Climate change
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Climate change

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Climate change Climate change Presentation Transcript

  • The case ofClimate Change
    By E.t.
  • What is climate change ?
    • Climate change refers to long-term changes in climate, including average temperature and rainfall.
    • Global warming is the increase in the average temperature of Earth's near-surface air.
  • Green house gases
    Greenhouse gases absorb and
    • Carbon dioxide
    • Nitrous oxide
    hold heat in the atmosphere.
    • Methane
    • Etc.
  • Human activities
    • burning fossil fuels, such as coal, oil or gas
    • the increasing demands on electricity
    • clearing land, including logging
    • the breakdown of food and plant wastes and sewerage
    • some industrial processes, such as making cement and aluminum.
    • some aspects of farming, such as raising cattle and sheep, using fertilizers and growing some crops
    why is the Climate changing?
  • Since the Industrial Revolution in the 1700’s, activities, such as the burning of oil, coal and gas, and deforestation, have increased CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere. In 2005, global atmospheric concentrations of CO2 were 35% higher than they were before the Industrial Revolution.
  • CO2 level after industrial revolution
    Scientists at the Mauna Loa observatory in Hawaii say that CO2 levels in the atmosphere now stand at 387 parts per million (ppm), up almost 40% since the industrial revolution and the highest for at least the last 650,000 years.
  • Impact of burning fossil fuel
    • Water resources
    The melting of glaciers can cause floods
    Rivers will dry up, causing drought
    More intense rainfall on rainy day and more dry days in a year
    • Rise of sea level
    People living in islands will lose their homes
    The ecosystem will be wiped out
    • Ocean acidification
    Decrease the pH value
    Some animal will extinct
  • Impact of burning fossil fuel
    • Acid rain
    When people burn fuel, the sulfur is oxidized, and turns into sulfur dioxide (SO2) gas.
    And cars exhausts give off nitrogen oxides, making our rain acidic.
    It can seriously affect the farming industry.
    And acid rain can also destroy the structures of buildings.
  • In the society people become more and more materialistic and like to have a extravagant life
    By many plastic bottles and plastic bags
    (Plastic is by product of fossil fuel and CO2 emissions during their lifetime )
    Use car for travel
    CO2 emissions
    In economic, the business men decide to make more plastic bags and bottles because many people need them.
    For the environment, Deteriorate green house effect
    Make the plastic business prosperous
  • Volcanic eruptions that release massive amounts of sulfur dioxide (SO2) into the atmosphere
    Trees remove CO2 through photosynthesis
    Green house effect solution
    add iron to the upper layers of the ocean
    place trillions of small transparent sheets in orbit to reduce the sunlight reaching the Earths surface by 2 percent (sufficient to offset warming even with a doubling of CO2)
  • Bibliography
    Blogs.southflorida.com 28th May, 2011 11:59
    http://blogs.southflorida.com/citylink_dansweeney/2007/03/
    Climate change, NOAA National weather service. Retrieved on 24 May 2011 from http://www.nws.noaa.gov/om/brochures/climate/Climatechange.pdf
    Climate change, Chevron Human Energy. Retrieved on 24 May 2011 from http://www.chevron.com/globalissues/climatechange/?gclid=CK6L5tXY_6gCFYkRHAodxjuyUg
    Epa.gov 28th May, 2011 11:35
    http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/emissions/images/E6-6.gif
    Epa.gov 28th May, 2011 12:35
    http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/emissions/co2.html
    Graphs, createdebate. Retrieved on 25 May 2011 from http://www.createdebate.com/debate/show/Present_day_is_it_more_important_to_focus_on_fixing_the_economy_or_the_environment
  • Bibliography
    Guardian.co.uk 28th May, 2011 11:52
    http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2008/may/13/carbonemissions.climatechange
    The Cause of Greenhouse Gas, the green step. Retrieved on 25 May 2011 from http://thegreenstep.com/earth-news/greenhouse-gas
    UK Met Office Fact 2: Temperatures are continuing to rise, the black board. Retrieved on 25 May 2011 from http://rankexploits.com/musings/2009/uk-met-office-fact-2-temperatures-are-continuing-to-rise/
    Water resources, condor. Retrieved on 25 May 2011 from http://www.condorearth.com/page/Water+Resources
    What is climate change, Australia government department of climate change and efficiency. Retrieved on 24 May 2010 from http://www.climatechange.gov.au/climate-change.aspx