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A Survey of Prehistoric Man
1. What are the origins of
humanity?
2. Why do humans depend
on technology?
3. What are the elements
of civilization?
Photo by Federico Aranda
Used with Permission
Photo by Le Grand Portage
’
Photo by arbuford24
• Discovered in 1974 in
Ethiopia
• Named after a then-
popular song by the
Beatles
Photo by Tadias Magazine
Photo by cclark395
Is this the
to our
Photo by stevendepolo
Photo by NCSSMphotos
Photo by NCSSMphotos
Gorilla Homo erectus
Neanderthal Modern Human
Comparing
Skulls
Contrast the
gorilla skull with
the modern
human skull.
Whi...
What is human-like?
What isn’t?
Photo by Tim Evanson
Chimpanzee 97.8
Lucy 84.6
Humans 71.8
by biologycorner
Human… but not quite.
Scientific
Name
Homo
erectus
Neanderthal
Homo
sapiens
Meaning “Upright Man” “Neanderthal Man” “Wise Man”
Extinction?
400,0...
Modern Human Skull Photo by NCSSMphotos
Imagine humanity without the benefit
of any tools or technology. What
would happen to our species if we had
to fend for ou...
Some rights reserved by Dunechaser
(Forethought)
Some rights reserved by Peter Fasano
(Afterthought)
Some rights reserved by Peter Fasano
Photo by matthewvenn
The most important technology
Photo by NCSSMphotos
Scientific
Name
Homo
erectus
Neanderthal
Homo
sapiens
Meaning “Upright Man” “Neanderthal Man” “Wise Man”
Extinction?
400,0...
500,000 – 30,000 years ago?
Named for fossils found in
Germany’s Neander Valley
SUPERPREDATORS
Evidence of Ritual
http://w...
Modern Human Photo by NCSSMphotos
Scientific
Name
Homo
erectus
Neanderthal
Homo
sapiens
Meaning “Upright Man” “Neanderthal Man” “Wise Man”
Extinction?
400,0...
c. 40,000 years ago - Present
Cro-Magnon Rock Shelter
(France)
Early Modern Humans
(same as us)
Intelligent
Artistic
Photo...
Some rights reserved by moosa_khan
Some rights reserved by Matt Peoples
Some rights reserved by floodllama
Paleolithic Mesolithic Neolithic
Μέσος (mesos) “middle”
+ λίθος (lithos) “stone”
νέος (neos) “new”
+ λίθος (lithos) “stone...
Some rights reserved
by thenext28days
Lascaux
(France)
c. 15,000 B.C.
Art History PowerPoint Resource
http://iris.nyit.edu/arthistory/pptshows.html
Art History PowerPoint Resource
http://iris.nyit.edu/arthistory/pptshows.html
Art History PowerPoint Resource
http://iris.nyit.edu/arthistory/pptshows.html
Bison reliefs
(Ariége, France)
ca. 15,000-10,000 B.C.
each approximately 2 feet long
Art History PowerPoint Resource
http:...
Art History PowerPoint Resource
http://iris.nyit.edu/arthistory/pptshows.html
Altamira Cave paintings
Santander, Spain
ca....
Evidence of religion
or just of free time?
Venus of Willendorf
(Willendorf, Austria)
c. 25,000 B.C.
Art History PowerPoint...
Photo by rapettif
Paleolithic Mesolithic Neolithic
Παλαιός (palaios) “old”
+ λίθος (lithos) “stone”
νέος (neos) “new”
+ λίθος (lithos) “ston...
Agriculture
Settled Communities
Paleolithic Mesolithic Neolithic
Παλαιός (palaios) “old”
+ λίθος (lithos) “stone”
Μέσος (mesos) “middle”
+ λίθος (lithos) ...
Some Rights Reserved by Ziggurat
A Neolithic City in Modern-day Turkey
Some Rights Reserved by Ziggurat
Some rights reserved by Dr._Colleen_Morgan
Uncovering the Past
Deer Hunt
detail of a wall painting
from Level III
Çatal Höyük,Turkey ca. 5,750 B.C.E.
Art History PowerPoint Resource
htt...
“Mother Goddess” Style
What is uniquely
about this sculpture?
Some Rights Reserved by Roweromaniak
Some rights reserved by zamito44
based on evidence
An Aerial View
Image Source: http://alfredojunior.wordpress.com/tag/catal-huyuk/
Paleolithic Mesolithic Neolithic
Until around 10,000 B.C. Around 10,000 B.C.
Hunting and Gathering
Hunting, Gathering, and...
Are we there, yet???
© Bobby-Joe Henson – Used with Permission
Chief Norse God
Photo by Elias
Schwerdtfeger
The Vikings
believed that the
runes had magical
powers.
Why?
Norse Writing
I know I hung
on the windswept Tree
through nine days and nights
I was struck with a spear
and given to Odin,
myself given...
Hominids and the Stone Age
Hominids and the Stone Age
Hominids and the Stone Age
Hominids and the Stone Age
Hominids and the Stone Age
Hominids and the Stone Age
Hominids and the Stone Age
Hominids and the Stone Age
Hominids and the Stone Age
Hominids and the Stone Age
Hominids and the Stone Age
Hominids and the Stone Age
Hominids and the Stone Age
Hominids and the Stone Age
Hominids and the Stone Age
Hominids and the Stone Age
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Hominids and the Stone Age

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An introduction to hominids and prehistoric humans, complete with a graphic organizer contrasting hominids and the Paleolithic, Mesolithic, and Neolithic eras.

For more instructional materials, visit www.tomrichey.net!

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  • Transcript of "Hominids and the Stone Age"

    1. 1. A Survey of Prehistoric Man
    2. 2. 1. What are the origins of humanity? 2. Why do humans depend on technology? 3. What are the elements of civilization?
    3. 3. Photo by Federico Aranda Used with Permission
    4. 4. Photo by Le Grand Portage
    5. 5. ’ Photo by arbuford24
    6. 6. • Discovered in 1974 in Ethiopia • Named after a then- popular song by the Beatles Photo by Tadias Magazine
    7. 7. Photo by cclark395
    8. 8. Is this the to our Photo by stevendepolo
    9. 9. Photo by NCSSMphotos
    10. 10. Photo by NCSSMphotos
    11. 11. Gorilla Homo erectus Neanderthal Modern Human Comparing Skulls Contrast the gorilla skull with the modern human skull. Which hominid had the largest brain?
    12. 12. What is human-like? What isn’t? Photo by Tim Evanson
    13. 13. Chimpanzee 97.8 Lucy 84.6 Humans 71.8 by biologycorner
    14. 14. Human… but not quite.
    15. 15. Scientific Name Homo erectus Neanderthal Homo sapiens Meaning “Upright Man” “Neanderthal Man” “Wise Man” Extinction? 400,000 years ago? 24,500 yrs ago Still Living Technology And Lifestyle Large Brains Careful Burial Speech Stone-Tipped Spears Antler-tipped spears (throwing) Cave Paintings Graphic Organizer NOTE: The information on this chart represents the hypotheses of scientists based on available fossil evidence. Whether you find the evidence credible is up to you. Walk Upright Control Fire Cook Food
    16. 16. Modern Human Skull Photo by NCSSMphotos
    17. 17. Imagine humanity without the benefit of any tools or technology. What would happen to our species if we had to fend for ourselves using nothing but our hands?
    18. 18. Some rights reserved by Dunechaser
    19. 19. (Forethought) Some rights reserved by Peter Fasano
    20. 20. (Afterthought) Some rights reserved by Peter Fasano
    21. 21. Photo by matthewvenn The most important technology
    22. 22. Photo by NCSSMphotos
    23. 23. Scientific Name Homo erectus Neanderthal Homo sapiens Meaning “Upright Man” “Neanderthal Man” “Wise Man” Extinction? 400,000 years ago? 24,500 yrs ago Still Living Technology And Lifestyle Walk Upright Control Fire Predator Cook Food Antler-tipped spears (throwing) Cave Paintings NOTE: The information on this chart represents the hypotheses of scientists based on available fossil evidence. Whether you find the evidence credible is up to you. Large Brains Speech Stone-Tipped Spears Careful Burial Graphic Organizer
    24. 24. 500,000 – 30,000 years ago? Named for fossils found in Germany’s Neander Valley SUPERPREDATORS Evidence of Ritual http://www.thehindu.com/sci- tech/science/article78778.ece
    25. 25. Modern Human Photo by NCSSMphotos
    26. 26. Scientific Name Homo erectus Neanderthal Homo sapiens Meaning “Upright Man” “Neanderthal Man” “Wise Man” Extinction? 400,000 years ago? 24,500 yrs ago Still Living Technology And Lifestyle Walk Upright Control Fire Predator Cook Food Large Brains Careful Burial Speech Stone-Tipped Spears Antler-tipped spears (throwing) Cave Paintings NOTE: The information on this chart represents the hypotheses of scientists based on available fossil evidence. Whether you find the evidence credible is up to you. Graphic Organizer
    27. 27. c. 40,000 years ago - Present Cro-Magnon Rock Shelter (France) Early Modern Humans (same as us) Intelligent Artistic Photo by NCSSMphotos
    28. 28. Some rights reserved by moosa_khan
    29. 29. Some rights reserved by Matt Peoples
    30. 30. Some rights reserved by floodllama
    31. 31. Paleolithic Mesolithic Neolithic Μέσος (mesos) “middle” + λίθος (lithos) “stone” νέος (neos) “new” + λίθος (lithos) “stone” “Middle Stone Age” “New Stone Age” Around 10,000 B.C. 10,000 B.C. - 4,000 B.C. Hunting, Gathering, and Fishing Agriculture Nomadic Settled Communities Domestication of Dogs Canoes Domestication of Livestock (cattle, sheep, goats, pigs) Παλαιός (palaios) “old” + λίθος (lithos) “stone” “Old Stone Age” Until around 10,000 B.C. Hunting & Gathering Nomadic Cave Art Venus Figurines
    32. 32. Some rights reserved by thenext28days
    33. 33. Lascaux (France) c. 15,000 B.C.
    34. 34. Art History PowerPoint Resource http://iris.nyit.edu/arthistory/pptshows.html
    35. 35. Art History PowerPoint Resource http://iris.nyit.edu/arthistory/pptshows.html
    36. 36. Art History PowerPoint Resource http://iris.nyit.edu/arthistory/pptshows.html
    37. 37. Bison reliefs (Ariége, France) ca. 15,000-10,000 B.C. each approximately 2 feet long Art History PowerPoint Resource http://iris.nyit.edu/arthistory/pptshows.html
    38. 38. Chauvet Cave paintings Vallon-Pont-d’Arc, Ardèche, France ca. 30,000-28,000 B.C. Art History PowerPoint Resource http://iris.nyit.edu/arthistory/pptshows.html
    39. 39. Art History PowerPoint Resource http://iris.nyit.edu/arthistory/pptshows.html Altamira Cave paintings Santander, Spain ca. 12,000-11,000 B.C.E.
    40. 40. Evidence of religion or just of free time? Venus of Willendorf (Willendorf, Austria) c. 25,000 B.C. Art History PowerPoint Resource: http://iris.nyit.edu/arthistory/pptshows.html
    41. 41. Photo by rapettif
    42. 42. Paleolithic Mesolithic Neolithic Παλαιός (palaios) “old” + λίθος (lithos) “stone” νέος (neos) “new” + λίθος (lithos) “stone” “Old Stone Age” “New Stone Age” Until around 10,000 B.C. 10,000 B.C. - 4,000 B.C. Hunting and Gathering Agriculture Nomadic Settled Communities Cave Art Venus Figurines Domestication of Livestock (cattle, sheep, goats, pigs) Around 10,000 B.C. Hunting, Gathering, and Fishing Nomadic Domestication of Dogs Canoes Μέσος (mesos) “middle” + λίθος (lithos) “stone” “Middle Stone Age”
    43. 43. Agriculture Settled Communities
    44. 44. Paleolithic Mesolithic Neolithic Παλαιός (palaios) “old” + λίθος (lithos) “stone” Μέσος (mesos) “middle” + λίθος (lithos) “stone” “Old Stone Age” “Middle Stone Age” Until around 10,000 B.C. Around 10,000 B.C. Hunting and Gathering Hunting, Gathering, and Fishing Nomadic Nomadic Cave Art Venus Figurines Domestication of Dogs Canoes c. 10,000 – 4,000 B.C. Agriculture Settled Communities Domestication of Livestock (cattle, sheep, goats, pigs) νέος (neos) “new” + λίθος (lithos) “stone” “New Stone Age”
    45. 45. Some Rights Reserved by Ziggurat A Neolithic City in Modern-day Turkey
    46. 46. Some Rights Reserved by Ziggurat
    47. 47. Some rights reserved by Dr._Colleen_Morgan Uncovering the Past
    48. 48. Deer Hunt detail of a wall painting from Level III Çatal Höyük,Turkey ca. 5,750 B.C.E. Art History PowerPoint Resource http://iris.nyit.edu/arthistory/pptshows.html
    49. 49. “Mother Goddess” Style What is uniquely about this sculpture? Some Rights Reserved by Roweromaniak
    50. 50. Some rights reserved by zamito44 based on evidence
    51. 51. An Aerial View Image Source: http://alfredojunior.wordpress.com/tag/catal-huyuk/
    52. 52. Paleolithic Mesolithic Neolithic Until around 10,000 B.C. Around 10,000 B.C. Hunting and Gathering Hunting, Gathering, and Fishing Nomadic Nomadic Cave Art Venus Figurines Domestication of Dogs Canoes c. 10,000 – 4,000 B.C. Agriculture Settled Communities Domestication of Livestock (cattle, sheep, goats, pigs) νέος (neos) “new” + λίθος (lithos) “stone” “New Stone Age” Μέσος (mesos) “middle” + λίθος (lithos) “stone” “Middle Stone Age” Παλαιός (palaios) “old” + λίθος (lithos) “stone” “Old Stone Age”
    53. 53. Are we there, yet??? © Bobby-Joe Henson – Used with Permission
    54. 54. Chief Norse God Photo by Elias Schwerdtfeger
    55. 55. The Vikings believed that the runes had magical powers. Why? Norse Writing
    56. 56. I know I hung on the windswept Tree through nine days and nights I was struck with a spear and given to Odin, myself given to myself They helped me neither by meat nor drink I peered downward, I took up the runes, screaming, I took them - then I fell back. -- Poetic Edda

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