Dissociative Identity Disorder


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Dissociative Identity Disorder

  1. 1. Dissociative Identity Disorder<br />
  2. 2. What is Dissociative Identity Disorder(DID)?<br /><ul><li>Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), previously referred to as multiple personality disorder (MPD), is a dissociative disorder involving a identity disturbance in which 2+ separate and distinct personality states (identities) control the individual's behavior.
  3. 3. It is a condition marked by a temporary disruption in one’s memory, consciousness, or self-identity.
  4. 4. It is the MOST EXTREME kind of dissociation
  5. 5. A Person who is under control of one identity is usually unable to remember some of the events that occurred while other personalities were in control.
  6. 6. The different identities, alters, may exhibit differences</li></ul> - in speech, mannerisms, attitudes, thoughts, and gender orientation etc. <br /> - in "physical" properties such as allergies, right-or-left handedness etc.<br />
  7. 7.
  8. 8. To the BROAD scale…<br />Dissociative Identity Disorder is a type of Dissociative Disorder<br />Other Dissociative Disorders include:<br /><ul><li>Dissociative amnesia
  9. 9. Dissociative fugue
  10. 10. Depersonalization disorder</li></li></ul><li>Signs and symptoms:<br />-feeling like more than one person. <br />-Encountering people with whom one is unfamiliar but who seem to know them sometimes as someone else-Being called names that are unlike their own name<br />-Having memory lapses that are indicative of dissociation ( significant life events, like birthdays, birth of a child)<br />-Having blackouts>>> not recalling how one traveled to a certain place…-finding items that are clearly theirs but not recalling their ownership and how the items were acquired.-hearing voices, other than their own, inside their head.<br />-not recognizing themselves in the mirror;-feeling unreal (derealization);-feeling like they are watching themselves move through life rather than living their own life<br />
  11. 11.
  12. 12. Hello, my name is Catherine, the happy personality state of myself<br />I am 12 years old, a female. <br />I am Australian (including the accent) and love listening to Opera music. <br />CAUSES<br /><ul><li>Caused by repeated episodes of severe physical or sexual abusein childhood---insufficient childhood nurturing
  13. 13. Caused by an innate ability to dissociate easily>>>nature
  14. 14. Caused by extreme stress
  15. 15. Caused by an influence of other relatives with dissociative symptoms or disorders
  16. 16. Caused by extreme and repeated trauma that occurs during important periods of development during childhood.
  17. 17. No one knows the exact root cause of DID but these have been the most researched.</li></li></ul><li>TREATMENTS<br />The goal: to integrate the personalities into a single personality OR to achieve a harmonious interaction among the personalities that allows more normal functioning.<br /><ul><li>Psychotherapy with Hypnosis---The therapist seeks to make contact with as many alters as possible and to understand their roles and functions in the patient's life.
  18. 18. Drug therapy---relieve some specific coexisting symptoms, such as anxiety or depression.
  19. 19. Several periods of psychiatric hospitalization may be necessary to help the person through difficult times
  20. 20. Mutual self-help support groups within larger communities</li></li></ul><li>DRUG THERAPY!!!<br /><ul><li>Antidepressants
  21. 21. Depressants
  22. 22. Stimulants
  23. 23. Antipsychotic medication
  24. 24. Anxiety medication</li></ul>chlorpromazine<br />carisoprodol<br />
  25. 25. Hello, my name is Ronald, the Unhappy personality state of myself<br />I am 5 years old, a male<br />I am American. <br />How do people with dissociative identity disorder live you ask?<br /><ul><li>People with DID are generally normal people and can work, play, and interact normally in society but with good control of themselves.
  26. 26. They must know how to balance and lessen the extent their alters impact their lives
  27. 27. They can live normally if they take the proper medication for combating strong emotions
  28. 28. In general, there is no evidence that a person with a dissociative disorder is going to be any more violent or dangerous to others than any other person with any kind of mental illness.</li></ul>“I do freelance writing and artwork and sing original songs in local coffee shops and outdoor fairs. I do excellent work but have a very hard time promoting myself. I’m fortunate to have been married to my husband for almost twenty-three years now. He has provided me a stable life, a nice home and a wonderful yard where I can commune with nature.” <br /> KrissErickson is a victim of DID<br />But seems to lead a normal life…<br />
  29. 29. Feel like more than one person<br />
  30. 30. Interesting Facts about DID<br /><ul><li>Previously called, Multiple Personality Disorder
  31. 31. People with DID are of above average intelligence, and highly creative
  32. 32. Switching is the process of shifting from one alter to another.
  33. 33. Four times as many women are diagnosed as men.
  34. 34. The average person diagnosed with DID spends 7 years in the mental health system before being properly diagnosed, due to misdiagnosis and lack of training on the part of therapists to spot the disorder.
  35. 35. Every alter knows to some degree what each alter and the host personality are doing or thinking</li></li></ul><li>
  36. 36.
  37. 37. Famous People With DID<br />Adam Duritz, lead singer of Counting Crows Herschel Walker, former NFL star running back<br /> Nina Simone, singer and pianist <br />
  38. 38. Sybil<br /><ul><li>A Movie based on the book Sybil by Flora Rheta Schreiber
  39. 39. The movie embellishes the life of a shy young graduate student, Sybil Dorsett suffering from dissociative identity disorder as a result of the psychological trauma she suffered as a child.
  40. 40. Sybil gradually recalls the severe child abuse through therapy
  41. 41. She developed 13 alters:</li></ul> Here are some…<br />
  42. 42. The Three Faces of Eve<br /><ul><li>The Story of Eve White, a woman who suffered from Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID)
  43. 43. A psychiatrist tries to help Eve White integrate her split personalities.</li></ul>The real Eve<br />Chris Costner Sizemore has written at some length about her experiences as the real "Eve.“ <br />In her 1977 book I'm Eve, she revealed her true identity. She has also written a follow-up book, A Mind Of My Own.<br />
  44. 44. The Real “Eve”- Chris Sizemore<br />The 3 personalities<br />The Movie…<br />Eve White<br />Eve Black<br />Jane <br />