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ICT4Peace: Going beyond Crisis Mapping


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Presentation / lecture delivered to Crisis Mappers Webinar on 9th March 2011.

Published in: Technology
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ICT4Peace: Going beyond Crisis Mapping

  1. 1. ict4peace: beyond crisis mappingSanjana HattotuwaTED FellowSenior Advisor, ICT4Peace Foundation
  2. 2. sri lanka
  3. 3. systemic problems• Systemic violence still present two years after end of war• Critical dissent still not tolerated. Self-censorship of MSM high.• No real reconciliation. No real political settlement for legitimate grievances.• Legacy of 30 years of war: Communal distrust, continued militarisation, national security mindset, repressive government, poor rule of law, democratic deficit• Not those easily visible or explained
  4. 4. my work
  5. 5. one text peace negotiations platform2003 - 2004
  6. 6. monitoring election violence | Covered every election since 2008
  7. 7. human rights monitoringScreenshot of first system ~2007
  8. 8. mainstream media monitoring | From the late 90’s• Recording how language frames bias and reporting
  9. 9. helping rural communities leverage new media
  10. 10. groundviews: citizen journalism redefining media
  11. 11. groundviews: citizen journalism redefining media• Over 6 million words of original content - articles plus commentary, photos and video not included• Special edition a year after the end of war resulted in book• Covered stories and issues not a single other media has during and after war on IDPs, war crimes, democratic deficit, corruption, election violence• First to introduce satire and poetry and• First to launch YouTube Video channel, Twitter account, curated Twitter feeds, Facebook fan page, mobile friendly site• First to use web visualisations, Google Maps, Google Moderator• First to introduce long form journalism in Sri Lanka
  12. 12. groundviews: first civility code2006
  13. 13. bearing witness: not regime change• Curation, participation, collaboration• Use of mobile technologies• Leveraging text, photos, videos, cartoons, satire, animation, visualisation• Change rare, richer narratives, fuller history
  14. 14. Online security: posters and trainingUnder the radar for key HR and media freedom defenders for 3+ years
  15. 15. recording history: archiving vital websites
  16. 16. ict4peacewriting on technology for peace and democracy since 2006
  17. 17. ict4peacewriting on disasters and tech since Boxing Day tsunami, 2004
  18. 18. ict4peace foundationcrisis information wikis
  19. 19. ict4peace foundationcrisis information wikis• Wikis created in 2010 for Haiti earthquake, Chile earthquake, Gulf Oil Spill, Kyrgyzstan humanitarian crisis, Pakistan floods• In March 2011, at the request of Standby Volunteer Task Force, wiki created for Libya Uprising.• In general all the wikis contain, • Comprehensive curated list of crisis information • UN OCHA situation reports, comprehensive briefing kits from Reliefweb, ETC sit reps and other vital information • Key background documents • Curated links to Twitter feeds, Facebook groups, Flickr photos and other social media sites • Comprehensive list of mapping resources from Google and other sources • Google Translate based translations of key vernacular resources including media • Converting Office 2011 docs to Google Docs (e.g. 3W information)
  20. 20. challenges for crisis mappingfrom bitter experience• How does information visualisation really contribute to a stronger democracy?• Do telegenics of recent revolutions take into account systemic violence? Do technologies that underpin revolutions endure?• Open standards still lacking - collaboration is not the same as information exchange• Context, content, creator and consumer dynamics absent from most crowd sourcing discussions. How to integrate into global volunteer base?• Lessons from Pakistan flooding - some disasters are sexier than others• Denouement of war in Sri Lanka was without witness - can crisis mapping help bear witness (a process) as opposed to mapping (which is event based)• Failing forward still absent - everyone has success stories, everyone is saving the world a map at a time• Ground realities like PTSD, fear, anxiety, censorship that affect ICTs in war time and post-war peacebuilding still under studied
  21. 21. thank