2013 os lecture 4 occupation and identity
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  • 1. Occupational Science 2013 Lecture Four: occupation and Identity, finding meaning and purpose
  • 2. What this Lecture will cover • Definitions of Occupational Identity • The link between occupation, identity and self- worth • Meaning and purposeful activity • Occupation and Health • Occupation and individual and collective identity • Links to Frameworks and Opinion Pieces • Review of tasks to be completed prior to the tutorial (reading, occupation choice)
  • 3. Occupational Identity How an individual sees the self in terms of various occupational roles (rights, obligations and expected behaviour patterns associated with a particular set of activities or occupations done on a regular basis and associated with cultural roles)
  • 4. Concept Development Christensen (1999, 2000, 2004). Four central propositions about occupation and identity. • Identity is shaped by relationships with others • Identity is closely tied to our actions in relation to others • Identities provide cohesions, meaning and a self narrative • Occupational identity is an essential element in promoting life-satisfaction
  • 5. Kielhofner (2002) describes occupational identity as… “a composite sense of who one is and wishes to become as an occupational being generated from one’s history of occupational participation”. Occupational identity, he maintained, is shaped by capacities and interests, roles and relationships, obligations and routines, and by environmental contexts and expectations. People’s volition, habits, and lived, bodily experiences combine to create an occupational identity that is a “means of self definition and a blueprint for upcoming action” (p.119).
  • 6. • How one sees themselves in relation to what, where, how and why they do. An identity measured against our history, projections for the future and fit within community and culture (our belonging as framed by Reberio) Occupational Scientists have called for greater attention to socially and culturally orientated perspectives (Molineux & Whiteford, 2006; Hammell, 2009) • A positive perception of Occupational identity is tied to ‘Occupational Satisfaction’: being satisfied with their occupational performance or ability to engage in ‘meaningful and purposeful activity’
  • 7. Occupation is a strong enabler to know one’s self. To know one’s self is to know one’s being. One way that I know myself is through occupation and one way that myself expresses itself in the world is through occupation. Occupation helps me answer questions such as: What am I meant to do? Who am I meant to be? Is the life I am living authentic? Am I growing into my authentic selfhood? Is the life I’m living the same as the life that wants to live in me? (Palmer, 2000, p.2)
  • 8. Meaning and Purposeful Activity A positive occupational identity is tied to engagement in meaningful and purposeful activity. These are words OT throw around a great deal. What do these terms actually mean? Student thoughts?
  • 9. Purpose • Occupation is generally assumed to be directed towards a goal or purposeful • Purpose may be playful, restful, serious, productive…. • Purpose is subjectively experienced and the product of human capabilities. • OT often work toward enabling people to meet environmental challenges and hence complete purpose orientated activities as independently as possible.
  • 10. Meaning in Occupation • Meaning goes beyond biological motivation • Occupations hold social, symbolic and spiritual meanings • The meaning of occupations can vary over time in peoples lives. • Meaning can be temporal and ecologically contextualised (tied to time and place) • Occupations carry cultural meanings. Occupations are culturally embedded. That is they are known by other members of the culture or subculture. They may also be tied to prevailing political and religious ideologies
  • 11. Occupation and Health Occupational therapy core beliefs (this slide is from stage one) • Health is more than the absence of disease • Health is strongly influenced by having choice and control in everyday occupations • Health has dimensions associated with spiritual meaning and life satisfaction in occupations and social dimensions associated with fairness and equal opportunity in occupations
  • 12. How will this fit into your Framework and Opinion Piece • Understanding occupation is the focus of your framework so where might occupational identity, meaning, purpose and occupational satisfaction fit? • We expect you to use OT language and literature in your framework and opinion piece. Reading, Understanding, Quoting and Paraphrasing • In learning an occupation ask yourselves how it fits with your occupational identity and that of others. Capturing thoughts and examples in your record keeping. These are the evidence you will apply in your framework presentation and opinion piece.
  • 13. Participant Observation Engagement in and recording of your chosen occupation will have similarities to the research strategy of participant observation. Through involvement in the occupation we are expecting you to come to an understanding of the practices, requirements, roles, routines, and purpose and meaning attributed to ongoing active involvement. This will relate to your own involvement and the involvement of other individuals and communities.
  • 14. Remember……. Our frameworks are focused on describing the value of engagement in meaningful occupation and what it provides for individuals and groups. Although we will be discussing barriers to engagement (disruption and dysfunction) our point of interest is on the occupation/s as opposed to treatment of body structure and components.
  • 15. RICKY JAMES PERSEVERANCE http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-0H-tW9po8I&feature=youtu.be
  • 16. Expectation to be completed before this weeks tutorial • Completed reading tasks • Have notes ready to discuss • Have questions ready to ask • Have examples ready to share from your learnt occupation related to meaning, purpose and identity. Referring back to Humanities content may be helpful here. • Be prepared for your practical task
  • 17. References Caulton, R.F. (ed). (2003). The best of occupation 1993-2003. Dunedin: Rogan McIndoe Print Ltd Christensen, C. & Townsend, E. (Eds.), (2010). An Introduction to occupation: the Art and science of Living . Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. Christiansen, C. (1999). Defining lives: Occupation as identity: An essay on competence, coherence and the creation of meaning. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 53, 547-558. Hammell, K.W. (2004). Dimensions of meaning in the occupations of daily life. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 71 (5). Hocking, C. (2000). Occupational science: A stock take of accumulated insights. Journal of Occupational Science, 7 (2), p58-67. Hasselkus, B.R. (2006). 2006 Eleanor Clark Slagle Lecture- The world of everyday occupation: real people real lives. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 60, 627-640 Howie, L. Coulter, M. & Feldman, S. (2004). Creating the self: older persons narratives of occupational identity. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 58, 446-454. Kielhofner, Gary (1983). Health through occupation: Theory and practice in occupational therapy. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company Phelan, P. & Kinsells, E.A. (2009). Occupational identity: Engaging socio-cultural perspectives. Journal of occupational science, 16, 85- 91.
  • 18. References Townsend, E.A., Whiteford, G., Polatajko, H.J., Craik, J. & Hocking, C. (2007). Enablement continuum. In E.A. Townsend & H.J. Polatajko, Enabling occupation II: Advancing an occupational therapy vision for health, wellbeing and justice through occupation (P. 129). Ottawa, ON:CAOT Publications ACE. Wilcock, A.A. (1998a). Occupation for health. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 61, 340-345. Wilcock, A.A. (1998b). Reflections on doing, being becoming. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 65, 248-256. Wilcock, A.A. (1993). A theory of human need for occupation. Journal of Occupational Science: Australia,1, 17-24. Wilcock, A.A. (1998). An occupational perspective on health. Thorofare, NJ: Slack