“• Yet no action has been taken to review listing 190 plants as Normally Traded Commodities – over two years since we filed the complaint against the decision
Loss of species• Twenty-one percent of all "If the world made equivalent losses in known mammals, 30 share prices there would be a rapid percent of all known response and widespread panic, as we amphibians,12 percent of saw during the recent economic crisis. all known birds, 35 The loss of biodiversity, crucial to life on percent of conifers and earth, has, in comparison, produced cycads, 17 percent of little response," said Jackson. "By sharks and 27 percent of ignoring the urgent need for action we reef-building corals stand to pay a much higher price in the assessed for the IUCN long term than the world can afford." - Red List of Threatened IUCN Species™ are threatened with extinction.http://www.iucnredlist.org
Plant species that have been listed in the Normally Traded commodities also listed on other lists of Threatened and endangered species• BSI Negative Plant List- 2• ENVIS Negative list-1• Karnataka Medicinal Plants Authority-4• National Medicinal Plants Board-6• ENVIS List of threatened Plants-1• Ministry of commerce notification- 6