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Development Psych
Development Psych
Development Psych
Development Psych
Development Psych
Development Psych
Development Psych
Development Psych
Development Psych
Development Psych
Development Psych
Development Psych
Development Psych
Development Psych
Development Psych
Development Psych
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Development Psych

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  1. Moral Development • Lawrence Kohlberg (1927-1987) presented moral dilemmas and analyzed responses • Preconventional – Behavior guided by punishments and rewards • Conventional – Standards learned from parents and society • Postconventional – Standards of society and abstract principles (personal moral code)
  2. Moral Development Evaluating Kohlberg: Moral Reasoning ≠ Moral Behavior What we say and do are not always consistent
  3. Parenting Styles
  4. Parenting Styles
  5. Parenting Styles • Authoritarian – Parents are controlling and punitive – Correlated with lack of initiative, poor communication skills, social incompetence • Authoritative – Parents encourage independence with limits – Correlated with social competence, social responsibility, and self- control • Neglectful – Parents are generally uninvolved – Correlated with less social incompetence and poor self-control • Indulgent – Parents are involved, but place few limits – Correlated with poor social competence, lack of respect for others, poor self-control
  6. ADOLESCENCE, ADULTHOOD, AND AGING
  7. Adolescence • Transition from childhood to adulthood • Balance positive and negative aspects • Marked by the search for identity • Roughly 75% are happy, enjoy life, believe they can cope effectively with stress, and value school and work
  8. Adolescence (Cognitive) • Piaget’s Formal Operational Stage – Abstract, idealistic, and logical thought – Hypothetical-deductive reasoning • Adolescent Egocentrism – The belief that others are as preoccupied with the adolescent as he or she is – Sense of uniqueness – Sense of invincibility  risky behaviors
  9. Socioemotional Development • Erikson: Psychosocial Development – Stage 5: Identity versus identity confusion • James Marcia’s Four Identity Statuses Exploration and Commitment – Identity diffusion • (no exploration; no commitment) – Identity foreclosure • (commitment without exploration) – Identity moratorium • (exploration but no commitment) – Identity achievement • (exploration and commitment)
  10. Socioemotional Development
  11. Adulthood (physical) • Early Adulthood – Most reach the peak of physical development • Middle Adulthood – Most lose height, many gain weight – Menopause for women (late 40s or early 50s)
  12. Adulthood (Cognitive) • Early adulthood – Marked by relative and reflective thinking – Considerable variation influenced by education • Middle adulthood – Crystallized intelligence increases • Our accumulated knowledge and verbal skills – Fluid intelligence begins to decline • Our ability to reason abstractly
  13. Adulthood (Cognitive)
  14. Adulthood (Socioemotional) Erikson’s Theory: Last 4 Stages 5. Identity versus role confusion (adolescence) 6. Intimacy versus isolation 7. Generativity versus stagnation 8. Integrity versus despair
  15. Adulthood (Socioemotional) • Midlife Crisis or Midlife Consciousness? • Research reveals that midlife – Is not particularly tumultuous, mostly positive – Is relatively low in experienced anxiety – Adults show resilience and good coping skills – Brings few illnesses, but poor physical fitness • Awareness of gap between young and old
  16. Adulthood (Socioemotional) • Activity  Satisfaction and Good Health • Value Emotional Satisfaction – Spend time with family and friends • Narrow Social Interactions – Restrict contact with less familiar individuals

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