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Perspectives from the African Open Science Platform (AOSP)/Paul Laughton

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Perspectives from the African Open Science Platform (AOSP)/Paul Laughton

  1. 1. Perspectives from the African Open Science Platform (AOSP) Presented by Paul Laughton paull@uj.ac.za 9 October 2017
  2. 2. About AOSP • Funded by the National Research Foundation (NRF) (SA Dept. of Science and Technology) • 3 years (end 2016 – 2019) • Where are we? Where do we want to be? What do we need to get there? • Managed by Academy of Science of South Africa (ASSAf) • Through ASSAf hosting ICSU Regional Office for Africa (ICSU ROA) • Direction from CODATA
  3. 3. About ASSAf • Recognise scholarly achievement & excellence • Mobilise members in the service of society • Conduct systematic & evidence-based studies on issues of national importance (ASSAf OA Repository) • Promote the development of an indigenous system of South African research • Publish science-focused journals (SciELO SA) • Training in Open Journal Systems (OJS) • Criteria for high quality OA journals • Ambassador for Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
  4. 4. • Develop productive partnerships with national, regional and international organisations to building capacity within the National System of Innovation (NSI) • Create diversified sources of funding for sustainable functioning and growth of a national academy • Communicate with relevant stakeholders • Association of African Universities (AAU) DATAD-R harvester of OA repositories • Evaluation instrument – harvesting IRs adhering to criteria for best practice (ISO 16363, Data Seal of Approval etc.)
  5. 5. AOSP Governance • Advisory Council (Chair: Prof Khotso Mokhele) • Terms of Reference • Technical Advisory Board (Chair: Prof Joseph Wafula) • Terms of Reference • Working Group • Project Managers • Junior Project Officer
  6. 6. Key Stakeholders • Global Network of Science Academies (IAP) • International Council for Science (ICSU) • Regional Office for Africa (ROA) • Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA) • World Data System (WDS) • The World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) • Research Data Alliance (RDA) • Association of African Universities (AAU)
  7. 7. • Network of African Science Academies (NASAC) • African Research Councils (incl. DIRISA, funders) • African Universities • African Governments • NRENs (Internet Service Providers for Education) • Other
  8. 8. Data Repositories vs Social Media • Social media sites: • Connect researchers sharing interests • Marketing data • Sites belong to third parties • Repository: • Supports export/harvesting of metadata • Offers long-term preservation • Non-profit – no advertisements • Uses open standards
  9. 9. What is Open Science/ Open Data?
  10. 10. Open Science Defined “Open Science is the practice of science in such a way that others can collaborate and contribute, where research data, lab notes and other research processes are freely available, under terms that enable reuse, redistribution and reproduction of the research and its underlying data and methods.” - FOSTER Project, funded by the European Commission
  11. 11. “Open Science moves beyond open access research articles, towards encompassing other research objects such as data, software codes, protocols and workflows. The intention is for people to use, re-use and distribute content without legal, technological or social restrictions. In some cases, Open Science also entails the opening up of the entire research process from agenda-setting to the dissemination of findings.” - Open and Collaborative Science in Development Network project, funded by IDRC
  12. 12. Open Data, Open Science & Research Lifecycle (Foster)
  13. 13. Why African Open Science/ Open Data?
  14. 14. http://thefreethoughtproject.com/cdc-scientist-admits-destroyed-data-showed- vaccines-caused-autism-children/#cZz6lzEjivPoTZ80.99
  15. 15. Intellectual Property “In many African countries, intellectual property protection is undeveloped, ineffective, expensive and unenforced and in some African countries there exists uncertainty on protection of IP and the threat of innovation being stolen away from inventors.” https://ipstrategy.com/2016/12/05/a-new-look-at-intellectual-property- and-innovation-in-africa/
  16. 16. https://www.rd- alliance.org/sites/default/files/attachment/NairobiDataSharingPrinciples.pdf
  17. 17. Accord on Open Data in a Big Data World • Values of open data in emerging scientific culture of big data • Need for an international framework • Proposes comprehensive set of principles • Provides framework & plan for African data science capacity mobilization initiative • Proposes African Platform Call to Endorse
  18. 18. Value of an African Platform • Collective view of Open Science activities • Create awareness • Showcase African research • Contribute to global knowledgebase • Increase return on investment (re-use) • Identify lack of data/opportunities/gaps
  19. 19. • Identify needs e.g. skills development, infrastructure, policy formulation, etc. • Act as conduit for links with international open data and open science programmes and standards • Cross-use data across disciplines/studies • Establish relationships between data • Manage Intellectual Property (IP)
  20. 20. • Make data more discoverable/visible (metadata) • Encourage collaboration between scientific & private sectors, citizens • Participate in collective problem-solving • Allow verification of existing data, predict trends • Accelerate discovery – speed is everything (e.g. outbreaks) • Attract funders
  21. 21. 4 Focus Areas AOSP Policy Infrastruct ure Capacity Incentives
  22. 22. Policy Framework • Kenya Open Science Policy • Uganda Draft Open Data Policy • Madagascar Draft Open Data Policy • White Paper on Open Research Data Strategy in Botswana • Funder: National Research Foundation (NRF) • OECD Principles & Guidelines for Access to Research Data from Public Funding • White Paper on Open Research in South Africa
  23. 23. Thank you Paul Laughton paull@uj.ac.za Susan Veldsman susan@assaf.org.za http://africanopenscience.org.za @AOSP_Official

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