J. Quigley2012THE ENVIRONMENT
Humans and the Environment We depend on the environment for food,  water, air, shelter, fuel and many other  resources. H...
Humans and the Environment
Humans and the Environment                10,000 years ago there                 was fewer than 10                 millio...
Humans and the Environment As the human population increases our impact on the  environment also increases Humans are a ...
Humans and the environment Humans are using more resources than our  ancestors did and eventually we will run out Earth ...
Resources             A resource is              anything that              can be used to              take care of a   ...
Renewable Resources                   Renewable                      resources are                      natural resources...
Renewable Resources                A renewable resource                 is either so large or so                 constant...
Renewable Resources                Examples:                  Wind energy                  Solar power                 ...
Nonrenewable Resources                Many resources we                 depend on are                 nonrenewable       ...
Nonrenewable Resources                Most of our energy                 comes from fossil fuels,                 which a...
The Environment and Health                Pollution and habitat                 destruction destroy the                 r...
Environmental Issues Air Pollution Global Warming Water Pollution Soil Damage Ecosystem Disruption
Environmental Issues                Air Pollution: causes                 respiratory problems                 for people...
Environmental Issues                    Acid Rain:                       Caused by air                       pollution, i...
Environmental Issues                    Global Warming:                     The gradual                     increase of t...
Environmental Issues When it is hot outside, the inside of your car  gets REALLY hot… why? The Greenhouse  Effect The gr...
Environmental Issues Effects of Global Warming:   Ice sheets over Antarctica and Greenland have already      started to ...
Environmental Issues                   Water Pollution                       can come from                       fertiliz...
Environmental Issues                  When water is                   polluted it gets into                   the land an...
Environmental Issues                Soil is important for                 farming and making                 food        ...
Environmental Issues                Soil Erosion: destroys                 fertile soil that we need                 in o...
Environmental Issues                Soil Conservation:                 sustainable agricultural                 practices...
Environmental Issues Ecosystem Disruption can result in the loss of  biodiversity, food supplies, potential cures for  di...
Environmental Issues                Over the past 50 years                 about half of the                 world’s trop...
Environmental Issues                    Habitat                       destruction                       causes more      ...
Environmental Issues Ecosystem disruption decreases the number of  Earth’s species. Biodiversity affects the stability  o...
Environmental Issues  Invasive Species    Humans have affected ecosystems by introducing plants     or animals to an are...
Environmental Issues                Extinction: the death of                 every member of a                 species   ...
Environmental SOLUTIONS!!                    CONSERVATION:                     Protecting                     existing na...
Environmental SOLUTIONS!!                REDUCE: cutting back an                 the amount of energy                 you...
Environmental SOLUTIONS!!                REUSE: reusing goods                 saves both money and                 resour...
Environmental SOLUTIONS!!                RECYCLE: the process of                 recovering valuable or                 u...
Environmental SOLUTIONS!! Research and technology can help protect our  environment by providing cleaner energy sources, ...
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Transcript of "The environment"

  1. 1. J. Quigley2012THE ENVIRONMENT
  2. 2. Humans and the Environment We depend on the environment for food, water, air, shelter, fuel and many other resources. However, human actions can affect the quality and availability of these important resources. The study of the impact of humans on the environment is called environmental science
  3. 3. Humans and the Environment
  4. 4. Humans and the Environment  10,000 years ago there was fewer than 10 million people and today there are over 6 billion people on the planet
  5. 5. Humans and the Environment As the human population increases our impact on the environment also increases Humans are a part of the environment and can strongly affect the resilience of the environment
  6. 6. Humans and the environment Humans are using more resources than our ancestors did and eventually we will run out Earth is an interconnected planet: we depend on the environment and the environment is affected by our actions. Learning about the connectedness helps us care about the environment and help ensure that the environment will continue to support us and other species on earth
  7. 7. Resources  A resource is anything that can be used to take care of a need  Resources are either: renewable or nonrenewable
  8. 8. Renewable Resources  Renewable resources are natural resources that can be replaced at the same rate with which they are consumed.
  9. 9. Renewable Resources  A renewable resource is either so large or so constantly renewed that it will never be used up.  However a resource can be renewable but still used up if it is used faster than it can be replaced.
  10. 10. Renewable Resources  Examples:  Wind energy  Solar power  Fresh water  Trees
  11. 11. Nonrenewable Resources  Many resources we depend on are nonrenewable  Nonrenewable resources are resources that form at a rate that is much slower than the rate at which they are consumed
  12. 12. Nonrenewable Resources  Most of our energy comes from fossil fuels, which are a nonrenewable energy resource that formed from the remains of organisms that lived long ago and take millions of years to form  Coal, oil and natural gas
  13. 13. The Environment and Health  Pollution and habitat destruction destroy the resources we need to live, such as the air we breathe, the water we drink and the food we eat.  Pollution can cause: headaches, sore throats, nausea, and respiratory infections
  14. 14. Environmental Issues Air Pollution Global Warming Water Pollution Soil Damage Ecosystem Disruption
  15. 15. Environmental Issues  Air Pollution: causes respiratory problems for people, results in acid rain, damages the ozone layer and may affect global temperature
  16. 16. Environmental Issues  Acid Rain: Caused by air pollution, it is precipitation that has an unusually high concentration of sulfuric or nitric acid. It ruins forests and lakes
  17. 17. Environmental Issues  Global Warming: The gradual increase of the average global temperature  Caused by pollution which damages the ozone layer and lets in more UV rays
  18. 18. Environmental Issues When it is hot outside, the inside of your car gets REALLY hot… why? The Greenhouse Effect The greenhouse effect is the warming of the surface and lower atmosphere of the earth that happens when greenhouse gases (CO2 and H2O) absorb and reradiate heat Burning of fossil fuels increases the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere, which causes an increase in global temperatures
  19. 19. Environmental Issues Effects of Global Warming:  Ice sheets over Antarctica and Greenland have already started to melt. Which can cause flooding on all the coasts around the world  Global weather patterns are affected. More hurricanes and typhoons because of warmer weather  Droughts will become more frequent with warmer weather destroying crops  Equilibrium in ecosystems will be affected  Migration patters of some birds are already starting to change
  20. 20. Environmental Issues  Water Pollution can come from fertilizers and pesticides used in agriculture, livestock farms, industrial waste, runoff from roads, septic tanks and unlined landfills
  21. 21. Environmental Issues  When water is polluted it gets into the land and into rivers. Aquatic habitats and public water sources get contaminated  It can also affect ecosystems and cause animals/people to get sick
  22. 22. Environmental Issues  Soil is important for farming and making food  Fertile (good) soil comes from a thousand or more years of breaking down rocks, remains of dead organisms and bacteria
  23. 23. Environmental Issues  Soil Erosion: destroys fertile soil that we need in order to produce food  Soil is eroded by transporting materials, wind and water.  When vegetation is removed (like in clear cutting) the rain washes away all the good soil!
  24. 24. Environmental Issues  Soil Conservation: sustainable agricultural practices help conserve fertile soil. The following practices help conserve soil:  Cover crops  Crop rotation  Contour plowing
  25. 25. Environmental Issues Ecosystem Disruption can result in the loss of biodiversity, food supplies, potential cures for diseases and the balance of ecosystems that supports all life on earth
  26. 26. Environmental Issues  Over the past 50 years about half of the world’s tropical rain forest have been cut down or burned for timber, pastureland or farmland, this is called deforestation  Deforestation destroys those habitats
  27. 27. Environmental Issues  Habitat destruction causes more animal death, extinction and loss of biodiversity than any other human activity
  28. 28. Environmental Issues Ecosystem disruption decreases the number of Earth’s species. Biodiversity affects the stability of ecosystems and the sustainability of populations. Biodiversity is the variety of organisms in a given area. Every species plays an important role in cycling of energy and nutrients in an ecosystem. Each species depends on or is depended on by at least one other species… When a single species disappears, a strand of the food web disappears… it causes catastrophic problems!
  29. 29. Environmental Issues  Invasive Species  Humans have affected ecosystems by introducing plants or animals to an area that is not that organisms natural place to be.  This causes organisms that naturally live in that area to die out or to compete for resources
  30. 30. Environmental Issues  Extinction: the death of every member of a species  There are many species on the edge of extinction… this happens because of loss of habitat, pollution, deforestation…
  31. 31. Environmental SOLUTIONS!!  CONSERVATION: Protecting existing natural habitats  RESTORATION: Cleaning up and fixing damaged habitats
  32. 32. Environmental SOLUTIONS!!  REDUCE: cutting back an the amount of energy you use and the amount of waster that you produce  Turn off water when you brush your teeth  Turn off the lights when you leave  Walk or bike instead of driving  Cloth napkins and glass plates instead of paper
  33. 33. Environmental SOLUTIONS!!  REUSE: reusing goods saves both money and resources.  Buy a water bottle instead of throwing away plastic bottles  Bring your own silverware instead of using plastic forks  Use garage sale and resale shops for clothes or home goods
  34. 34. Environmental SOLUTIONS!!  RECYCLE: the process of recovering valuable or useful materials from waste or scrap  Plastic  Paper  Batteries  Glass  Styrofoam  Water  Metal  Technology: phones, computers…
  35. 35. Environmental SOLUTIONS!! Research and technology can help protect our environment by providing cleaner energy sources, better ways to deal with waste and improved methods for cleaning up pollution Education makes people more aware of environmental issues. Education also shows people how they can help address each issue. Expressing support or advocating for efforts to protect the environment can help get more people involved in these efforts Careful planning for the future can help us avoid damaging the environment and can help us solve the environmental issues that we face.
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