Oral Presentation Techniques
Oral Presentation Techniques: Objectives <ul><li>To introduce the key factors for successful presentation delivery </li></...
4 Key Factors for a Successful Presentation <ul><li>1.  Timing </li></ul><ul><li>2.  Attention span </li></ul><ul><li>3.  ...
1. Timing Do not ramble on during a   presentation Remember: One Minute per Slide as Guideline
2. Attention Span:  Audience attention fluctuates TIME Repeat  key  ideas Voice Jokes ATTENTION
3.  Personal Approach Personal features of  the presenter can make or break presentation A.  Gesture B.  Voice C.  Eye Con...
3A. Gesture Important in non-verbal communication <ul><li>Emphasize points </li></ul><ul><li>Highlights </li></ul><ul><li>...
3B. Voice Critical part of a verbal presentation <ul><li>Volume - speak to be heard </li></ul><ul><li>Modulation - vary th...
3C. Eye Contact Look at each member of your audience <ul><li>Involvement </li></ul><ul><li>Trust/support </li></ul><ul><li...
3D. Breathing Breathing during presentation is different from normal breathing  <ul><li>Breathing deeper for </li></ul><ul...
Elements of an Oral Presentation <ul><li>Good visual aids </li></ul><ul><li>Logical sequence </li></ul>
Why we need visual aids ? <ul><li>crystallize ideas </li></ul><ul><li>keep speaker on track </li></ul><ul><li>generate int...
Visual Aid Rules <ul><li>Keep it simple </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize words </li></ul><ul><li>Use large fonts </li></ul><ul><...
Prepare a Presentation in a Logical Sequence <ul><li>Situation </li></ul><ul><li>Theme </li></ul><ul><li>Storyline </li></...
1. Situation Consider the audience carefully <ul><li>How big? </li></ul><ul><li>Who? </li></ul><ul><li>Level of knowledge?...
2.  Theme Define your theme in one short sentence   <ul><li>Be concise </li></ul><ul><li>Direct </li></ul>
3.  Storyline break down your theme into major parts Storylin e Theme Problem Definition Approach Findings Recommendation
4. Storyboard visualize the storyline into a storyboard Theme Problem  definition Approach Findings Recommendation
5. Master finalize the flow of the presentation <ul><li>Finalize data </li></ul><ul><li>Sketch all diagrams—clarity </li><...
6. Production <ul><li>Allow plenty of time for production </li></ul><ul><li>One key message per slide! </li></ul><ul><li>5...
7. Practice! Adequate rehearsal is essential for a good presentation <ul><li>Development of each visual </li></ul><ul><li>...
8. Evaluation <ul><li>After every presentation EVALUATE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Did the audience “get” the key points? </li>...
Conclusion <ul><li>Any professional can become an effective presenter. </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge is not enough. </li></u...
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Oral Presentation

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Oral Presentation

  1. 1. Oral Presentation Techniques
  2. 2. Oral Presentation Techniques: Objectives <ul><li>To introduce the key factors for successful presentation delivery </li></ul><ul><li>To prepare effective visual aids </li></ul><ul><li>To deliver successful presentations </li></ul><ul><li>To evaluate presentation delivery </li></ul>
  3. 3. 4 Key Factors for a Successful Presentation <ul><li>1. Timing </li></ul><ul><li>2. Attention span </li></ul><ul><li>3. Personal approach </li></ul><ul><li>4. Practice </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1. Timing Do not ramble on during a presentation Remember: One Minute per Slide as Guideline
  5. 5. 2. Attention Span: Audience attention fluctuates TIME Repeat key ideas Voice Jokes ATTENTION
  6. 6. 3. Personal Approach Personal features of the presenter can make or break presentation A. Gesture B. Voice C. Eye Contact D. Breathing
  7. 7. 3A. Gesture Important in non-verbal communication <ul><li>Emphasize points </li></ul><ul><li>Highlights </li></ul><ul><li>Audience attention </li></ul><ul><li>Vary gesture </li></ul><ul><li>Important   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>position of speaker </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>position of transparencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>not to much movement </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. 3B. Voice Critical part of a verbal presentation <ul><li>Volume - speak to be heard </li></ul><ul><li>Modulation - vary the voice </li></ul><ul><li>Pause - make emphasis with pause </li></ul>
  9. 9. 3C. Eye Contact Look at each member of your audience <ul><li>Involvement </li></ul><ul><li>Trust/support </li></ul><ul><li>Interest </li></ul><ul><li>Spontaneous reaction </li></ul>
  10. 10. 3D. Breathing Breathing during presentation is different from normal breathing <ul><li>Breathing deeper for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>volume </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>emphasis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Don't lose your breath or you will drown in mid-air </li></ul>
  11. 11. Elements of an Oral Presentation <ul><li>Good visual aids </li></ul><ul><li>Logical sequence </li></ul>
  12. 12. Why we need visual aids ? <ul><li>crystallize ideas </li></ul><ul><li>keep speaker on track </li></ul><ul><li>generate interest </li></ul><ul><li>help information retention </li></ul>Use visual aids to maximize the effectiveness of your presentation
  13. 13. Visual Aid Rules <ul><li>Keep it simple </li></ul><ul><li>Minimize words </li></ul><ul><li>Use large fonts </li></ul><ul><li>List key points </li></ul><ul><li>Use exact phrasing </li></ul><ul><li>Use color </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare handouts </li></ul>
  14. 14. Prepare a Presentation in a Logical Sequence <ul><li>Situation </li></ul><ul><li>Theme </li></ul><ul><li>Storyline </li></ul><ul><li>Storyboard </li></ul><ul><li>Master </li></ul><ul><li>Production </li></ul><ul><li>Practice </li></ul>
  15. 15. 1. Situation Consider the audience carefully <ul><li>How big? </li></ul><ul><li>Who? </li></ul><ul><li>Level of knowledge? </li></ul><ul><li>Level of interest? </li></ul><ul><li>Resistance? </li></ul><ul><li>Time? </li></ul>
  16. 16. 2. Theme Define your theme in one short sentence <ul><li>Be concise </li></ul><ul><li>Direct </li></ul>
  17. 17. 3. Storyline break down your theme into major parts Storylin e Theme Problem Definition Approach Findings Recommendation
  18. 18. 4. Storyboard visualize the storyline into a storyboard Theme Problem definition Approach Findings Recommendation
  19. 19. 5. Master finalize the flow of the presentation <ul><li>Finalize data </li></ul><ul><li>Sketch all diagrams—clarity </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Check for logic </li></ul><ul><li>Consultation </li></ul><ul><li>Rehearsal </li></ul>
  20. 20. 6. Production <ul><li>Allow plenty of time for production </li></ul><ul><li>One key message per slide! </li></ul><ul><li>5 rules when preparing visual aids: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Keep it simple </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Minimize words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3. List key points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4. Make letters large </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5. Use exact phrasing </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. 7. Practice! Adequate rehearsal is essential for a good presentation <ul><li>Development of each visual </li></ul><ul><li>Transition </li></ul><ul><li>Self-confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Timing </li></ul>Practice Makes Perfect
  22. 22. 8. Evaluation <ul><li>After every presentation EVALUATE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Did the audience “get” the key points? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Were the visual aids clear and useful? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Were the questions relevant? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When possible use written evaluations </li></ul>
  23. 23. Conclusion <ul><li>Any professional can become an effective presenter. </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge is not enough. </li></ul><ul><li>Being able to communicate is equally important. </li></ul><ul><li>Investing time and effort in improving presentation skills is “always rewarded”. </li></ul>

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