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Origin ofhumans3

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Origin ofhumans3

  1. 1. The Origin <br />of Humans<br />
  2. 2. The First Humans<br />Theories on prehistory and early man constantly change as new evidence comes to light. - Louis Leakey, British paleoanthropologist<br />
  3. 3. Geologic Time<br />Earth – 4.5-6 Billion Years old<br />Carbon Dating – When things die they stop absorbing carbon<br />Uranium Dating – Can date things much older than carbon<br />
  4. 4. Geologic Time<br />1 Billion Years ago – First life<br />65 million years ago – Dinos lived<br />4 million years ago – First “human like” creatures – Lucy<br />1,750,000 First Human – “Cavemen”<br />6,000 years ago first civilization<br />
  5. 5. Early Discoveries<br />
  6. 6. Stages of Early<br />Human Development<br />1. 4,000,000 BC – 1,000,000 BC<br />Paleolithic Age:( Old Stone Age )<br />2,500,000 BC to 8,000 BC<br />2. 1,500,000 BC -- 250,000 BC<br />3. 250,000 BC – 30,000 BC<br />4. 30,000 BC -- 10,000 BC<br />
  7. 7. STAGES OFDEVELOPMENT<br />1. Australopithecus – “Lucy”<br />4 Million years ago<br />Early Hominid – 4 ft tall<br />2. Homo Habilis – Human with abilities<br />1.5 million years ago<br />3. Homo Erectus – Walks Upright<br />4. Homo Sapien – Person who thinks<br />
  8. 8. Stage 1<br />4,000,000 BC – 1,000,000 BC<br /><ul><li>Hominids --> any member of the family of two-legged primates that includes all humans.
  9. 9. Australopithecines
  10. 10. An Apposable Thumb</li></ul>“Lucy” – Oldest found<br />
  11. 11. Stage 2<br /><ul><li>HOMO HABILIS( “Man of Skills” )
  12. 12. found in East Africa.
  13. 13. created stone tools.</li></li></ul><li>The Paleolithic Age<br /><ul><li>“Paleolithic”--> “Old Stone” Age
  14. 14. 2,500,000 BC – 10,000 BC
  15. 15. Made tools
  16. 16. hunting (men) & gathering (women) --> small bands of 20-30 humans
  17. 17. NOMADIC (moving from place to place)</li></li></ul><li>The Paleolithic Age<br /><ul><li>Humans during this period found shelter in caves.
  18. 18. Cave paintings left behind. </li></ul>Purpose??<br />
  19. 19. Stage 3<br />1,6000,000 BC – 30,000 BC<br /><ul><li>HOMO ERECTUS ( “Upright Human Being” )
  20. 20. BIPEDALISM
  21. 21. Larger and more varied tools --> primitive technology
  22. 22. First hominid to migrate and leave Africa for Europe and Asia.
  23. 23. First to use fire ( 500,000 BC )</li></li></ul><li>Differing Human Migration Theories<br />Are we all Africans “under the skin”????<br />
  24. 24. Stage 4<br />200,000 BC – 10,000 BC<br />HOMO SAPIENS( “Wise Human Being” )<br />Neanderthals( 200,000 BC – 30,000 BC )<br />Cro-Magnons( 40,000 BC – 10,000 BC )<br />“Ice Man”<br />
  25. 25. Stage 4<br />NEANDERTHALS:<br /><ul><li>Neander Valley, Germany (1856)
  26. 26. First humans to bury their dead.
  27. 27. Made clothes from animal skins.
  28. 28. Lived in caves and tents.</li></li></ul><li>Stage 4<br />NEANDERTHALS<br />Early Hut/Tent<br />
  29. 29. Stage 4<br />CRO-MAGNONs:<br /><ul><li>Homo sapiens sapiens( “Wise, wise human” )
  30. 30. By 30,000 BCE they replaced Neanderthals.</li></ul>WHY???<br />
  31. 31. Homo sapiens in Europe<br />
  32. 32. The Last Ice Age<br />70,000 BC – 10,000 BC<br />
  33. 33. The Neolithic Age<br /><ul><li>“Neolithic” --> “New Stone” Age
  34. 34. 10,000 BC – 4,000 BC
  35. 35. Gradual shift from:</li></ul>Nomadic lifestyle--> settled, stationery lifestyle.<br />Hunting/Gathering --> agricultural production and domestication of animals.<br />*Jewelry worn<br />
  36. 36. The Agricultural Revolution<br /><ul><li>8,000 BC – 5,000 BC
  37. 37. Agriculture developed independently in different parts of the world.
  38. 38. Shift from food gathering to food production</li></ul>Middle East India Central America China Southeast Asia<br />8,000 BC 7,000 BC 6,500 BC 6,000 BC 5,000 BC<br />
  39. 39. AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION<br />Domestication – adaptation of plants and animals for use. (crops, pigs, cattle, goats)<br />Used ashes, fish and manure for fertilization<br />People’s diets improved with domestication <br />Will eventually be too much of a good thing.<br />
  40. 40.
  41. 41. The Agricultural Revolution<br />?<br />?<br />Development <br />of Agriculture<br />?<br />?<br />
  42. 42. The Agricultural Revolution<br />Why do you think the development of agriculture occurred around the same time in several different places?<br />
  43. 43. The Agricultural Revolution<br />Why do some archaeologists believe that women were the first farmers?<br />
  44. 44. Early Settled Communities<br /><ul><li>Growing crops on a regular basis made possible the support of larger populations.
  45. 45. More permanent, settled communities emerged.
  46. 46. 9,000 BCE --> Earliest Agricultural Settlement at JARMO( northern Iraq ) -->wheat</li></li></ul><li>Early Settled Communities<br /><ul><li>8,000 BC --> Largest Early Settlement atÇatal Hüyük( Modern Turkey ) --> 6,000 inhabitants
  47. 47. 12 cultivated crops
  48. 48. Division of labor
  49. 49. Engaged in trade
  50. 50. Organized religion</li></ul>An obsidian dagger<br /><ul><li>Small military</li></li></ul><li>Early Settled Communities<br />Çatal Hüyük<br />
  51. 51. The Agricultural Revolution<br />What role did the food supply play in shaping the nomadic life of hunter-gatherers and the settled life of the farmers?<br />
  52. 52. Why is the <br />"Neolithic Revolution" <br />a turning point <br />in human history??<br />
  53. 53. What is the<br />next step in the <br />development of<br />human settlements??<br />
  54. 54. CITIES !<br />CIVILIZATIONS !!<br />
  55. 55. What are the<br />characteristics<br />of a civilization??<br />
  56. 56. Advanced<br />Cities<br />Advanced<br />Technology<br />CIVILIZATION<br />Specialized<br />Workers<br />Record-<br />Keeping<br />Complex<br />Institutions<br />

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