Cubism3

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Cubism3

  1. 1. Cubism Shu Wei 6 th Hour
  2. 2. What is Cubism? <ul><li>20th century avant-garde art movement </li></ul><ul><li>Cubist works are broken up, analyzed, and re-assembled </li></ul><ul><li>instead of depicting objects from one viewpoint, the artist depicts the subject from a multitude of viewpoints </li></ul>
  3. 3. Around that time… <ul><li>Einstein develops theory of special relativity </li></ul><ul><li>Einstein explains Brownian motion and the Photoelectric effect </li></ul><ul><li>Third Law of Thermodynamics by Walther Nernst </li></ul><ul><li>Max Planck develops Quantum Hypothesis in 1900 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Influences on Cubism <ul><li>African Tribal art </li></ul><ul><li>Cézanne </li></ul><ul><li>Gauguin </li></ul>
  5. 5. Cézanne - Bibémus quarry <ul><li>http://sammlung-online.museum-folkwang.de/eMuseumPlus?service = ExternalInterface&module = collection&objectId =3039&viewType= detailView </li></ul><ul><li>Break painted surface into small multifaceted areas of paint, emphasizing the plural viewpoint given by binocular vision </li></ul><ul><li>simplification of natural forms into cylinders, spheres, and cones. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Pablo Picasso <ul><li>First Cubist Painter – created Les Demoiselles d’Avignon </li></ul><ul><li>Worked with Georges Braque until 1914 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Les Demoiselles d’Avignon <ul><li>Often called the first Cubist painting </li></ul><ul><li>Angular and disjointed body shapes. </li></ul><ul><li>Flat, two-dimensional picture plane. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Cubism is Born <ul><li>French Art Critic Louis Vauxcelles coined term “Cubism” – Bizarre Cubiques </li></ul><ul><li>Ernst Gombrich - &quot;the most radical attempt to stamp out ambiguity and to enforce one reading of the picture—that of a man-made construction, a coloured canvas.&quot; </li></ul>
  9. 9. Analytic Cubism <ul><li>First phase of Cubism </li></ul><ul><li>1909-1912 </li></ul><ul><li>Monochrome brownish & neutral colors. </li></ul><ul><li>Took apart objects and “analyzed” them. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Portrait of Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler (1910) <ul><li>Kahnweiler -Picasso and Braque’s first art dealer </li></ul>
  11. 11. Georges Braque <ul><li>Took influences from Cézanne </li></ul><ul><li>Worked with Picasso until 1914 </li></ul><ul><li>Experiment with collage & papier-colle </li></ul><ul><li>Violin & Candlestick (1910) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Juan Gris <ul><li>Major Cubist Painter </li></ul><ul><li>“ Student” of Picasso </li></ul><ul><li>Painted with bright colors in the manner of Matisse </li></ul><ul><li>Portrait of Picasso (1912) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Hermetic (High) Cubism <ul><li>Part of Analytic Cubism </li></ul><ul><li>Painting so abstracted that subject becomes unidentifiable </li></ul><ul><li>Picasso – Still Life with a Bottle of Rum (1911) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Transition to Synthetic Cubism <ul><li>initiated by papiers collés – Glued paper </li></ul><ul><li>Construction process rather than the analytical process </li></ul><ul><li>Real-life materials represent “reality” better – closely connected to daily life. </li></ul><ul><li>Picasso – Three Musicians (1921) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Picasso-Still Life with Chair-Caning (1912)
  16. 16. Braque - Fruitdish with Glass (1912) <ul><li>Papier collé and charcoal on paper. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Gris – The Sunblind (1914)
  18. 18. Cubist Sculptures <ul><li>Developed in parallel with Cubist paintings. </li></ul><ul><li>1909-early 1920s </li></ul><ul><li>Style rooted in Cézanne's reduction of objects into planes and geometric solids </li></ul><ul><li>Major sculptors include Otto Gutfreund, Raymond Duchamp-Villon </li></ul>
  19. 19. Gutfreund – Cellist (1912)
  20. 20. Duchamp-Villon – The Large Horse (1914)
  21. 21. Legacy of Cubism <ul><li>Liberating formal concepts started by Cubism consequently influenced Dada and Surrealism </li></ul><ul><li>Influential to Artists pursuing abstraction in Europe, Russia, and America </li></ul>

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