Multiple personality disorders-prof. fareed minhas

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dissociative identity disorder

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Multiple personality disorders-prof. fareed minhas

  1. 1. MULTIPLE PERSONALITY DISORDER (MPD)  Multiple Personality Disorder is a psychiatric disorder characterized by having at least one “ALTER”personality that controls behavior.The “alters” are said to occur spontaneously and involuntarily and function more or less independently of others.  The new diagnostic terminology of MPD, according to DSM-IV is “Dissociative Identity Disorder”
  2. 2. What Causes MPD?  There is no proven single cause of MPD, however, it has been postulated that MPD is caused by extreme trauma or stress.MPD has also been related to severe childhood abuse. In fact, some researchers have argued that victims of severe trauma/abuse may develop MPD as a survival mechanism to escape from the event that is outside the normal human experience.
  3. 3. What Are The Symptoms Of MPD?  Following are the common symptoms of MPD ( all of them may not necessarily be present in all patients of MPD):  loss of time: "blackouts" unrelated to drugs, alcohol or neurological disorders.  Cannot recall a very large portion of childhood  Spontaneous trance states: staring …and even may talk to oneself  Marked differences in manner, voice, or dress from one time to the next
  4. 4. What Are The Symptoms Of MPD? (continued)  Headaches  Thought insertion: surprising and atypical thoughts seem to be imposed in thoughts or "just happen"  Imposed Emotions: surges of unexplainable emotions "out of the blue" that are not owned or claimed  Imposed Impulses: strong impulses to perform actions that are not felt to be one’s own.
  5. 5. What Are The Symptoms Of MPD? (continued)  Varying insistence on identifying oneself with a different name  Thought withdrawal: "going blank," often in midsentence  Mood shifts: sudden unpredictable or explainable mood swings  Little forgetfulness: for example, lighting a cigarette while another is still burning  Peculiar forgetfulness: for example, thoroughly learning school material then totally forgetting it the next day
  6. 6. Is There A Treatment For MPD?  The typical goal for treatment of MPD is to integrate the divided personalities into one self. This is most commonly achieved through psychotherapy which may or may not include hypnosis performed by an experienced psychologist or psychiatrist. Research has demonstrated that psychiatric medications tend to be ineffective for people with MPD unless they are required for additional disorders such as anxiety or depression.
  7. 7. Is There A Treatment For MPD?  The typical goal for treatment of MPD is to integrate the divided personalities into one self. This is most commonly achieved through psychotherapy which may or may not include hypnosis performed by an experienced psychologist or psychiatrist. Research has demonstrated that psychiatric medications tend to be ineffective for people with MPD unless they are required for additional disorders such as anxiety or depression.

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