Poetry can be defined as literature in a metrical form or a composition forming rhythmic lines. In short, a poem is something that follows a particular flow of rhythm and meter.
A literature in which there is no such restriction, and the content of the piece flows according to story, a poem may or may not have a story, but definitely has a structured method of writing.
1. Rhythm - the music made by the statements of the poem, which includes the syllables in the lines.2. Meter - basic structural make-up of the poem.
3. Stanza - defined as a smaller unit or group of lines or a paragraph in a poem. A particular stanza has a specific meter, rhyme scheme, etc. Based on the number of lines, stanzas are named as couplet (2 lines), Tercet (3 lines), Quatrain (4 lines), Cinquain (5 lines), Sestet (6 lines), Septet (7 lines), Octave (8 lines).
4. Rhyme – it means that the last words or sounds of the lines match with each other in some form.5. Rhyme Scheme - defined as the pattern of rhyme. Either the last words of the first and second lines rhyme with each other, or the first and the third, second and the fourth and so on. It is denoted by alphabets like aabb (1st line rhyming with 2nd, 3rd with 4th); abab (1st with 3rd, 2nd with 4th); abba (1st with 4th, 2nd with 3rd), etc.
6. Figurative Language – these are the words added to the poem to make it more meaningful.7. Theme - is the central idea that the poet wants to convey.8. Symbolism - poems will convey ideas and thoughts using symbols.9. Imagery - is used by the poet for readers to create an image in their imagination. Imagery appeals to all the five senses.