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Introduction to Chemistry

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  1. 1. ChemistryAnd its Role in Everyday Life and Environment
  2. 2. What is chemistry?CHEMISTRY is thestudy of matter- itscomposition,structure,properties,transformation fromone form to another,and the energy thataccompanies itstransformation.
  3. 3. Chemistry as the CENTRAL SCIENCE
  4. 4. BRANCHES OF CHEMISTRY1: Organic Chemistry2: Inorganic Chemistry3: Physical Chemistry4: Biochemistry5: Analytical Chemistry
  5. 5. BRANCHES OF CHEMISTRY1: ORGANIC CHEMISTRY:It is concerned with thestudy of most carbon-based compounds.
  6. 6. BRANCHES OF CHEMISTRY2: INORGANICCHEMISTRY:It deals with all substanceswhich are not consideredto organic, which maycontain any of over 100elements (includingcarbon).
  7. 7. BRANCHES OF CHEMISTRY3: PHYSICALCHEMISTRY:It deals with theapplication ofphysical laws tochemical changeand chemicalsystems.
  8. 8. BRANCHES OF CHEMISTRY4: BIOCHEMISTRY:• It concerned with the chemistry of life processes and living organisms.
  9. 9. BRANCHES OF CHEMISTRY5: ANALYTICALCHEMISTRY:It concerned mainlywith the varioustechniques andlaboratory methodsto determine thecomposition ofmatter.
  10. 10. Other BRANCHES OF CHEMISTRY• 1: nanochemistry• 2: combinatorial chemistry• 3: astrochemistry• 4: environmental chemistry• 5: food chemistry• 6: solid state chemistry• 7: material chemistry• 8: forensic chemistry• 9: medical chemistry
  11. 11. IMPORTANCE OF CHEMISTRY.Take a good look at the thing around you.What do you see?Think about your personal and schoolthings?What have you eaten this breakfast?These and more are products ofchemistry.
  12. 12. ROLE OF CHEMISTRY IN SOCIETY AND INDUSTRYA: Industry depends on chemistry.B: Many professions and occupations need some knowledge of chemistry.C: The application of theories in chemistry produces new and better materials.D: Everyday experiences at homes and the community are all explained by chemistry.
  14. 14. CAREERS in CHEMISTRYCareers in IndustryMany industries arechemical-based likefood, petroleum,cosmetic,pharmaceutical,biotechnology,mining, etc.
  15. 15. CAREERS in CHEMISTRYCareer in CommerceA chemistry degree is agood training to acquireskills in mathematics,problem solving,communication, research,self-manage, etc.
  16. 16. CAREERS in CHEMISTRYCareers inJournalism:Sciencejournalistnarrow the gapbetweenscience,technology, andthe public.
  17. 17. CAREERS in CHEMISTRYCareers inLaw/Forensics:Chemists have animportant role insolving crimes thatinvolve forgery, death,arson, paternity, etc.
  18. 18. CAREERS in CHEMISTRYCareer inEntrepreneurship:Chemists whichtechnical know-howon preparation,development, andquality assessmentof products may beable to establishsmall and mediumindustries.
  19. 19. CAREERS in CHEMISTRYCareers in Health/ScienceRelated Professions:Because of their intensivechemical/scientificbackgrounds and skills,chemist can easily take onrigorous training to enterhealth/science –relatedprofessions like nursing,dentistry, psychology, andnutrition.
  20. 20. CAREERS in CHEMISTRYCareers in Teaching:Chemistry who haveeffective instructionalskills are valuable ineducating studentsabout the world ofchemistry and itsroles in improving lifeand environment.