Early YearsRobert Frost, circa 1910Robert Frost was born in San Francisco, California, to journalist William Prescott Frost, Jr., and Isabelle Moodie. His mother was of Scottish descent, and his father descended from Nicholas Frost of Tiverton, Devon, England, who had sailed to New Hampshire in 1634 on theWolfrana.Frosts father was a teacher and later an editor of the San Francisco Evening Bulletin (which later merged with the San Francisco Examiner), and an unsuccessful candidate for city tax collector. After his death on May 5, 1885, the family moved across the country to Lawrence, Massachusetts, under the patronage of (Roberts grandfather) William Frost, Sr., who was an overseer at a New England mill. Frost graduated from Lawrence High School in 1892. Frosts mother joined the Swedenborgian church and had him baptized in it, but he left it as an adult.Although known for his later association with rural life, Frost grew up in the city, and he published his first poem in his high schools magazine. He attended Dartmouth College for two months, long enough to be accepted into the Theta Delta Chi fraternity. Frost returned home to teach and to work at various jobs – including helping his mother teach her class of unruly boys, delivering newspapers, and working in a factory as an arclight carbon filament changer. He did not enjoy these jobs, feeling his true calling was poetry.
Adult YearsIn 1895, Frost married Elinor Miriam White, who became a major inspiration in his poetry until her death in 1938. The couple moved to England in 1912, after their New Hampshire farm failed, and it was abroad that Frost met and was influenced by such contemporary British poets as Edward Thomas, Rupert Brooke, and Robert Graves. While in England, Frost also established a friendship with the poet Ezra Pound, who helped to promote and publish his work.By the time Frost returned to the United States in 1915, he had published two full-length collections, A Boys Will and North of Boston, and his reputation was established. By the nineteen-twenties, he was the most celebrated poet in America, and with each new book—including New Hampshire (1923), A Further Range(1936), Steeple Bush (1947), and In the Clearing (1962)—his fame and honors (including four Pulitzer Prizes) increased.
Adult YearsThough his work is principally associated with the life and landscape of New England, and though he was a poet of traditional verse forms and metrics who remained steadfastly aloof from the poetic movements and fashions of his time, Frost is anything but a merely regional or minor poet. The author of searching and often dark meditations on universal themes, he is a quintessentially modern poet in his adherence to language as it is actually spoken, in the psychological complexity of his portraits, and in the degree to which his work is infused with layers of ambiguity and irony.In a 1970 review of The Poetry of Robert Frost, the poet Daniel Hoffman describes Frosts early work as "the Puritan ethic turned astonishingly lyrical and enabled to say out loud the sources of its own delight in the world," and comments on Frosts career as The American Bard: "He became a national celebrity, our nearly official Poet Laureate, and a great performer in the tradition of that earlier master of the literary vernacular, Mark Twain."
Adult YearsAbout Frost, President John F. Kennedy said, "He has bequeathed his nation a body of imperishable verse from which Americans will forever gain joy and understanding."Robert Frost lived and taught for many years in Massachusetts and Vermont, and died in Boston on January 29, 1963.
The following phrase is from his poem ‗‘The road not taken ‗‘…‗Two roads diverged in a wood, and I, I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference‘
Bibliography (poems) After Apple-Picking A Girls Garden A Patch of Old Snow Acquainted with the night Going for Water The Pasture The Aim Was Song Good Hours Plowmen An Old Mans Winter Night Good-bye, and Keep Cold A Prayer in Spring The Armful The Gum-Gatherer Provide, Provide Asking for Roses A Hundred Collars Putting in the Seed The Bear Hannibal Quandary Bereft The Hill Wife A Question (poem) Birches Home Burial Reluctance The Black Cottage Hyla Brook Revelation Bond and Free In a Disused Graveyard The Road Not Taken A Boundless Moment In a Poem The Road That Lost its Reason A Brook in the City In Hardwood Groves The Rose Family But Outer Space In Neglect Rose Pogonias Choose Something Like a Star In White (Frosts Early Version of "Design") The Runaway A Cliff Dwelling Into My Own The Secret Sits The Code A Late Walk The Self-Seeker Come In Leaves Compared with Flowers A Servant to Servants A Considerable Speck The Lesson for Today The Silken Tent The Cow in Apple-Time The Line-Gang A Soldier The Death Of The Hired Man A Line-Storm Song The Sound of the Trees Dedication The Lockless Door The Span of Life The Demiurges Laugh Love and a Question Spring Pools Devotion Lure of the West The Star-Splitter Departmental Meeting and Passing Stars Desert Places Mending Wall Stopping by woods on a snowing evening Design A Minor Bird Storm Fear Directive The Mountain The Telephone A Dream Pang Mowing They Were Welcome to Their Belief Dust of Snow My Butterfly A Time to Talk The Egg and the Machine My November Guest To E.T. Evening in a Sugar Orchard The Need of Being Versed in Country Things To Earthward The Exposed Nest Neither Out Far Nor in Deep To the Thawing Wind The Fear Never Again Would Birds Song Be the Same Tree at My Window Fire and Ice (1920) Not to Keep The Trial by Existence Fireflies in the Garden Nothing Gold Can Stay The Tuft of Flowers The Flower Boat Now Close the Windows Two Look at Two Flower-Gathering October Two Tramps in Mud Time For Once, Then Something On a Tree Fallen across the Road The Vanishing Red Fragmentary Blue On Looking up by Chance at the Constellations The Vantage Point Gathering Leaves Once by the Pacific (1916) War Thoughts at Home Gods Garden One Step Backward Taken What Fifty Said The Generations of Men Out, Out-- (1916) The Witch of Coös Ghost House The Oven Bird The Wood-Pile The Gift Oughtright Pan With Us
Bibliography (poetry collections) North of Boston (David Nutt, 1914; Holt, 1914) ―Mendig Wall‖ A Boys Will (Holt, 1915) Mountain Interval (Holt, 1916) ―The Road Not Taken‘‘ Selected Poems (Holt, 1923) Includes poems from first three volumes and the poem The Runaway New Hampshire (Holt, 1923; Grant Richards, 1924) Several Short Poems (Holt, 1924) Selected Poems (Holt, 1928) West -Running Brook (Holt, 1928? 1929) The Lovely Shall Be Choosers, The Poetry Quartos, printed and illustrated by Paul Johnston (Random House, 1929) Collected Poems of Robert Frost (Holt, 1930; Longmans, Green, 1930) The Lone Striker (Knopf, 1933) Selected Poems: Third Edition (Holt, 1934) Three Poems (Baker Library, Dartmouth College, (1935) The Gold Hesperidee (Bibliophile Press, 1935) From Snow to Snow (Holt, 1936) A Further Range (Holt, 1936; Cape, 1937) Collected Poems of Robert Frost (Holt, 1939; Longmans, Green, 1939) A Witness Tree (Holt, 1942; Cape, 1943) Come In, and Other Poems (1943) Steeple Bush (Holt, 1947) Complete Poems of Robert Frost, 1949 (Holt, 1949; Cape, 1951) Hard Not To Be King (House of Books, 1951) Aforesaid (Holt, 1954) A Remembrance Collection of New Poems (Holt, 1959) You Come Too (Holt, 1959; Bodley Head, 1964) In the Clearing (Holt Rinehart & Winston, 1962) The Poetry of Robert Frost (New York, 1969) A Further Range (published as Further Range in 1926, as New Poems by Holt, 1936; Cape, 1937) What Fifty Said Fire And Ice A Drumlin Woodchuck