Heritage and tourism in india


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Explore the sites to Visit in India And also explore the vast Built Heritage of India
Built heritage of India....

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Heritage and tourism in india

  1. 1. What is built heritage: Built heritage is the unique and irreplaceable architecture with historic background that merits preservation for future generations. These can be individual old buildings of historic importance such as houses, churches, castles, military fortifications and other types of buildings, monuments or areas of built heritage value e.g. town, squares, harbors and churchyards). In broadest sense, built heritage does refer not only to ancient history, but also to modern period.
  2. 2. Taj Mahal, Agra : Currently Taj is popularly known as “poem of Marble”. It is the most cherished heritage sight that will attract 10 lakhs visitors throughout the year. This famous monument was constructed by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in his lovely died wife(Mumtaj’s) memory. It took 22 years to build it, they began building it in 1631 and it was completed in 1653 and there were 20,000 workers who helped. To build it there it costed 32 million rupees. Various kinds of precious stones are used to make this monument. This place can be reach by road from Delhi which is 253 kms away and the nearest airport is the New Delhi airport.
  3. 3. Taj Mahal, Agra A Tribute to Beauty is a "symbol of eternal love, regarded as one of the eight wonders of the world it is built entirely of white marble and seems to glow in the light of the full moon. Like a jewel, the Taj sparkles in moonlight when the semi-precious stones inlaid into the white marble on the main mausoleum catch the glow of the moon.
  4. 4. The India Gate is a national monument of India. Situated in the heart of New Delhi, it was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens. It commemorates the 70,000 Indian soldiers who lost their lives fighting for the British Army during the World War I. The memorial bears the names of more than 13,516 British and Indian soldiers killed in the Northwestern Frontier in the Afghan war of 1919. The foundation stone of India Gate was laid by His Royal Highness, the Duke of Connaught in 1921. The monument was dedicated to the nation 10 years later by the then Viceroy, Lord Irwin.
  5. 5. India Gate, Delhi Gateway made of Sand Stone is very dominating and intimidating in its outlook. The interesting thing about the Delhi gate is that it has its century old wooden locking system. The system is very complex and thus it had remained unused since the times of British
  6. 6. Lotus Temple, Delhi Located in the south of Delhi, it is lotus shaped and has rightly been given the name. It is open to all faiths and is an ideal place for meditation and obtaining peace and tranquility.
  7. 7. The Lotus Temple, located in New Delhi, India, is a Bahá'í House of Worship completed in 1986. Notable for its flowerlike shape, it serves as the Mother Temple of the Indian subcontinent and has become a prominent attraction in the city. The Lotus Temple has won numerous architectural awards and been featured in hundreds of newspaper and magazine articles.
  8. 8. Red Fort, Delhi Delhi's famous Red Fort is known by that name because of the red stone with which it is built and it is one of the most magnificent places in the world, famous for its delicately carved inlaid and Royal chambers
  9. 9. The Red Fort was built as the fortified palace of Shahjahanabad, capital of the fifth Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, in 1648. Named for its massive enclosing walls of red sandstone, it is adjacent to the older Salimgarh Fort, built by Islam Shah Suri in 1546. The imperial apartments consist of a row of pavilions, connected by a water channel known as the Stream of Paradise (Nahr-i-Behisht). The Red Fort is considered to represent the zenith of Mughal creativity under Shah Jahan.
  10. 10. Qutub Minar, Delhi Qutb Minar, is the tallest minar (73 metres) in India originally an ancient Islamic Monument, inscribed with Arabic inscriptions, and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.Located in Delhi, the Qutb Minar is made of red sandstone and marble. The stairs of the tower has 379 steps,[is 72.5 metres (237.8 ft) high, and has a base diameter of 14.3 metres, which narrows to 2.7 metres at the top. Construction was started in 1192 by Qutb- ud-din Aibak and was carried on by his successor, Iltutmish. In 1368, Firoz Shah Tughlak constructed the fifth and the last storey. It is surrounded by several other ancient and medieval structures and ruins, collectively known as the Qutb complex.
  11. 11. Qutub Minar, Delhi Famed as the highest brick minaret of the world, Highest brick tower in the world This ornate tower is now an eminent member of the World Heritage Site community
  12. 12. Humayun's Tomb is a magnificent architecture , the first garden-tomb to be built in India, ased on the description of Islamic paradise gardens, is known to have inspired the Taj Mahal Humayun's Tomb, Delhi It is a magnificent architecture , the first garden-tomb to be built in India, based on the description of Islamic paradise gardens, is known to have inspired the Taj Mahal
  13. 13. It was the first garden-tomb on the Indian subcontinent, and is located in Nizamuddin East, Delhi, India, close to the Dina-panah citadel also known as Purana Qila (Old Fort), that Humayun founded in 1533. It was also the first structure to use red sandstone at such a scale. The tomb was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993. Humayun's tomb (Humayun ka Maqbara) is the tomb of the Mughal Emperor Humayun in Delhi, India. The tomb was commissioned by Humayun's first wife Bega Begum (Haji Begum) in 1569-70, and designed by Mirak Mirza Ghiyas, a Persian architect chosen by Bega Begum.
  14. 14. Akshardham Temple, Delhi It is world’s largest Hindu temple The monument is a fusion of several architectural styles of pink stone and pure white marble. Pink stone symbolizes devotion in eternal bloom and white marble of absolute purity and eternal peace. It is one of the wonders of the modern world, and the wonders of modern India.
  15. 15. Akshardham a Hindu temple complex in Delhi, India. Also referred to as Delhi Akshardham or Swaminarayan Akshardham, the complex displays millennia of traditional Hindu and Indian culture, spirituality, and architecture. The building was inspired and developed by Pramukh Swami Maharaj, the spiritual head of the Bochasanwasi Shri Akshar Purushottam Swaminarayan Sanstha, whose 3,000 volunteers helped 7,000 artisans construct Akshardham. The temple, which attracts approximately 70 percent of all tourists who visit Delhi, was officially opened on 6 November 2005.It sits near the banks of the Yamuna adjacent to the 2010 Commonwealth Games village in eastern New Delhi.
  16. 16. Victoria Memorial, Kolkatta It was built to commemorate Queen Victoria’s 25-year reign over India It currently serves as a museum. it is a majestic white marble building surrounded by a sprawling garden. A black bronze Angel of Victory, holding a bugle in her hand is placed at the apex of the dome
  17. 17. The Victoria Memorial's architect was William Emerson (1843–1924), president of the Royal Institute of British Architects. The design is in the Indo-Saracenic revivalist style. This style uses a mixture of British and Mughal elements as well as Venetian, Egyptian, Deccani and Islamic architectural influences. The building is 338 feet (103 m) by 228 feet (69 m) and rises to a height of 184 feet (56 m). It is constructed of white Makrana marble.[14] The gardens of the Victoria Memorial were designed by Lord Redesdale and David Prain. Emerson's assistant, Vincent J. Esch designed the bridge of the north aspect and the garden gates.
  18. 18. City Palace, Jaipur It houses number of palaces inside the complex. including an art gallery and a rich collection of some rare items. the museum inside has a rich collection of royal costumes, folk embroidery, rare and invaluable (Kashmiri) Shawls, silk saris .
  19. 19. It was the seat of the Maharaja of Jaipur, the head of the Kachwaha Rajput clan. The Chandra Mahal palace now houses a museum but the greatest part of it is still a royal residence. The palace complex, which is located northeast of the centre of the grid patterned Jaipur city, incorporates an impressive and vast array of courtyards, gardens and buildings. The palace was built between 1729 and 1732, initially by Sawai Jai Singh II, the ruler of Amber. He planned and built the outer walls, and later additions were made by successive rulers right up to the 20th century.
  20. 20. Gateway of India, Mumbai Mumbai's most famous monument, this is the starting point for most tourists who want to explore the city. The last of the British ships that set sail for England left from the Gateway. Behind the arch, there are steps leading down to the water.
  21. 21. The Gateway of India is a monument built during the British Raj in Mumbai (formerly Bombay), India.It is located on the waterfront in the Apollo Bunder area in South Mumbai and overlooks the Arabian Sea. The structure is a basalt arch, 26 metres (85 feet) high. It lies at the end of Chhatrapati Shivaji Marg at the water's edge in Mumbai Harbour. In earlier times, it would have been the first structure that visitors arriving by boat in Mumbai would have seen. The Gateway has also been referred to as the Taj Mahal of Mumbai, and is the city's top tourist attraction.
  22. 22. Hawa Mahal, Jaipur It is also known as “Palace of Winds “ is the most sensational monument in the city of Jaipur. was originally constructed to offer women of the court an upper hand, so that they can watch the activities taking place in the bazaar and the surrounding streets it is shaped like a pyramid and is a five-storied building, with number of small windows and screens, with arched roofs .
  23. 23. Golden Temple, Amritsar One of the most famous religious places in India. Located in the city of Amritsar, its name literally means House of God. , richly ornamented with marble sculptures, golden gilding, and large quantities of precious stones it is a place of both stupendous beauty and sublime peacefulness
  24. 24. There are four doors to get into the Harmandir Sahib, which symbolize the openness of the Sikhs towards all people and religions. The present day Gurdwara was rebuilt in 1764 by Jassa Singh Ahluwalia with the help of other Sikh Misls. In the early nineteenth century, Maharaja Ranjit Singh secured the Punjab region from outside attack and covered the upper floors of the Gurdwara with gold, which gives it its distinctive appearance and its English name. The Harimandir Sahib is considered holy by Sikhs. The holiest text of Sikhism, the Guru Granth Sahib, is always present inside the Gurdwara. Its construction was mainly intended to build a place of worship for men and women from all walks of life and all religions to come and worship God equally. Over 100,000 people visit the holy shrine daily for worship.
  25. 25. Birla Temple, Delhi It is a famous temple of Hindus in New Delhi. The temple was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi and took six years to complete. It is a landmark in the history of modern Indian architecture. The walls of the entire complex exhibit paintings of the artists from Jaipur. An artificial mountainous landscape, with fountains and waterfalls, has been created as the backdrop of the temple.
  26. 26. The Laxminarayan Temple also known as the Birla Mandir, is a Hindu temple dedicated to Laxminarayan in Delhi, India. Laxminarayan usually refers to Vishnu, Preserver in the Trimurti, also known as Narayan, when he is with his consort Lakshmi. The temple, inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi, was made built by B. R. Birla and Jugal Kishore Birla from 1933 and 1939. The side temples are dedicated to Shiva, Krishna and Buddha.
  27. 27. Khajuraho - Land of The Moon God Situated in Madhya Pradesh, India, Khajuraho oozes with passion, eroticism, dance and music and other finesses of creative arts depicted in sculpture and images of the temples
  28. 28. The name Khajuraho, ancient "Kharjuravāhaka", is derived from the Sanskrit words kharjura = date palm and vāhaka = "one who carries". In the 19th century, British engineer T.S. Burt arrived in the area, followed by General Alexander Cunningham. Cunningham put Khajuraho on the world map when he explored the site on behalf of the Archaeological Survey of India and described what he found in glowing terms. The Khajuraho Group of Monuments has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and is considered to be one of the "seven wonders" of India.
  29. 29. Jal Mahal, Jaipur It is noted for its sophisticated design and grand architecture. The Palace was developed as a pleasure spot and was used for the royal duck shooting parties. It is a five-story palace, with the first four floors being submerged under water
  30. 30. "The Jal Mahal palace has got an eye-popping makeover. Traditional boat- makers from Vrindavan have crafted the Rajput style wooden boats. A gentle splashing of oars on the clear lake waters takes you to Jal Mahal. You move past decorated hallways and chambers on the first floor to climb all the way up to the fragrant Chameli Bagh. Across the lake, you can view the Aravalli hills, dotted with temples and ancient forts, and on the other side, bustling Jaipur. The most remarkable change is in the lake itself. The drains were diverted, two million tonnes of toxic silt were dredged from the bottom, increasing its depth by over a metre, a water treatment system was developed, local vegetation and fish reintroduced, the surrounding wetlands regenerated and five nesting islands created to attract migratory birds."
  31. 31. Jantar Mantar, Jaipur It is the largest stone observatory in the World The observatory has fourteen statistical instruments for measuring time, predicting eclipses and to ascertain other astronomical events
  32. 32. The Jantar Mantar is an equinoctial sundial, consisting a gigantic triangular gnomon with the hypotenuse parallel to the Earth's axis. On either side of the gnomon is a quadrant of a circle, parallel to the plane of the equator. The instrument is intended to measure the time of day, correct to half a second and declination of the Sun and the other heavenly bodies.
  33. 33. Lake Palace, Udaipur This palace is situated on an island, in the middle of Lake Pichola. Constructed in white marble, it is one of the most mesmerizing palaces there are a number of apartments within the palace itself. Ornamented with painted mirrors, inlaid stones, cusped arched and lotus leaves, the rooms in these apartments bring back the memories of the bygone royal era.
  34. 34. Lake Palace (formerly known as Jag Niwas) is a luxury hotel, of 83 rooms and suites featuring white marble walls, located on a natural foundation of 4 acres (16,000 m2)rock on the Jag Niwas island in Lake Pichola, Udaipur, India. The hotel operates a speed boat which transports guests to the hotel from a jetty at the City Palace. It has been voted as the most romantic hotel in India and in the world.
  35. 35. Mysore Palace, Mysore It is a sight not to be missed when it is illuminated on Sundays and festive occasions.. The palace complex includes twelve Hindu temples. The palace houses several rooms of importance. which are Royal wedding hall, public hall where the general population could meet the king at prescribed times with petitions. And an armory, which contains a collection of different types of arms used by the members of the royal family.
  36. 36. The Palace of Mysore is a historical palace situated in the city of Mysore in Karnataka, southern India. It is the official residence of the Wodeyars, the former royal family of Mysore, which ruled the princely state of Mysore from 1399 to 1947. The palace also houses two durbar halls (ceremonial meeting hall of the royal court). Mysore is commonly described as the City of Palaces, however the term "Mysore Palace" refers specifically to the one within the old fort. Mysore Palace is now one of the most famous tourist attractions in India, after Taj Mahal, with more than 2.7 million visitors.
  37. 37. Conservation & Preservation:- The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), as an attached office under the Department of Culture, Ministry of Tourism and Culture, is the premier organization for the archaeological researches and protection of the cultural heritage of the nation. Maintenance of ancient monuments and archaeological sites and remains of national importance is the prime concern of the ASI. Besides it regulate all archaeological activities in the country as per the provisions of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958. It also regulates Antiquities and Art Treasure Act, 1972. For the maintenance of ancient monuments and archaeological sites and remains of national importance the entire country is divided into 24 Circles. The organization has a large work force of trained archaeologists, conservators, epigraphist, architects and scientists for conducting archaeological research projects through its Excavation Branches, Prehistory Branch, Epigraphy Branches, Science Branch, Horticulture Branch, Building Survey Project, Temple Survey Projects and Underwater Archaeology Wing.