16. common heart problems


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16. common heart problems

  1. 1. Lychelle Morco CN- 20 Elizabeth Tan CN- 23 COMMON HEART PROBLEMS
  2. 2. “ Heart problems” <ul><li>Heart disease, cardiac disease or cardiopathy is an umbrella term for a variety of diseases affecting the heart. </li></ul><ul><li>As of 2007, it is the leading cause of death in the United States, England, Canada and Wales, accounting for 25.4% of the total deaths in the United States. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Coronary heart disease <ul><li>Coronary heart disease refers to the failure of the coronary circulation to supply adequate circulation to cardiac muscle and surrounding tissue. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Cause <ul><li>Coronary heart disease is caused by the buildup of plaque in the arteries to your heart. This may also be called hardening of the arteries . </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>-Fatty material and other substances form a plaque build-up on the walls of your coronary arteries. The coronary arteries bring blood and oxygen to your heart. </li></ul><ul><li>-This buildup causes the arteries to get narrow. </li></ul><ul><li>-As a result, blood flow to the heart can slow down or stop. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Risk of coronary heart disease <ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>High blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>High cholesterol </li></ul><ul><li>Smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Overweight </li></ul><ul><li>Not exercising and feeling depressed </li></ul>
  7. 7. Symptoms of coronary heart disease <ul><li>Chest pain or discomfort ( angina ) is the most common symptom. You feel this pain when the heart is not getting enough blood or oxygen. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Women, elderly people, and people with diabetes are more likely to have symptoms other than chest pain, such as: <ul><li>*Fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>*Shortness of breath </li></ul><ul><li>*Weakness </li></ul>
  9. 9. Inflammatory heart disease <ul><li>Inflammatory heart disease pertains to inflammation of the heart muscles because of an infection that develops from a bacteria or virus or from an internal peculiarity. </li></ul><ul><li>The condition may be classified as either myocarditis, pericarditis or endocarditis. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Types of inflammatory heart disease <ul><li>Myocarditis </li></ul><ul><li>Myocarditis describes any inflammation that occurs within the heart muscle. It is induced by various infections which will include viruses like sarcoidosis, and distinct immune diseases. The most prevalent form of infection is the viral kind that assaults the heart muscle resulting in local inflammation. </li></ul>
  11. 11. SYMPTOMS <ul><li>Pain in the chest </li></ul><ul><li>Shortnass of breathe </li></ul><ul><li>swelling of feet and ankles </li></ul><ul><li>fatigue </li></ul>
  12. 12. Pericarditis <ul><li>Pericarditis is a disease that causes inflammation of the pericardium. The pericardium is the fluid sac that envelopes the heart. It provides lubrication to the heart thus decreasing friction during activity and also firmly secures the heart to the surrounding walls within the cavity. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Symptoms <ul><li>Chest pain </li></ul><ul><li>Mild fever </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Coughing </li></ul><ul><li>Hiccups </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle aches </li></ul>
  14. 14. Endocarditis <ul><li>Endocarditis is induced by an infection of the endocardium or inner lining of the heart resulting in pronounced inflammation. </li></ul><ul><li>endocardium-innermost layer of tissue that lines the chambers of the </li></ul>
  15. 15. Sympyoms of the endocarditis <ul><li>sudden weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Muscular pain </li></ul><ul><li>Fever and chills </li></ul><ul><li>Constant coughing </li></ul><ul><li>Blood in the urine </li></ul><ul><li>Swelling of the feet and abdomen </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Pale complexion </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Visible purple or red spots exhibited in the mouth on the skin or on the whites of the eyes </li></ul>
  16. 16. Heart Failure <ul><li>Heart failure is a condition in which the heart can no longer pump enough blood to the rest of the body. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Cause <ul><li>common cause of heart failure is coronary artery disease (CAD), a narrowing of the small blood vessels that supply blood and oxygen to the heart </li></ul>
  18. 18. Symptoms <ul><li>Cough </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of appetite </li></ul><ul><li>Pulse that feels irregular </li></ul><ul><li>Swollen liver, feet , and ankles </li></ul><ul><li>Weight gain </li></ul>
  19. 19. Valvular heart disease <ul><li>Valvular heart disease is any disease process involving one or more of the valves of the heart </li></ul>
  20. 20. Cause
  21. 21. Cardiomyopathy <ul><li>Heart muscle disease </li></ul><ul><li>he deterioration of the function of the myocardium (the actual heart muscle) </li></ul>
  22. 22. Possible Causes <ul><li>* Long-term high blood pressure </li></ul><ul><li>* Heart valve problems </li></ul><ul><li>* Heart tissue damage from a previous heart attack </li></ul><ul><li>* Chronic rapid heart rate </li></ul><ul><li>* Metabolic disorders, such as thyroid disease or diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>* Excessive use of alcohol over many years </li></ul>
  23. 23. Cardio Vascular Disease <ul><li>cardiovascular disease are the class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels (arteries and veins) </li></ul><ul><li>Also called heart disease </li></ul>
  24. 24. The End!!!