CUBISMTHE FIRST FORM OF ABSTRACT ARTPICASSO AND BRAQUE WITH INFLUENCES FROM CÉZANNE
INFLUENCES ON CUBISM• Paul Cézanne changed styles and habits• Variations of tone and color• Geometric shapes: cylinder, sphere, cone• Varied approach while revisiting subjects• “My one and only master… Cézanne was like the father of us all”. -Pablo Picasso Large Bathers – Paul Cezanne – 1899-1906
INFLUENCES ON CUBISM• African art has influenced Fang Mask 56 – the many art movements Fang tribe• Motivated artists to create their own interpretations of what they saw• Themes adapted from African art• Distorted African masks Les Demoiselles influenced the earliest cubist d’Avignon – Pablo paintings. Picasso – 1907
INTRODUCTION TO CUBISMCubism is a form of Characteristics:abstract art which • Objects are shown fromemphasizes the two- multiple perspectives atdimensionality of the once.canvas. • Everything is portrayed with geometric shapes. The Guitar • It portrayed a “new Player – Pablo way of seeing,” which Picasso – 1910 infused observations and memories into paintings.
EARLY CUBISMLes Demoiselles d’Avignon – Viaduct at LEstaque – GeorgesPablo Picasso – 1907 Braque – 1908
ANALYTICAL CUBISM (Or, that period of cubism where it’s really hard to tell what anything is, and who the artist is.)Characteristics of Analytical Cubism:•Objects are “analyzed” from many perspectives.•Artist incorporates many (if not all) of theseperspectives in the painting itself.•The painting, instead of directly showing thesubject, “evokes a sense of the subject.”
Fruit Dish, Ace ofClubs – Georges Braque - 1913
Still Life With a Violin –Georges Braque – 1912
GUESS THE ARTIST!Ma Jolie – Pablo Picasso – 1911 Violin and Jug – Georges Braque – 1910
SYNTHETIC CUBISM (or, thank God, I can actually tell what I’m looking at in this painting!)Characteristics of Synthetic Cubism:•Objects are still drawn from multiple perspectives,BUT…•They are more discernable,•And they are more colorful.
Still Life With Mandolin and Guitar – Pablo Picasso - 1924
OTHER NOTABLES• Juan Gris is considered the “Third Musketeer” of Cubism• Fernand Léger painted World War II inspired Cubist paintings, which created social commentary of the time he lived in• Robert Delaunay spun off of Cubism with “orphism,” which is just cubism with more circles• Marcel Duchamp didn’t always paint, but when he did, he painted cubism.