Red fort ppt


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It's all about history of red fort ................

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Red fort ppt

  1. 1. Introduction of red fort Red fort maker by the Shah jhan (A.D. 1628-58), The mughal emperor shifted his capital form agra to delhi in A.D.1638 and established shajha bad, the seventh city of delhi. He commenced the contraction for his citadel , lal qila or the red fort on 12th may 1639 and took 9 year and 3 month to complete it under the suprivision of maser builders hamid and ahmed. Originally it was know as quila-i-mubrak. The fort is built using red sandstone and is octagonal on plan with the rampart surrounded by a most originally connected with river Yamuna. This highly fortified citadel has two man gateways, the lohri gate on the west and the delhi gate or hathi gate on the south.
  2. 2. Introduction of red fort… Nadir shah the Persian invader plundered the city in Delhi in A.D 1739 and took away the prized booty including the takht-i-taus (peacock throne) with the Kohinoor (worlds largest diamond). In A.D.1857 Bahadur shah II was proclaimed emperor by the freedom fighters. INA offices shah nawaz khan, P.K.sehgal and G.S.Dhillon were trialed in 1945-46. These are some of the imprints of history left on the red fort.
  3. 3. Feature’s of Red Fort Lal Quila, or the Red Fort, conjures up the image of red sandstone walls full of turrets and bastions. Founded on a dry moat in the northeast corner of Shahjahanabad, the walls extend up to two kilometers and are as high as 33 meters.
  4. 4. Don’t Miss Red Fort In Delhi You have to enter Red Fort, Delhi through the lofty Lahore Gate, which structurally faces Lahore, now in Pakistan. You would feel thrilled to remember that several speeches were delivered by freedom fighters and National leaders of India here since the first war of independence.
  5. 5. • The fort's center is Naubat Khana or the Drum House where the musicians used to play for the emperor and announce the arrival of royalty. • Diwan-i-Amor, is the Hall of Public Audiences where the Emperor used to listen to the complaints of his subjects. • Similarly, the Emperor held private meetings in the Diwan-i-Khas, the hall of private audiences in which the centre-piece or the Peacock Throne was later carried away to Iran by Nadir Shah in 1739. • The hammams or the Royal Baths, the Shahi Burj- Shahjahan's private working area, and the Moti Masjid or the Pearl Mosque, built by Aurangzeb for his personal use-draw equal attention from the tourists. • The Rang Mahal or the 'Palace of Colors' for the Emperor's wives and mistresses, display gilded turrets, mosaics of mirrors, and a ceiling overlaid with gold and silver reflected in a pool on the marble floor.
  6. 6. Modern history Every year on 15 August, the day India achieved independence from the British. Prime Minister hoists the national flag at the Red Fort, followed by a nationally broadcast speech from its ramparts. The Red Fort is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Old Delhi, attracting thousands of visitors every year. It also happens to be the largest monument in Old Delhi. Today, a sound and light show describing Mughal history is a tourist attraction in the evenings. The general condition of the major architectural features is mixed. None of the water features, which are extensive, contain water. Some of the buildings are in fairly good condition and have their decorative elements undisturbed. Walkways are left mostly in a crumbling state
  7. 7. Modern history… The entrance through the Lahore Gate leads to a retail mall with jewellery and crafts stores. There is a museum of "blood paintings" depicting young Indian martyrs of the 20th century along with the story of their martyrdom. There is also an archaeological museum and an Indian war memorial museum.
  8. 8. Security threats To prevent terrorist attacks, security is especially tightened around the Red Fort on the eve of Indian Independence Day. Delhi Police and paramilitary personnel keep a vigil on the neighbor hoods around the fort. Sharpshooters of the National Security Guard are deployed on high rises near the Red Fort. The aerial space around the fort is declared a no-fly zone during the celebration to prevent aerial attacks, Safe houses are picked in nearby areas where the Prime Minister and other Indian leaders can be rushed to in case of an attack. The fort was the site of a terrorist attack on 22 December 2000 carried out by six terrorists of the Lashkar-e-Toiba. Two soldiers and a civilian were killed, in what was described by the media as an attempt to derail the India-Pakistan peace talks and relations.
  9. 9. Lahori Gate The main entrance to the red fort lies at the lahori Gate and the place are approached apartments called the chhatta chowk. Situated on the western wall of the fort Lahori Gate in those days led towards Lahore now in Pakistan. This majestic three storied gateway decorated which square rectangular and cusped arched pants is flanked by semi octagonal towers crowned by two open octagonal pavilions. Between them is screen of dwarf coupled chattiest having seven miniature marble domes. The flame shaped battlements continuing around the whole wall is imposing. The gate was provided with a barbican by shah jahan’s son Aurangzeb (A.D 16581707), with its entrance to the north it is said that shah jahan while in prison wrote to Aurangzeb, You have made the fort a bride and set a veil on it. The first job was to build the defenses for the city and, inside, the citadel- fort. Twenty-one towers and seven main getaways punctuated the four mile long, 27foot high city wall. The walls encircling the 124 acre fort were even more tremendous, ranging in height form 60 feet on the river side to 75 on the landward side, and in width from 45 feet at ground level to 30 feet.
  10. 10. Chhatta chowk means covered bazaar which in 17th century India was extremely unusual and this one especially is unique in mughal architecture. The nation of a covered bazaar was stimulated by the one shah jahan sow in Peshawar in 1646(now in pak) this bazaar was earlier know as ‘Bazaar-i-musaqqaf.
  11. 11. Naubat Khan The naubat or naqqar khan (drum house) stands at the entrance to the palatial complex. In its days of glory, musicians from the naubat khana announced the arrival of the emperor or other prominent dignitaries at the court of the public audience. Music was also played five times a day at chosen hours most of the royal palaces of India have essentially the naubat khan at the entrance. Faced with red sand stone, it is a large three storied building, rectangular on plan. Richly carved floral designs on its red stone walls appear to have been originally painted with gold, while the interior was painted in other colors. Several layers of these paintings can be traced even now in the entrance chamber. The later mughal kings jahandar shah (A.D. 1712-13) and farrukhsiyar (A.D. 1713-19) are said to have been assassinated here.
  12. 12. The Rang-Mahal, resting on a basement, consists of a large hall, originally painted on the interior, from which it derives its name, meaning the ‘palace of colour’. Divided into six compartments by engrailed arches set on piers, the two apartments on its northern and southern.
  13. 13. The museum is located in one of the palaces of the Red Fort, Delhi. It is believed that this palace was built by Shah Jahan for his queen Arjumand Banu Begum also famously known as Mumtaz Mahal. The objects are displayed thematically in six galleries belonging to the Mughal period.
  14. 14. In the Diwan-i-Aam (or the Hall of Public Audiences) the Emperor, seated in a canopied alcove, would hear complaints and pleas of the commoners through a jharokha (balcony). The hall was ornamented with stuccowork and featured a series of gold columns.
  15. 15. Moti Masjid Moti masjid or the pearl mosque was built by Aurangzeb for his personal use. It would take him just a short walk from his bed chamber to reach the sacred place of worship at various time of the day or night. The mosque wall of the enclosure. The mosque is built over a raised plinth and is entered through an eastern arched gateway with a copper plated door. The courtyard of this mosque is enclosed by high walls. Though red sand stone has been used externally, its interior is composed entirely of pure white marble. The prayer hall of the mosque is inlaid without lines of musalla’s (small carpets of prayer) in black marble and it hall is surmounted by there bulbous domes, originally copper plated. In the courtyard is a tank with a fountain used for ablution.