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YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of
School Education in states and
union territories of India
December 2023
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
1
Table of contents
Foreword 3
Foreword 4
Part I - Focus on key themes and developments 5
Introduction 6
1. Curriculum and pedagogy 7
2. Learning poverty 8
3. Putting teachers at the centre of quality education 9
4. Focused schools 11
Part II – India and state profiles in school education 12
India: Key statistics and trends in school education 13
Profiles of states and union territories 19
1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands 20
2. Andhra Pradesh 24
3. Arunachal Pradesh 28
4. Assam 32
5. Bihar 36
6. Chandigarh 40
7. Chhattisgarh 44
8. Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu 48
9. Delhi 52
10. Goa 56
11. Gujarat 60
12. Haryana 64
13. Himachal Pradesh 68
14. Jammu and Kashmir 72
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
2
15. Jharkhand 76
16. Karnataka 80
17. Kerala 84
18. Ladakh 88
19. Lakshadweep 92
20. Madhya Pradesh 96
21. Maharashtra 100
22. Manipur 104
23. Meghalaya 108
24. Mizoram 112
25. Nagaland 116
26. Odisha 120
27. Puducherry 124
28. Punjab 128
29. Rajasthan 132
30. Sikkim 136
31. Tamil Nadu 140
32. Telangana 144
33. Tripura 148
34. Uttar Pradesh 152
35. Uttarakhand 156
36. West Bengal 160
About Deloitte 164
About CII 165
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
3
Foreword
Chandrajit Banerjee
Director General, CII
The importance of school education in the nation’s development cannot be over emphasized.
UDISE+ reports provide information on availability of infrastructure and facilities in schools in terms of functional
electricity, the WASH facility (drinking water, toilet and handwash), library, reading corner or book bank, the internet
facility, and computer availability. These facilities in schools have improved gradually over the past few years.
Despite better infrastructure facilities, one of India’s largest challenges in school education is a high drop-out rate at
different stages and the resulting low Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) at the upper primary and higher levels. In 2021-22, GER
at the primary, upper primary, secondary, and higher secondary levels was 103 percent, 95 percent, 80 percent, and 58
percent, respectively. The ratio continues to be a point of concern at the upper primary, secondary, and higher secondary
levels.
Low Foundational Literacy and Numeracy (FLN) at the primary and upper-primary levels and lack of Grade Appropriate
Learning (GAL) across levels are possible reasons for low GER.
The CII–Deloitte Report on School Education titled Yearly Status of School Education (YeSSE) is conceptualised to present
school sector information in a simplified way providing a snapshot of the status of school education in each state and
union territory. It also provides insights on focused school education themes.
This report will become a useful repository of information on school education and help policymakers and educators in
formulating their strategies on the above-mentioned key areas, such as GER, drop-out rate, and infrastructure.
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
4
Foreword
Dr. Kamlesh Vyas
Partner, Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu India LLP
The Indian education system is amongst the largest in the world with about 14.89 lakh schools and more than 26.52 crore
students and 1.13 crore teachers. Stakeholders include the government, private players, philanthropic individuals and
organisations, and non-governmental organisations. For such a large and complex system, getting access to a simplified set
of overall information at the national and State/Union Territory level, is important.
This report, Yearly Status of School Education (YeSSE), is brought out jointly by Deloitte and CII. Now, it is in its second year
and targeted to achieve this objective.
This report draws from UDISE+ reports brought out by the Ministry of Education, which continues to provide useful data
on key sectoral parameters. The report also refers to the Performance Grading Index (PGI) reports by the Ministry of
Education. This too have emerged as a reliable source of information on several key education and related parameters
including, learning outcomes and quality, access, infrastructure and facilities, equity, governance processes, teacher
education and training.
Similar to the inaugural version of the report, this version also has two parts – the first part focuses on key themes and
developments.
For this year, the themes undertaken are curriculum and pedagogy, learning poverty, teacher quality, and focused schools.
The second part has the data section that carries country-level trends for key parameters, such as Gross Enrolment Ratio
(GER), enrolment levels at different stages of school education, Pupil Teacher Ratio (PTR), and infrastructure availability in
schools. This is followed by profiles of individual states and union territories. It also captures the Performance Grading
Index (PGI) score of states and union territories for 2021-22 across different parameters.
We hope that this 2023 edition of YeSSE will be useful to readers.
Shubhranshu Patnaik
Partner, Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu India LLP
05
Part I - Focus on key themes
and developments
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
6
Introduction
This part of the report takes up a few contemporary themes in school education. In the past edition, we had taken up
school education after the pandemic, early childhood education, and NEP implementation in the initial years.
For this year, the themes are curriculum and pedagogy; learning poverty; teachers; and focused schools.
The first chapter, focusing on curriculum and pedagogy, addresses a key aspect – what our students are taught and how
they are taught. This lies at the core of education.
The second chapter (Learning poverty) analyses one of the most important parameters in education – learning poverty
that combines the result of out-of-school children with those in school who do not acquire grade-appropriate learning or
even Foundational Literacy and Numeracy (FLN) skills. This single factor represents a lot that is not right about school
education. At an overall level, it brings out shortcoming of parameters such as enrolment that focuses on putting children
in schools. Unless we are able to reduce learning poverty, education would fail to achieve its potential in changing lives
and nation-building.
It’s important to put teachers at the centre of education for delivering quality. This is covered in chapter 3.
In the last chapter, we discuss focused schools of two types – large viable schools and schools for meritorious students.
These chapters in part one of this report would complement to the numbers, figures, and trends at the States and Union
Territory levels in part two of the report.
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
7
1. Curriculum and pedagogy
How much and what should our students be taught in what order and how should they be taught? This has remained a key
focus for discussion for educationists.
Whenever these questions have been asked, they have resulted in additional workload for students and teachers without
creating real value for either. Curriculum reviews often end in more concepts and chapters being added and on common
minimum agreement on pedagogy without any significant change on most areas.
Curriculum and pedagogical reforms are crucial to improving the quality of education and ensuring that students have the
knowledge, skills, and attitudes they need to succeed in a rapidly changing world. These reforms are complex and
challenging requiring careful planning, collaboration, and involvement of key stakeholders. They have a profound impact
on the quality of education and student outcomes when implemented effectively. By focusing on student-centred
approaches and incorporating technology and innovative teaching methods that promote critical thinking and problem-
solving skills, countries can create curricula and teaching approaches that support student success and prepare them for
future challenges. As the world continues to evolve and the demand for new skills and competencies advance, countries
must invest in these reforms and ensure that their education systems are equipped to meet the changing needs of their
students. By modernising the curriculum and teaching methods, countries can ensure that their education systems are
effective, equitable, and responsive to the needs of students and society.
New curriculum frameworks are required that address contemporary challenges and future needs, need for change in the
medium of instruction, and a shift from knowledge alone to competencies that combine knowledge, skills, and attitudes.
This could be enabled through interventions such as “Learning by Doing” projects which have the potential to prepare
students for a lifetime.
There is often a need to teach fewer things at a greater depth. Therefore, to question what is not questioned in the
curriculum, such as over emphasis on memorisation of historical dates, complex trigonometry, calculation of cube roots,
quadratic equation, and irrational numbers in early grades without communicating why these concepts matter, make
many students disinterested in the subject.
Concepts need to be aligned across grades in a manner that the natural pursuit of further knowledge leads to the next
concept and the next chapter. Content must be such that it builds a strong basic foundation for most students. However, it
should provide remedial learning for those who need it while also providing opportunities to those who would like to go
deeper and further. Content across subjects must be aligned. For example, while students learn prism in mathematics,
they could learn refraction in physics and pyramids in history. There could also be cross-subject projects that integrate
competencies from across subjects in a practical setting.
Learning should be fun and engaging while developing love for subjects. The pedagogy must include learners with
different learning styles. Further, best practices anywhere must be evaluated and shared with all so that everyone can use
them.
The future will also require -twenty first century skills, vocational skills, learning to learn, and skills of adapting to disruptive
technology. There will also be a need for social and emotional learning.
Tinkering in curriculum or teaching methods will not be sufficient. These methods need to be reimagined to ensure our
students learn a few useful things but understand them well in a real-life context.
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
8
2. Learning poverty
Learning poverty measures the share of children who cannot read a simple text with comprehension by a certain age.
(The State of Global Learning Poverty, 2022, USAID, UNESCO & others.)
In 2019, the learning poverty rate was estimated at 57 percent in low and middle-income countries. In Sub-Saharan Africa,
it was 86 percent.
By 2022, mainly due to the pandemic, the learning poverty in low and middle-income countries surged to 70 percent.
Over 250 million children across the world are out of school and many who attend school do not acquire basic skills. Many
more are far behind age or grade-appropriate learning expectations.
“The State of Global Learning Poverty: 2022 Update” by The World Bank, UNESCO, and others conclude, “One of the most
intuitive indicators of the learning crisis is the learning poverty rate.”
Why is learning poverty important as a school education sector indicator? It is a consolidating parameter. It exposes the
insufficiency of out-of-school children as an education parameter. Therefore, many countries and agencies focus on this
parameter. It establishes that schooling is not same as learning. Without learning proficiency, children in school going age
being in school are just meeting the role of schools as children holding centres or creches. It encourages governments to
think about outcomes rather than inputs (number of schools, teachers, or money spent) and outputs (enrolments).
It also brings an element of difference between enrolment and regular attendance by excluding hidden drop-outs
(students who enroll but do not attend regularly or do not attend at all) and duplicate enrolments in more than one
school.
As education systems graduate to measuring learning poverty, they would soon be able to identify state- or country-level
GDP impact of reducing learning poverty. In addition, there are several implications for other Sustainable Development
Goals (SDGs).
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
9
3. Putting teachers at the centre
of quality education
Teachers have always been at the heart of education. Almost all traditional civilisations have built their education
ecosystems around teachers. Teachers have always been respected and celebrated in the Indian culture.
Over the past few years, there has been a line of thought that attempts to address quality school education challenges by
identifying alternatives to quality teachers. This is then targeted to achieve quality teaching. Some edtech solutions also
target outside school hours teaching. This may amount to creating a digital avatar of coaching/tuition culture. Then there
are those who take this approach to an extreme level and discuss teaching solutions in spite of teachers.
This approach is probably the result of the negative perception amongst some stakeholders about low quality of teaching
and by implication the quality of teachers.
Although it may be true that teaching quality is low in many cases, and many of the teachers especially in government
systems have an entitlement mentality, and are unionised and strong as a collective, there are several teachers who put
their heart and soul into teaching and achieve or would like to achieve excellent results. Then, there is also a category of
teachers who are fence-sitters - those who would teach well when they receive more support, enablement, and nudges.
When reforms exclude teachers, these fence-sitters cross over to the disengaged side.
A more balanced approach to address the issue of quality of teachers could be based on making efforts in four areas:
1. Improve teacher recruitment processes and teacher training (and development through co-teaching, projects,
exposure visits, handholding supporting, etc.) systems, including for both pre-service and in-service training. In
particular, the attitudinal and motivational aspects must be taken up in training because contrary to the belief (and
the reason for several teacher development and capacity building programmes), some teachers do not deliver results
because they are not motivated enough.
2. Create a performance-oriented but more enabling working environment where teachers are held accountable,
performers are identified, and compensation levels are decent and fair. It is important to ensure that teachers are
rewarded for excellence and efforts are made to reduce their non-academic workload.
3. Involve teachers in design and implementation of educational reforms.
4. Support teachers through technology by providing them tools to enable better teaching, helping them with sourcing
or developing content, lesson plans, assessments, effective practices, etc. They must also be supported for creation of
online/e-content, reducing workload, capacity building, opportunities for showcasing their efforts, outputs, and
contributions, providing recognition opportunities among their peer group, knowledge exchanges, etc. Further, they
must be provided mentoring opportunities and opportunities to become mentors..
Thus, we could create education reforms, along with teachers rather than without or in spite of teachers.
For the fourth initiative mentioned above, several organisations have created teacher-exchange platforms and teacher
networks. In this fast-changing world with technology at the hands of students, teachers need support, exposure, and high-
quality content, these applications provide a welcoming space for teachers to learn, engage, and explore new skills, ideas,
and content.
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
10
Bharti Foundation’s teacher platform, TheTeacherApp (TAPP), empowers teachers with engaging content and aims to help
teachers uplift their schools. It allows teachers to personalise their experiences, thereby ensuring that the time on the app
is well-spent. It is targeted to assist them by building their capacity through training, seminars/webinars, and self-learning
modules, and provides the teachers content support for classrooms.
Similarly, there are other applications such as the Ministry of Education’s DIKSHA and Centre for Teacher accreditation
(CENTA) application. “CENTA for Teachers” is targeted towards certification learning, career, and community.
Competent, motivated, and engaged teachers are more likely to create energised schools, and a better learning environment
for students.
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
11
4. Focused schools
A variant of pareto principle applies well to government schools in most systems in developing and underdeveloped
countries where the number of schools is high. A few schools have a large share of student enrolment. This could be as
extreme as 40–50 percent of the largest schools with 75–80 percent of the students.
This situation is the result of the jostling by influencers and decision-makers to have schools set up in their own areas or
communities for political gains.
The emphasis on enrollment stems from how education has been perceived in the past few decades. It was often viewed as
an access issue, with the solution seen as "providing nearby schools for children to receive education."
Back then, schooling was often seen as learning.
Too many tiny schools have several problems. Fewer than 60 or even 30 students in grades across 1 to 5 or 1 to 8 with 1-2
classrooms and 1-2 teachers in a school lead to multi-grade teaching, disengaged students, and little learning outcomes or
student development. They put the pressure on the already constrained government resources, making it difficult to bring
in almost any change.
Difficulty and inability to consolidate schools comes from the fear of potential backlash.
Potential solutions to overcome this challenge come from identifying larger schools and making them better. This helps in
the use of resources targeted at benefitting larger percentage of students. It also creates a critical mass of teachers and
other staff who work as a team and achieve better outcomes if provided with necessary resources and monitored effectively.
Such an intervention may need to be complemented with transport support for voluntary migration of students from smaller
schools to large schools.
These focused schools are more likely to deliver better educational opportunities for students and better learning and
development opportunities for teachers.
Another type of focused schools are the schools meant exclusively for meritorious students.
Part II – India and state profiles
in school education
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
13
India: Key statistics and trends in
school education
Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22)
The breakdown of the number of schools in the country based on the type of management is tabulated below. There are a
total of 14,89,115 schools across the country; the schools run by the Department of Education account for the largest
share (52.3 percent) and the highest share of student enrolment (44.1 percent).
The five states with the highest number of schools are Uttar Pradesh (258,054, 17.3 percent of the total number of schools
in India), Madhya Pradesh (125,582, 8.4 percent), Maharashtra (1,09,605, 7.4 percent), Rajasthan (106,373, 7.1 percent),
and West Bengal (94,744, 6.4 percent).
The top five states with the highest number of enrolments are Uttar Pradesh (47,181,438, 17.8 percent), Bihar
(27,472,692, 10.4 percent), Maharashtra (2,25,86,695, 8.5 percent), West Bengal (18,733,367, 7.1 percent), and Rajasthan
(17,667,510, 6.7 percent).
Table 1: Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22)
Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school
Department of Education 779,065 116,838,999 150
Private unaided (recognised) 335,844 88,271,316 263
Local body 197,751 19,422,732 98
Government-aided School 82,480 27,039,457 328
Tribal Welfare Department 39,964 3,880,303 97
Madarsa recognised (by Wakf
board/Madarsa board)
19,965 2,674,984 134
Madarsa unrecognised 3,648 460,182 126
Social Welfare Department 1,796 445,977 248
Other government managed schools 1,474 811,055 550
Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 1,252 1,375,257 1,098
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 643 287,021 446
Ministry of Labour 169 5,034 30
Other central government schools 112 84,423 754
Railway School 79 42,343 536
Sainik School 61 43,416 712
Central Tibetan School 20 3,920 196
Unrecognised school 24,792 3,549,411 143
Total 1,489,115 265,235,830 178
Source: Unified District Information System for Education (UDISE+) 2021-22 Report, Ministry of Education (MoE)
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
14
Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) (2021-22)
In 2021-22, Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) for boys was lower than that for girls at the primary, upper primary, and higher
secondary levels. The ratio was marginally higher for boys at the secondary level. In terms of the overall GER, at the
primary (I-V) level, Meghalaya ranks first (187.71) amongst states and UTs with the highest boys (184.12) and girls (191.5)
GER. At the upper primary (VI-VIII) level, Delhi ranks first (129.86) amongst states and UTs with the highest boys (128.25)
and girls (131.73) GER. At the secondary (IX-X) level as well, Delhi ranks at the top (111.24) with the highest boys (110.45)
and girls (112.15) GER. At the higher secondary (XI-XII) level also, the highest-ranking state/UT is Delhi with overall GER
(95.01) and the highest boys (91.18) and girls (99.46) GER.
Figure 1: GER at different levels (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22
At each level of school education, GER improved from 2018-19 to 2021-22. At the primary level, the ratio increased from
101.25 in 2018-19 to 103.39 in 2021-22. At the upper primary level, it increased from 87.74 in 2018-19 to 94.67 in 2021-
22. At the secondary level, it improved from 76.9 in 2018-19 to 79.56 in 2021-22, while at the higher secondary level, it
rose from 50.14 in 2018-19 to 57.56 in 2021-22.
Figure 2: GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Number of teachers, total enrolment (without pre-primary), and Pupil Teacher Ratio (PTR)
by education level (2021-22)
The total number of teachers is 11,323,929 in India. Uttar Pradesh has the highest number of teachers (1,629,781),
followed by Rajasthan (913,050), Maharashtra (836,261), Tamil Nadu (817,142), and Madhya Pradesh (686,599).
102.12
94.45
79.72
56.95
104.82
94.9
79.4
58.23
103.39
94.67
79.56
57.56
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
Boys Girls Overall
101.25
87.74
76.9
50.14
102.74
89.67
77.9
51.42
103.28
92.17
79.77
53.78
103.39
94.67
79.56
57.56
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
2018-19 2019-20 2020-2021 2021-2022
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
15
The PTR for schools in India is 23. Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, and Delhi have a PTR of 45, 33, 29, 28, and 27
respectively. Amongst states and UTs in India, Ladakh recorded the lowest PTR of 7.
Table 2: Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22)
Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR*
Primary (I-V) 4,656,045 121,842,250 26
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 3,423,480 66,790,692 19
Secondary (IX-X) 2,189,121 38,528,631 17
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 1,055,283 28,579,050 27
Overall 11,323,929 255,740,623 23
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
* PTR is without including pre-primary enrolment number
PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22
The Pupil Teacher Ratio (PTR) improved at each level of school education from 2018-19 to 2021-22. The ratio for the
primary level came down from 28 in 2018-19 to 26 in 2021-22. PTR for the upper primary and secondary levels reduced to
19 and 17, respectively, while that for higher secondary went down from 30 in 2018-19 to 27. The overall PTR moved from
24 in 2018-19 to 23 in 2021-22.
Figure 3: PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Enrolment by education level (2021-22)
The total enrolment of students in schools, including pre-primary in India, was about 26.52 crore with 52 percent boys and
48 percent girls.
28
20
21
30
24
27
19 19
27
23
26
19
18
26
23
26
19
17
27
23
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher secondary
(XI-XII)
Overall
2018-19 2019-20 2020-2021 2021-2022
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
16
Figure 4: Enrolment by education level (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22
The total enrolment increased in 2021-22 to about 26.52 crore from 26.02 crore in 2018-19. However, it marginally
decreased in 2020-21 to 26.44 crore from 26.45 in 2019-20.
Figure 5: Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Performance Grading Index (PGI) scores of states and UTs of India (2021-22)
Punjab scored the highest score (113.4 of 240) in learning outcomes and quality. Delhi was assessed as the best
performing state in terms of access with a score of 72.4 of 80. Chandigarh was the top performing state/UT with a score of
115.5 of 190 in terms of infrastructure and facilities. In terms of equity, Delhi was the top scorer (238.8 of 260), in terms of
Pre-primary
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher secondary
(XI-XII)
Total
Girls 4,443,684 58,324,595 32,278,942 18,456,713 13,831,318 127,335,252
Boys 5,051,523 63,517,655 34,511,750 20,071,918 14,747,732 137,900,578
-
50,000,000
100,000,000
150,000,000
200,000,000
250,000,000
300,000,000
2018-19 2019-20 2020-2021 2021-2022
Pre-primary 11,955,632 13,555,892 10,645,526 9,495,207
Primary (I-V) 120,230,170 121,686,703 122,021,291 121,842,250
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 64,267,026 64,873,387 65,854,199 66,790,692
Secondary (IX-X) 38,334,571 38,464,433 39,006,375 38,528,631
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 25,506,817 25,947,160 26,922,596 28,579,050
Total 260,294,216 264,527,575 264,449,987 265,235,830
-
50,000,000
100,000,000
150,000,000
200,000,000
250,000,000
300,000,000
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
17
governance processes, Gujarat was the top scorer (91.2 of 130) and in terms of teacher education and training, Delhi was
the top scorer (84.8 of 100).
Figure 6: Performance Grading Index (PGI) scores of states and UTs of India (2021-22)
Source: Performance Grading Index (PGI) 2020-21 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE
103.6
113.4
63.8
60.2
60.2
69.2
41.2
65.8
78.4
98.8
43
60.8
72.8
61.4
59.4
43.6
47.8
54.2
48.2
72.8
38.8
55.2
56.4
65.2
71
62.6
76.8
57.4
49.4
53
36.6
46.4
64.4
45
44.8
31.6
68.6
62.1
72.4
68.4
55.5
65.3
66.2
64.7
64.1
54.7
62
63.3
58.1
66.3
62.4
63.1
61.3
66.4
53.9
50.2
60.5
52.7
60.7
52.4
55.9
49
51.2
48.1
47.6
56.7
53.7
39.8
41.8
42
48.9
43.4
115.5
102.3
103.3
94.1
83
94.4
93.5
73.4
77.9
66
105
104.4
81.4
76.2
75
104.9
84
74.7
92.4
57.3
72.8
87
60.9
68.5
62.1
65.3
71.2
65.2
61.2
55.9
56.2
62.1
41
55.6
56.6
46.6
210.6
227.2
238.8
218
227.4
213.7
229.3
233.4
225.9
223.9
225
207.3
219.3
220.7
227.6
208.4
223
222.2
216.7
222.2
224.9
206.9
219.3
213.6
219.5
222.4
211.2
209.5
221
212.8
219.5
218.8
218.4
216.3
200.9
205.6
76.1
70.3
73.1
84.8
91.2
74.1
77.6
72.2
63.5
66.6
70
56.3
58.6
56.8
51.6
51.4
67.5
49
66.1
55.2
57.8
61.8
52.5
55.5
50.1
70
43.7
59.1
61
53.9
53.3
59.3
39.1
39
41.6
55.2
84.7
72.2
84.8
84.3
81.8
76.1
82.7
73.6
68.2
67.5
71
75.9
72.6
74.4
73.7
74.2
60.3
72.1
56.3
64.7
66.2
55.2
68.2
62
54.4
43.4
52.4
64.4
61.8
53.4
60.6
45.1
60.3
60.6
60.5
38.2
0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700
Chandigarh
Punjab
NCT of Delhi
Kerala
Gujarat
Puducherry
Tamil Nadu
Maharashtra
Haryana
Rajasthan
Dadra and Nagar Haveli & Daman and Diu
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
West Bengal
Goa
Karnataka
Lakshadweep
Andhra Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh
Sikkim
Madhya Pradesh
Chhattisgarh
Ladakh
Uttarakhand
Odisha
Manipur
Assam
Jammu and Kashmir
Jharkhand
Uttar Pradesh
Tripura
Telangana
Nagaland
Bihar
Arunachal Pradesh
Mizoram
Meghalaya
Learning outcomes and quality (Max domain score 240) Access (Max domain score 80)
Infrastructure and Facilities (Max domain score 190) Equity (Max domain score 260)
Governance Processes (Max domain score 130) Teacher Education & Training (Max domain score 100)
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
18
Availability of infrastructure and facilities in schools during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Availability of infrastructure and facilities in schools has improved during the past four years. In terms of availability of
functional electricity, the percentage increased significantly from 74 percent in 2018-19 to 87 percent in 2021-22. The
WASH facility also improved from 82 percent in 2018-19 to 90 percent in 2021-22. Internet facility and computer
availability rose by 15 and 13 percent, respectively, during the past four years.
Figure 7: Availability of infrastructure and facilities in schools during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE
74%
75%
81%
82%
19%
35%
80%
75%
84%
85%
22%
39%
84%
76%
86%
88%
25%
41%
87%
77%
87%
90%
34%
48%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
Functional electricity Playground Library or reading
corner or book bank
WASH facility
(drinking water,
toilet, and
handwash)
Internet Computer availablity
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
19
Profiles of states and
union territories
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
20
1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22)
Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school
Department of Education 329 43,745 133
Private Unaided (Recognised) 72 20,802 289
Local body 8 3,395 424
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 3 789 263
Government Aided 2 1,891 946
Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 2 3,239 1,620
Total 416 73,861 178
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, Ministry of Education (MoE)
GER (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
66.3
70.78
65.06
61.95
69.4
72.2
72.69
70.23
67.78
71.46
68.62
65.84
56
58
60
62
64
66
68
70
72
74
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
Boys Girls Overall
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
21
GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22)
Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR
Primary (I-V) 2,127 25,964 12
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 2,322 17,719 9
Secondary (IX-X) 1,658 11,810 7
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 917 11,483 12
Overall 7,024 66,976 10
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
82.96
78.53
74.31
55.55
80.57
76.46
78.33
45.13
73.07
73.97
78.24
49.88
67.78
71.46
68.62
65.84
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
15
11
10
11
12
13
10
9 9
11
12
10
9
10
11
12
9
7
12
10
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher secondary
(XI-XII)
Overall
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
22
Enrolment by education level (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Pre-primary
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher secondary
(XI-XII)
Total
Girls 3,436 12,671 8,631 5,834 5,753 36,325
Boys 3,449 13,293 9,088 5,976 5,730 37,536
-
10,000
20,000
30,000
40,000
50,000
60,000
70,000
80,000
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Pre-primary 8,505 8,756 6,878 6,885
Primary (I-V) 29,835 29,606 27,420 25,964
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 18,257 18,169 17,959 17,719
Secondary (IX-X) 11,872 12,837 13,144 11,810
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 9,031 7,515 8,503 11,483
Total 77,500 76,883 73,904 73,861
-
10,000
20,000
30,000
40,000
50,000
60,000
70,000
80,000
90,000
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
23
Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19
to 2021-22
Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE
PGI score of the State/UT (in 2021-22)
Domain Max Score State/UT Score
D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 60.8
D2 - Access 80 63.3
D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 104.4
D4 - Equity 260 207.3
D5 - Governance Processes 130 56.3
D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 75.9
Total 1,000 568.0
Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE
92%
87%
98%
97%
26%
52%
92%
96%
100%
100%
27%
62%
92%
96%
100%
100%
34%
63%
93%
96%
100%
99%
45%
67%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
Functional
electricity
Playground Library or reading
corner or book bank
WASH facility
(drinking water,
toilet, and
handwash)
Internet Computer
availablity
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
24
2. Andhra Pradesh
Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22)
Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school
Local body 40,733 3,823,214 94
Private Unaided (Recognised) 15,058 3,321,792 221
Tribal Welfare Department 2,325 172,058 74
Department of Education 1,751 551,839 315
Government Aided 1,542 211,692 137
Social welfare Department 237 108,579 458
Madarsa unrecognised 157 9,885 63
Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 41 31,778 775
Other govt. managed schools 32 1,261 39
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 15 5,908 394
Madarsa recognised (by Wakf
board/Madarsa Board)
9 621 69
Sainik School 2 1,014 507
Railway School 1 556 556
Unrecognised 45 4,450 99
Total 61,948 8,244,647 133
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
GER (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
101.72
99.95
86.25
55.22
101.6
95.19
84.46
58.27
101.66
97.62
85.38
56.7
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
Boys Girls Overall
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
25
GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22)
Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR
Primary (I-V) 148,306 3,724,793 25
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 134,900 2,169,034 15
Secondary (IX-X) 125,128 1,341,250 10
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 29,571 932,179 31
Overall 437,905 8,167,256 19
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
96.32
87.54
79.69
46.85
101.42
91.29
81.42
52.16
102.…
94.68
84.24
53.37
101.66
97.62
85.38
56.7
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2020-212
26
17 16
34
21
25
17 16
40
21
27
18 17
30
22
25
15
10
31
19
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher secondary
(XI-XII)
Overall
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
26
Enrolment by education level (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Pre-primary - 186,170 202,338 77,391
Primary (I-V) 3,612,123 3,774,467 3,802,343 3,724,793
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 2,094,322 2,132,103 2,157,288 2,169,034
Secondary (IX-X) 1,336,626 1,336,699 1,353,221 1,341,250
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 818,828 893,664 895,734 932,179
Total 7,861,899 8,323,103 8,410,924 8,244,647
-
1,000,000
2,000,000
3,000,000
4,000,000
5,000,000
6,000,000
7,000,000
8,000,000
9,000,000
Pre-primary
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher secondary
(XI-XII)
Total
Girls 35,443 1,782,027 1,036,628 646,958 465,576 3,966,632
Boys 41,948 1,942,766 1,132,406 694,292 466,603 4,278,015
-
1,000,000
2,000,000
3,000,000
4,000,000
5,000,000
6,000,000
7,000,000
8,000,000
9,000,000
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
27
Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19
to 2021-22
Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE
PGI score of the state/UT (in 2021-22)
Domain Max score State/UT score
D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 47.8
D2 - Access 80 61.3
D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 84.0
D4 - Equity 260 223.0
D5 - Governance Processes 130 67.5
D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 60.3
Total 1,000 543.9
Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE
93%
67%
88%
57%
17%
29%
94%
68%
89%
63%
23%
36%
95%
68%
90%
69%
24%
39%
98%
79%
98%
96%
56%
52%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
Functional electricity Playground Library or reading
corner or book bank
WASH facility
(drinking water,
toilet, and
handwash)
Internet Computer availablity
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
28
3. Arunachal Pradesh
Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2020-21)
Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school
Department of Education 2,944 218,168 74
Private Unaided (Recognised) 503 94,940 189
Government Aided 68 20,860 307
Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 19 9,516 501
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 16 5,567 348
Central Tibetan School 2 102 51
Tribal Welfare Department 2 220 110
Local body 1 90 90
Sainik School 1 245 245
Unrecognised 47 4,674 99
Total 3,603 354,382 98
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
GER (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
128.38
82.22
64.99
51.38
130.07
88.28
68.07
56.09
129.21
85.22
66.51
53.71
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
Boys Girls Overall
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
29
GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22)
Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR
Primary (I-V) 13,701 164,061 11
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 9,214 84,930 8
Secondary (IX-X) 4,304 45,455 10
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 1,708 33,860 19
Overall 28,927 328,306 12
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
111.12
87.26
68.68
38.32
118.52
86.05
62.32
35.82
124.82
85.63
68.18
41.09
129.21
85.22
66.51
53.71
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
14
10
14
18
13
13
9
12
16
12
13
9
11
16
12
11
8
10
19
12
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
20
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher secondary
(XI-XII)
Overall
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
30
Enrolment by education level (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Pre-Primary
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher secondary
(XI-XII)
Total
Girls 12,559 80,399 43,621 22,984 17,483 177,046
Boys 13,517 83,662 41,309 22,471 16,377 177,336
-
50,000
100,000
150,000
200,000
250,000
300,000
350,000
400,000
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Pre-primary 17,440 28,255 20,028 26,076
Primary (I-V) 169,434 170,639 169,096 164,061
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 87,722 86,259 85,587 84,930
Secondary (IX-X) 47,657 43,028 46,831 45,455
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 24,625 22,869 26,072 33,860
Total 346,878 351,050 347,614 354,382
-
50,000
100,000
150,000
200,000
250,000
300,000
350,000
400,000
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
31
Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19
to 2021-22
Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE
PGI score of the state/UT (in 2021-22)
Domain Max score State/UT score
D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 45.0
D2 - Access 80 42.0
D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 55.6
D4 - Equity 260 216.3
D5 - Governance Processes 130 39.0
D6 - Teacher Education and Training 100 60.6
Total 1,000 458.5
Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE
40%
66%
24%
21%
7%
15%
47%
68%
42%
35%
8%
25%
47%
68%
43%
36%
10%
27%
54%
68%
45%
39%
22%
34%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
Functional
electricity
Playground Library or reading
corner or book
bank
WASH facility
(drinking water,
toilet, and
handwash)
Internet Computer
availablity
2018-19 2019-20 2020-2021 2021-2022
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
32
4. Assam
Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2020-21)
Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school
Department of Education 44,911 5,144,339 115
Private Unaided (Recognised) 5,852 1,595,135 273
Government Aided 3,841 381,954 99
Local body 475 56,357 119
Madarsa unrecognised 113 6,349 56
Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 58 53,568 924
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 27 13,076 484
Railway School 8 4,211 526
Sainik School 4 4,509 1,127
Social Welfare Department 3 631 210
Other govt. managed schools 2 491 246
Tribal Welfare Department 2 489 245
Unrecognised 5,563 283,851 51
Total 60,859 7,544,960 124
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
GER (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
116.28
90.38
67.86
38.02
123.28
99.74
81.33
42.15
119.64
95
74.48
40.04
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
Boys Girls Overall
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
33
GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22)
Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR
Primary (I-V) 171,375 3,645,363 21
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 103,114 1,905,775 14
Secondary (IX-X) 87,821 1,004,682 11
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 26,149 545,752 20
Overall 388,459 7,101,572 19
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
113.09
90.72
72.76
30.94
115.66
94.36
74.04
30.91
119.06
96.83
75.59
32.29
119.64
95.00
74.48
40.04
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
22
14
11
17 17
22
14
11
17 17
21
14
11
17 17
21
14
11
20
19
0
5
10
15
20
25
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher secondary
(XI-XII)
Overall
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
34
Enrolment by education level (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Pre-primary
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher secondary
(XI-XII)
Total
Girls 214,591 1,801,193 988,402 539,190 281,536 3,824,912
Boys 228,797 1,844,170 917,373 465,492 264,216 3,720,048
-
1,000,000
2,000,000
3,000,000
4,000,000
5,000,000
6,000,000
7,000,000
8,000,000
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Pre-primary 523,563 504,202 460,270 443,388
Primary (I-V) 3,669,733 3,676,705 3,706,238 3,645,363
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 1,851,782 1,915,251 1,953,646 1,905,775
Secondary (IX-X) 988,137 1,003,285 1,022,018 1,004,682
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 420,787 420,657 439,847 545,752
Total 7,454,002 7,520,100 7,582,019 7,544,960
-
1,000,000
2,000,000
3,000,000
4,000,000
5,000,000
6,000,000
7,000,000
8,000,000
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
35
Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19
to 2021-22
Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE
PGI score of the State/UT (in 2021-22)
Domain Max score State/UT score
D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 62.6
D2 - Access 80 49.0
D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 65.3
D4 - Equity 260 222.4
D5 - Governance Processes 130 70.0
D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 43.4
Total 1,000 512.7
Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE
30%
72%
76%
64%
6%
14%
39%
74%
79%
67%
6%
15%
58%
76%
84%
73%
6%
16%
75%
78%
87%
77%
12%
19%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
Functional electricity Playground Library or reading
corner or book bank
WASH facility
(drinking water,
toilet, and
handwash)
Internet Computer availablity
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
36
5. Bihar
Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2020-21)
Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school
Department of Education 75,388 21,896,037 290
Private Unaided (Recognised) 8,097 3,306,257 408
Madarsa recognised (by Wakf
board/Madarsa Board)
1,735 459,016 265
Government Aided 742 197,306 266
Madarsa unrecognised 190 49,025 258
Social Welfare Department 71 19,384 273
Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 49 50,426 1,029
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 39 19,139 491
Tribal Welfare Department 7 2,115 302
Railway School 2 1,322 661
Sainik School 2 1,022 511
Unrecognised 6,843 1,471,643 215
Total 93,165 27,472,692 295
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
GER (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
101.21
84.83
63.13
35.58
103.9
87.13
66.84
36.19
102.49
85.96
64.94
35.88
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
Boys Girls Overall
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
37
GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22)
Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR
Primary (I-V) 262,657 14,179,532 53
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 246,240 7,253,543 23
Secondary (IX-X) 66,236 3,618,298 54
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 31,875 1,995,065 62
Overall 607,008 27,046,438 45
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
93.13
78.37
57.66
26.39
93.48
79.2
58.49
30.8
98.69
83.19
63.52
34.01
102.49
85.96
64.94
35.88
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
64
20
58
62
39
56
20
52
60
37
57
21
52
60
39
53
23
54
62
45
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher secondary
(XI-XII)
Overall
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
38
Enrolment by education level (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Pre-primary
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher secondary
(XI-XII)
Total
Girls 174,754 6,840,063 3,617,710 1,814,058 972,054 13,418,639
Boys 251,500 7,339,469 3,635,833 1,804,240 1,023,011 14,054,053
-
5,000,000
10,000,000
15,000,000
20,000,000
25,000,000
30,000,000
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Pre-primary 597,225 644,898 487,472 426,254
Primary (I-V) 13,095,697 13,075,193 13,728,283 14,179,532
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 6,636,971 6,698,518 7,028,016 7,253,543
Secondary (IX-X) 3,161,078 3,224,336 3,519,971 3,618,298
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 1,422,363 1,677,443 1,871,674 1,995,065
Total 24,913,334 25,320,388 26,635,416 27,472,692
-
5,000,000
10,000,000
15,000,000
20,000,000
25,000,000
30,000,000
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
39
Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19
to 2021-22
Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE
PGI score of the State/UT (in 2021-22)
Domain Max score State/UT score
D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 64.4
D2 - Access 80 41.8
D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 41.0
D4 - Equity 260 218.4
D5 - Governance Processes 130 39.1
D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 60.3
Total 1,000 465.0
Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE
78%
47%
59%
80%
7%
11%
83%
49%
62%
84%
8%
14%
85%
49%
61%
85%
9%
14%
88%
50%
63%
86%
11%
19%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
Functional
electricity
Playground Library or reading
corner or book
bank
WASH facility
(drinking water,
toilet, and
handwash)
Internet Computer
availablity
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
40
6. Chandigarh
Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22)
Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school
Department of Education 116 155,727 1,342
Private Unaided (Recognised) 76 88,519 1,165
Government Aided 7 8,800 1,257
Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 4 7,280 1,820
Madarsa unrecognised 3 534 178
Other Central Govt. Schools 2 1,606 803
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 1 543 543
Unrecognised 24 5,618 234
Total 233 268,627 1,153
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
GER (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
81.24
88.76
85.81
76.13
90.53
100.12
95.78 89.38
85.35
93.69 90.06
81.71
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
Boys Girls Overall
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
41
GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22)
Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR
Primary (I-V) 3,391 95,948 28
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 6,348 64,102 15
Secondary (IX-X) 3,600 43,795 12
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 1,565 42,723 27
Overall 14,904 246,568 17
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
89.29
102.17
92.71
83.79
86.92
99.33
87.55
78.03
82.84
95.31
89.67
79.2
85.35
93.69
90.06
81.71
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
28
15
12
26
19
26
15
11
25
18
26
15
12
27
19
28
15
12
27
17
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher secondary
(XI-XII)
Overall
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
42
Enrolment by education level (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Pre-Primary
Primary
(I-V)
Upper Primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher Secondary
(XI-XII)
Total
Girls 10,552 45,107 29,759 19,828 19,670 124,916
Boys 11,507 50,841 34,343 23,967 23,053 143,711
-
50,000
100,000
150,000
200,000
250,000
300,000
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Pre-primary 26,520 26,662 22,455 22,059
Primary (I-V) 94,201 93,707 91,212 95,948
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 65,455 65,074 63,824 64,102
Secondary (IX-X) 41,833 40,530 42,560 43,795
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 40,881 38,978 40,487 42,723
Total 268,890 264,951 260,538 268,627
-
50,000
100,000
150,000
200,000
250,000
300,000
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
43
Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19
to 2021-22
Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE
PGI score of the State/UT (in 2021-22)
Domain Max Score State/UT Score
D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 103.6
D2 - Access 80 68.6
D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 115.5
D4 - Equity 260 210.6
D5 - Governance Processes 130 76.1
D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 84.7
Total 1,000 659.1
Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE
100%
95%
96%
100%
97%
98%
100%
95%
97%
100%
97%
100%
100%
95%
98%
100%
97%
100%
100%
95%
98%
100%
99%
100%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
Functional electricity Playground Library or reading
corner or book bank
WASH facility
(drinking water,
toilet, and
handwash)
Internet Computer availablity
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
44
7. Chhattisgarh
Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22)
Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school
Department of Education 48,573 4,190,743 86
Private Unaided (Recognised) 7,063 1,643,600 233
Government Aided 417 74,249 178
Madarsa recognised (by Wakf
board/Madarsa Board)
259 10,782 42
Tribal Welfare Department 79 16,693 211
Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 36 35,324 981
Madarsa unrecognised 30 1,513 50
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 28 11,266 402
Social Welfare Department 16 784 49
Other Govt. managed schools 5 2,487 497
Railway School 4 4,063 1,016
Central Tibetan School 1 31 31
Sainik School 1 662 662
Total 56,512 5,992,197 106
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
GER (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
96.49 94.29
75.26
62.85
96.74 94.71
81.44 73.55
96.61 94.5
78.3
68.11
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
Boys Girls Overall
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
45
GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22)
Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR
Primary (I-V) 129,050 2,692,513 20
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 77,172 1,486,418 18
Secondary (IX-X) 56,215 840,172 14
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 44,295 745,127 16
Overall 306,732 5,764,230 19
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
97.6
94.01
86.56
52.08
97.12
92.59
86.86
54.3
96.31
92.82
86.24
57.62
96.61
94.5
78.3
68.11
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
20
18 18
14
18
20
18 18
15
18
20
18
17
15
19
20
18
14
16
19
0
5
10
15
20
25
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher secondary
(XI-XII)
Overall
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
46
Enrolment by education level (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Pre-primary
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher secondary
(XI-XII)
Total
Girls 107,431 1,312,721 733,078 430,023 395,698 2,978,951
Boys 120,536 1,379,792 753,340 410,149 349,429 3,013,246
-
1,000,000
2,000,000
3,000,000
4,000,000
5,000,000
6,000,000
7,000,000
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Pre-primary 274,173 354,006 264,319 227,967
Primary (I-V) 2,636,281 2,651,484 2,656,716 2,692,513
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 1,517,322 1,481,381 1,472,887 1,486,418
Secondary (IX-X) 946,427 943,808 931,272 840,172
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 579,151 600,530 633,837 745,127
Total 5,953,354 6,031,209 5,959,031 5,992,197
-
1,000,000
2,000,000
3,000,000
4,000,000
5,000,000
6,000,000
7,000,000
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
47
Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19
to 2021-22
Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE
PGI score of the State/UT (in 2021-22)
Domain Max score State/UT score
D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 38.8
D2 - Access 80 60.5
D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 72.8
D4 - Equity 260 224.9
D5 - Governance Processes 130 57.8
D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 66.2
Total 1,000 521.0
Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE
81%
73%
87%
92%
5%
93%
85%
74%
92%
91%
9%
85%
88%
77%
97%
96%
14%
85%
91%
79%
98%
97%
37%
89%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
Functional electricity Playground Library or reading
corner or book bank
WASH facility
(drinking water,
toilet, and
handwash)
Internet Computer availablity
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
48
8. Dadra and Nagar Haveli and
Daman and Diu
Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22)
Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school
Department of Education 382 87,803 230
Private Unaided (Recognised) 63 35,223 559
Government Aided 8 7,109 889
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 3 1,246 415
Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 2 1,670 835
Local body 1 307 307
Madarsa recognised (by Wakf
board/Madarsa Board)
1 - -
Total 460 133,358 290
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
GER (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
86.96 89.33
71.92
44.74
91.68 92.5
78.99
70.75
89.14
90.79
75.01
54.93
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
Boys Girls Overall
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
49
GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE
Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22)
Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR
Primary (I-V) 1,985 59,586 30
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 1,658 35,350 21
Secondary (IX-X) 926 18,671 20
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 565 14,640 26
Overall 5,134 128,247 25
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE
93.89
84.62
80.98
40.35
97.96
81.26
87.45
50.24
89.17
90.35
76.97
44.98
89.14
90.79
75.01
54.93
0.00
20.00
40.00
60.00
80.00
100.00
120.00
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
29
23 22
24 25
29
22 22
24 25
28
26
20
22
26
30
28
20
25 25
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher secondary
(XI-XII)
Overall
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
50
Enrolment by education level (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE
Pre-primary
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher secondary
(XI-XII)
Total
Girls 2,373 28,290 16,653 8,584 7,390 63,290
Boys 2,738 31,296 18,697 10,087 7,250 70,068
-
20,000
40,000
60,000
80,000
100,000
120,000
140,000
160,000
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Pre-primary 5,739 6,315 5,372 5,111
Primary (I-V) 60,567 62,665 58,379 59,586
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 30,160 30,249 34,439 35,350
Secondary (IX-X) 19,881 20,527 18,701 18,671
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 11,137 12,245 11,722 14,640
Total 127,484 132,001 128,613 133,358
-
20,000
40,000
60,000
80,000
100,000
120,000
140,000
160,000
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
51
Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19
to 2021-22
Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE
PGI score of the state/UT (in 2021-22)
Domain Max Score State/UT Score
D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 43.4
D2 – Access 80 61.6
D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 104.5
D4 – Equity 260 225.4
D5 - Governance Processes 130 70.3
D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 71.1
Total 1,000 576.3
Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE
100%
59%
99%
98%
36%
79%
100%
67%
99%
100%
39%
89%
100%
71%
99%
100%
37%
90%
100%
100%
99%
100%
57%
89%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
Functional electricity Playground Library or reading
corner or book bank
WASH facility
(drinking water,
toilet, and
handwash)
Internet Computer availablity
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
52
9. Delhi
Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22)
Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school
Private Unaided (Recognised) 2,610 1,624,522 622
Local body 1,661 905,405 545
Department of Education 1,047 1,762,480 1,683
Government Aided 247 150,909 611
Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 46 125,839 2,736
Social Welfare Department 6 2,077 346
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 2 875 438
Total 5,619 4,572,107 814
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
GER (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
112.41
128.25
110.45
91.18
120.05
131.73
112.15
99.46
115.88
129.86
111.24
95.01
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
Boys Girls Overall
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
53
GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22)
Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR
Primary (I-V) 51,824 1,754,430 33
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 52,078 1,190,775 32
Secondary (IX-X) 26,363 725,275 27
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 29,959 648,002 21
Overall 160,224 4,318,482 27
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
120.15
120.21
110.39
70.09
120.38
122.74
110.31
72.82
115.88
124.95
116.33
82.19
115.88
129.86
111.24
95.01
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
33
30 29
18
29
33
30
28
18
29
33
31
29
20
30
33 32
27
21
27
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-
XII)
Overall
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
54
Enrolment by education level (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Pre-primary
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher secondary
(XI-XII)
Total
Girls 124,658 825,932 557,216 338,694 314,284 2,160,784
Boys 128,967 928,498 633,559 386,581 333,718 2,411,323
-
500,000
1,000,000
1,500,000
2,000,000
2,500,000
3,000,000
3,500,000
4,000,000
4,500,000
5,000,000
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Pre-primary 272,528 293,026 248,340 253,625
Primary (I-V) 1,803,500 1,811,723 1,749,132 1,754,430
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 1,123,438 1,139,560 1,153,258 1,190,775
Secondary (IX-X) 731,032 726,754 762,436 725,275
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 486,273 502,580 563,467 648,002
Total 4,416,771 4,473,643 4,476,633 4,572,107
-
500,000
1,000,000
1,500,000
2,000,000
2,500,000
3,000,000
3,500,000
4,000,000
4,500,000
5,000,000
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
55
Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19
to 2021-22
Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE
PGI score of the state/UT (in 2021-22)
Domain Max score State/UT score
D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 63.8
D2 – Access 80 72.4
D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 103.3
D4 – Equity 260 238.8
D5 - Governance Processes 130 73.1
D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 84.8
Total 1,000 636.2
Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE
100%
92%
96%
100%
82%
92%
100%
94%
100%
100%
86%
95%
100%
94%
100%
100%
87%
100%
100%
96%
100%
100%
100%
100%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
Functional electricity Playground Library or reading
corner or book bank
WASH facility
(drinking water,
toilet, and
handwash)
Internet Computer availablity
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
56
10. Goa
Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22)
Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school
Department of Education 807 37,451 46
Government Aided 557 222,937 400
Private Unaided (Recognised) 139 39,113 281
Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 5 4,681 936
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 2 800 400
Total 1,510 304,982 202
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
GER (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
90.85 87.14
80.55
71.22
95 89.76
85.71
76.32
92.81 88.38
82.96
73.66
0
20
40
60
80
100
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
Boys Girls Overall
100.94
93.83
91.86
71.94
99.18
91.83
90.39
68.55
94.3
89.6
91.07
69.86
92.81
88.38
82.96
73.66
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
57
Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22)
Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR
Primary (I-V) 4,615 121,356 26
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 7,118 72,310 15
Secondary (IX-X) 5,157 46,866 9
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 2,252 41,894 18
Overall 19,142 282,426 15
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Enrolment by education level (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
Pre-primary
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher secondary
(XI-XII)
Total
Girls 11,099 58,771 34,785 22,587 20,713 147,955
Boys 11,457 62,585 37,525 24,279 21,181 157,027
-
50,000
100,000
150,000
200,000
250,000
300,000
350,000
28
19
11
18
19
28
18
10
18 18
27
17
10
18 18
26
15
9
18
15
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Overall
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
58
Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19
to 2021-22
Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Pre-primary 29,379 25,267 20,516 22,556
Primary (I-V) 123,882 124,383 120,779 121,356
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 71,957 71,995 71,777 72,310
Secondary (IX-X) 48,172 48,621 50,217 46,866
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 38,134 37,219 38,834 41,894
Total 311,524 307,485 302,123 304,982
-
50,000
100,000
150,000
200,000
250,000
300,000
350,000
100%
79%
99%
100%
40%
49%
100%
83%
99%
100%
39%
51%
100%
84%
99%
100%
39%
52%
100%
89%
100%
100%
58%
55%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
Functional
electricity
Playground Library or reading
corner or book
bank
WASH facility
(drinking water,
toilet, and
handwash)
Internet Computer
availablity
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
59
PGI score of the state/UT (in 2021-22)
Domain Max Score State/UT Score
D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 61.4
D2 – Access 80 66.3
D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 76.2
D4 – Equity 260 220.7
D5 - Governance Processes 130 56.8
D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 74.4
Total 1,000 555.8
Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
60
11. Gujarat
Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22)
Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school
Local body 32,101 5,161,174 161
Private Unaided (Recognised) 13,559 4,155,768 306
Government Aided 5,590 1,814,425 325
Department of Education 1,433 181,725 127
Tribal Welfare Department 949 156,397 165
Social Welfare Department 128 13,583 106
Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 45 41,844 930
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 34 13,467 396
Madarsa recognised (by Wakf board/Madarsa
Board)
3 1,208 403
Other Central Govt. Schools 3 1,376 459
Railway School 3 698 233
Other Govt. managed schools 2 35 18
Sainik School 1 576 576
Total 53,851 11,542,276 214
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
GER (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
90.61 90.93
77.19
48.56
96.05 91.34
72.84
47.76
93.09 91.13
75.16
48.19
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
Boys Girls Overall
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
61
GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22)
Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR
Primary (I-V) 179,139 5,387,190 30
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 139,834 3,090,985 24
Secondary (IX-X) 59,730 1,750,516 29
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 40,737 1,148,894 28
Overall 419,440 11,377,585 28
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
94.85
93.76
76.1
41.2
96.37
89.52
77.43
43.15
93.4
90.15
78.56
41.78
93.09
91.13
75.16
48.19
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
30
26
33
27
29
30
24
33
28 28
30
24
32
26
28
30
24
29 28 28
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher secondary
(XI-XII)
Overall
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
62
Enrolment by education level
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Pre-primary
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher secondary
(XI-XII)
Total
Girls 73,830 2,538,546 1,452,353 791,062 527,749 5,383,540
Boys 90,861 2,848,644 1,638,632 959,454 621,145 6,158,736
-
2,000,000
4,000,000
6,000,000
8,000,000
10,000,000
12,000,000
14,000,000
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Pre-primary 274,260 335,607 187,847 164,691
Primary (I-V) 5,418,484 5,529,122 5,382,429 5,387,190
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 3,256,808 3,085,057 3,082,327 3,090,985
Secondary (IX-X) 1,806,596 1,826,565 1,841,443 1,750,516
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 999,464 1,040,863 1,001,795 1,148,894
Total 11,755,612 11,817,214 11,495,841 11,542,276
-
2,000,000
4,000,000
6,000,000
8,000,000
10,000,000
12,000,000
14,000,000
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
63
Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19
to 2021-22
Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE
PGI score of the state/UT (in 2021-22)
Domain Max Score State/UT Score
D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 60.2
D2 – Access 80 55.5
D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 83.0
D4 – Equity 260 227.4
D5 - Governance Processes 130 91.2
D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 81.8
Total 1,000 599.1
Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE
100%
86%
92%
93%
67%
70%
100%
87%
96%
94%
71%
75%
100%
88%
96%
94%
75%
93%
100%
88%
96%
95%
92%
98%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
Functional electricity Playground Library or reading
corner or book bank
WASH facility
(drinking water,
toilet, and
handwash)
Internet Computer availablity
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
64
12. Haryana
Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22)
Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school
Department of Education 14,484 2,543,306 176
Private Unaided (Recognised) 8,261 3,301,867 400
Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 35 35,505 1,014
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 21 10,430 497
Other Govt. managed schools 19 11,581 610
Government Aided 16 9,146 572
Madarsa unrecognised 11 1,112 101
Madarsa recognised (by Wakf
board/Madarsa Board)
2 201 101
Sainik School 2 1,207 604
Other Central Govt. Schools 1 455 455
Unrecognised 874 120,869 138
Total 23,726 6,035,679 254
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
GER (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
103.25 102.54
95.99
75.14
104.73
101.24
93.24
76.01
103.92 101.95
94.74
75.54
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
Boys Girls Overall
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
65
GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22)
Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR
Primary (I-V) 101,133 2,579,262 25
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 95,522 1,480,339 19
Secondary (IX-X) 78,847 952,143 12
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 53,433 780,290 14
Overall 328,935 5,792,034 18
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
104.1
97.61
93.92
56.03
105.24
98.69
93.88
61.76
101.15
98.49
95.15
66.79
103.92
101.95
94.74
75.54
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
25
19
15
13
19
24
17
13 13
18
24
18
13 13
18
25
19
12
14
18
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Overall
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
66
Enrolment by education level (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Pre-primary
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher secondary
(XI-XII)
Total
Girls 107,702 1,172,952 667,167 425,168 356,503 2,729,492
Boys 135,943 1,406,310 813,172 526,975 423,787 3,306,187
-
1,000,000
2,000,000
3,000,000
4,000,000
5,000,000
6,000,000
7,000,000
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Pre-primary 330,308 353,704 206,487 243,645
Primary (I-V) 2,546,529 2,586,473 2,498,572 2,579,262
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 1,456,517 1,459,437 1,443,313 1,480,339
Secondary (IX-X) 967,567 959,243 964,279 952,143
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 593,564 648,839 695,989 789,290
Total 5,894,485 6,007,696 5,808,640 6,035,679
-
1,000,000
2,000,000
3,000,000
4,000,000
5,000,000
6,000,000
7,000,000
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
67
Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19
to 2021-22
Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE
PGI score of the state/UT (in 2021-22)
Domain Max score State/UT score
D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 78.4
D2 - Access 80 64.1
D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 77.9
D4 - Equity 260 225.9
D5 - Governance Processes 130 63.5
D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 68.2
Total 1,000 578.0
Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE
98%
89%
94%
97%
41%
48%
98%
90%
96%
98%
43%
54%
98%
90%
96%
98%
44%
55%
98%
90%
97%
98%
51%
93%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
Functional electricity Playground Library or reading
corner or book bank
WASH facility
(drinking water,
toilet, and
handwash)
Internet Computer availablity
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
68
13. Himachal Pradesh
Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22)
Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school
Department of Education 15,313 873,625 57
Private Unaided (Recognised) 2,646 536,204 203
Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 25 16,020 641
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 12 5,725 477
Local body 12 1,424 119
Tribal Welfare Department 7 794 113
Central Tibetan School 5 733 147
Other Central Govt. Schools 4 1,531 383
Madarsa recognised (by Wakf
board/Madarsa Board)
2 69 35
Sainik School 2 897 449
Total 18,028 1,437,022 80
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
GER (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22Report, MoE
108.1
100.99
93.46 92.97
109.31
103.76
94.83 95.33
108.68
102.3
94.1 94.08
80
85
90
95
100
105
110
115
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
Boys Girls Overall
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
69
GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22)
Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR
Primary (I-V) 34,905 550,993 15
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 41,676 342,695 8
Secondary (IX-X) 34,608 216,429 6
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 21,436 222,031 10
Overall 132,625 1,332,148 11
Source: UDISE+ 2020-21 Report, MoE
PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
107.02
98.37
105.76
81.79
108.49
98.64
103.27
83.43
107.02
100.26
100.41
85.55
108.68
102.3
94.1
94.08
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
16
10
9
10
12
16
9
8
10
11
15
9
7
10
11
15
8
6
10
11
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Overall
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
70
Enrolment by education level (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Pre-primary
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher
secondary
(XI-XII)
Total
Girls 49,796 262,353 163,945 102,413 105,818 684,325
Boys 55,078 288,640 178,750 114,016 116,213 752,697
-
200,000
400,000
600,000
800,000
1,000,000
1,200,000
1,400,000
1,600,000
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Pre-primary 101,616 123,171 93,774 104,874
Primary (I-V) 580,679 576,528 555,200 550,993
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 340,938 337,738 339,892 342,695
Secondary (IX-X) 252,131 243,299 233,750 216,429
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 200,387 201,904 204,473 222,031
Total 1,475,751 1,482,640 1,427,089 1,437,022
-
200,000
400,000
600,000
800,000
1,000,000
1,200,000
1,400,000
1,600,000
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
71
Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19
to 2021-22
Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE
PGI score of the state/UT (in 2021-22)
Domain Max Score State/UT Score
D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 54.2
D2 - Access 80 66.4
D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 74.7
D4 - Equity 260 222.2
D5 - Governance Processes 130 49.0
D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 72.1
Total 1,000 538.6
Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE
95%
80%
92%
97%
22%
32%
96%
83%
94%
98%
23%
34%
97%
85%
95%
98%
23%
35%
98%
87%
96%
99%
34%
41%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
Functional electricity Playground Library or reading
corner or book bank
WASH facility
(drinking water,
toilet, and
handwash)
Internet Computer availablity
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
72
14. Jammu and Kashmir
Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22)
Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school
Department of Education 23,117 1,437,327 62
Private Unaided (Recognised) 5,526 1,235,033 223
Madarsa recognised (by Wakf
board/Madarsa Board)
70 7,997 114
Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 36 29,307 814
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 20 6,734 337
Madarsa unrecognised 5 134 27
Government Aided 1 209 209
Unrecognised 30 1,903 63
Total 28,805 2,718,644 94
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
GER (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
111.47
63.48
59.87
53.39
112.42
68.14
61.32
52.89
111.92
65.63
60.54
53.15
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
Boys Girls Overall
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
73
GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22)
Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR
Primary (I-V) 76,284 1,106,932 14
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 55,312 577,505 9
Secondary (IX-X) 26,992 344,485 12
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 10,652 294,473 27
Overall 169,240 2,323,395 14
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
87.21
68.14
59.34
43.23
93.16
66.53
58.66
38.4
100.81
66.25
59.83
50.07
111.92
65.63
60.54
53.15
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
17
8
12
24
13
16
9
13
21
13
15
9
12
26
13
14
9
12
27
14
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Overall
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
74
Enrolment by education level (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Pre-primary
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher secondary
(XI-XII)
Total
Girls 189,259 530,614 275,979 161,893 136,985 1,294,730
Boys 205,990 576,318 301,526 182,592 157,488 1,423,914
-
500,000
1,000,000
1,500,000
2,000,000
2,500,000
3,000,000
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Pre-primary 342,483 334,751 294,589 395,249
Primary (I-V) 1,106,473 1,094,851 1,091,015 1,106,932
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 580,301 573,089 576,755 577,505
Secondary (IX-X) 329,830 328,628 337,787 344,485
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 236,096 210,728 276,212 294,473
Total 2,595,183 2,542,047 2,576,358 2,718,644
-
500,000
1,000,000
1,500,000
2,000,000
2,500,000
3,000,000
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
75
Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19
to 2021-22
Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE
PGI score of the state/UT (in 2021-22)
Domain Max Score State/UT Score
D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 76.8
D2 – Access 80 51.2
D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 71.2
D4 – Equity 260 211.2
D5 - Governance Processes 130 43.7
D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 52.4
Total 1,000 506.5
Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE
64%
57%
63%
84%
12%
22%
68%
58%
66%
86%
12%
24%
70%
60%
68%
87%
13%
28%
73%
62%
72%
87%
30%
33%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
Functional electricity Playground Library or reading
corner or book bank
WASH facility
(drinking water,
toilet, and
handwash)
Internet Computer availablity
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
76
15. Jharkhand
Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22)
Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school
Department of Education 35,438 5,044,956 142
Private Unaided (Recognised) 1,559 1,307,487 839
Government Aided 1,175 315,854 269
Tribal Welfare Department 171 24,517 143
Madarsa unrecognised 126 16,523 131
Ministry of Labour 80 2,588 32
Other Govt. managed schools 67 117,349 1,751
Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 41 33,541 818
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 26 11,274 434
Madarsa recognised (by Wakf Board/Madarsa
Board)
21 3,467 165
Railway School 6 3,351 559
Other Central Govt. Schools 5 4,162 832
Social Welfare Department 5 287 57
Sainik School 1 843 843
Unrecognised 6,134 1,084,551 177
Total 44,855 7,970,750 178
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
GER (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
101.66
88.02
66.35
44.93
103.10
89.75
70.53
48.00
102.35
88.87
68.41
46.44
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
Boys Girls Overall
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
77
GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22)
Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR
Primary (I-V) 128,077 3,740,909 29
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 61,032 2,114,309 25
Secondary (IX-X) 31,315 1,089,069 34
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 13,021 743,920 57
Overall 233,445 7,688,207 33
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
104.5
83.22
60.92
38.89
102.57
83.15
60.74
40.79
102.20
86.18
62.97
43.95
102.35
88.87
68.41
46.44
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
35
23
51
70
33
31
23
34
55
30
30
23
33
55
30
29
25
34
57
46
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Overall
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
78
Enrolment by education level (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2020-21 Report, MoE
Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Pre-primary
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher secondary
(XI-XII)
Total
Girls 124,891 1,802,253 1,053,691 552,270 376,807 3,909,912
Boys 157,652 1,938,656 1,060,618 536,799 367,113 4,060,838
-
1,000,000
2,000,000
3,000,000
4,000,000
5,000,000
6,000,000
7,000,000
8,000,000
9,000,000
2018-19 2019-20 202021 2021-22
Pre-primary 554,629 552,730 351,984 282,543
Primary (I-V) 4,028,871 3,886,161 3,803,579 3,740,909
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 1,993,556 1,986,908 2,055,203 2,114,309
Secondary (IX-X) 967,609 965,531 1,001,965 1,089,069
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 618,758 650,537 702,459 743,920
Total 8,163,423 8,041,867 7,915,190 7,970,750
-
1,000,000
2,000,000
3,000,000
4,000,000
5,000,000
6,000,000
7,000,000
8,000,000
9,000,000
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
79
Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19
to 2021-22
Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE
PGI score of the state/UT (in 2021-22)
Domain Max Score State/UT Score
D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 57.4
D2 – Access 80 48.1
D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 65.2
D4 – Equity 260 209.5
D5 - Governance Processes 130 59.1
D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 64.4
Total 1,000 503.7
Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE
73%
68%
92%
79%
30%
56%
90%
69%
92%
84%
33%
74%
91%
70%
93%
87%
32%
79%
92%
71%
94%
89%
37%
85%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
Functional electricity Playground Library or reading
corner or book bank
WASH facility
(drinking water,
toilet, and handwash)
Internet Computer availablity
2018-19 2019-20 2019-202 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
80
16. Karnataka
Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22)
Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school
Department of Education 48,155 5,078,088 105
Private Unaided (Recognised) 19,650 5,153,185 262
Government Aided 7,110 1,492,350 210
Tribal Welfare Department 807 160,818 199
Social welfare Department 404 85,955 213
Other Govt. managed schools 140 22,279 159
Local body 72 17,971 250
Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 52 61,838 1,189
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 30 12,080 403
Other Central Govt. Schools 10 4,628 463
Madarsa recognised (by Wakf Board/Madarsa
Board)
8 779 97
Central Tibetan School 5 764 153
Sainik School 3 1,553 518
Madarsa unrecognised 1 18 18
Railway School 1 15 15
Unrecognised 2 60 30
Total 76,450 12,092,381 158
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
GER (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
107.84
106.19
94.55
54.57
108.26
104.80
94.91
58.76
108.04
105.51
94.73
56.6
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
Boys Girls Overall
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
81
GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22)
Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR
Primary (I-V) 238,112 5,456,226 22
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 222,224 3,196,946 17
Secondary (IX-X) 112,616 1,970,316 17
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 42,497 1,203,865 28
Overall 615,449 11,827,353 20
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
108.37
98.22
83.70
44.39
107.43
101.05
86.35
52.12
105.08
103.13
90.62
55.64
108.04
105.51
94.73
56.60
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
33
21
15
25 24
21
17 17
33
20
21
16 16
28
20
22
17 17
28
20
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Overall
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
82
Enrolment by education level (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Pre-primary
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher secondary
(XI-XII)
Total
Girls 123,551 2,618,873 1,551,012 959,584 605,247 5,858,267
Boys 141,477 2,837,353 1,645,934 1,010,732 598,618 6,234,114
-
2,000,000
4,000,000
6,000,000
8,000,000
10,000,000
12,000,000
14,000,000
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Pre-primary 596,547 594,220 278,311 265,028
Primary (I-V) 5,502,503 5,444,277 5,316,103 5,456,226
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 3,072,217 3,127,797 3,158,190 3,196,946
Secondary (IX-X) 1,800,265 1,836,892 1,906,216 1,970,316
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 978,990 1,135,919 1,197,916 1,203,865
Total 11,950,522 12,139,105 11,856,736 12,092,381
-
2,000,000
4,000,000
6,000,000
8,000,000
10,000,000
12,000,000
14,000,000
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
83
Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19
to 2021-22
Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE
PGI score of the state/UT (in 2021-22)
Domain Max Score State/UT Score
D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 59.4
D2 – Access 80 62.4
D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 75.0
D4 – Equity 260 227.6
D5 - Governance Processes 130 51.6
D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 73.7
Total 1,000 549.7
Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE
89%
85%
90%
88%
12%
92%
98%
78%
93%
82%
25%
48%
99%
80%
95%
86%
25%
49%
99%
81%
96%
88%
30%
56%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
Functional electricity Playground Library or reading
corner or book bank
WASH facility
(drinking water,
toilet, and
handwash)
Internet Computer availablity
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
84
17. Kerala
Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22)
Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school
Government Aided 7,183 2,828,548 394
Department of Education 4,670 1,787,957 383
Private Unaided (Recognised) 3,164 1,624,221 513
Other Govt. managed schools 208 2,809 14
Tribal Welfare Department 45 7,557 168
Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 39 53,815 1,380
Local body 32 1,493 47
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 14 7,555 540
Madarsa recognised (by Wakf Board/Madarsa
Board)
3 320 107
Railway School 1 200 200
Sainik School 1 634 634
Unrecognised 880 108,011 123
Total 16,240 6,423,120 396
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
GER (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
102.4 99.6 98.27
81.82
101.71 99.07 97.41
88.4
102.06 99.34 97.85
85.04
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
Boys Girls Overall
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
85
GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22)
Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR
Primary (I-V) 90,437 2,486,240 27
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 112,214 1,501,003 21
Secondary (IX-X) 66,461 996,090 14
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 40,384 871,615 21
Overall 309,496 5,854,948 19
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
98.64
96.52
98.01
80.27
100.24
97.24
97.21
82.99
100.17
98.09
97.55
84.15
102.06
99.34
97.85
85.04
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
28
22
16
23 23
26
21
15
22 22
27
20
15
21
22
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Overall
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
86
Enrolment by education level (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
Pre-primary
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher secondary
(XI-XII)
Total
Girls 278,460 1,211,401 733,107 485,085 442,875 3,150,928
Boys 289,712 1,274,839 767,896 511,005 428,740 3,272,192
-
1,000,000
2,000,000
3,000,000
4,000,000
5,000,000
6,000,000
7,000,000
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Pre-primary 545,065 621,460 555,992 568,172
Primary (I-V) 2,464,299 2,483,556 2,460,558 2,486,240
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 1,483,643 1,486,644 1,490,417 1,501,003
Secondary (IX-X) 1,020,276 1,004,203 1,000,618 996,090
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 848,328 868,208 871,486 871,615
Total 6,361,611 6,464,071 6,379,071 6,423,120
-
1,000,000
2,000,000
3,000,000
4,000,000
5,000,000
6,000,000
7,000,000
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
87
Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19
to 2021-22
Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE
PGI score of the state/UT (in 2021-22)
Domain Max Score State/UT Score
D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 60.2
D2 – Access 80 68.4
D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 94.1
D4 – Equity 260 218.0
D5 - Governance Processes 130 84.8
D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 84.3
Total 1,000 609.8
Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE
99%
83%
95%
97%
88%
88%
99%
84%
96%
97%
88%
93%
99%
86%
98%
98%
89%
96%
100%
88%
98%
99%
95%
98%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
Functional electricity Playground Library or reading
corner or book bank
WASH facility
(drinking water,
toilet, and handwash)
Internet Computer availablity
2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
88
18. Ladakh
Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22)
Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school
Department of Education 832 26,868 32
Private Unaided (Recognised) 112 29,758 266
Government Aided 28 718 26
Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 3 1,095 365
Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 2 986 493
Other Central Govt. Schools 1 363 363
Total 978 59,788 61
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
GER (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
GER during 2019-20 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE
82.97
67.94
58.23
39.2
81.54
67.04
58.67
48.46
0
20
40
60
80
100
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
76.74
60.32
54.57
44.43
82.62
72.7
63.23
54.75
79.53
66.11
58.76
49.44
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII)
Boys Girls Overall
YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India
89
Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22)
Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR
Primary (I-V) 2,782 22,892 8
Upper primary (VI-VIII) 2,558 12,166 4
Secondary (IX-X) 1,221 7,582 6
Higher secondary (XI-XII) 511 6,430 12
Overall 7,072 49,070 7
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
PTR during 2019-20 to 2021-22
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
Enrolment by education level (2021-22)
Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE
Pre-primary
Primary
(I-V)
Upper primary
(VI-VIII)
Secondary
(IX-X)
Higher secondary
(XI-XII)
Total
Girls 5,185 11,283 6,259 3,943 3,455 30,125
Boys 5,533 11,609 5,907 3,639 2,975 29,663
-
10,000
20,000
30,000
40,000
50,000
60,000
70,000
11
5
8
13
8
10
4
7
13
8
8
4
6
12
7
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Overall
2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023
Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023

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Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India - YeSSE 2023

  • 1. 00 YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India December 2023
  • 2. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 1 Table of contents Foreword 3 Foreword 4 Part I - Focus on key themes and developments 5 Introduction 6 1. Curriculum and pedagogy 7 2. Learning poverty 8 3. Putting teachers at the centre of quality education 9 4. Focused schools 11 Part II – India and state profiles in school education 12 India: Key statistics and trends in school education 13 Profiles of states and union territories 19 1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands 20 2. Andhra Pradesh 24 3. Arunachal Pradesh 28 4. Assam 32 5. Bihar 36 6. Chandigarh 40 7. Chhattisgarh 44 8. Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu 48 9. Delhi 52 10. Goa 56 11. Gujarat 60 12. Haryana 64 13. Himachal Pradesh 68 14. Jammu and Kashmir 72
  • 3. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 2 15. Jharkhand 76 16. Karnataka 80 17. Kerala 84 18. Ladakh 88 19. Lakshadweep 92 20. Madhya Pradesh 96 21. Maharashtra 100 22. Manipur 104 23. Meghalaya 108 24. Mizoram 112 25. Nagaland 116 26. Odisha 120 27. Puducherry 124 28. Punjab 128 29. Rajasthan 132 30. Sikkim 136 31. Tamil Nadu 140 32. Telangana 144 33. Tripura 148 34. Uttar Pradesh 152 35. Uttarakhand 156 36. West Bengal 160 About Deloitte 164 About CII 165
  • 4. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 3 Foreword Chandrajit Banerjee Director General, CII The importance of school education in the nation’s development cannot be over emphasized. UDISE+ reports provide information on availability of infrastructure and facilities in schools in terms of functional electricity, the WASH facility (drinking water, toilet and handwash), library, reading corner or book bank, the internet facility, and computer availability. These facilities in schools have improved gradually over the past few years. Despite better infrastructure facilities, one of India’s largest challenges in school education is a high drop-out rate at different stages and the resulting low Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) at the upper primary and higher levels. In 2021-22, GER at the primary, upper primary, secondary, and higher secondary levels was 103 percent, 95 percent, 80 percent, and 58 percent, respectively. The ratio continues to be a point of concern at the upper primary, secondary, and higher secondary levels. Low Foundational Literacy and Numeracy (FLN) at the primary and upper-primary levels and lack of Grade Appropriate Learning (GAL) across levels are possible reasons for low GER. The CII–Deloitte Report on School Education titled Yearly Status of School Education (YeSSE) is conceptualised to present school sector information in a simplified way providing a snapshot of the status of school education in each state and union territory. It also provides insights on focused school education themes. This report will become a useful repository of information on school education and help policymakers and educators in formulating their strategies on the above-mentioned key areas, such as GER, drop-out rate, and infrastructure.
  • 5. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 4 Foreword Dr. Kamlesh Vyas Partner, Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu India LLP The Indian education system is amongst the largest in the world with about 14.89 lakh schools and more than 26.52 crore students and 1.13 crore teachers. Stakeholders include the government, private players, philanthropic individuals and organisations, and non-governmental organisations. For such a large and complex system, getting access to a simplified set of overall information at the national and State/Union Territory level, is important. This report, Yearly Status of School Education (YeSSE), is brought out jointly by Deloitte and CII. Now, it is in its second year and targeted to achieve this objective. This report draws from UDISE+ reports brought out by the Ministry of Education, which continues to provide useful data on key sectoral parameters. The report also refers to the Performance Grading Index (PGI) reports by the Ministry of Education. This too have emerged as a reliable source of information on several key education and related parameters including, learning outcomes and quality, access, infrastructure and facilities, equity, governance processes, teacher education and training. Similar to the inaugural version of the report, this version also has two parts – the first part focuses on key themes and developments. For this year, the themes undertaken are curriculum and pedagogy, learning poverty, teacher quality, and focused schools. The second part has the data section that carries country-level trends for key parameters, such as Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER), enrolment levels at different stages of school education, Pupil Teacher Ratio (PTR), and infrastructure availability in schools. This is followed by profiles of individual states and union territories. It also captures the Performance Grading Index (PGI) score of states and union territories for 2021-22 across different parameters. We hope that this 2023 edition of YeSSE will be useful to readers. Shubhranshu Patnaik Partner, Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu India LLP
  • 6. 05 Part I - Focus on key themes and developments
  • 7. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 6 Introduction This part of the report takes up a few contemporary themes in school education. In the past edition, we had taken up school education after the pandemic, early childhood education, and NEP implementation in the initial years. For this year, the themes are curriculum and pedagogy; learning poverty; teachers; and focused schools. The first chapter, focusing on curriculum and pedagogy, addresses a key aspect – what our students are taught and how they are taught. This lies at the core of education. The second chapter (Learning poverty) analyses one of the most important parameters in education – learning poverty that combines the result of out-of-school children with those in school who do not acquire grade-appropriate learning or even Foundational Literacy and Numeracy (FLN) skills. This single factor represents a lot that is not right about school education. At an overall level, it brings out shortcoming of parameters such as enrolment that focuses on putting children in schools. Unless we are able to reduce learning poverty, education would fail to achieve its potential in changing lives and nation-building. It’s important to put teachers at the centre of education for delivering quality. This is covered in chapter 3. In the last chapter, we discuss focused schools of two types – large viable schools and schools for meritorious students. These chapters in part one of this report would complement to the numbers, figures, and trends at the States and Union Territory levels in part two of the report.
  • 8. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 7 1. Curriculum and pedagogy How much and what should our students be taught in what order and how should they be taught? This has remained a key focus for discussion for educationists. Whenever these questions have been asked, they have resulted in additional workload for students and teachers without creating real value for either. Curriculum reviews often end in more concepts and chapters being added and on common minimum agreement on pedagogy without any significant change on most areas. Curriculum and pedagogical reforms are crucial to improving the quality of education and ensuring that students have the knowledge, skills, and attitudes they need to succeed in a rapidly changing world. These reforms are complex and challenging requiring careful planning, collaboration, and involvement of key stakeholders. They have a profound impact on the quality of education and student outcomes when implemented effectively. By focusing on student-centred approaches and incorporating technology and innovative teaching methods that promote critical thinking and problem- solving skills, countries can create curricula and teaching approaches that support student success and prepare them for future challenges. As the world continues to evolve and the demand for new skills and competencies advance, countries must invest in these reforms and ensure that their education systems are equipped to meet the changing needs of their students. By modernising the curriculum and teaching methods, countries can ensure that their education systems are effective, equitable, and responsive to the needs of students and society. New curriculum frameworks are required that address contemporary challenges and future needs, need for change in the medium of instruction, and a shift from knowledge alone to competencies that combine knowledge, skills, and attitudes. This could be enabled through interventions such as “Learning by Doing” projects which have the potential to prepare students for a lifetime. There is often a need to teach fewer things at a greater depth. Therefore, to question what is not questioned in the curriculum, such as over emphasis on memorisation of historical dates, complex trigonometry, calculation of cube roots, quadratic equation, and irrational numbers in early grades without communicating why these concepts matter, make many students disinterested in the subject. Concepts need to be aligned across grades in a manner that the natural pursuit of further knowledge leads to the next concept and the next chapter. Content must be such that it builds a strong basic foundation for most students. However, it should provide remedial learning for those who need it while also providing opportunities to those who would like to go deeper and further. Content across subjects must be aligned. For example, while students learn prism in mathematics, they could learn refraction in physics and pyramids in history. There could also be cross-subject projects that integrate competencies from across subjects in a practical setting. Learning should be fun and engaging while developing love for subjects. The pedagogy must include learners with different learning styles. Further, best practices anywhere must be evaluated and shared with all so that everyone can use them. The future will also require -twenty first century skills, vocational skills, learning to learn, and skills of adapting to disruptive technology. There will also be a need for social and emotional learning. Tinkering in curriculum or teaching methods will not be sufficient. These methods need to be reimagined to ensure our students learn a few useful things but understand them well in a real-life context.
  • 9. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 8 2. Learning poverty Learning poverty measures the share of children who cannot read a simple text with comprehension by a certain age. (The State of Global Learning Poverty, 2022, USAID, UNESCO & others.) In 2019, the learning poverty rate was estimated at 57 percent in low and middle-income countries. In Sub-Saharan Africa, it was 86 percent. By 2022, mainly due to the pandemic, the learning poverty in low and middle-income countries surged to 70 percent. Over 250 million children across the world are out of school and many who attend school do not acquire basic skills. Many more are far behind age or grade-appropriate learning expectations. “The State of Global Learning Poverty: 2022 Update” by The World Bank, UNESCO, and others conclude, “One of the most intuitive indicators of the learning crisis is the learning poverty rate.” Why is learning poverty important as a school education sector indicator? It is a consolidating parameter. It exposes the insufficiency of out-of-school children as an education parameter. Therefore, many countries and agencies focus on this parameter. It establishes that schooling is not same as learning. Without learning proficiency, children in school going age being in school are just meeting the role of schools as children holding centres or creches. It encourages governments to think about outcomes rather than inputs (number of schools, teachers, or money spent) and outputs (enrolments). It also brings an element of difference between enrolment and regular attendance by excluding hidden drop-outs (students who enroll but do not attend regularly or do not attend at all) and duplicate enrolments in more than one school. As education systems graduate to measuring learning poverty, they would soon be able to identify state- or country-level GDP impact of reducing learning poverty. In addition, there are several implications for other Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  • 10. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 9 3. Putting teachers at the centre of quality education Teachers have always been at the heart of education. Almost all traditional civilisations have built their education ecosystems around teachers. Teachers have always been respected and celebrated in the Indian culture. Over the past few years, there has been a line of thought that attempts to address quality school education challenges by identifying alternatives to quality teachers. This is then targeted to achieve quality teaching. Some edtech solutions also target outside school hours teaching. This may amount to creating a digital avatar of coaching/tuition culture. Then there are those who take this approach to an extreme level and discuss teaching solutions in spite of teachers. This approach is probably the result of the negative perception amongst some stakeholders about low quality of teaching and by implication the quality of teachers. Although it may be true that teaching quality is low in many cases, and many of the teachers especially in government systems have an entitlement mentality, and are unionised and strong as a collective, there are several teachers who put their heart and soul into teaching and achieve or would like to achieve excellent results. Then, there is also a category of teachers who are fence-sitters - those who would teach well when they receive more support, enablement, and nudges. When reforms exclude teachers, these fence-sitters cross over to the disengaged side. A more balanced approach to address the issue of quality of teachers could be based on making efforts in four areas: 1. Improve teacher recruitment processes and teacher training (and development through co-teaching, projects, exposure visits, handholding supporting, etc.) systems, including for both pre-service and in-service training. In particular, the attitudinal and motivational aspects must be taken up in training because contrary to the belief (and the reason for several teacher development and capacity building programmes), some teachers do not deliver results because they are not motivated enough. 2. Create a performance-oriented but more enabling working environment where teachers are held accountable, performers are identified, and compensation levels are decent and fair. It is important to ensure that teachers are rewarded for excellence and efforts are made to reduce their non-academic workload. 3. Involve teachers in design and implementation of educational reforms. 4. Support teachers through technology by providing them tools to enable better teaching, helping them with sourcing or developing content, lesson plans, assessments, effective practices, etc. They must also be supported for creation of online/e-content, reducing workload, capacity building, opportunities for showcasing their efforts, outputs, and contributions, providing recognition opportunities among their peer group, knowledge exchanges, etc. Further, they must be provided mentoring opportunities and opportunities to become mentors.. Thus, we could create education reforms, along with teachers rather than without or in spite of teachers. For the fourth initiative mentioned above, several organisations have created teacher-exchange platforms and teacher networks. In this fast-changing world with technology at the hands of students, teachers need support, exposure, and high- quality content, these applications provide a welcoming space for teachers to learn, engage, and explore new skills, ideas, and content.
  • 11. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 10 Bharti Foundation’s teacher platform, TheTeacherApp (TAPP), empowers teachers with engaging content and aims to help teachers uplift their schools. It allows teachers to personalise their experiences, thereby ensuring that the time on the app is well-spent. It is targeted to assist them by building their capacity through training, seminars/webinars, and self-learning modules, and provides the teachers content support for classrooms. Similarly, there are other applications such as the Ministry of Education’s DIKSHA and Centre for Teacher accreditation (CENTA) application. “CENTA for Teachers” is targeted towards certification learning, career, and community. Competent, motivated, and engaged teachers are more likely to create energised schools, and a better learning environment for students.
  • 12. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 11 4. Focused schools A variant of pareto principle applies well to government schools in most systems in developing and underdeveloped countries where the number of schools is high. A few schools have a large share of student enrolment. This could be as extreme as 40–50 percent of the largest schools with 75–80 percent of the students. This situation is the result of the jostling by influencers and decision-makers to have schools set up in their own areas or communities for political gains. The emphasis on enrollment stems from how education has been perceived in the past few decades. It was often viewed as an access issue, with the solution seen as "providing nearby schools for children to receive education." Back then, schooling was often seen as learning. Too many tiny schools have several problems. Fewer than 60 or even 30 students in grades across 1 to 5 or 1 to 8 with 1-2 classrooms and 1-2 teachers in a school lead to multi-grade teaching, disengaged students, and little learning outcomes or student development. They put the pressure on the already constrained government resources, making it difficult to bring in almost any change. Difficulty and inability to consolidate schools comes from the fear of potential backlash. Potential solutions to overcome this challenge come from identifying larger schools and making them better. This helps in the use of resources targeted at benefitting larger percentage of students. It also creates a critical mass of teachers and other staff who work as a team and achieve better outcomes if provided with necessary resources and monitored effectively. Such an intervention may need to be complemented with transport support for voluntary migration of students from smaller schools to large schools. These focused schools are more likely to deliver better educational opportunities for students and better learning and development opportunities for teachers. Another type of focused schools are the schools meant exclusively for meritorious students.
  • 13. Part II – India and state profiles in school education
  • 14. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 13 India: Key statistics and trends in school education Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22) The breakdown of the number of schools in the country based on the type of management is tabulated below. There are a total of 14,89,115 schools across the country; the schools run by the Department of Education account for the largest share (52.3 percent) and the highest share of student enrolment (44.1 percent). The five states with the highest number of schools are Uttar Pradesh (258,054, 17.3 percent of the total number of schools in India), Madhya Pradesh (125,582, 8.4 percent), Maharashtra (1,09,605, 7.4 percent), Rajasthan (106,373, 7.1 percent), and West Bengal (94,744, 6.4 percent). The top five states with the highest number of enrolments are Uttar Pradesh (47,181,438, 17.8 percent), Bihar (27,472,692, 10.4 percent), Maharashtra (2,25,86,695, 8.5 percent), West Bengal (18,733,367, 7.1 percent), and Rajasthan (17,667,510, 6.7 percent). Table 1: Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22) Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school Department of Education 779,065 116,838,999 150 Private unaided (recognised) 335,844 88,271,316 263 Local body 197,751 19,422,732 98 Government-aided School 82,480 27,039,457 328 Tribal Welfare Department 39,964 3,880,303 97 Madarsa recognised (by Wakf board/Madarsa board) 19,965 2,674,984 134 Madarsa unrecognised 3,648 460,182 126 Social Welfare Department 1,796 445,977 248 Other government managed schools 1,474 811,055 550 Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 1,252 1,375,257 1,098 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 643 287,021 446 Ministry of Labour 169 5,034 30 Other central government schools 112 84,423 754 Railway School 79 42,343 536 Sainik School 61 43,416 712 Central Tibetan School 20 3,920 196 Unrecognised school 24,792 3,549,411 143 Total 1,489,115 265,235,830 178 Source: Unified District Information System for Education (UDISE+) 2021-22 Report, Ministry of Education (MoE)
  • 15. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 14 Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) (2021-22) In 2021-22, Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) for boys was lower than that for girls at the primary, upper primary, and higher secondary levels. The ratio was marginally higher for boys at the secondary level. In terms of the overall GER, at the primary (I-V) level, Meghalaya ranks first (187.71) amongst states and UTs with the highest boys (184.12) and girls (191.5) GER. At the upper primary (VI-VIII) level, Delhi ranks first (129.86) amongst states and UTs with the highest boys (128.25) and girls (131.73) GER. At the secondary (IX-X) level as well, Delhi ranks at the top (111.24) with the highest boys (110.45) and girls (112.15) GER. At the higher secondary (XI-XII) level also, the highest-ranking state/UT is Delhi with overall GER (95.01) and the highest boys (91.18) and girls (99.46) GER. Figure 1: GER at different levels (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22 At each level of school education, GER improved from 2018-19 to 2021-22. At the primary level, the ratio increased from 101.25 in 2018-19 to 103.39 in 2021-22. At the upper primary level, it increased from 87.74 in 2018-19 to 94.67 in 2021- 22. At the secondary level, it improved from 76.9 in 2018-19 to 79.56 in 2021-22, while at the higher secondary level, it rose from 50.14 in 2018-19 to 57.56 in 2021-22. Figure 2: GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Number of teachers, total enrolment (without pre-primary), and Pupil Teacher Ratio (PTR) by education level (2021-22) The total number of teachers is 11,323,929 in India. Uttar Pradesh has the highest number of teachers (1,629,781), followed by Rajasthan (913,050), Maharashtra (836,261), Tamil Nadu (817,142), and Madhya Pradesh (686,599). 102.12 94.45 79.72 56.95 104.82 94.9 79.4 58.23 103.39 94.67 79.56 57.56 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Boys Girls Overall 101.25 87.74 76.9 50.14 102.74 89.67 77.9 51.42 103.28 92.17 79.77 53.78 103.39 94.67 79.56 57.56 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) 2018-19 2019-20 2020-2021 2021-2022
  • 16. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 15 The PTR for schools in India is 23. Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, and Delhi have a PTR of 45, 33, 29, 28, and 27 respectively. Amongst states and UTs in India, Ladakh recorded the lowest PTR of 7. Table 2: Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22) Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR* Primary (I-V) 4,656,045 121,842,250 26 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 3,423,480 66,790,692 19 Secondary (IX-X) 2,189,121 38,528,631 17 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 1,055,283 28,579,050 27 Overall 11,323,929 255,740,623 23 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE * PTR is without including pre-primary enrolment number PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22 The Pupil Teacher Ratio (PTR) improved at each level of school education from 2018-19 to 2021-22. The ratio for the primary level came down from 28 in 2018-19 to 26 in 2021-22. PTR for the upper primary and secondary levels reduced to 19 and 17, respectively, while that for higher secondary went down from 30 in 2018-19 to 27. The overall PTR moved from 24 in 2018-19 to 23 in 2021-22. Figure 3: PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Enrolment by education level (2021-22) The total enrolment of students in schools, including pre-primary in India, was about 26.52 crore with 52 percent boys and 48 percent girls. 28 20 21 30 24 27 19 19 27 23 26 19 18 26 23 26 19 17 27 23 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Overall 2018-19 2019-20 2020-2021 2021-2022
  • 17. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 16 Figure 4: Enrolment by education level (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22 The total enrolment increased in 2021-22 to about 26.52 crore from 26.02 crore in 2018-19. However, it marginally decreased in 2020-21 to 26.44 crore from 26.45 in 2019-20. Figure 5: Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Performance Grading Index (PGI) scores of states and UTs of India (2021-22) Punjab scored the highest score (113.4 of 240) in learning outcomes and quality. Delhi was assessed as the best performing state in terms of access with a score of 72.4 of 80. Chandigarh was the top performing state/UT with a score of 115.5 of 190 in terms of infrastructure and facilities. In terms of equity, Delhi was the top scorer (238.8 of 260), in terms of Pre-primary Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Total Girls 4,443,684 58,324,595 32,278,942 18,456,713 13,831,318 127,335,252 Boys 5,051,523 63,517,655 34,511,750 20,071,918 14,747,732 137,900,578 - 50,000,000 100,000,000 150,000,000 200,000,000 250,000,000 300,000,000 2018-19 2019-20 2020-2021 2021-2022 Pre-primary 11,955,632 13,555,892 10,645,526 9,495,207 Primary (I-V) 120,230,170 121,686,703 122,021,291 121,842,250 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 64,267,026 64,873,387 65,854,199 66,790,692 Secondary (IX-X) 38,334,571 38,464,433 39,006,375 38,528,631 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 25,506,817 25,947,160 26,922,596 28,579,050 Total 260,294,216 264,527,575 264,449,987 265,235,830 - 50,000,000 100,000,000 150,000,000 200,000,000 250,000,000 300,000,000
  • 18. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 17 governance processes, Gujarat was the top scorer (91.2 of 130) and in terms of teacher education and training, Delhi was the top scorer (84.8 of 100). Figure 6: Performance Grading Index (PGI) scores of states and UTs of India (2021-22) Source: Performance Grading Index (PGI) 2020-21 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE 103.6 113.4 63.8 60.2 60.2 69.2 41.2 65.8 78.4 98.8 43 60.8 72.8 61.4 59.4 43.6 47.8 54.2 48.2 72.8 38.8 55.2 56.4 65.2 71 62.6 76.8 57.4 49.4 53 36.6 46.4 64.4 45 44.8 31.6 68.6 62.1 72.4 68.4 55.5 65.3 66.2 64.7 64.1 54.7 62 63.3 58.1 66.3 62.4 63.1 61.3 66.4 53.9 50.2 60.5 52.7 60.7 52.4 55.9 49 51.2 48.1 47.6 56.7 53.7 39.8 41.8 42 48.9 43.4 115.5 102.3 103.3 94.1 83 94.4 93.5 73.4 77.9 66 105 104.4 81.4 76.2 75 104.9 84 74.7 92.4 57.3 72.8 87 60.9 68.5 62.1 65.3 71.2 65.2 61.2 55.9 56.2 62.1 41 55.6 56.6 46.6 210.6 227.2 238.8 218 227.4 213.7 229.3 233.4 225.9 223.9 225 207.3 219.3 220.7 227.6 208.4 223 222.2 216.7 222.2 224.9 206.9 219.3 213.6 219.5 222.4 211.2 209.5 221 212.8 219.5 218.8 218.4 216.3 200.9 205.6 76.1 70.3 73.1 84.8 91.2 74.1 77.6 72.2 63.5 66.6 70 56.3 58.6 56.8 51.6 51.4 67.5 49 66.1 55.2 57.8 61.8 52.5 55.5 50.1 70 43.7 59.1 61 53.9 53.3 59.3 39.1 39 41.6 55.2 84.7 72.2 84.8 84.3 81.8 76.1 82.7 73.6 68.2 67.5 71 75.9 72.6 74.4 73.7 74.2 60.3 72.1 56.3 64.7 66.2 55.2 68.2 62 54.4 43.4 52.4 64.4 61.8 53.4 60.6 45.1 60.3 60.6 60.5 38.2 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 Chandigarh Punjab NCT of Delhi Kerala Gujarat Puducherry Tamil Nadu Maharashtra Haryana Rajasthan Dadra and Nagar Haveli & Daman and Diu Andaman and Nicobar Islands West Bengal Goa Karnataka Lakshadweep Andhra Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Sikkim Madhya Pradesh Chhattisgarh Ladakh Uttarakhand Odisha Manipur Assam Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Uttar Pradesh Tripura Telangana Nagaland Bihar Arunachal Pradesh Mizoram Meghalaya Learning outcomes and quality (Max domain score 240) Access (Max domain score 80) Infrastructure and Facilities (Max domain score 190) Equity (Max domain score 260) Governance Processes (Max domain score 130) Teacher Education & Training (Max domain score 100)
  • 19. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 18 Availability of infrastructure and facilities in schools during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Availability of infrastructure and facilities in schools has improved during the past four years. In terms of availability of functional electricity, the percentage increased significantly from 74 percent in 2018-19 to 87 percent in 2021-22. The WASH facility also improved from 82 percent in 2018-19 to 90 percent in 2021-22. Internet facility and computer availability rose by 15 and 13 percent, respectively, during the past four years. Figure 7: Availability of infrastructure and facilities in schools during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE 74% 75% 81% 82% 19% 35% 80% 75% 84% 85% 22% 39% 84% 76% 86% 88% 25% 41% 87% 77% 87% 90% 34% 48% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Functional electricity Playground Library or reading corner or book bank WASH facility (drinking water, toilet, and handwash) Internet Computer availablity 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 20. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 19 Profiles of states and union territories
  • 21. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 20 1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22) Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school Department of Education 329 43,745 133 Private Unaided (Recognised) 72 20,802 289 Local body 8 3,395 424 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 3 789 263 Government Aided 2 1,891 946 Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 2 3,239 1,620 Total 416 73,861 178 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, Ministry of Education (MoE) GER (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE 66.3 70.78 65.06 61.95 69.4 72.2 72.69 70.23 67.78 71.46 68.62 65.84 56 58 60 62 64 66 68 70 72 74 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Boys Girls Overall
  • 22. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 21 GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22) Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR Primary (I-V) 2,127 25,964 12 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 2,322 17,719 9 Secondary (IX-X) 1,658 11,810 7 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 917 11,483 12 Overall 7,024 66,976 10 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE 82.96 78.53 74.31 55.55 80.57 76.46 78.33 45.13 73.07 73.97 78.24 49.88 67.78 71.46 68.62 65.84 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 15 11 10 11 12 13 10 9 9 11 12 10 9 10 11 12 9 7 12 10 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Overall 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 23. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 22 Enrolment by education level (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Pre-primary Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Total Girls 3,436 12,671 8,631 5,834 5,753 36,325 Boys 3,449 13,293 9,088 5,976 5,730 37,536 - 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 70,000 80,000 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 Pre-primary 8,505 8,756 6,878 6,885 Primary (I-V) 29,835 29,606 27,420 25,964 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 18,257 18,169 17,959 17,719 Secondary (IX-X) 11,872 12,837 13,144 11,810 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 9,031 7,515 8,503 11,483 Total 77,500 76,883 73,904 73,861 - 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 70,000 80,000 90,000
  • 24. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 23 Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE PGI score of the State/UT (in 2021-22) Domain Max Score State/UT Score D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 60.8 D2 - Access 80 63.3 D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 104.4 D4 - Equity 260 207.3 D5 - Governance Processes 130 56.3 D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 75.9 Total 1,000 568.0 Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE 92% 87% 98% 97% 26% 52% 92% 96% 100% 100% 27% 62% 92% 96% 100% 100% 34% 63% 93% 96% 100% 99% 45% 67% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Functional electricity Playground Library or reading corner or book bank WASH facility (drinking water, toilet, and handwash) Internet Computer availablity 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 25. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 24 2. Andhra Pradesh Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22) Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school Local body 40,733 3,823,214 94 Private Unaided (Recognised) 15,058 3,321,792 221 Tribal Welfare Department 2,325 172,058 74 Department of Education 1,751 551,839 315 Government Aided 1,542 211,692 137 Social welfare Department 237 108,579 458 Madarsa unrecognised 157 9,885 63 Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 41 31,778 775 Other govt. managed schools 32 1,261 39 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 15 5,908 394 Madarsa recognised (by Wakf board/Madarsa Board) 9 621 69 Sainik School 2 1,014 507 Railway School 1 556 556 Unrecognised 45 4,450 99 Total 61,948 8,244,647 133 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE GER (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE 101.72 99.95 86.25 55.22 101.6 95.19 84.46 58.27 101.66 97.62 85.38 56.7 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Boys Girls Overall
  • 26. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 25 GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22) Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR Primary (I-V) 148,306 3,724,793 25 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 134,900 2,169,034 15 Secondary (IX-X) 125,128 1,341,250 10 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 29,571 932,179 31 Overall 437,905 8,167,256 19 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE 96.32 87.54 79.69 46.85 101.42 91.29 81.42 52.16 102.… 94.68 84.24 53.37 101.66 97.62 85.38 56.7 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2020-212 26 17 16 34 21 25 17 16 40 21 27 18 17 30 22 25 15 10 31 19 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Overall 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 27. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 26 Enrolment by education level (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 Pre-primary - 186,170 202,338 77,391 Primary (I-V) 3,612,123 3,774,467 3,802,343 3,724,793 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 2,094,322 2,132,103 2,157,288 2,169,034 Secondary (IX-X) 1,336,626 1,336,699 1,353,221 1,341,250 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 818,828 893,664 895,734 932,179 Total 7,861,899 8,323,103 8,410,924 8,244,647 - 1,000,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000 5,000,000 6,000,000 7,000,000 8,000,000 9,000,000 Pre-primary Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Total Girls 35,443 1,782,027 1,036,628 646,958 465,576 3,966,632 Boys 41,948 1,942,766 1,132,406 694,292 466,603 4,278,015 - 1,000,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000 5,000,000 6,000,000 7,000,000 8,000,000 9,000,000
  • 28. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 27 Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE PGI score of the state/UT (in 2021-22) Domain Max score State/UT score D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 47.8 D2 - Access 80 61.3 D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 84.0 D4 - Equity 260 223.0 D5 - Governance Processes 130 67.5 D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 60.3 Total 1,000 543.9 Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE 93% 67% 88% 57% 17% 29% 94% 68% 89% 63% 23% 36% 95% 68% 90% 69% 24% 39% 98% 79% 98% 96% 56% 52% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Functional electricity Playground Library or reading corner or book bank WASH facility (drinking water, toilet, and handwash) Internet Computer availablity 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 29. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 28 3. Arunachal Pradesh Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2020-21) Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school Department of Education 2,944 218,168 74 Private Unaided (Recognised) 503 94,940 189 Government Aided 68 20,860 307 Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 19 9,516 501 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 16 5,567 348 Central Tibetan School 2 102 51 Tribal Welfare Department 2 220 110 Local body 1 90 90 Sainik School 1 245 245 Unrecognised 47 4,674 99 Total 3,603 354,382 98 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE GER (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE 128.38 82.22 64.99 51.38 130.07 88.28 68.07 56.09 129.21 85.22 66.51 53.71 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Boys Girls Overall
  • 30. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 29 GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22) Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR Primary (I-V) 13,701 164,061 11 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 9,214 84,930 8 Secondary (IX-X) 4,304 45,455 10 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 1,708 33,860 19 Overall 28,927 328,306 12 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE 111.12 87.26 68.68 38.32 118.52 86.05 62.32 35.82 124.82 85.63 68.18 41.09 129.21 85.22 66.51 53.71 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 14 10 14 18 13 13 9 12 16 12 13 9 11 16 12 11 8 10 19 12 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Overall 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 31. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 30 Enrolment by education level (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Pre-Primary Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Total Girls 12,559 80,399 43,621 22,984 17,483 177,046 Boys 13,517 83,662 41,309 22,471 16,377 177,336 - 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 350,000 400,000 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 Pre-primary 17,440 28,255 20,028 26,076 Primary (I-V) 169,434 170,639 169,096 164,061 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 87,722 86,259 85,587 84,930 Secondary (IX-X) 47,657 43,028 46,831 45,455 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 24,625 22,869 26,072 33,860 Total 346,878 351,050 347,614 354,382 - 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 350,000 400,000
  • 32. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 31 Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE PGI score of the state/UT (in 2021-22) Domain Max score State/UT score D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 45.0 D2 - Access 80 42.0 D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 55.6 D4 - Equity 260 216.3 D5 - Governance Processes 130 39.0 D6 - Teacher Education and Training 100 60.6 Total 1,000 458.5 Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE 40% 66% 24% 21% 7% 15% 47% 68% 42% 35% 8% 25% 47% 68% 43% 36% 10% 27% 54% 68% 45% 39% 22% 34% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Functional electricity Playground Library or reading corner or book bank WASH facility (drinking water, toilet, and handwash) Internet Computer availablity 2018-19 2019-20 2020-2021 2021-2022
  • 33. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 32 4. Assam Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2020-21) Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school Department of Education 44,911 5,144,339 115 Private Unaided (Recognised) 5,852 1,595,135 273 Government Aided 3,841 381,954 99 Local body 475 56,357 119 Madarsa unrecognised 113 6,349 56 Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 58 53,568 924 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 27 13,076 484 Railway School 8 4,211 526 Sainik School 4 4,509 1,127 Social Welfare Department 3 631 210 Other govt. managed schools 2 491 246 Tribal Welfare Department 2 489 245 Unrecognised 5,563 283,851 51 Total 60,859 7,544,960 124 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE GER (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE 116.28 90.38 67.86 38.02 123.28 99.74 81.33 42.15 119.64 95 74.48 40.04 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Boys Girls Overall
  • 34. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 33 GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22) Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR Primary (I-V) 171,375 3,645,363 21 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 103,114 1,905,775 14 Secondary (IX-X) 87,821 1,004,682 11 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 26,149 545,752 20 Overall 388,459 7,101,572 19 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE 113.09 90.72 72.76 30.94 115.66 94.36 74.04 30.91 119.06 96.83 75.59 32.29 119.64 95.00 74.48 40.04 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 22 14 11 17 17 22 14 11 17 17 21 14 11 17 17 21 14 11 20 19 0 5 10 15 20 25 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Overall 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 35. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 34 Enrolment by education level (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Pre-primary Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Total Girls 214,591 1,801,193 988,402 539,190 281,536 3,824,912 Boys 228,797 1,844,170 917,373 465,492 264,216 3,720,048 - 1,000,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000 5,000,000 6,000,000 7,000,000 8,000,000 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 Pre-primary 523,563 504,202 460,270 443,388 Primary (I-V) 3,669,733 3,676,705 3,706,238 3,645,363 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 1,851,782 1,915,251 1,953,646 1,905,775 Secondary (IX-X) 988,137 1,003,285 1,022,018 1,004,682 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 420,787 420,657 439,847 545,752 Total 7,454,002 7,520,100 7,582,019 7,544,960 - 1,000,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000 5,000,000 6,000,000 7,000,000 8,000,000
  • 36. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 35 Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE PGI score of the State/UT (in 2021-22) Domain Max score State/UT score D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 62.6 D2 - Access 80 49.0 D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 65.3 D4 - Equity 260 222.4 D5 - Governance Processes 130 70.0 D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 43.4 Total 1,000 512.7 Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE 30% 72% 76% 64% 6% 14% 39% 74% 79% 67% 6% 15% 58% 76% 84% 73% 6% 16% 75% 78% 87% 77% 12% 19% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Functional electricity Playground Library or reading corner or book bank WASH facility (drinking water, toilet, and handwash) Internet Computer availablity 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 37. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 36 5. Bihar Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2020-21) Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school Department of Education 75,388 21,896,037 290 Private Unaided (Recognised) 8,097 3,306,257 408 Madarsa recognised (by Wakf board/Madarsa Board) 1,735 459,016 265 Government Aided 742 197,306 266 Madarsa unrecognised 190 49,025 258 Social Welfare Department 71 19,384 273 Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 49 50,426 1,029 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 39 19,139 491 Tribal Welfare Department 7 2,115 302 Railway School 2 1,322 661 Sainik School 2 1,022 511 Unrecognised 6,843 1,471,643 215 Total 93,165 27,472,692 295 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE GER (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE 101.21 84.83 63.13 35.58 103.9 87.13 66.84 36.19 102.49 85.96 64.94 35.88 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Boys Girls Overall
  • 38. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 37 GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22) Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR Primary (I-V) 262,657 14,179,532 53 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 246,240 7,253,543 23 Secondary (IX-X) 66,236 3,618,298 54 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 31,875 1,995,065 62 Overall 607,008 27,046,438 45 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE 93.13 78.37 57.66 26.39 93.48 79.2 58.49 30.8 98.69 83.19 63.52 34.01 102.49 85.96 64.94 35.88 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 64 20 58 62 39 56 20 52 60 37 57 21 52 60 39 53 23 54 62 45 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Overall 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 39. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 38 Enrolment by education level (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Pre-primary Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Total Girls 174,754 6,840,063 3,617,710 1,814,058 972,054 13,418,639 Boys 251,500 7,339,469 3,635,833 1,804,240 1,023,011 14,054,053 - 5,000,000 10,000,000 15,000,000 20,000,000 25,000,000 30,000,000 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 Pre-primary 597,225 644,898 487,472 426,254 Primary (I-V) 13,095,697 13,075,193 13,728,283 14,179,532 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 6,636,971 6,698,518 7,028,016 7,253,543 Secondary (IX-X) 3,161,078 3,224,336 3,519,971 3,618,298 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 1,422,363 1,677,443 1,871,674 1,995,065 Total 24,913,334 25,320,388 26,635,416 27,472,692 - 5,000,000 10,000,000 15,000,000 20,000,000 25,000,000 30,000,000
  • 40. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 39 Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE PGI score of the State/UT (in 2021-22) Domain Max score State/UT score D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 64.4 D2 - Access 80 41.8 D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 41.0 D4 - Equity 260 218.4 D5 - Governance Processes 130 39.1 D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 60.3 Total 1,000 465.0 Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE 78% 47% 59% 80% 7% 11% 83% 49% 62% 84% 8% 14% 85% 49% 61% 85% 9% 14% 88% 50% 63% 86% 11% 19% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Functional electricity Playground Library or reading corner or book bank WASH facility (drinking water, toilet, and handwash) Internet Computer availablity 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 41. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 40 6. Chandigarh Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22) Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school Department of Education 116 155,727 1,342 Private Unaided (Recognised) 76 88,519 1,165 Government Aided 7 8,800 1,257 Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 4 7,280 1,820 Madarsa unrecognised 3 534 178 Other Central Govt. Schools 2 1,606 803 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 1 543 543 Unrecognised 24 5,618 234 Total 233 268,627 1,153 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE GER (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE 81.24 88.76 85.81 76.13 90.53 100.12 95.78 89.38 85.35 93.69 90.06 81.71 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Boys Girls Overall
  • 42. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 41 GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22) Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR Primary (I-V) 3,391 95,948 28 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 6,348 64,102 15 Secondary (IX-X) 3,600 43,795 12 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 1,565 42,723 27 Overall 14,904 246,568 17 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE 89.29 102.17 92.71 83.79 86.92 99.33 87.55 78.03 82.84 95.31 89.67 79.2 85.35 93.69 90.06 81.71 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 28 15 12 26 19 26 15 11 25 18 26 15 12 27 19 28 15 12 27 17 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Overall 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 43. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 42 Enrolment by education level (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Pre-Primary Primary (I-V) Upper Primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher Secondary (XI-XII) Total Girls 10,552 45,107 29,759 19,828 19,670 124,916 Boys 11,507 50,841 34,343 23,967 23,053 143,711 - 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 Pre-primary 26,520 26,662 22,455 22,059 Primary (I-V) 94,201 93,707 91,212 95,948 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 65,455 65,074 63,824 64,102 Secondary (IX-X) 41,833 40,530 42,560 43,795 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 40,881 38,978 40,487 42,723 Total 268,890 264,951 260,538 268,627 - 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000
  • 44. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 43 Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE PGI score of the State/UT (in 2021-22) Domain Max Score State/UT Score D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 103.6 D2 - Access 80 68.6 D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 115.5 D4 - Equity 260 210.6 D5 - Governance Processes 130 76.1 D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 84.7 Total 1,000 659.1 Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE 100% 95% 96% 100% 97% 98% 100% 95% 97% 100% 97% 100% 100% 95% 98% 100% 97% 100% 100% 95% 98% 100% 99% 100% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Functional electricity Playground Library or reading corner or book bank WASH facility (drinking water, toilet, and handwash) Internet Computer availablity 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 45. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 44 7. Chhattisgarh Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22) Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school Department of Education 48,573 4,190,743 86 Private Unaided (Recognised) 7,063 1,643,600 233 Government Aided 417 74,249 178 Madarsa recognised (by Wakf board/Madarsa Board) 259 10,782 42 Tribal Welfare Department 79 16,693 211 Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 36 35,324 981 Madarsa unrecognised 30 1,513 50 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 28 11,266 402 Social Welfare Department 16 784 49 Other Govt. managed schools 5 2,487 497 Railway School 4 4,063 1,016 Central Tibetan School 1 31 31 Sainik School 1 662 662 Total 56,512 5,992,197 106 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE GER (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE 96.49 94.29 75.26 62.85 96.74 94.71 81.44 73.55 96.61 94.5 78.3 68.11 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Boys Girls Overall
  • 46. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 45 GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22) Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR Primary (I-V) 129,050 2,692,513 20 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 77,172 1,486,418 18 Secondary (IX-X) 56,215 840,172 14 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 44,295 745,127 16 Overall 306,732 5,764,230 19 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE 97.6 94.01 86.56 52.08 97.12 92.59 86.86 54.3 96.31 92.82 86.24 57.62 96.61 94.5 78.3 68.11 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 20 18 18 14 18 20 18 18 15 18 20 18 17 15 19 20 18 14 16 19 0 5 10 15 20 25 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Overall 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 47. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 46 Enrolment by education level (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Pre-primary Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Total Girls 107,431 1,312,721 733,078 430,023 395,698 2,978,951 Boys 120,536 1,379,792 753,340 410,149 349,429 3,013,246 - 1,000,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000 5,000,000 6,000,000 7,000,000 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 Pre-primary 274,173 354,006 264,319 227,967 Primary (I-V) 2,636,281 2,651,484 2,656,716 2,692,513 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 1,517,322 1,481,381 1,472,887 1,486,418 Secondary (IX-X) 946,427 943,808 931,272 840,172 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 579,151 600,530 633,837 745,127 Total 5,953,354 6,031,209 5,959,031 5,992,197 - 1,000,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000 5,000,000 6,000,000 7,000,000
  • 48. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 47 Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE PGI score of the State/UT (in 2021-22) Domain Max score State/UT score D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 38.8 D2 - Access 80 60.5 D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 72.8 D4 - Equity 260 224.9 D5 - Governance Processes 130 57.8 D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 66.2 Total 1,000 521.0 Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE 81% 73% 87% 92% 5% 93% 85% 74% 92% 91% 9% 85% 88% 77% 97% 96% 14% 85% 91% 79% 98% 97% 37% 89% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Functional electricity Playground Library or reading corner or book bank WASH facility (drinking water, toilet, and handwash) Internet Computer availablity 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 49. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 48 8. Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22) Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school Department of Education 382 87,803 230 Private Unaided (Recognised) 63 35,223 559 Government Aided 8 7,109 889 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 3 1,246 415 Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 2 1,670 835 Local body 1 307 307 Madarsa recognised (by Wakf board/Madarsa Board) 1 - - Total 460 133,358 290 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE GER (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE 86.96 89.33 71.92 44.74 91.68 92.5 78.99 70.75 89.14 90.79 75.01 54.93 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Boys Girls Overall
  • 50. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 49 GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22) Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR Primary (I-V) 1,985 59,586 30 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 1,658 35,350 21 Secondary (IX-X) 926 18,671 20 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 565 14,640 26 Overall 5,134 128,247 25 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE 93.89 84.62 80.98 40.35 97.96 81.26 87.45 50.24 89.17 90.35 76.97 44.98 89.14 90.79 75.01 54.93 0.00 20.00 40.00 60.00 80.00 100.00 120.00 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 29 23 22 24 25 29 22 22 24 25 28 26 20 22 26 30 28 20 25 25 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Overall 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 51. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 50 Enrolment by education level (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE Pre-primary Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Total Girls 2,373 28,290 16,653 8,584 7,390 63,290 Boys 2,738 31,296 18,697 10,087 7,250 70,068 - 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 160,000 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 Pre-primary 5,739 6,315 5,372 5,111 Primary (I-V) 60,567 62,665 58,379 59,586 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 30,160 30,249 34,439 35,350 Secondary (IX-X) 19,881 20,527 18,701 18,671 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 11,137 12,245 11,722 14,640 Total 127,484 132,001 128,613 133,358 - 20,000 40,000 60,000 80,000 100,000 120,000 140,000 160,000
  • 52. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 51 Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE PGI score of the state/UT (in 2021-22) Domain Max Score State/UT Score D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 43.4 D2 – Access 80 61.6 D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 104.5 D4 – Equity 260 225.4 D5 - Governance Processes 130 70.3 D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 71.1 Total 1,000 576.3 Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE 100% 59% 99% 98% 36% 79% 100% 67% 99% 100% 39% 89% 100% 71% 99% 100% 37% 90% 100% 100% 99% 100% 57% 89% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Functional electricity Playground Library or reading corner or book bank WASH facility (drinking water, toilet, and handwash) Internet Computer availablity 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 53. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 52 9. Delhi Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22) Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school Private Unaided (Recognised) 2,610 1,624,522 622 Local body 1,661 905,405 545 Department of Education 1,047 1,762,480 1,683 Government Aided 247 150,909 611 Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 46 125,839 2,736 Social Welfare Department 6 2,077 346 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 2 875 438 Total 5,619 4,572,107 814 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE GER (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE 112.41 128.25 110.45 91.18 120.05 131.73 112.15 99.46 115.88 129.86 111.24 95.01 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Boys Girls Overall
  • 54. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 53 GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22) Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR Primary (I-V) 51,824 1,754,430 33 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 52,078 1,190,775 32 Secondary (IX-X) 26,363 725,275 27 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 29,959 648,002 21 Overall 160,224 4,318,482 27 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE 120.15 120.21 110.39 70.09 120.38 122.74 110.31 72.82 115.88 124.95 116.33 82.19 115.88 129.86 111.24 95.01 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 33 30 29 18 29 33 30 28 18 29 33 31 29 20 30 33 32 27 21 27 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI- XII) Overall 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 55. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 54 Enrolment by education level (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Pre-primary Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Total Girls 124,658 825,932 557,216 338,694 314,284 2,160,784 Boys 128,967 928,498 633,559 386,581 333,718 2,411,323 - 500,000 1,000,000 1,500,000 2,000,000 2,500,000 3,000,000 3,500,000 4,000,000 4,500,000 5,000,000 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 Pre-primary 272,528 293,026 248,340 253,625 Primary (I-V) 1,803,500 1,811,723 1,749,132 1,754,430 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 1,123,438 1,139,560 1,153,258 1,190,775 Secondary (IX-X) 731,032 726,754 762,436 725,275 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 486,273 502,580 563,467 648,002 Total 4,416,771 4,473,643 4,476,633 4,572,107 - 500,000 1,000,000 1,500,000 2,000,000 2,500,000 3,000,000 3,500,000 4,000,000 4,500,000 5,000,000
  • 56. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 55 Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE PGI score of the state/UT (in 2021-22) Domain Max score State/UT score D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 63.8 D2 – Access 80 72.4 D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 103.3 D4 – Equity 260 238.8 D5 - Governance Processes 130 73.1 D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 84.8 Total 1,000 636.2 Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE 100% 92% 96% 100% 82% 92% 100% 94% 100% 100% 86% 95% 100% 94% 100% 100% 87% 100% 100% 96% 100% 100% 100% 100% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Functional electricity Playground Library or reading corner or book bank WASH facility (drinking water, toilet, and handwash) Internet Computer availablity 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 57. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 56 10. Goa Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22) Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school Department of Education 807 37,451 46 Government Aided 557 222,937 400 Private Unaided (Recognised) 139 39,113 281 Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 5 4,681 936 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 2 800 400 Total 1,510 304,982 202 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE GER (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE 90.85 87.14 80.55 71.22 95 89.76 85.71 76.32 92.81 88.38 82.96 73.66 0 20 40 60 80 100 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Boys Girls Overall 100.94 93.83 91.86 71.94 99.18 91.83 90.39 68.55 94.3 89.6 91.07 69.86 92.81 88.38 82.96 73.66 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 58. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 57 Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22) Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR Primary (I-V) 4,615 121,356 26 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 7,118 72,310 15 Secondary (IX-X) 5,157 46,866 9 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 2,252 41,894 18 Overall 19,142 282,426 15 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Enrolment by education level (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE Pre-primary Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Total Girls 11,099 58,771 34,785 22,587 20,713 147,955 Boys 11,457 62,585 37,525 24,279 21,181 157,027 - 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 350,000 28 19 11 18 19 28 18 10 18 18 27 17 10 18 18 26 15 9 18 15 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Overall 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 59. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 58 Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 Pre-primary 29,379 25,267 20,516 22,556 Primary (I-V) 123,882 124,383 120,779 121,356 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 71,957 71,995 71,777 72,310 Secondary (IX-X) 48,172 48,621 50,217 46,866 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 38,134 37,219 38,834 41,894 Total 311,524 307,485 302,123 304,982 - 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 350,000 100% 79% 99% 100% 40% 49% 100% 83% 99% 100% 39% 51% 100% 84% 99% 100% 39% 52% 100% 89% 100% 100% 58% 55% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Functional electricity Playground Library or reading corner or book bank WASH facility (drinking water, toilet, and handwash) Internet Computer availablity 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 60. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 59 PGI score of the state/UT (in 2021-22) Domain Max Score State/UT Score D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 61.4 D2 – Access 80 66.3 D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 76.2 D4 – Equity 260 220.7 D5 - Governance Processes 130 56.8 D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 74.4 Total 1,000 555.8 Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE
  • 61. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 60 11. Gujarat Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22) Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school Local body 32,101 5,161,174 161 Private Unaided (Recognised) 13,559 4,155,768 306 Government Aided 5,590 1,814,425 325 Department of Education 1,433 181,725 127 Tribal Welfare Department 949 156,397 165 Social Welfare Department 128 13,583 106 Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 45 41,844 930 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 34 13,467 396 Madarsa recognised (by Wakf board/Madarsa Board) 3 1,208 403 Other Central Govt. Schools 3 1,376 459 Railway School 3 698 233 Other Govt. managed schools 2 35 18 Sainik School 1 576 576 Total 53,851 11,542,276 214 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE GER (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE 90.61 90.93 77.19 48.56 96.05 91.34 72.84 47.76 93.09 91.13 75.16 48.19 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Boys Girls Overall
  • 62. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 61 GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22) Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR Primary (I-V) 179,139 5,387,190 30 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 139,834 3,090,985 24 Secondary (IX-X) 59,730 1,750,516 29 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 40,737 1,148,894 28 Overall 419,440 11,377,585 28 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE 94.85 93.76 76.1 41.2 96.37 89.52 77.43 43.15 93.4 90.15 78.56 41.78 93.09 91.13 75.16 48.19 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 30 26 33 27 29 30 24 33 28 28 30 24 32 26 28 30 24 29 28 28 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Overall 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 63. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 62 Enrolment by education level Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Pre-primary Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Total Girls 73,830 2,538,546 1,452,353 791,062 527,749 5,383,540 Boys 90,861 2,848,644 1,638,632 959,454 621,145 6,158,736 - 2,000,000 4,000,000 6,000,000 8,000,000 10,000,000 12,000,000 14,000,000 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 Pre-primary 274,260 335,607 187,847 164,691 Primary (I-V) 5,418,484 5,529,122 5,382,429 5,387,190 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 3,256,808 3,085,057 3,082,327 3,090,985 Secondary (IX-X) 1,806,596 1,826,565 1,841,443 1,750,516 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 999,464 1,040,863 1,001,795 1,148,894 Total 11,755,612 11,817,214 11,495,841 11,542,276 - 2,000,000 4,000,000 6,000,000 8,000,000 10,000,000 12,000,000 14,000,000
  • 64. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 63 Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE PGI score of the state/UT (in 2021-22) Domain Max Score State/UT Score D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 60.2 D2 – Access 80 55.5 D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 83.0 D4 – Equity 260 227.4 D5 - Governance Processes 130 91.2 D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 81.8 Total 1,000 599.1 Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE 100% 86% 92% 93% 67% 70% 100% 87% 96% 94% 71% 75% 100% 88% 96% 94% 75% 93% 100% 88% 96% 95% 92% 98% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Functional electricity Playground Library or reading corner or book bank WASH facility (drinking water, toilet, and handwash) Internet Computer availablity 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 65. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 64 12. Haryana Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22) Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school Department of Education 14,484 2,543,306 176 Private Unaided (Recognised) 8,261 3,301,867 400 Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 35 35,505 1,014 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 21 10,430 497 Other Govt. managed schools 19 11,581 610 Government Aided 16 9,146 572 Madarsa unrecognised 11 1,112 101 Madarsa recognised (by Wakf board/Madarsa Board) 2 201 101 Sainik School 2 1,207 604 Other Central Govt. Schools 1 455 455 Unrecognised 874 120,869 138 Total 23,726 6,035,679 254 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE GER (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE 103.25 102.54 95.99 75.14 104.73 101.24 93.24 76.01 103.92 101.95 94.74 75.54 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Boys Girls Overall
  • 66. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 65 GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22) Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR Primary (I-V) 101,133 2,579,262 25 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 95,522 1,480,339 19 Secondary (IX-X) 78,847 952,143 12 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 53,433 780,290 14 Overall 328,935 5,792,034 18 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE 104.1 97.61 93.92 56.03 105.24 98.69 93.88 61.76 101.15 98.49 95.15 66.79 103.92 101.95 94.74 75.54 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 25 19 15 13 19 24 17 13 13 18 24 18 13 13 18 25 19 12 14 18 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Overall 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 67. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 66 Enrolment by education level (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Pre-primary Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Total Girls 107,702 1,172,952 667,167 425,168 356,503 2,729,492 Boys 135,943 1,406,310 813,172 526,975 423,787 3,306,187 - 1,000,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000 5,000,000 6,000,000 7,000,000 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 Pre-primary 330,308 353,704 206,487 243,645 Primary (I-V) 2,546,529 2,586,473 2,498,572 2,579,262 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 1,456,517 1,459,437 1,443,313 1,480,339 Secondary (IX-X) 967,567 959,243 964,279 952,143 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 593,564 648,839 695,989 789,290 Total 5,894,485 6,007,696 5,808,640 6,035,679 - 1,000,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000 5,000,000 6,000,000 7,000,000
  • 68. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 67 Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE PGI score of the state/UT (in 2021-22) Domain Max score State/UT score D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 78.4 D2 - Access 80 64.1 D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 77.9 D4 - Equity 260 225.9 D5 - Governance Processes 130 63.5 D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 68.2 Total 1,000 578.0 Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE 98% 89% 94% 97% 41% 48% 98% 90% 96% 98% 43% 54% 98% 90% 96% 98% 44% 55% 98% 90% 97% 98% 51% 93% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Functional electricity Playground Library or reading corner or book bank WASH facility (drinking water, toilet, and handwash) Internet Computer availablity 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 69. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 68 13. Himachal Pradesh Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22) Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school Department of Education 15,313 873,625 57 Private Unaided (Recognised) 2,646 536,204 203 Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 25 16,020 641 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 12 5,725 477 Local body 12 1,424 119 Tribal Welfare Department 7 794 113 Central Tibetan School 5 733 147 Other Central Govt. Schools 4 1,531 383 Madarsa recognised (by Wakf board/Madarsa Board) 2 69 35 Sainik School 2 897 449 Total 18,028 1,437,022 80 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE GER (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22Report, MoE 108.1 100.99 93.46 92.97 109.31 103.76 94.83 95.33 108.68 102.3 94.1 94.08 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Boys Girls Overall
  • 70. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 69 GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22) Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR Primary (I-V) 34,905 550,993 15 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 41,676 342,695 8 Secondary (IX-X) 34,608 216,429 6 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 21,436 222,031 10 Overall 132,625 1,332,148 11 Source: UDISE+ 2020-21 Report, MoE PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE 107.02 98.37 105.76 81.79 108.49 98.64 103.27 83.43 107.02 100.26 100.41 85.55 108.68 102.3 94.1 94.08 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 16 10 9 10 12 16 9 8 10 11 15 9 7 10 11 15 8 6 10 11 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Overall 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 71. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 70 Enrolment by education level (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Pre-primary Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Total Girls 49,796 262,353 163,945 102,413 105,818 684,325 Boys 55,078 288,640 178,750 114,016 116,213 752,697 - 200,000 400,000 600,000 800,000 1,000,000 1,200,000 1,400,000 1,600,000 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 Pre-primary 101,616 123,171 93,774 104,874 Primary (I-V) 580,679 576,528 555,200 550,993 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 340,938 337,738 339,892 342,695 Secondary (IX-X) 252,131 243,299 233,750 216,429 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 200,387 201,904 204,473 222,031 Total 1,475,751 1,482,640 1,427,089 1,437,022 - 200,000 400,000 600,000 800,000 1,000,000 1,200,000 1,400,000 1,600,000
  • 72. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 71 Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE PGI score of the state/UT (in 2021-22) Domain Max Score State/UT Score D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 54.2 D2 - Access 80 66.4 D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 74.7 D4 - Equity 260 222.2 D5 - Governance Processes 130 49.0 D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 72.1 Total 1,000 538.6 Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE 95% 80% 92% 97% 22% 32% 96% 83% 94% 98% 23% 34% 97% 85% 95% 98% 23% 35% 98% 87% 96% 99% 34% 41% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Functional electricity Playground Library or reading corner or book bank WASH facility (drinking water, toilet, and handwash) Internet Computer availablity 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 73. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 72 14. Jammu and Kashmir Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22) Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school Department of Education 23,117 1,437,327 62 Private Unaided (Recognised) 5,526 1,235,033 223 Madarsa recognised (by Wakf board/Madarsa Board) 70 7,997 114 Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 36 29,307 814 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 20 6,734 337 Madarsa unrecognised 5 134 27 Government Aided 1 209 209 Unrecognised 30 1,903 63 Total 28,805 2,718,644 94 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE GER (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE 111.47 63.48 59.87 53.39 112.42 68.14 61.32 52.89 111.92 65.63 60.54 53.15 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Boys Girls Overall
  • 74. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 73 GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22) Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR Primary (I-V) 76,284 1,106,932 14 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 55,312 577,505 9 Secondary (IX-X) 26,992 344,485 12 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 10,652 294,473 27 Overall 169,240 2,323,395 14 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE 87.21 68.14 59.34 43.23 93.16 66.53 58.66 38.4 100.81 66.25 59.83 50.07 111.92 65.63 60.54 53.15 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 17 8 12 24 13 16 9 13 21 13 15 9 12 26 13 14 9 12 27 14 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Overall 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 75. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 74 Enrolment by education level (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Pre-primary Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Total Girls 189,259 530,614 275,979 161,893 136,985 1,294,730 Boys 205,990 576,318 301,526 182,592 157,488 1,423,914 - 500,000 1,000,000 1,500,000 2,000,000 2,500,000 3,000,000 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 Pre-primary 342,483 334,751 294,589 395,249 Primary (I-V) 1,106,473 1,094,851 1,091,015 1,106,932 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 580,301 573,089 576,755 577,505 Secondary (IX-X) 329,830 328,628 337,787 344,485 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 236,096 210,728 276,212 294,473 Total 2,595,183 2,542,047 2,576,358 2,718,644 - 500,000 1,000,000 1,500,000 2,000,000 2,500,000 3,000,000
  • 76. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 75 Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE PGI score of the state/UT (in 2021-22) Domain Max Score State/UT Score D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 76.8 D2 – Access 80 51.2 D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 71.2 D4 – Equity 260 211.2 D5 - Governance Processes 130 43.7 D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 52.4 Total 1,000 506.5 Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE 64% 57% 63% 84% 12% 22% 68% 58% 66% 86% 12% 24% 70% 60% 68% 87% 13% 28% 73% 62% 72% 87% 30% 33% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Functional electricity Playground Library or reading corner or book bank WASH facility (drinking water, toilet, and handwash) Internet Computer availablity 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 77. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 76 15. Jharkhand Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22) Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school Department of Education 35,438 5,044,956 142 Private Unaided (Recognised) 1,559 1,307,487 839 Government Aided 1,175 315,854 269 Tribal Welfare Department 171 24,517 143 Madarsa unrecognised 126 16,523 131 Ministry of Labour 80 2,588 32 Other Govt. managed schools 67 117,349 1,751 Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 41 33,541 818 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 26 11,274 434 Madarsa recognised (by Wakf Board/Madarsa Board) 21 3,467 165 Railway School 6 3,351 559 Other Central Govt. Schools 5 4,162 832 Social Welfare Department 5 287 57 Sainik School 1 843 843 Unrecognised 6,134 1,084,551 177 Total 44,855 7,970,750 178 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE GER (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE 101.66 88.02 66.35 44.93 103.10 89.75 70.53 48.00 102.35 88.87 68.41 46.44 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Boys Girls Overall
  • 78. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 77 GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22) Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR Primary (I-V) 128,077 3,740,909 29 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 61,032 2,114,309 25 Secondary (IX-X) 31,315 1,089,069 34 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 13,021 743,920 57 Overall 233,445 7,688,207 33 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE 104.5 83.22 60.92 38.89 102.57 83.15 60.74 40.79 102.20 86.18 62.97 43.95 102.35 88.87 68.41 46.44 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 35 23 51 70 33 31 23 34 55 30 30 23 33 55 30 29 25 34 57 46 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Overall 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 79. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 78 Enrolment by education level (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2020-21 Report, MoE Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Pre-primary Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Total Girls 124,891 1,802,253 1,053,691 552,270 376,807 3,909,912 Boys 157,652 1,938,656 1,060,618 536,799 367,113 4,060,838 - 1,000,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000 5,000,000 6,000,000 7,000,000 8,000,000 9,000,000 2018-19 2019-20 202021 2021-22 Pre-primary 554,629 552,730 351,984 282,543 Primary (I-V) 4,028,871 3,886,161 3,803,579 3,740,909 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 1,993,556 1,986,908 2,055,203 2,114,309 Secondary (IX-X) 967,609 965,531 1,001,965 1,089,069 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 618,758 650,537 702,459 743,920 Total 8,163,423 8,041,867 7,915,190 7,970,750 - 1,000,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000 5,000,000 6,000,000 7,000,000 8,000,000 9,000,000
  • 80. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 79 Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE PGI score of the state/UT (in 2021-22) Domain Max Score State/UT Score D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 57.4 D2 – Access 80 48.1 D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 65.2 D4 – Equity 260 209.5 D5 - Governance Processes 130 59.1 D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 64.4 Total 1,000 503.7 Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE 73% 68% 92% 79% 30% 56% 90% 69% 92% 84% 33% 74% 91% 70% 93% 87% 32% 79% 92% 71% 94% 89% 37% 85% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Functional electricity Playground Library or reading corner or book bank WASH facility (drinking water, toilet, and handwash) Internet Computer availablity 2018-19 2019-20 2019-202 2021-22
  • 81. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 80 16. Karnataka Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22) Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school Department of Education 48,155 5,078,088 105 Private Unaided (Recognised) 19,650 5,153,185 262 Government Aided 7,110 1,492,350 210 Tribal Welfare Department 807 160,818 199 Social welfare Department 404 85,955 213 Other Govt. managed schools 140 22,279 159 Local body 72 17,971 250 Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 52 61,838 1,189 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 30 12,080 403 Other Central Govt. Schools 10 4,628 463 Madarsa recognised (by Wakf Board/Madarsa Board) 8 779 97 Central Tibetan School 5 764 153 Sainik School 3 1,553 518 Madarsa unrecognised 1 18 18 Railway School 1 15 15 Unrecognised 2 60 30 Total 76,450 12,092,381 158 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE GER (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE 107.84 106.19 94.55 54.57 108.26 104.80 94.91 58.76 108.04 105.51 94.73 56.6 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Boys Girls Overall
  • 82. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 81 GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22) Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR Primary (I-V) 238,112 5,456,226 22 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 222,224 3,196,946 17 Secondary (IX-X) 112,616 1,970,316 17 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 42,497 1,203,865 28 Overall 615,449 11,827,353 20 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE 108.37 98.22 83.70 44.39 107.43 101.05 86.35 52.12 105.08 103.13 90.62 55.64 108.04 105.51 94.73 56.60 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 33 21 15 25 24 21 17 17 33 20 21 16 16 28 20 22 17 17 28 20 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Overall 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 83. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 82 Enrolment by education level (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Pre-primary Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Total Girls 123,551 2,618,873 1,551,012 959,584 605,247 5,858,267 Boys 141,477 2,837,353 1,645,934 1,010,732 598,618 6,234,114 - 2,000,000 4,000,000 6,000,000 8,000,000 10,000,000 12,000,000 14,000,000 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 Pre-primary 596,547 594,220 278,311 265,028 Primary (I-V) 5,502,503 5,444,277 5,316,103 5,456,226 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 3,072,217 3,127,797 3,158,190 3,196,946 Secondary (IX-X) 1,800,265 1,836,892 1,906,216 1,970,316 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 978,990 1,135,919 1,197,916 1,203,865 Total 11,950,522 12,139,105 11,856,736 12,092,381 - 2,000,000 4,000,000 6,000,000 8,000,000 10,000,000 12,000,000 14,000,000
  • 84. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 83 Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE PGI score of the state/UT (in 2021-22) Domain Max Score State/UT Score D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 59.4 D2 – Access 80 62.4 D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 75.0 D4 – Equity 260 227.6 D5 - Governance Processes 130 51.6 D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 73.7 Total 1,000 549.7 Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE 89% 85% 90% 88% 12% 92% 98% 78% 93% 82% 25% 48% 99% 80% 95% 86% 25% 49% 99% 81% 96% 88% 30% 56% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Functional electricity Playground Library or reading corner or book bank WASH facility (drinking water, toilet, and handwash) Internet Computer availablity 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 85. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 84 17. Kerala Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22) Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school Government Aided 7,183 2,828,548 394 Department of Education 4,670 1,787,957 383 Private Unaided (Recognised) 3,164 1,624,221 513 Other Govt. managed schools 208 2,809 14 Tribal Welfare Department 45 7,557 168 Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 39 53,815 1,380 Local body 32 1,493 47 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 14 7,555 540 Madarsa recognised (by Wakf Board/Madarsa Board) 3 320 107 Railway School 1 200 200 Sainik School 1 634 634 Unrecognised 880 108,011 123 Total 16,240 6,423,120 396 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE GER (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE 102.4 99.6 98.27 81.82 101.71 99.07 97.41 88.4 102.06 99.34 97.85 85.04 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Boys Girls Overall
  • 86. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 85 GER during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22) Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR Primary (I-V) 90,437 2,486,240 27 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 112,214 1,501,003 21 Secondary (IX-X) 66,461 996,090 14 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 40,384 871,615 21 Overall 309,496 5,854,948 19 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE PTR during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE 98.64 96.52 98.01 80.27 100.24 97.24 97.21 82.99 100.17 98.09 97.55 84.15 102.06 99.34 97.85 85.04 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 28 22 16 23 23 26 21 15 22 22 27 20 15 21 22 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Overall 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 87. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 86 Enrolment by education level (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE Enrolment by education level during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE Pre-primary Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Total Girls 278,460 1,211,401 733,107 485,085 442,875 3,150,928 Boys 289,712 1,274,839 767,896 511,005 428,740 3,272,192 - 1,000,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000 5,000,000 6,000,000 7,000,000 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 Pre-primary 545,065 621,460 555,992 568,172 Primary (I-V) 2,464,299 2,483,556 2,460,558 2,486,240 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 1,483,643 1,486,644 1,490,417 1,501,003 Secondary (IX-X) 1,020,276 1,004,203 1,000,618 996,090 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 848,328 868,208 871,486 871,615 Total 6,361,611 6,464,071 6,379,071 6,423,120 - 1,000,000 2,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000 5,000,000 6,000,000 7,000,000
  • 88. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 87 Percentage of schools by availability of infrastructure and facilities during 2018-19 to 2021-22 Source: Calculation is based on data in UDISE+ Report, MoE PGI score of the state/UT (in 2021-22) Domain Max Score State/UT Score D1 - Learning Outcomes and Quality 240 60.2 D2 – Access 80 68.4 D3 - Infrastructure and Facilities 190 94.1 D4 – Equity 260 218.0 D5 - Governance Processes 130 84.8 D6 - Teacher Education & Training 100 84.3 Total 1,000 609.8 Source: PGI 2021-22 Report for States and Union Territories, MoE 99% 83% 95% 97% 88% 88% 99% 84% 96% 97% 88% 93% 99% 86% 98% 98% 89% 96% 100% 88% 98% 99% 95% 98% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Functional electricity Playground Library or reading corner or book bank WASH facility (drinking water, toilet, and handwash) Internet Computer availablity 2018-19 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22
  • 89. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 88 18. Ladakh Number of schools by management, total enrolment, and average enrolment (2021-22) Type of management Number of schools Total enrolment Average enrolment per school Department of Education 832 26,868 32 Private Unaided (Recognised) 112 29,758 266 Government Aided 28 718 26 Kendriya Vidyalaya/Central School 3 1,095 365 Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya 2 986 493 Other Central Govt. Schools 1 363 363 Total 978 59,788 61 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE GER (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE GER during 2019-20 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ Report, MoE 82.97 67.94 58.23 39.2 81.54 67.04 58.67 48.46 0 20 40 60 80 100 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22 76.74 60.32 54.57 44.43 82.62 72.7 63.23 54.75 79.53 66.11 58.76 49.44 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Boys Girls Overall
  • 90. YeSSE 2023 – Yearly Status of School Education in states and union territories of India 89 Number of teachers, total enrolment, and PTR by education level (2021-22) Level of education Number of teachers Total enrolment PTR Primary (I-V) 2,782 22,892 8 Upper primary (VI-VIII) 2,558 12,166 4 Secondary (IX-X) 1,221 7,582 6 Higher secondary (XI-XII) 511 6,430 12 Overall 7,072 49,070 7 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE PTR during 2019-20 to 2021-22 Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE Enrolment by education level (2021-22) Source: UDISE+ 2021-22 Report, MoE Pre-primary Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Total Girls 5,185 11,283 6,259 3,943 3,455 30,125 Boys 5,533 11,609 5,907 3,639 2,975 29,663 - 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 70,000 11 5 8 13 8 10 4 7 13 8 8 4 6 12 7 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 Primary (I-V) Upper primary (VI-VIII) Secondary (IX-X) Higher secondary (XI-XII) Overall 2019-20 2020-21 2021-22