1. ict4peace: beyond the hype
Editor, Groundviews (www.groundviews.org)
Senior Researcher, Centre for Policy Alternatives, Colombo, Sri Lanka
2. sri lanka
3. ict4peace in sri lanka
4. systemic problems
• Inadequate vernacular content and rendering capabilities
• Uneven broadband connectivity / infrastructure
• Lack of skilled human resources
• Post-war violence and repression still high
• Legacy of 30 years of war: Communal distrust, no reconciliation, no political
settlement, continued militarisation, national security mindset, repressive
government, on-going censorship, poor rule of law, un-constitutional
5. conﬂict transformation
• A process of engaging with and transforming relationships, interests,
discourses and, if necessary, the very constitution of society that supports the
continuation of violent conﬂict
• CT argues against giving primacy to settlements
• Conﬂict is never resolved, but transformed to the non-violent negotiation of
6. my mantras
• ICT in peacebuilding needs to be self-effacing.
• ICT must build social capital, and invest in societal frameworks that empower
local communities to grapple with conﬂict in non-violent ways.
• Technology itself should not be the cynosure, but what is achieved through it.
7. real world challenges for ict4peace
• Is technology a guarantee of a better process?
• Is technology neutral?
• How does one determine trust online?
• How do you create inter-cultural dispute resolution systems?
• What are the problems of access and publishing content (the Great Wall of
China, the Middle East)?
• How can technology help peace processes?
8. examples from around the world
9. facebook in egypt
• In most countries in the Arab world, Facebook is now one of the 10 most-
visited Web sites, and in Egypt it ranks third, after Google and Yahoo.
• About one in nine Egyptians has Internet access, and around 9 percent of
that group are on Facebook — a total of almost 800,000 members.
• April 6 Youth Movement, a group of 70,000 mostly young and educated
Egyptians, most of whom had never been involved with politics before joining
10. facebook in egypt
11. pro-democracy movement in iran
12. dispute resolution in afghanistan
13. breaking language barriers
Translation Technology: Breaking the language Barrier, http://www.darpa.mil/
14. augmenting and augmented reality
15. visualising trauma in sudan through google earth
16. visualising disasters through google maps
17. ushahidi to map peace
18. ushahidi in the world’s largest elections
19. mobile ring tones for activism
20. bearing witness to violence
21. bearing witness to violence
22. tsa blog: designed conﬂict resolution?
23. mobile phones for human rights
43. facebook and social networking
• More than 400 million active users
• More than 60 million status updates posted each day
• More than 3 billion photos uploaded to the site each month
• More than 5 billion pieces of content (web links, news stories, blog posts, notes, photo
albums, etc.) shared each week
• More than 3.5 million events created each month
• More than 3 million active Pages on Facebook
• More than 1.5 million local businesses have active Pages on Facebook
• Pages have created more than 5.3 billion fans
52. redeﬁning trust models
• Privacy concerns over Facebook, Google Buzz in 2010.
• New technologies will redeﬁne privacy, disclosure, conﬁdentiality, “common
sense” and trust models.
• A combination of virtual and real-world ODR and peacebuilding processes
will redeﬁne models of participation and representation.