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1
Chemical Specializations
Eng. Abdel Rahman Kamal
Chemical Engineering Student
Faculty of Petroleum & Mining Engineering
2
Science that studies
3
What is Chemistry?
“ is the study of matter, its properties, how
and why substances combine or separate to form other
substances, and how substances interact with energy.
Quoted from livescience.com
Many people think of chemists as being
white-coated scientists mixing strange
liquids in a laboratory, but the truth is we
are all chemists. Understanding basic
chemistry concepts is important for
almost every profession. Chemistry is part
of everything in our lives.”
As known Chemistry have 5 main branches,
In fact it has many sub-branches Materials
Chemistry, Theoretical Chemistry,
Macromolecular (Polymer) Chemistry,
Nuclear Chemistry, Metallurgy, Forensic
Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry and more
44
CHEMISTRY BRANCHES
Chemistry divided mainly into 5 branches:
▪ Inorganic Chemistry
▪ Organic Chemistry
▪ Analytical Chemistry
▪ Physical Chemistry
▪ Biochemistry
5
BIOCHEMISTRY
Biochemists research includes cancer and stem cell
biology, infectious disease as well as membrane and
structural biology and spans molecular biology, genetics,
mechanistic biochemistry, genomics, evolution and systems
biology.
Biochemistry sub-branches:
➢ Enzymology (study of enzymes)
➢ Endocrinology (study of hormones)
➢ Clinical Biochemistry (study of diseases)
➢ Molecular Biochemistry (Study of Biomolecules and their
functions)
The Science studies chemical processes in living organisms.
6
Inorganic chemistry
inorganic chemistry covers all materials that are not organic and are termed as non-
living substances – those compounds that do not contain a carbon hydrogen (C-H)
bond.
Compounds studied : crystal structures, minerals, metals, catalysts, and most
elements on the periodic table
Inorganic Chemistry sub-branches:
➢ Bioinorganic chemistry (study of role of metals in biology)
➢ Geochemistry (study of the earth’s chemical composition, rocks, minerals & atmosphere)
➢ Inorganic technology (synthesizing new inorganic compounds)
➢ Nuclear chemistry (study of radioactive substances)
➢ Organometallic chemistry (study of chemicals that contain bonds between a metal and
carbon – overlaps into organic chemistry)
➢ Solid-state chemistry/materials chemistry (study of the forming, structure, and
characteristics of solid phase materials)
➢ Synthetic inorganic chemistry (study of synthesizing chemicals)
➢ Industrial inorganic chemistry (study of materials used in manufacturing. E.g.: fertilizers)
The Science studies elements and compounds other than
carbon or hydrocarbons
7
Organic Chemistry
organic chemistry deals with the study of carbon and the chemicals in
living organisms.
An opposite of inorganic chemistry that focuses on non-living matter and
non-carbon based substances
Organic Chemistry sub-branches:
➢ Stereochemistry (study of the 3-dimensional structure of molecules)
➢ Medicinal chemistry (deals with designing, developing and synthesizing
pharmaceutical drugs)
➢ Organometallic chemistry (study of chemicals that contain bonds
between a carbon and a metal)
➢ Physical organic chemistry (study of structure and reactivity in organic
molecules)
➢ Polymer chemistry (study of the composition and creation of polymer
molecules)
The Science studies carbon compounds such as fuels,
plastics, food additives, and drugs, compounds
8
Physical Chemistry
Physical chemistry deals with the principles and methodologies of both chemistry
and physics and is the study of how chemical structure impacts physical properties
of a substance
It study the rate of a chemical reaction, the interaction of molecules with radiation,
and the calculation of structures and properties.
Physical Chemistry sub-branches:
➢ Electrochemistry (study of the interaction of atoms, molecules, ions and electric current)
➢ Photochemistry (study of the chemical effects of light; photochemical reactions)
➢ Surface chemistry (study of chemical reactions at interfaces)
➢ Chemical Kinetics (study of rates of chemical reactions)
➢ Polymer chemistry (study of the composition and creation of polymer molecules)
➢ Thermodynamics/Thermochemistry (study of how heat relates to chemical change)
➢ Spectroscopy (study of spectra of light or radiation)
➢ Quantum Mechanics/Quantum Chemistry (study of quantum mechanics and how it relates to
chemical phenomena)
The Science studies physical properties of molecules, and their
relation to the ways in which molecules and atoms are put together.
9
Analytical CHEMISTRY
With analytical Chemistry we can know how much caffeine is really in a cup of
coffee? Are there drugs found in athlete’s urine samples? What is the pH level of my
swimming pool? Examples of areas using analytical chemistry include forensic
science, environmental science, and drug testing.
Analytical Chemistry sub-branches:
➢ Qualitative analysis (employs methods/measurements to help
determine the components of substances)
➢ Quantitative analysis (helps to identify how much of each
component is present in a substance)
The Science studies how to analyze the chemical
components of samples.
10
Different Specializations
Scientist Chemical Engineer Chemist
11
Chemistry Scientist
What is it
1212
Scientist
• He deal with chemistry as a theoretical science, he study different
substances’ behavior, energy transfer , he treat with atoms and
molecular scale.
• Scientist concerned about the structure of matters, the chemical &
physical properties and changes before & after reactions, try to
discover reactions mechanisms & simulate reaction environment
and illustrate how &why this happens.
• Properties of materials and internal forces affecting it and how to
improve their properties, how to produce new materials.
• He studies the natural phenomenadiseasesmetalsorganisms and
try to deal with.
1313
Qualifications
• PhD in one of Chemistry disciplines
They work in
• Universities
• Research Centers
• R&D Department of Companies
14
Chemist
What about him
15
Chemists Roles
• Prepare test solutions, compounds, and reagents for laboratory
personnel to conduct test.
• Designing and conducting laboratory experiments, making
observations and noting results, writing reports and presenting your
findings
• Compile and analyze test information to determine process or
equipment operating efficiency .
16
Chemists Roles
• Direct, coordinate, and advise personnel in test procedures for
analyzing components and physical properties of materials.
• Coordinate with scientists and engineers to conduct analysis of
research projects, interpret test results, or develop nonstandard tests
• Analyze organic and inorganic compounds to determine chemical
and physical properties, composition, structure, relationships, and
reactions, utilizing chromatography, spectroscopy, and
spectrophotometry techniques.
17
Chemists Roles
• Observe changes in composition of substances by introducing heat,
light, energy, and chemical catalysts for quantitative and qualitative
analysis.
• Write technical papers and reports; and prepare standards and
specifications for processes, facilities, products, and tests.
18
Required Skills
• Scientific, numerical and technical skills.
• Logical approach to solving problems.
• The ability to analyse data.
• The ability to make decisions.
• Excellent spoken and written communication skills.
19
Chemist Qualifications
• BSc in chemistry
• MSc in Chemistry
• PhD in Chemistry
They work in
• Hospitals
• Pharmaceuticals
• Medical laboratories
• Research Centres
• Refineries
• Petrochemical Plants
• Chemicals Manufacturers
• Water Treatment Plants
• Oil & Gas Fields
• Drilling Fluids Manufacturers
• Fertilizers Manufacturers
• Factories Laboratories
20
Chemical Engineer
Let’s GO
Eng. Abdel Rahman Kamal
2121
CHE Engineer
* Chemical engineering is defined as a discipline influencing numerous areas of
technology. In broad terms, chemical engineers conceive and design processes
to produce, transform and transport materials — beginning with experimentation
in the laboratory followed by implementation of the technology in full-scale
production. Properties of materials and internal forces affecting it and how to
improve their properties, how to produce new materials using principles of
chemistry, physics, mathematics, and economics to efficiently do.
• This definition source is from Stanford chemical engineering website: cheme.stanford.edu.
Unexpectedly, His specialization deals with neither chemistry or laboratories, he
deals with chemical industry and manufacturing chemicals
22
Chemical Engineering Degrees
• BSc or BEng in chemical Engineering
• MSc in Chemical Engineering
• PhD in Chemical Engineering
23
Chemical Engineering Basic Studied Topics
• Fundamentals of Mathematics
• Physical Chemistry
• Thermodynamics
• Fluid Mechanics
• Mass & Energy Balance
• Unit operations
• Principles of organic chemistry
• Reaction Engineering – Reactor
• Control Systems
• Safety
• Economics
• Simulation & Modelling
• Equipment Design
• Process design
24
Chemical Engineering competitive Skills
Technical Skills
✓ Mathematical Modelling
✓ Simulation Software uses:
PRO II  HYSIS  ASPEN PLUS
 DYNISM
✓ Spreadsheet Software –
EXCEL
✓ Mathematical Software
MATLAB
✓ Fundamental Engineering
✓ Calculations Awareness
Soft Skills
• Communication &
Leadership Skills
• Presentation & Public
Speaking skills
• Time Management
• Negotiation Skills
• Writing Skills
• Lingual Abilities
Project Management Skills
• Financial Management
• Resources & Waste
Management
• Human Resources
Management
• Data visualization
• Data analysis
• Project Planning
25
Chemical
Engineers Jobs
Eng. Abdel Rahman Kamal
26
Chemical Engineering Opportunities
Chemical Engineer has a lot of opportunities:
• Equipment Design Engineer
• Process Design Engineer
• Process Engineer
• Operator
• Safety Specialist
• Environmental Engineer
• Drilling Fluids Engineer
• QA OC Engineer
27
Industerial Researches & Training
• Refineries
• Petrochemical Plants
• Chemicals Manufacturers
• Pharmaceuticals
• Water Treatment Plants
• Oil & Gas Fields
• Gas Processing Plants
• Drilling Fluids Manufacturers
• Fertilizers Manufacturers
• Factories
• Technical Instructor in Training Centres
• R&D Department in Companies
• Lecturer in Institute or University
• Professor of Chemical Engineering
Chemical Engineering Opportunities
28
Engineering Skills Scale
10%
25%
35%
15%
15%
SCIENTIFIC SKILLS
Chemistry
Physics
Mathematics
Economics
Software
16%
16%
17%17%
17%
17%
PERSONAL SKILLS
Communication
Leadership
Comflict
management
Management
Panning
29
CHE ENG
Chemist
Scientist
➢ Develop new theories
➢ Develop new materials
➢ Study the structure &
properties of substances
➢ How to improve materials
➢ Study effects on
environment
➢ Study chemical resistance
for diseases
➢ Develop the practical
aspect of chemistry
➢ Develop the quality of
products
➢ Manufacture chemical
models in lab
➢ Link among Sci. & Eng.
➢ Design manufacturing
process
➢ Control & optimize process
➢ Solve process problems
➢ Manage environmental
affairs
➢ Manage raw materials &
waste
30
We love Chemistry
We make the world
easier
3131
Sources
31
http://www.chemistry2011.org
https://www.livescience.com
https://cheme.stanford.edu
https://www.acs.org
32
THANK YOU

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Chemical specializations

  • 1. 1 Chemical Specializations Eng. Abdel Rahman Kamal Chemical Engineering Student Faculty of Petroleum & Mining Engineering
  • 3. 3 What is Chemistry? “ is the study of matter, its properties, how and why substances combine or separate to form other substances, and how substances interact with energy. Quoted from livescience.com Many people think of chemists as being white-coated scientists mixing strange liquids in a laboratory, but the truth is we are all chemists. Understanding basic chemistry concepts is important for almost every profession. Chemistry is part of everything in our lives.” As known Chemistry have 5 main branches, In fact it has many sub-branches Materials Chemistry, Theoretical Chemistry, Macromolecular (Polymer) Chemistry, Nuclear Chemistry, Metallurgy, Forensic Chemistry, Medicinal Chemistry and more
  • 4. 44 CHEMISTRY BRANCHES Chemistry divided mainly into 5 branches: ▪ Inorganic Chemistry ▪ Organic Chemistry ▪ Analytical Chemistry ▪ Physical Chemistry ▪ Biochemistry
  • 5. 5 BIOCHEMISTRY Biochemists research includes cancer and stem cell biology, infectious disease as well as membrane and structural biology and spans molecular biology, genetics, mechanistic biochemistry, genomics, evolution and systems biology. Biochemistry sub-branches: ➢ Enzymology (study of enzymes) ➢ Endocrinology (study of hormones) ➢ Clinical Biochemistry (study of diseases) ➢ Molecular Biochemistry (Study of Biomolecules and their functions) The Science studies chemical processes in living organisms.
  • 6. 6 Inorganic chemistry inorganic chemistry covers all materials that are not organic and are termed as non- living substances – those compounds that do not contain a carbon hydrogen (C-H) bond. Compounds studied : crystal structures, minerals, metals, catalysts, and most elements on the periodic table Inorganic Chemistry sub-branches: ➢ Bioinorganic chemistry (study of role of metals in biology) ➢ Geochemistry (study of the earth’s chemical composition, rocks, minerals & atmosphere) ➢ Inorganic technology (synthesizing new inorganic compounds) ➢ Nuclear chemistry (study of radioactive substances) ➢ Organometallic chemistry (study of chemicals that contain bonds between a metal and carbon – overlaps into organic chemistry) ➢ Solid-state chemistry/materials chemistry (study of the forming, structure, and characteristics of solid phase materials) ➢ Synthetic inorganic chemistry (study of synthesizing chemicals) ➢ Industrial inorganic chemistry (study of materials used in manufacturing. E.g.: fertilizers) The Science studies elements and compounds other than carbon or hydrocarbons
  • 7. 7 Organic Chemistry organic chemistry deals with the study of carbon and the chemicals in living organisms. An opposite of inorganic chemistry that focuses on non-living matter and non-carbon based substances Organic Chemistry sub-branches: ➢ Stereochemistry (study of the 3-dimensional structure of molecules) ➢ Medicinal chemistry (deals with designing, developing and synthesizing pharmaceutical drugs) ➢ Organometallic chemistry (study of chemicals that contain bonds between a carbon and a metal) ➢ Physical organic chemistry (study of structure and reactivity in organic molecules) ➢ Polymer chemistry (study of the composition and creation of polymer molecules) The Science studies carbon compounds such as fuels, plastics, food additives, and drugs, compounds
  • 8. 8 Physical Chemistry Physical chemistry deals with the principles and methodologies of both chemistry and physics and is the study of how chemical structure impacts physical properties of a substance It study the rate of a chemical reaction, the interaction of molecules with radiation, and the calculation of structures and properties. Physical Chemistry sub-branches: ➢ Electrochemistry (study of the interaction of atoms, molecules, ions and electric current) ➢ Photochemistry (study of the chemical effects of light; photochemical reactions) ➢ Surface chemistry (study of chemical reactions at interfaces) ➢ Chemical Kinetics (study of rates of chemical reactions) ➢ Polymer chemistry (study of the composition and creation of polymer molecules) ➢ Thermodynamics/Thermochemistry (study of how heat relates to chemical change) ➢ Spectroscopy (study of spectra of light or radiation) ➢ Quantum Mechanics/Quantum Chemistry (study of quantum mechanics and how it relates to chemical phenomena) The Science studies physical properties of molecules, and their relation to the ways in which molecules and atoms are put together.
  • 9. 9 Analytical CHEMISTRY With analytical Chemistry we can know how much caffeine is really in a cup of coffee? Are there drugs found in athlete’s urine samples? What is the pH level of my swimming pool? Examples of areas using analytical chemistry include forensic science, environmental science, and drug testing. Analytical Chemistry sub-branches: ➢ Qualitative analysis (employs methods/measurements to help determine the components of substances) ➢ Quantitative analysis (helps to identify how much of each component is present in a substance) The Science studies how to analyze the chemical components of samples.
  • 12. 1212 Scientist • He deal with chemistry as a theoretical science, he study different substances’ behavior, energy transfer , he treat with atoms and molecular scale. • Scientist concerned about the structure of matters, the chemical & physical properties and changes before & after reactions, try to discover reactions mechanisms & simulate reaction environment and illustrate how &why this happens. • Properties of materials and internal forces affecting it and how to improve their properties, how to produce new materials. • He studies the natural phenomenadiseasesmetalsorganisms and try to deal with.
  • 13. 1313 Qualifications • PhD in one of Chemistry disciplines They work in • Universities • Research Centers • R&D Department of Companies
  • 15. 15 Chemists Roles • Prepare test solutions, compounds, and reagents for laboratory personnel to conduct test. • Designing and conducting laboratory experiments, making observations and noting results, writing reports and presenting your findings • Compile and analyze test information to determine process or equipment operating efficiency .
  • 16. 16 Chemists Roles • Direct, coordinate, and advise personnel in test procedures for analyzing components and physical properties of materials. • Coordinate with scientists and engineers to conduct analysis of research projects, interpret test results, or develop nonstandard tests • Analyze organic and inorganic compounds to determine chemical and physical properties, composition, structure, relationships, and reactions, utilizing chromatography, spectroscopy, and spectrophotometry techniques.
  • 17. 17 Chemists Roles • Observe changes in composition of substances by introducing heat, light, energy, and chemical catalysts for quantitative and qualitative analysis. • Write technical papers and reports; and prepare standards and specifications for processes, facilities, products, and tests.
  • 18. 18 Required Skills • Scientific, numerical and technical skills. • Logical approach to solving problems. • The ability to analyse data. • The ability to make decisions. • Excellent spoken and written communication skills.
  • 19. 19 Chemist Qualifications • BSc in chemistry • MSc in Chemistry • PhD in Chemistry They work in • Hospitals • Pharmaceuticals • Medical laboratories • Research Centres • Refineries • Petrochemical Plants • Chemicals Manufacturers • Water Treatment Plants • Oil & Gas Fields • Drilling Fluids Manufacturers • Fertilizers Manufacturers • Factories Laboratories
  • 21. 2121 CHE Engineer * Chemical engineering is defined as a discipline influencing numerous areas of technology. In broad terms, chemical engineers conceive and design processes to produce, transform and transport materials — beginning with experimentation in the laboratory followed by implementation of the technology in full-scale production. Properties of materials and internal forces affecting it and how to improve their properties, how to produce new materials using principles of chemistry, physics, mathematics, and economics to efficiently do. • This definition source is from Stanford chemical engineering website: cheme.stanford.edu. Unexpectedly, His specialization deals with neither chemistry or laboratories, he deals with chemical industry and manufacturing chemicals
  • 22. 22 Chemical Engineering Degrees • BSc or BEng in chemical Engineering • MSc in Chemical Engineering • PhD in Chemical Engineering
  • 23. 23 Chemical Engineering Basic Studied Topics • Fundamentals of Mathematics • Physical Chemistry • Thermodynamics • Fluid Mechanics • Mass & Energy Balance • Unit operations • Principles of organic chemistry • Reaction Engineering – Reactor • Control Systems • Safety • Economics • Simulation & Modelling • Equipment Design • Process design
  • 24. 24 Chemical Engineering competitive Skills Technical Skills ✓ Mathematical Modelling ✓ Simulation Software uses: PRO II HYSIS ASPEN PLUS DYNISM ✓ Spreadsheet Software – EXCEL ✓ Mathematical Software MATLAB ✓ Fundamental Engineering ✓ Calculations Awareness Soft Skills • Communication & Leadership Skills • Presentation & Public Speaking skills • Time Management • Negotiation Skills • Writing Skills • Lingual Abilities Project Management Skills • Financial Management • Resources & Waste Management • Human Resources Management • Data visualization • Data analysis • Project Planning
  • 26. 26 Chemical Engineering Opportunities Chemical Engineer has a lot of opportunities: • Equipment Design Engineer • Process Design Engineer • Process Engineer • Operator • Safety Specialist • Environmental Engineer • Drilling Fluids Engineer • QA OC Engineer
  • 27. 27 Industerial Researches & Training • Refineries • Petrochemical Plants • Chemicals Manufacturers • Pharmaceuticals • Water Treatment Plants • Oil & Gas Fields • Gas Processing Plants • Drilling Fluids Manufacturers • Fertilizers Manufacturers • Factories • Technical Instructor in Training Centres • R&D Department in Companies • Lecturer in Institute or University • Professor of Chemical Engineering Chemical Engineering Opportunities
  • 28. 28 Engineering Skills Scale 10% 25% 35% 15% 15% SCIENTIFIC SKILLS Chemistry Physics Mathematics Economics Software 16% 16% 17%17% 17% 17% PERSONAL SKILLS Communication Leadership Comflict management Management Panning
  • 29. 29 CHE ENG Chemist Scientist ➢ Develop new theories ➢ Develop new materials ➢ Study the structure & properties of substances ➢ How to improve materials ➢ Study effects on environment ➢ Study chemical resistance for diseases ➢ Develop the practical aspect of chemistry ➢ Develop the quality of products ➢ Manufacture chemical models in lab ➢ Link among Sci. & Eng. ➢ Design manufacturing process ➢ Control & optimize process ➢ Solve process problems ➢ Manage environmental affairs ➢ Manage raw materials & waste
  • 30. 30 We love Chemistry We make the world easier