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SUMMARY, PARAPHRASE, &SUMMARY, PARAPHRASE, &
QUOTATIONQUOTATION
 What do summaries,What do summaries,
paraphrases, and qu...
SUMMARY, PARAPHRASE, &SUMMARY, PARAPHRASE, &
QUOTATIONQUOTATION
 How do summaries, paraphrases,How do summaries, paraphra...
SUMMARY, PARAPHRASE, &SUMMARY, PARAPHRASE, &
QUOTATIONQUOTATION
 A SummaryA Summary::
 Is a general restatement of the m...
SUMMARY, PARAPHRASE, &SUMMARY, PARAPHRASE, &
QUOTATIONQUOTATION
 A ParaphraseA Paraphrase::
 Is a precise restatement of...
SUMMARY, PARAPHRASE, &SUMMARY, PARAPHRASE, &
QUOTATIONQUOTATION
 A Quotation:
 Is identical to the original—word for
wor...
SUMMARY, PARAPHRASE, &SUMMARY, PARAPHRASE, &
QUOTATIONQUOTATION
 A Quotation:
 Is identical to the original—word for
wor...
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Summary, paraphrase, quotation

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Quick lesson for composition students to reference

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Summary, paraphrase, quotation

  1. 1. SUMMARY, PARAPHRASE, &SUMMARY, PARAPHRASE, & QUOTATIONQUOTATION  What do summaries,What do summaries, paraphrases, and quotes allowparaphrases, and quotes allow writers to do?writers to do?  They are 3 ways of incorporatingThey are 3 ways of incorporating other writers' ideas into your ownother writers' ideas into your own writing.writing.
  2. 2. SUMMARY, PARAPHRASE, &SUMMARY, PARAPHRASE, & QUOTATIONQUOTATION  How do summaries, paraphrases,How do summaries, paraphrases, and quotes differ from one another?and quotes differ from one another?  They differ according to the similarityThey differ according to the similarity ofof youryour writing to the source writing.writing to the source writing.  They differ according to theThey differ according to the level oflevel of specificityspecificity in communicating the ideasin communicating the ideas of the source writing.of the source writing.
  3. 3. SUMMARY, PARAPHRASE, &SUMMARY, PARAPHRASE, & QUOTATIONQUOTATION  A SummaryA Summary::  Is a general restatement of the main idea of a passage.  Is the most general of the three techniques.  Requires that you clearly understand the original passage so you do not distort its meaning.  Uses your own original wording and sentence structure—otherwise, it’s plagiarism.  Is much shorter in length than the original.  Requires a parenthetical citation—otherwise, it’s plagiarism.  A parenthetical citation consists of the author’s last name and the page number(s) of the borrowed
  4. 4. SUMMARY, PARAPHRASE, &SUMMARY, PARAPHRASE, & QUOTATIONQUOTATION  A ParaphraseA Paraphrase::  Is a precise restatement of a short passage— usually no more than a sentence or two.  Is more specific than summary, but more general than a quotation  Requires that you clearly understand the original passage so you do not distort its meaning.  Uses your own original wording and sentence structure—otherwise, it’s plagiarism.  Is usually very close to the same length as the original passage.  Requires a parenthetical citation—otherwise, it’s plagiarism.
  5. 5. SUMMARY, PARAPHRASE, &SUMMARY, PARAPHRASE, & QUOTATIONQUOTATION  A Quotation:  Is identical to the original—word for word.  Is the most specific of the three techniques, but should be used the least.  Should never stand by itself as a complete sentence (known as a “floating quote”). Instead, integrate every quote into a sentence of your own.  Requires a parenthetical citation—
  6. 6. SUMMARY, PARAPHRASE, &SUMMARY, PARAPHRASE, & QUOTATIONQUOTATION  A Quotation:  Is identical to the original—word for word.  Is the most specific of the three techniques, but should be used the least.  Should never stand by itself as a complete sentence (known as a “floating quote”). Instead, integrate every quote into a sentence of your own.  Requires a parenthetical citation—

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