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Developments in Connected Regional SADC Cyberinfrastructure to Support Data Sharing & Open Science/Tshiamo Motshegwa


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Presentation during the 14th Association of African Universities (AAU) Conference and African Open Science Platform (AOSP)/Research Data Alliance (RDA) Workshop in Accra, Ghana, 7-8 June 2017.

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Developments in Connected Regional SADC Cyberinfrastructure to Support Data Sharing & Open Science/Tshiamo Motshegwa

  1. 1. Developments in connected regional SADC Cyberinfrastructure [to Support Data Sharing & Open Science] AOSP-RDA Workshop@14th AAU Conference 7th-8th June 2017,Accra, Ghana Dr Tshiamo Motshegwa. Department of Computer Science, University of Botswana
  2. 2. About UB • Largest established university in Botswana, - Top 5 (Rankings exc. SA Universities) • 7 Established Faculties & Schools - Science, Engineering and Technology, Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Business, Humanities, Social Sciences. • School of graduate Studies & Well resourced Library - 5 Stories high, 460,000 Books, 123,000 Full Text Journals, 200 Workstations • Office of Research & Development - Small commercialization unit, Research management systems, Digital Repository for university research • 9 Research Centres & Institutes, • A detailed University Research Strategy approved 2008, • Strategic goals and vision for research intensive institution.
  3. 3. PART I Reflections
  4. 4. Outline • Patterns and trends in research collaborations • knowledge networks and nations • SADC Cyber-infrastructure Framework Initiative • CI as Technologies, skills, people and policies • Could CI enhance Data Sharing, Open Science and distort knowledge networks of nations • Summary & Further Talking Points
  5. 5. Pattern & trends research collaborations
  6. 6. Why Collaborate • Seeking Excellence – working with outstanding peers, benefits of scale, sharing burden of research of research, breaking down complex tasks • Benefits of joint authorship – citations per article vs number of collaborating countries • Capacity Building through collaboration – especially for developing countries • Access to facilities • Funding • Equipment • Networks • Geopolitical potential of Scientific collaborations
  7. 7. Report Observations • Science is increasingly global • Addressing questions of global significance • Supported by Governments, business and philanthropists • Striking increased activity in particular countries • China overtaking Japan and Europe by publication output • Rapid developments in India, Brazil • New emergent scientific nations – Middle East, South East Asia, North Africa, Smaller European countries • Traditional scientific superpowers still lead the field • US , Western Europe and Japan invest heavily, gain substantial returns • Strengthening of traditional centers & Emergence of new players • Points to a multipolar scientific world • Distribution of scientific activity concentrated in widely dispersed hubs
  8. 8. Who is collaborating with who and why?? And intensification over time – 1996-2008
  9. 9. Observations – Methodology based around joint authorship • US dominant Role striking • Only 29% of research output of US is internationally collaborative • Yet international collaborations involving US account for 17% of all internationally collaborative papers • Other global and regional hubs stand out & Role of traditional scientific nations clear & there is growth elsewhere • Other trends ? – Linguistic and historical ties • France and collaborations Francophone countries
  10. 10. Further Observations • Regional collaborations & Geographical proximity? • Not solely • Though strong examples of regional units around resource sharing and expertise • Addressing issues borne out of similar environmental conditions, hardware, physical resources or same language • Political support underpinnings and research strategies and coordination of efforts? EU, AU, ASEAN • Emerging regional ties & growing influence of some countries • Before 2000 SA one of many centers of collaborations between African countries -Senegal,Cameroon,Nigeria, Uganda, Morocco • By 2008,network growth, more papers, SA as a collaborative linchpin • Egypt and Sudan emerged as bridges between North and Sub Saharan Africa (Neither having been in the network prior) – increased Domestic production, substantial intensification of investments
  11. 11. R & D Expenditure as % GDP[ Source World Bank]
  12. 12. R & D Expenditure as % GDP[ Source World Bank]
  13. 13. Part II Policy
  14. 14. SADC Cyber-Infrastructure (CI) Framework [ SADC member states & Working Group Approved 30th June 2016 at Joint Meeting of Ministers of Education& Training And Science & Technology, ]
  15. 15. SADC 15 Members
  16. 16. • Promotion of sustainable and equitable socio- economic growth • Economic wellbeing • Improved standards of living and quality of life • Industriliazation (2014) • Promotion of common political values • Freedom and social justice • Promotion , consolidation and maintenance of democracy, peace and security • Peace and security for people of Southern Africa SADC Common Agenda - Integration
  17. 17. SADC Governance & Decision Making [Source: A.Morgan, SADC Secretariat -1st East African Science, Technology & Innovation Regional Stakeholder Meeting 23 August 2016 Kigali, Rwanda]
  18. 18. Policy Framework Landscape • SADC Treaty 1992 • Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan (RISDP 2005-2020) - Strategic directions wrt to programmes & activities • Protocols e.g. SADC Protocol on STI 2008 • Strategies - Strategic Plan on STI 2015-2020 - SADC Industrialisation Strategy and Roadmap 2015-2063 • Frameworks - e.g. SADC Cyber-Infrastructure Framework - SADC STI Climate Change Framework & Implementation Plan • Programmes e.g SADC IKS Policy Platform, SADC Research Innovation Management Capacity • Drive towards SADC Vision 2050 • AU Vision 2063
  19. 19. The RISDP Priorities for 2015-2020 [Source: A.Morgan, SADC Secretariat -1st East African Science, Technology & Innovation Regional Stakeholder Meeting 23 August 2016 Kigali, Rwanda]
  20. 20. Part III Infrastructure SADC Cyberinfrastructure Framework
  21. 21. But what is a Cyber-infrastructure? A proposed working definition • A key driver for knowledge based economy, comprising of • Computation Resources - ranging from HPC to other computing capabilities • Research & Education Networks – Specialized broadband infrastructure networks and service providers for education, research and innovation • Data – Tools and facilities to enable efficient data driven discoveries, technologies and innovations • Policies – To enable optimal establishment and utilization of cyber- infrastructure; generation, analysis, transport as well as stewardship of information • There are mature CI ecosystems out there • EU Digital Single Market strategy powered by cyberinfrastructures • UK Data Forum robust National data structure for socio- economic research
  22. 22. [Source: Colin Wright SADC/ET-ST1/1/2016/11 Document] Elements of a well developed Cyber- Infrastructure Ecosystems
  23. 23. Strategic Goals and Objective of The Framework • Will seed and form a basis for CI Strategic Plan to • Promote high level quality education, research and innovation • Accelerate Technology transfer, commercialization and industrialization in SADC • Promote shared CI Commons ( infrastructure and capabilities) • Ultimate Goals are that it will • Add value to Scientific Programmes • Foster partnerships and collaborations • Develop regional CI networks through interconnecting HPC centers, Scientists and Research on regional priority challenges • Proposes and implementation plan and governance structure for CI strategic plan
  24. 24. Strategic Goals and Objective of The Cyber-infrastructure (CI) • The vision is that of an • Education, research and innovation environment; • That provides for Human Capital Development; • And shared access to unique or distributed facilities • To impact socio economic development in the SADC region; • And promote knowledge based economy • Strategic goals are to • Promote high quality education, research and innovation • Build CI capacity • Promote CI Commons ( An environment to share education, research and innovation resources), • Accelerate Technology transfer, commercialization and industrialization in SADC
  25. 25. From SADC HPC Framework • 2009 Blue Gene For Africa Initiative at SA CHPC to build high end computing capacity in the continent • SADC HPC Forum Partnership- SADC member countries, partners and advisors HPC technical meetings since 2011 • South Africa DST presented Draft Framework to guide rollout of SADC HPC initiative to Forum in 2013 • Resolutions, focus areas, roadmap timeframes agreed • Focus Areas, task teams, White Papers/Strategies • Infrastructure – Tanzania, SA & Angola • Research & Development – SA, Botswana, Lesotho, Zambia & Angola • Human Capital Development – Zimbabwe, South Africa, Zambia • Policy – SA • Institutional Arrangements and Governance – SA,Tanzania, Secretariat • Strategic Partnerships
  26. 26. IBM Blue Gene
  27. 27. SADC Forum Meetings SADC 2013 HPC Forum delegates – Capetown n SADC 2014 HPC Forum delegates – Skukuza, Kruger National Park SADC 2015 HPC Forum delegates – CSIR, Pretoria
  28. 28. Towards A SADC CI Framework • Shift of focus to holistic CI framework in recognition of • Need for holistic approach to computation and data intensive research and applications • Rapid escalation in the importance of data • Collaborative Research and Data Sharing • Growing dependence on Broadband Connectivity and • Developments in regional integrated cyber-infrastructure • Need for an integrated SADC Cyber-infrastructure Framework • SADC Declaration on ICT indicates regional aspirations for development of National ICT infrastructure • Proposed CI Framework basis of coherent Strategy ,action plan, roadmap for holistic CI for SADC to • Impact socio-economic development and industrialization • Enhance education(developing technologies, but in use too) • Support collaborative research, development and innovation
  29. 29. Alignment with SADC and African Policy Instruments • Proposed CI Framework is consistent with existing SADC Policy Frameworks • AU Agenda 2063 – The Africa we want • STISA 2024 – Science Technology Innovation Strategy for Africa, 2024 • SADC Treaty • SADC Protocol in Science, Technology & Innovation • RISDP Revised 2015 – Revised Indicative Strategic Development Plan • SADC Strategic Plan on STI (2015-2020) • RIDMP- Regional Infrastructure Development Master Plan -Digital SADC 2027 • SADC Industrialization Strategy (2015 -2063) • The Cyberinfrastructure falls within the Research, Innovation and industry development pillar of the Digital SADC 2027 which is the ICT Chapter of RIDMP
  30. 30. Policy Alignment SADC CI Framework SADC Strategic Plan on STI 2015 - 2020 Protocol on STI Revised Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan, RISDP Industrialization Strategy and Roadmap Regional infrastructure Development Master Plan, RIMDP
  31. 31. Impact of CI • Bedrock of Digital age, Digital transformation, knowledge economy and Digital economies by virtue of impact on • e-Education/Leaning, E-Health, e-Gov,e-Agriculture • Regional Integration • Collaboration using CI • Using CI for sectorial collaboration, e.g. energy, education, health • Impact on industrialization , e.g. industry 4.0 • Technology Transfer, commercialization as a consequence of research and education advances • Spectrum of other consequences • Citizen Science • Digital and Nationally shared information repositories vs libraries • Disciplines previously untouched by eScience/eResearch • Social media effect in social science, applications e.g. disaster recovery
  32. 32. Situational Analysis- NRENs • UbuntuNet Alliance as the internationally recognized Regional Research and Education Network for Southern and East Africa • Regional RENS (RRENs) support NRENs in establishing infrastructure and service capabilities • Ubuntu Alliance current SADC countries include DRC, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Tanzania and Zambia • Two mature NRENS in SADC – South Africa (Combined capabilities of SANReN + TENET) & Zambian ZAMREN • Several fledgling NRENs evolving, e.g. Mozambique MoREnet & Tanzania’s TENET • UbuntuNET and mature RENs support nascent RENS
  33. 33. On Continental, Regional and National Connectivity CC BY 2.0,
  34. 34. Situational Analysis- Data • Developments in SADC member States with regard to data, e.g.. e-government projects, data centers, open data and open government initiatives • South Africa’s DIRISA as a component of its NICIS • The Open Data Platform for Africa • from African Development Bank (AfDB) to boost access to quality data necessary for managing & monitoring development results including SDGs and African Action Plan 2063 • The Africa Data Concensus – Strategy for implementing data revolution in Africa • Create new statistical landscape, open up field of data production and dissemination to state and non state actors • Adopted in 2015 at HLC on Data Revolution • Action plan will be guided by UNECA,AUC, AfDB, UNDP etc. in
  35. 35. Situational Analysis- HPC • 2011 SADC Survey on HPC landscape in member • Needs analysis in terms of industries and availability and access to research communities • Highlighted sectors of Engineering, education, energy; Socio economic issues as climate change, health, knowledge sharing, mining, indigenous medicine • Region had strategic partnerships with international HPC institutions to facilitate acquisition and deployment of HPC equipment for initial systems • Texas Advanced Computing center (TACC), Cambridge HPCS,International Center For Theoretical Physics (ICTP) and STEM TREK • Summary of responses from member state at various stages of development
  36. 36. Part IV Toward Strategy and an Implementation plan for Cyberinfrastructure Framework
  37. 37. Cyberinfrastructure Focus Areas • Focus Areas to be unpacked to develop CI Strategy • Policy/Strategy Dev , institutionalization, implementation support •E.g. SADC to develop Model Policy to be institutionalized by member states to create conducive environment for promotion of CI • Education, Research & Development and Innovation •Support existing and new Centers of Excellence and provide tools •CI Support for research by promoting collaborations and supporting flagship projects • Human Capital Development •Create a pool of CI experts •Train beneficiaries to fully exploit services, by incorporating mainstream elements of CI in Higher Education Curriculum and promoting e-Readiness for beneficiaries • Infrastructure Development •Infrastructure Sustainability (lifecycle management), establishment of RENs, • Establish trusted data repositories that are regionally interferederated •Internationally benchmarked policies and standards for data stewardship •Open access, sharing and interoperability • Resource Mobilization, Communication, Awareness & Advocacy; and Strategic Partnerships
  38. 38. Implementation Mechanism • Key Stakeholders in implementation of CI Framework are • SADC Ministerial Committee on Science, Technology and Innovation and Education and Training; • SADC Ministerial Committee on ICT; • Committee of Senior Officials; • SADC Secretariat through the STI Unit and ICT Unit; • Regional Cyber-Infrastructure Steering Committee; • SADC ICT Thematic Group; • Ad hoc International Advisory Experts Group; • Experts Working Group on Infrastructure Development; • Experts Working Group on Human Capital Development (HCD); • Experts Working Group on Research, Development and Innovation; • Experts Working Group on Research Data; • Regional Centres of Excellence; and • National Spokes/Hubs
  39. 39. Institutional Framework for SADC CI
  40. 40. Part V Infrastructure Developments and Human Capital Development for CI
  41. 41. CHPC – Ranger workshop for Botswana & Tanzania
  42. 42. University of Botswana TACC Ranger Donation
  43. 43. SADC-TACC Workshop @ SC’15 [image source: Stem-Trek 19 Southern African scholars attend workshop at TACC – Source Stem-Trek
  44. 44. Upcoming US/Pan-African Workshop: HPC On Common Ground @ SC16 [images source: Stem Trek]
  45. 45. Science [images source: CODATA]
  46. 46. • Research collaborations can be enhanced by substantial and intensification investments to create multiple foci in a multipolar scientific world • Political support underpinnings and research strategies and coordination are also important in enhancing collaborations • Regional collaborations are typically around resource sharing and expertise • Development of robust CI can also greatly enhance research collaborations • SADC is working towards a shared regional CI through a proposed Framework • Such a Framework could be extendible to the continent Summary
  47. 47. • Data is an integral part of CI • CI promotes data sharing through defined policies that enable optimal establishment and utilization of cyber- infrastructure; generation, analysis, transport as well as stewardship of information • As part of infrastructure development element of CIs, trusted data repositories that are regionally interferederated can be established, together with Internationally benchmarked policies and standards for data stewardship • Open access, sharing and interoperability are also key considerations Summary
  48. 48. • Infrastructure developments to enable secure, trustworthy data sharing • Proposed research paradigm shift and a focus on replicable needs-based research for Africa and Data Sharing • On data sharing & attribution and Intellectual property issues • Training needs for researchers for Open Science & Open Data • National and regional enabling Policies & strategies Additional Talking points